Section I Use of English Directions: Read the following text.Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank.and mark[A], [B],[C]or[D]on ANSWER SHEET
  1. (10 points) In 1924 American National Research Council sent to engineer to supervise a series of experiments at a telephone-parts factory called the Hawthorne Plant near Chicago. It hoped they would learn how stop-floor lighting __1__ workers productivity. Instead,the studies ended__2__ giving their name to the “Hawthorne effect” the extremely influential idea the very__3__to being experimented upon changed subjects’ behavior The idea arose because of the__4__behavior of the women in the plant.According to __5__of the experiments their hourly output rose when lighting was increased, but also when it was dimmed. It did not __6__what was done in the experiment. __7__something was changed productivity rose . A(n) __8__ that they were being experimented upon seemed to be __9__to alter workers' behavior __10__ itself After several decades, same data were __11__to econometric the analysis Hawthorne the experiments has another surprise store 12 the descriptions on record,no systematic __13__was found that levels of productivity were related to changes in lighting It turns out that peculiar way of conducting the experiments may be have let to __14__interpretation of what happened.__15__,lighting was always changed on a Sunday When work started again on Monday, output __16__ rose compared with the previous Saturday and __17__ to rise for the next couple of days __18__ ,a comparison with data for weeks when there was no experimentation showed that output always went up on Monday, workers __19__to be diligent for the first few days of the week in any case,before __20__a plateau and then slackening off. This suggests that the alleged “Hawthorne effect” is hard to pin down
  1.[A] affected
  2. [A]at
  3. [A]truth [B]achieved [B]up [B]sight [C]extracted [C]with [C]act [C]accounts [C]indicate [C]in case that [C]sentiment [C]enough [C]on [B]perplexing [B]explanations [B]matter [B]for fear that [B]excessive [B]for [D]restored [D]off [D]proof [C]mischievous [D]ambiguous [D]assessments [D]work [D]illusion [D]abundant [D]by
1

  4. [A]controversial
  5. [A]requirements
  6. [A]conclude
  7. [A]as far as
  9. [A]suitable
  10. [A]about
[D]so long as

  8. [A]awareness [B]expectation

  11. [A]compared [B]shown
  12. [A]contrary to
  13.[A]evidence
  15.[A]In contrast
  16. [A]duly
  17.[A]failed
  18. [A] Therefore
  19. [A]attempted
  20.[A]breaking [B]guidance
[C]subjected [C]implication [C]reliable [C]unpredictably [C]started [C]However [C]chose [C]surpassing
[D]conveyed [D]peculiar to [D]source [D]misleading [D]As usual [D]suddenly [D]continued [D]Meanwhile [D]intended
[B]consistent with
[C]parallel with

