完型填空 之能力训练目标:

  1) 词语辨析能力
  2) 语法结构分析能力
  3) 语篇理解能力
  4) 逻辑推理能力
  5) 文化背景透析能力
  6) 作者意图剖析能力
  7) 生活常识综合运用能力
完型填空特点: 完型填空特点:
  1.题材常为说明文或夹叙夹议的文章.
  1. 题材常为说明文或夹叙夹议的文章. 题材常为说明文或夹叙夹议的文章
  2.内容完整 逻辑性强,语言结构严谨. 内容完整,
  2.内容完整,逻辑性强,语言结构严谨.
  3.考察近义词语细微差别的辨析 考察近义词语细微差别的辨析.
  3.考察近义词语细微差别的辨析.
  4.考察重点多为实词 考察重点多为实词: 动词/形容/
  4.考察重点多为实词:名/代/动词/形容/副 词等. 词等.
  5.关注语境背景知识 侧重上下关联, 关注语境背景知识,
  5.关注语境背景知识,侧重上下关联,暗示 判断能力. 判断能力.
  6.侧重于篇章,体现语用判断和内在逻辑.
  6.侧重于篇章,体现语用判断和内在逻辑. 侧重于篇章
完形填空总体要求 完形填空全面考查学生的语言知识、 完形填空全面考查学生的语言知识、阅 读理解能力和总体语言水平。 读理解能力和总体语言水平。 解题过程是对语篇中的缺失信息进行猜 推断、验证的过程, 测、推断、验证的过程,通常我们可以 借助语篇的上下文线索以及文化背景知 识等进行解题 进行解题。 识等进行解题。
解题方法: 解题方法:
总的原则: 先完意,后完形” 总的原则: “先完意,后完形”。 八字方针:上下求索,瞻前顾后。 八字方针:上下求索,瞻前顾后。 三步曲: 三步曲:读??填??读 填 读
三步答题
Step1 Skip(跳读 the passage to get the 跳读) 跳读 general idea and pay attention to the first sentence. In the cloze test, there is no blank in the first sentence (首句). It helps us to 首句) know the topic of the whole passage. . 完形填空首句不挖空,帮助进入语境) (完形填空首句不挖空,帮助进入语境)
Step2 Reread and choose the best answer for each blank by using some methods. (在把握语篇大意的基础上,借助于一些恰当 在把握语篇大意的基础上, 的方法选择最佳答案) 的方法选择最佳答案
Four methods(四种常用的方法 : 四种常用的方法): 四种常用的方法

  1、context (上下文语境 、 上下文语境) 上下文语境
  2、word distinctions or collocations 、 (词语辨析和固定搭配 词语辨析和固定搭配) 词语辨析和固定搭配
  3、information given in the passage 、 (利用文章中的信息 利用文章中的信息原词复现、近义词和 原词复现、 利用文章中的信息 原词复现 反义词等) 反义词等
  4、cultural background and common 、 sense (文化背景和常识 文化背景和常识) 文化背景和常识
Step3 Read the passage again and check the
answers.
(将所选定的词放到文章中复读检查) 将所选定的词放到文章中复读检查)
Tips:
  1. the tense and the voice,the accord between , subject and predicate (时态语态,主谓语在上下文的中是否一致) 时态语态,主谓语在上下文的中是否一致 时态语态
  2. grammar and collocations (语法和习惯用法的搭配在上下文中是否一致 语法和习惯用法的搭配在上下文中是否一致) 语法和习惯用法的搭配在上下文中是否一致
  3. the connection between sentences and paragraphs (段与段,句与句之间的衔接是否连贯) 段与段,句与句之间的衔接是否连贯 段与段
  4. the meaning of the whole passage (整体上检查结构、语义及逻辑是否一致,上下 整体上检查结构、 整体上检查结构 语义及逻辑是否一致, 文的衔接是否合理) 文的衔接是否合理
完形填空之
九大解题技巧

  1. 利用首句来解题
  1.利用首句来解题
I did very badly at school. My headmaster thought I was 36 and when I was 14, he said, “You’re never going to be ’ 37(anything) but a failure. ”
  36.A. bright B. useless C. simple D. hopeful

  2. 根据上下文语境,合理推断来解题 根据上下文语境,
Our father was a struggling 36(lawyer) , but I always knew he was 37 . He never criticized us, but used 38 to bring out our best.
  37. A. strict B. honest C. special D. learned
  38. A. help B. peace C. smile D. praise
Practice His big stomach has always ballooned out between his T-shirt and trousers. Although his family often 43 about that, Ed refused to buy a 44 T-shirt or to lose weight.
  43. A. cared C. quarreled
  44. A. clean C. larger B. forgot D. joked B. straight D. darker

