2010 届高考英语专题系列复习--并列句
知识要点: 知识要点:
  1、熟悉并掌握并列句的结构和常用的并列词的用法;
  2、注意 while, when 和 for 等作并列连词的用法。 什么叫并列句: 由两个或两个以上的简单句并列连接起来的句子叫并列句。 并列句的基本句型:w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m 简单句 + 并列连词 + 简单句 类型 说明 连接词 例 句
I help him and he helps me. 我帮助他,他也帮助我。 and, 并列关系 only…but(also), 我们不仅给她写信而且还给她发了电报。 (联合关系) neither…nor 等 Neither I would consult him nor he would ask me for advice. 我不想与他商量,他也不会征求我的意见。 He failed many times, but he didn’t despair. 他失败多次但 but, yet, still, 并没有气馁。 转折关系 while, however, when 等 并 她学习努力,进步很快。 列 We must hurry, or we’ll miss the train. 我们必须快点,否 句 or, otherwise or 则会赶不上火车。 选择关系 else, either…or Either you come to my place or I go to yours. 或者你到我 这儿来,或者我到你那去。 We had better stay at home, for it was raining. 我们最好呆 for, so, thus, 在家里,因为天正在下雨。 因果关系 therefore, so 他学习不努力,因此这次考试不及格。 有时也可不用 连词,而用逗 Hurry up, it’s getting dark. 快点,天要黑了。 Let’s start early, we have a long way to go. 我们要早动 and He didn’t work hard, therefore he failed in the examination. She has difficulty in learning English, however, she works hard and is making rapid progress. 她学习英语有困难, 然后 not Not only did we write to her but also we telegraphed her.
号, 分号或冒号 身,因为路很远。w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m 注意: 注意 (
  1)yet 和 still 是连接副词,也叫半连接词。它们是副词。又起连接作用,但不如 and, but, or 等强,用了 yet 或 still,前面还可加 and 或 but。 He is tired, (but) still he will make another experiment. 他很累, 但他仍然要做另一个实验。 I got up very early, (and) yet I failed to catch the first bus. 我起得很早,然而还是没有赶上 头班车。 (
  2) while 意义相当于 at the same time 表示相反和对照, 常用来连接两个意义对立的分 句。 I like football, while my sister likes basketball. 我喜欢足球,而我姐姐喜欢篮球。 when = and then, just then 或 at that time, during the time. We were ready to rush away, when the snake moved. 我们正准备离开,这时蛇移动了。 while 和 when 作为并列连词使用时常是放在第二个分句前边,并有逗号和第一分句隔 开。
  3、for 表示附加或推断的理由、原因。therefore 比 so 更正式,and so 比较口语化。 【专项训练】 专项训练】 : 一、用适当的并列连词填空: 用适当的并列连词填空:
  1、He couldn’t know the truth about me,
  2、The bell is ringing
  3、Although he was ill,
  4、I can’t make up my mind city. w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m
  5、He doesn’t talk much,
  6、It must have rained last night
  7、The president will visit the town in May
  8、Jane was dressed in green
  9、 he thinks a lot. the ground is still wet. he will open the new hospital. the lesson is over. he kept on working. we will go to Shanghai we will stay in our he wouldn’t treat me like this.
Mary was dressed in blue. I did not hear it clearly.
he did not speak distinctly

  10、He is clever,
  11、
, he often makes mistakes. we called up her.
did we write to her

  12、He hasn’t any money
  13、The child was sick; he,
  14、Mary was neither happy,
  15、Put on more clothes, 二、选择最佳答案: 选择最佳答案:
  16、Some are reading magazines, A.or B.for
I’m going to lend him some. , didn’t go to school. was she sad. you’ll catch cold.
others are playing cards. C.so D.while

  17、We must get up early tomorrow. A.so B.or fish.
we’ll miss the first bus to the Great Wall. C.but D.however

  18、??I don’t like chicken ??I don’t like chicken, A.and, and
  19、We want A.both, and
  20、In spring it is A.both, and
  21、 B.and, but high speed B.either, or hot B.either, or does he writes well,
I like fish very much. C.or, and good quality. C.neither, nor cold here. C.neither, nor D.not only, but D.not, but also D.or, but
he also speaks well. B.Not, but D.Both, and
A.Not only, but C.Either, or
  22、Use your head, A.so B.or
you’ll work it out. w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m C.and D.for

  23、I want to buy the jacket, A.but
  24、 A.Either, or you B.so
I have not enough money with me. C.or I am going to help Tom. D.for
B.Not, but
C.Not only, and he pushed on. C.so
D.Each, and

  25、The soldier was wounded, A.for B.and
D.yet

  26、??Do you know Jim quarrelled with his classmate? ??I don’t know, A.nor don’t I came . B.nor do I care
C.I don’t care neither
  27、He is a teacher, A.but
  28、 knowledge. A.Not only, but C.Either, or B.or
D.I don’t care also a singer as well. C.nor D.and he should have wisdom and
should a man have courage,
B.Neither, nor D.Both, and we can perform English short

  29、We have studied English for only one year, plays already. A.yet
  30、She had escaped, of the fire. w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m A.so B.or C.but B.for C.and
D.or
the ring had fallen off and been damaged in the great heat
D.and

  31、The work was difficult, A.but B.however
,he finished in on time. C.otherwise D.therefore the sun was shining. C.for D.so

  32、The sky was cloudless A.but
  33、 B.and
many times, but he still couldn’t understand it. B.Though he had been told D.Having told I heard someone calling my name. C.and D.for too big C.not only, but also too small. D.not, but
A.Having been told C.He was told
  34、I was walking along the street A.when B.while

  35、To be healthy, you must have a meal A.either, or B.neither, nor

  36、Both Jane and Ellen, A.too B.and
Mary, are studying at the same college. C.as well D.as well as

  37、He has never studied English before, A.and B.or
we should give him more help. C.therefore , I don’t agree with you. C.so D.still D.but

  38、I see your point of view; A.or B.but

  39、They must stay in the water A.but B.so
they will die. C.otherwise it began to rain. C.yet D.so D.and

  40、We played outside till sunset A.when 三、改错: 改错: B.while

  41、Although he has great learning, but he always works far into the night.
  42、Because the boy is very naughty, so I’m angry with him.
  43、Not only he himself works hard but he often helps others.
  44、It must have rained much of late, because the river is so high.
  45、They didn’t tell me whether I should write to him nor whether I should see him personally.
  46、If there were no plants, we would have no animals or no meat.
  47、Now of course I don’t want to say anything bad about anyone however have you noticed his strange manners?
  48、 “I’m more thankful to you, sir, than I can say” I said, “ and but I must make things clear.” w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m
  49、He neither knows nor cares for what happened.
  50、He did not like your suggestion, and but he raised no objection(反对). : 【答案】 答案】 一、
  1、or
  6、for
  2、and
  3、still / yet
  4、when, or
  5、but

  7、when
  8、while
  12、so

  9、Either, or
  13、therefore

  10、however
  14、nor

  11、Not only, but
  15、or 二、w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m
  16、D
  22、C
  28、A
  34、A
  40、A
  17、B
  23、A
  29、A
  35、B

  18、D
  24、A
  30、C
  36、D

  19、A
  25、D
  31、B
  37、C

  20、C
  26、B
  32、B
  38、D

  21、A
  27、D
  33、C
  39、C
四、
  41、去掉 but 或改为 yet
  43、he 前加 does;works-work
  44、because-for
  45、nor-or
  46、or?and
  47、however?but w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m
  48、去掉 and
  49、去 for
  50、去掉 and 或把 but 改为 yet 或 still
  42、去掉 so
 

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