  14.[A]disputable [B]enlightening [B]accidentally [B]ceased [B]Furthermore [B] tended [B]climbing
[B]For example
[C]In consequence
[D]hitting
Section Ⅱ Reading Comprehension Text 1 Of all the changes that have taken place in English-language newspapers during the past quarter-century, perhaps the most far-reaching has been the inexorable decline in the scope and seriousness of their arts coverage. It is difficult to the point of impossibility for the average reader under the age of forty to imagine a time when high-quality arts criticism could be found in most bit-city newspapers. Yet a considerable number of the most significant collections of criticism published in the 20th century consisted in large part of newspaper reviews. To read such books today is to marvel at the fact that their learned contents were once deemed suitable for publication in general-circulation dailies. We are even farther removed from the unfocused newspaper reviews published in England between the turn of the 20th century and the eve of World War 2,at a time when newsprint was dirt-cheap and stylish arts criticism was considered an ornamentto the publications in which it appeared. In those far-off days,it was taken for granted that the critics of major papers would write in detail and at length about the eventsthey covered. Theirs was a serous business. and even those reviews who wore theirlearning lightly, like George Bernard Shaw and Ernest Newman, could be trusted toknow what they were aout. These men believed in journalism as a calling , and wereproud to be published in the daily press. 'So few authors have brains enough orliterary gift enough to keep their own end up in journalism,' Newman wrote, "that Iam tempted to define "journalism"as "a term of contempt applied by writers who are not read to writers who are".' Unfortunately, these critics are virtually forgotten. Neville Cardus, who wrote for the Manchester Guardian from 1917 until shortly before his death in 1975, is now known solely
2
as a writer of essays on the game of cricket. During his lifetime, though, he was also one of England's foremost classical-music critics, and a stylist so widely admired that his Autobiography (19
  47) became a best-seller. He was knighted in 1967, the first music critic to be so honored. Yet only one of his books is now in print, and music is unknown save to specialists. Is there any chance that Cardus's criticism will enjoy a revival? The prospect seems remote. Journalistic tastes had changed long before his death, and postmodernreaders have little use for the richly uphostered Vicwardian prose in which he specialized. Moreover, the amateur tradition in music criticism has been in headlong retreat.
  21. It is indicated in Paragraphs 1 and 2 that A arts criticism has disappeared from big-city newspapers. B English-language newspapers used to carry more arts reviews. C high-quality newspapers retain a large body of readers. D young readers doubt the suitability of criticism on dailies.
  22. Newspaper reviews in England before World War 2 were characterized by A free themes. B casual style. C elaborate layout. D radical viewpoints.
  23. Which of the following would shaw and Newman most probably agree on? A It is writers' duty to fulfill journalistic goals. B It is contemptible for writers to be journalists. C Writers are likely to be tempted into journalism. D Not all writers are capable of journalistic writing.
  24. What can be learned about Cardus according to the last two paragraphs? A His music criticism may not appeal to readers today. B His reputation as a music critic has long been in dispute. C His style caters largely to modern specialists. D His writings fail to follow the amateur tradition.
  25. What would be the best title for the text? A Newspapers of the Good Old Days B The Lost Horizon in Newspapers C Mournful Decline of Journalism D Prominent Critics in Memory Text 2
3
his vast body of writings on
Over the past decade, thousands of patents have seen granted for what are called business methods.Amazon com received one for its“one-click”online payment system Merrill Lynch got legal protection for an asset allocation strategy.One inventor patented a technique for lying a box。 Now the nation’s top patent court appears completely ready to scale hack on business-method patents, which have been controversial ever since they were first authorized 10 years ago. In a move that has intellectual-property lawyers abuzz the U.S court of Appeals for the federal circuit said it would use particular case to conduct a broad review of business-method patents. In re Bilski, as the case is known, is “a very big deal”, says Dermis'D, Crouch of the University of Missouri School of law.It “has the potential to eliminate an entire class of patents” Curbs on business-method claims would be a dramatic about-face because it was the federal circuit itself that introduced such patents with is 1998 decision in the so-called state Street Bank case, approving a patent on a way of pooling mutual-fund assets. That ruling produced an explosion in business-method patent filings, initially by emerging internet companies trying to stake out exclusive pints to specific types of online transactions. Later, move established companies raced to add such patents to their files, if only as a defensive move against rivals that might bent them to the punch. In 2005, IBM noted in a court filing that it had been issued more than 300 business-method patents despite the fact that it questioned the legal basis for granting them. Similarly, some Wall Street investment films armed themselves with patents for financial products, even as they took positions in court cases opposing the practice。 The Bilski case involves a claimed patent on a method for hedging risk in the energy market. The Federal circuit issued an unusual order stating that the case would be heard by all 12 of the court’s judges, rather than a typical panel of three, and that one issue it wants to evaluate is whether it should “reconsider” its state street Bank ruling。 The Federal Circuit’s action comes in the wake of a series of recent decisions by the supreme. Count that has narrowed the scope of protections for patent holders. Last April, for example the justices signaled that too many patents were being upheld for “inventions” that are obvious. The judges on the Federal circuit are “reaction to the anti-patent trend at the supreme court” says Harole C Wegner, a par tend attorney and professor at Washington University Law School。
  26. Business-method patents have recently aroused concern because of [A] their limited value to business allocation
4
[B] their connection with asset
[C] the possible restriction on their granting [A] Its ruling complies with the court decisions transaction [C] It has been dismissed by the Federal Circuit in the U.S。
[D] the controversy over authorization [B] It involves a very big business [D] It may change the legal practices

  27. Which of the following is true of the Bilski case?

  28. The word “about-face”(Line 1, Paro
  3)most probably means [A] loss of good will [C]change of attitude [B]increase of hostility [D] enhancement of disunity [B] are of ten unnecessarily issued [D] increase the incidence of risks