  3. 利用语篇的标志性的词语解题
常见的标志性的词语有以下几种: 常见的标志性的词语有以下几种 结构层次:firstly, secondly, thirdly; 结构层次 ; 逻辑关系: 逻辑关系:thus, therefore, so; ; 递进关系: 递进关系:besides, what’s more, ’ further; 转折关系: 转折关系:but, while, however等。 等
She told the front-desk clerk she had had a(n) __1_vacation,__ was heart-broken but about losing several rolls of Kodak color film she had not yet developed.
  1.A. disappointing B. wonderful C. uncomfortable D. important

  4. 根据逻辑推理解题
…and the officers then began to eat their meal , saying that the mushrooms had a very strange__37_quite pleasant taste.
  37. A. besides C. and B. but D. or
1037 ctice Students generally appreciate these special 50 opportunities. They are almost always fun and interesting, and professors 51 them too because students learn so much in just a few short months.
  50. A. working C. teaching
  51. A. hold C. dislike B. living D. learning B. like D. discover

  5. 根据常识和文化背景的角度来选择
The amount of usable water has always been of great interest in the world. 36(Owning) springs and streams sometimes means control , particularly in the 37 areas like the desert. A.dry B.distant . . C.deserted D.wild . .

  6.从语法角度来解题 从语法角度来解题
I went into a café and asked for a coffee. 21 I was waiting for my drink, I realized that there were other people in the place , but I sensed 22 (loneliness). A.Before B.Since . . C.Although D.While . .

  7.从词汇辨析和固定搭配方面来解题 从词汇辨析和固定搭配方面来解题

  1) He was only fourteen and was not good at swimming__1_.So he shouldn’t have gone ’ into that place.
  1.A.after all B.in all C.at all D. for all
  2) So I tried hard with my writing and went to college . My first novel 45 while I was at college.
  45. A. came on B. came in C. came out D. came back

  8.利用词汇的复现解题 利用词汇的复现解题
How does a tooth go bad? The 51 begins in a little crack in the enamel (珐琅)covering of 珐琅) 珐琅 the tooth. This happens after germs and bits of food have collected there. Then the decay slowly spreads inside the tooth. In the end, poison goes into blood, and we may feel quite ill.
  51. A. destruction B. decay C. fault D. hurt 上文中讲蛀牙如何产生。 上文中讲蛀牙如何产生。 空51和红体单词在 和红体单词在 同义词复现现象。 意义上是一致的, 属于同义词复现现象 意义上是一致的, 属于同义词复现现象。

  9.利用语气副词的情景解题 利用语气副词的情景解题
….I raised the pistol and fired. The animal fell backwards with an angry cry. Father took the 38 smoking pistol from my hand , and fired another shot, which killed the gorilla.
  38. A. still B. yet C. even D. already
完形填空之
实战训练
Are dreams of any use to the dreamer or to anybody else? We may remember left the traveler who __1 the ship Waratah at Durban because of his terrible _
  2. The Waratah later dreams disappeared entirely, with board everyone on _
  3. The traveler’s dreams helped him and saved him from death _4, but they didn’t help the other people. Why was this man treated differently _5 from everyone else?

  1. A. left C. drove
  2. A. ideas B. suggestions C. dreams
  3. A. board C. sea
  4. A. life C. illness
  5. A. similarly B. differently C. strangely D. unfortunately
B. got D. enter
D. words B. ship D. deck B. death D. disease
once Another man _6 had a dream about the Black Forest in Germany. In his
句型

  6. A. alone C. still
  7. A. while B. once D. even B. as D. when B. earth D. ground B. that D. who B. separate D. crossed B. bring D. go
dream he was walking in C. before whe the forest _7 two men
  8. A. floor n ran out and tried to throw C. soil ground He ran him to the _
  8. off as fast as he could, but

  9. A. which C. where
they followed. He reached where a place _9 he saw two
  10. A. same C. divided separate _10 roads in front of him, one to the right and the other to the left. Which take road ought he to _11 ?

  11. A. take C. carry
宾语
下文有暗示
He heard the two men behind _12 him, getting nearer and at the same time he heard a voice in his ear. It told him to go to the right , _13__ and he did so. He ran on
下文有暗示

  12. A. next to B. in front of C. beside
  13. A. house C. left
  14. A. accepted B. received C. refused
  15. A. killed B. murdered C. saved D. robbed D. closed D. behind B. hotel D. right
and soon came to a small hotel. received He was _14
here kindly and given a room, and so he was saved _15__ from the two men. was the dream. That
Twenty years later he was
  16. A. exactly B. really really _16 in the Black Forest C. sincerely D. actually happened and as it _17 in the
  17. A. happened dream long before, two men ran out and tried to throw him a place with two roads as in remembered the dream.He_18 the
B. performed C. acted B. remembered C. missed B. left D. got B. before D. after D. chose
down. He ran off, and came to
  18. A. forgot
D. noticed dream and took the road to reached the right. He soon _19a
  19. A. arrived
small hotel, was taken in, and so was safe.
C. reached
His dream of
  20. A. ago C. later before twenty years _20 had Saved his life.
第13题答案
第11题答案
 

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