2001 年公共英语三级考试模拟试题及答案 Section I Listening Comprehension(1-25 题略) ( 题略) Section Ⅱ Use of English (15 minutes) Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word or phrase for each numbered blank and mark A, B,C, or Don your ANSWER SHEET
  1. Text Geography is the study of the relationship between people and the land. Geographers (地理学家) compare and contrast 26 places on the earth. But they also 27 beyond the individual places and consider the earth as a 28 . The word geography 29 from two Greek words: ge, Greek word for the "earth" and graphein, 30 . means "to write". The English word geography means "to describe the earth". 31 geography books focus on a small area 32 a town or city. Others deal with a state, a region, a nation, or an 33 continent. Many geography books deal with the whole earth. Another 34 to divide the study of 35 is to distinguish betweenphysical geography and cultural geography. The former focuses on the natural world; the 36 starts with human beings and 37 how human beings and their
environment act 38 each other. But when geography is considered as a single subject, 39 branch can neglect the other. A geographer might be described 40 one who observes, records, and explains the 41 between places. If all places 42 alike, there would be little need for geographers. We know, however, 43 no two places are exactly the same. Geography, 44 , is a point of view, a special way of 45 at places.
  26. [A] similar [B] various [C] distant [D] famous
  27. [A] pass [B] go [C] reach [D] set
  28. [A] whole [B] unit [C] part [D] total
  29. [A] falls [B] removes [C] results [D] comes
  30. [A] what [B] that [C] which [D] it
  31. [A] Some [B]Many [C]Most [D]Few
  32. [A] outside [B] except [C]as [D]like
  33. [A] extensive [B] entire [C] overall [D] enormous
  34. [A] way [B] means [C] habit [D] technique
  35. [A] world [B] earth [C] geography [D] globe
  36. [A] second [ B] later [C] next [D] latter
  37. [A] learns [ B ] studies [ C ] realizes [ D ] understands

  38. [A] upon [B] for [C]as [D] to
  39. [A] neither [B] either [C] one [D] each
  40. [A] for . [B]to [C]as [D]by
  41. [A] exceptions [B] sameness [C] differences [D] divisions
  42. [A] being [B] are [C] be [D] were
  43. [A] although [B] whether [C] since [D] that
  44. [A] still [B] then [C] nevertheless [D] moreover
  45. [A] working [ B ] looking [ C ] arriving [ D ] getting Section Ⅲ Reading Comprehension (40 minutes) Part A Directions: Read the following three texts. Answer the questions on each text by choosing A, B, C or D. Mark four answers on the ANSWER SHEET by drawing a thick line across the corresponding letter in the brackets. Text I No one knows exactly how many disabled (残废的) people there are in the world, but estimates suggest the figure is over 450 million. The number of disabled people in India alone is probably more than double the total population of Canada.
In the United Kingdom, about one in ten people have some disability. Disability is not just something that happens to other people. As we get older, many of us will become less mobile ( 可动的) , hard of hearing or have failing eyesight. Disablement can take many forms and occur at any time of life. Some people are born with disabilities. Many others become disabled as they get older. There are many progressive disabling diseases. The longer time goes on, the worse they become. Some people are disabled in accidents. Many others may have a period of disability in the form of a mental illness. All are affected by people ’ s attitude towards them. Disabled people face many physical barriers. Next time you go shopping or to work or visit friends, imagine how you would manage if you could not get up steps, or on to buses and trains. How would you cope if you could not see where you were going or could not hear the traffic? But there are other barriers: prejudice can be even harder to break down and ignorance inevitably represents by far the greatest barrier of all. It is almost impossible for the able-bodied to fully appreciate what the
severely disabled go through, so it is important to draw attention to these barriers and show that it is the individual person and their ability, not their disability, which counts.
  46. The first paragraph points out that . { A J it is possible to get an exact figure of the world ’ s disabled people [ B ] there are many disabled people in the world [ C ] the number of disabled people in India is the greatest [ D ] India has not much more disabled people than Canada
  47. The key word in Paragraph 4 is . [ A ] barriers [ B ] ignorance [C] disability [D] prejudice
  48. The last word of the passage "counts" most probably means . [A] "is most important" [B] "is included" [C] "is considered" [D] "is numbered"
  49. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage? [A] There are about 10 percent disabled persons in the UK.
[ B ] The whole society should pay due attention to the barriers faced by the disabled people. [ C ] Even the able-bodied may lose some of their body functions when they get older. [D] There still exists prejudice against the disabled which results mainly from ignorance.
  50. It can be concluded from the passage that __. [A] we should try our best to prevent disablement [ B] we must take a proper attitude towards the disabled [C] the able-bodied people will never fully understand the disabled [D] both physical and mental barriers are hard to break down Text 2 A small piece of fish each day may keep the heart doctor away. That’ s the finding of an extensive study of Dutch men in which deaths from heart disease were more than 50 percent lower among those who consumed at least an ounce of salt water fish per day than those who never ate fish. The Dutch research is one of three human studies that give strong scientific backing to the longheld belief that
eating fish can provide health benefits, particularly to the heart. Heart disease is the nuinber-one killer in the United States, with more than 550,000 deaths oc- curring from heart attacks each year. But researchers previously have noticed that the incidence ( 发生率) of heart disease is lower in cultures that consume more fish than Americans do. There are fewer heart disease deaths, for example, among the Eskimos of Greenland, who consume about 14 ounces of fish a day, and among the Japanese, whose daily fish consumption averages more than 3 ounces. For 20 years, the Dutch study followed 852 middle-aged men, 20 percent of whom ate no fish. At the start of the study, the average fish consumption was about two-thirds of an ounce each day with more men eating lean (瘦的) fish than fatty fish. During the next two decades, 78 of the men died from heart disease. The fewest deaths were among the group who regularly ate fish, even at levels far lower than those of the Japanese or Eskimos. This relationship was true regardless of other factors such as age, high blood pressure, or blood cholesterol ( 胆固醇) levels.