  29.We learn from the last two paragraphs that business-method patents [A] are immune to legal challenges [C] lower the esteem for patent holders [A]A looming threat to business-method patents [B]Protection for business-method patent holders [C]A legal case regarding business-method patents [D] A prevailing tread against business-method patents Text 3 In his book The Tipping Point Malcolm Aladuell argues that social epidemics are driven in large part by the acting of a tiny minority of special individuals, often called influentials who are unusual informed, persuasive, or we connect. The idea is intuitively compelling but it doesn't explain how ideas actually spread。 The supposed importance of influentials derives from a plausible sounding but largely untested theory called the "tow-step flow of communication". Information flows from the media to the influentials and from them to everyone else. Marketers have embraced the two-step flow became it suggests that if they can just find and influence the influentials, those select people will do most of the work for them. The theory also seems to explain the sudden and unexpected popularity of people was wearing, promoting or developing whatever it is before anyone else paid attention. Anecdotal evidence of this kind fits nicely with the idea that only certain special people call drive trends。 In their recent work, however, some researchers have come up with the finding that influentials have far less impact on social epidemics than is generally supposed. In fact , they don’t seem to be required of all. The researchers' argument stems from a simple observation about social influence, with the exception of a few celebrities like Oprah Winfrey-whose outsize presence is primarily a function of media, not interpersonal influence-even the most
5

  30.Which of the following would be the subject of the text?
influential members of a population simply don't interact with that many others. Yet it is precisely these non-celebrating influentials who according to the two-step-flow theory are supposed to drive social epidemics by influencing their friends and colleagues directly. For a social epidemic to occur however each person so affected must then influence his or her own acquaintances, who must in turn influence theirs and so on and just how many others pay attention to each of these people has little to do with the initial influential. If people in the network just two degrees removed from the initial influential prove resistant, for example from the initial influential, prove resistant, for example the cascade of change won't propagate very far or affect many people。 Building on the basic truth about interpersonal influence, the researchers studied the dynamics of populations manipulating a number of variables relating of populations, manipulating a number of variables relating to people’s ability to influence others and their tendency to be。
  31. By citing the book The Tipping Point the author intends to [A] analyze the consequences of social epidemics [B] discuss influentials’ function in spreading ideas [C] exemplify people’s intuitive response to social epidemics [D] describe the essential characteristics of influentials
  32. The author suggests that the “two-step-flow theory” [A] serves as a solution to marketing problems [B] has helped explain certain prevalent trends
 

相关内容

2010考研英语真题(完形填空完整,最新修改)

   Section I Use of English Directions: Read the following text.Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank.and mark[A], [B],[C]or[D]on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points) In 1924 American National Research Council sent to engineer to supervise a series o ...

2010考研英语作文预测

   考研英语作文预测(来源:英语作文网) 2010 考研英语作文预测(来源:英语作文网) 2010 年有什么最热点的, 大家都能想到。 但考研作文考的是普遍大家比较关心, 而且有一定的社会关注度,就是每个人有话可说,但是,又不至于特别热的一些 话题。大家可以梳理一下,可以结合考研政治,之前你们复习时政的过程中想一 下。比如 2009 年小作文考禁塑令,这也是 2008 年的一件事,它有没有新闻点, 它是有新闻点的, 但是它又不是一个特别特别热的一个新闻。 所以, 在这一点上, 大家可以稍微关注一 ...

2010考研英语真题点评

   考研英语真题点评: 2010 考研英语真题点评:夯实基础 关注热点 信息发布者:07 星火 2010 年的研究生考试已经降下帷幕, 在这里就今年的考研英语真题 进行简要的解析.从试卷整体难度来说,比 09 年要稍难.下面我 们将分项点评. 本次考研英语的完型填空是关于芝加哥的灯光试验, 并探 讨照明与工人工作效率之间的关系,是关于人类行为的研究.从知 识考察和题目设置来讲,题目略有难度.在做完形填空这类题目的 时候,考生一定要充分利用前后文的词汇暗示,过渡句,连接句, 固定搭配等语言元素进行 ...