  51. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage? [A] The Dutch research has proved that eating fish can help to prevent heart disease. [ B] Heart doctors won’t call your house so long as you keep eating fish each day. [C] Among all the diseases heart disease is the most dangerous in America. [D] There is a low incidence of heart disease in such countries as Japan and Greenland.
  52. The phrase "this relationship" (in Line 3, Para.
  5) refers to the connection between and the incidence of heart disease. [A] the amount offish eaten [B] regular fish-eating [ C ] the kind of fish eaten [ D ] people of different regions
  53. The passage is mainly about . [ A ] the high incidence of heart disease in some countries [ B ] the effect of fish eating on people ’ s health [ C] the changes in people’ s diet
[D] the daily fish consumption of people in different cultures
  54. Why is heart disease the most dangerous killer in the United States? [A] Because American people drink too much spirits. [B] Because there are a great number of fat people there. [ C ] The author does n ’ t give a definite answer. [D] Because American people eat too much fatty fish.
  55. How many lives could probably be saved each year in the United States by eating fifth according to the Dutch study? [A] 550,0
  00. [B] 275,0
  00. LC] 110,0
  00. [D] 8
  52. Text 3 Being assertive ( 过分自信) is being able to communicate with other people clearly. If you felt that you had expressed what was important to you and allowed the oilier person to respond in their own way then, regardless of the final outcome, you behaved assertively. It is important to remember that being assertive refers to a way of coping with confrontations ( 对抗)。 It does not mean getting your
own way every time or winning some battle of wits against another person. In practice assertive behaviour is usually most likely to produce a result which is generally acceptable to all concerned, without anyone feeling that they have been unfairly treated. Assertiveness is often wrongly confused with aggression (侵犯行为). An aggressive confrontation is when one or both parties attempt to put forward their feelings and beliefs at the expense of others. In an assertive confrontation, however, each party stands up for their personal rights, but each shows respect and understanding for the other’s viewpoint. The reason why assertiveness may not come naturally is that we often tend to believe that we must talk around a subject rather than be direct, or that we must offer excuses or justifications forour actions. In fact we all have a right to use assertive behaviour in a variety of situations. We are often schooled early in life to believe that sometimes our own need to, express ourselves must take secondary place. For example, in dealing with those in privileged positions such as specialists, we often feel that speaking assertively is, in some way, "breaking the
rules". Everybody has certain basic human rights, but often we feel guilty about exercising them.
  56. According to the passage, an assertive person . [ A ] makes other people feel unfairly treated [ B ] puts forward his ideas at the expense of others [C] does not show respect to other people [ D ] speaks out what he wants to say forcefully
  57. Which of the following is NOT the reason that many people prefer not to be assertive? [A] They would rather be aggressive than be assertive. [B] It’s often better to give people hints than to be straightforward. [C] Their needs to express themselves take secondary place before important persons. [ D] They tend to give excuses and justifications for their actions.
  58. The last word of the passage "them" refers to . [A] rules [B] actions [c] personal rights [D] privileged positions

  59. According to the passage, one should not only express himself clearly and directly, but also [ A ] make other people accept his ideas [ B ] be careful with his manner [ C] allow others to speak in their own way [D]watch other people’s response
  60. In this passage, the author intends to encourage people to . [ A ] fight for their personal rights [ B] be aggressive when they talk to others [ C J assert themselves regardless of whether others suffer or not [ D ] be assertive at any time Part B Directions: Read the following paragraphs in which 5 people talk about the way American consumers borrow. For questions 61 to 65, match name of each speaker to one of the statements (A to C) given below.Mark your answers on your ANSWER SHEET. Mark Lilla Young consumers often have not established their credit ratings. Many do not have steady in-comes.
They might have difficulty borrowing money from an agency in business to make loans. Parents or relatives are usually their best source of loans. Of course, the parents or relatives would have to have money available and be willing to lend it. You might even get an interest-free loan. However,a parent or relative who lends should receive interest the same as any other lender. Chris Roddy For most consumers the cheapest place to borrow is at a commercial bank. Banks are a good source of installment loans which may run for 12 months or up to
  36. Most banks also make singlepayment loans to consumers for short periods@30, 60, or 90 days. A typical interest rate is 3 cents per $100 per day. Suppose that you used $100 of your credit and repaid it in 30 days. The cost would be 90 cents. Karen Barber Another possible source of loans is a life insurance policy. Anyone who owns this type of insurance may borrow up to the amount of its cash value. The amount the insurance company will pay in case of death is reduced by the amount of the loan. For example, suppose that someone with
$10,000 of insurance borrows $2,000 and dies leaving the loan unpaid. The insurance company would pay only $8,000 to the person entitled to receive the money. Louise Richard Borrowing from pawnbrokers is both easy and expensive. In exchange for a loan the borrower leaves some item of value such as jewelry, a camera, a musical instrument, or clothing. Usually the amount of money received is far less than the actual value of the item left. When a borrower repays the loan plus interest, the pawnbroker returns the item. If the loan is not paid within a year, the pawnbroker gets his or her money by selling the item. Jodie Morse When money is
 

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