2011年考研英语真题试题答案听力下载

   8G 英语 www.8gEnglish.com 2011 年考研英语真题试题答案听力 Part ⅠClose Test Directions: For each numbered blank in the following passage, there are four choices marked [A] ,[B] , [C] and [D]. Choose the best one and mark your answer on ANSWER SHEET 1 by blackening ...

2010考研英语复习经验

   2010 年考研英语经验分享 我很早就开始准备考研英语,大三上学期利用课余时间背单词、做阅读。我 是那种背单词书效率很低的人,我用电脑软件背单词。先用一个叫 Bdc 的软件, 是免费的。很快花钱买了“我爱背单词 8”系列软件,里面的智能大师单项我非 常喜欢,我基本都是用这个背的。它有单词库,每天有一定量的新词,还根据记 忆曲线自动出现以前背的老词。这样只要每天完成软件自动设定的当天任务,单 词就可以比较高效的记背下来。大家可以试一试,其它的软件大同小异。缺点是 记得不是特别牢,但为了应付考研 ...

考研英语完形填空题规律与技巧

   中华英语学习网 www.100yingyu.com 官方总站: 官方总站:www.100xuexi.com 考研英语完形填空题规律与技巧 完型填空指导思想: 一.完型填空指导思想: 教育部考试中心编辑出版的《全国硕士研究生入学考试分析》,“完型填空主要测试考 生结合上下文的综合理解能力和语言运用能力 结合上下文的综合理解能力和语言运用能力,即在阅读理解基础上对篇章结构、语法和 结合上下文的综合理解能力和语言运用能力 词汇知识的运用能力”,体现了考研英语大纲的“重应用,轻背诵;重理解,轻猜测; ...

新东方在线2010考研英语翻译讲义

   在第三章中我们将运用前边讲过的翻译思路,解题步骤及技巧,结合历年翻译真题进行具体分 析,介绍解题方法,评分细则,并对当年的真题进行总体评析. 2009 一.2009 年英译汉 Section II Part C Directions: Read the following text carefully and then translate the underlines segments into Chinese. Your translation should be written clea ...

2010 年中考英语阅读理解与完形填空完整版

   2010 年中考英语阅读理解与完形填空 一. 阅读理解 阅读理解:在中考中占的比重很大。阅读理解能力属于语言的领会技能。包括对书面语 言的识别、理解、推理、判断和快速记忆等几个方面。不仅仅涉及到语音、语法、词汇这些 语言因素、 还涉及到非语言因素, 阅读者对所学语言国家的社会和文化背景知识的掌握、 即: 对所读材料内容的熟悉、个人经历、生活常识、逻辑知识和语言修养等各方面。阅读技巧之 一是阅读时要扩大视距。二是不要心读或朗读;三是要理解段落或文章的细节。四是要学会 猜测词义,五要理解中心思想 ...

2010年全国各地中考英语真题?完形填空及答案

   2010 年全国各地中考英语真题分类汇编??完形填空 全国各地中考英语真题分类汇编??完形填空 中考英语真题分类汇编?? 一 (2010.江苏省无锡市中考) The sun was shining quite brightly as Mrs Grant left her house,so she decided not to _16_an umbrella with her.She got on the bus to the town and before long it began to ...

最新复习资料4:电大学位英语考试词汇、综合、单选题、完形填空、阅读理解、作文

   第 1 页 共 31 页 电大学位英语 复习资料 1.电大学位英语考试词汇(东北财经大学) ......................................................... 2 2.学位英语综合 ..................................................................................................... 7 3.电大学位英语单选题 ................. ...

热门内容

大学英语四六级写作模本

   (二)科学举例法 1)According to the recent survey conducted by a certain news agency,…… agency,…… 2)The headline of the china daily on June,17th,2007, June,17th,2007,presented a thoughtthoughtprovoking data to us that…… that…… 3)As is revealed by the stati ...

剑桥商务英语试题

   中华英语学习网 www.100yingyu.com 官方总站: 圣才学习网 www.100xuexi.com 官方总站: READING QUESTIONS 1-45 PART ONE Questions 1-7 Look at the sentences below and the job advertisements on the opposite page. Which job does each sentence 1-7 refer to? For each sentence, ma ...

电大英语I(1) 0501

   试卷代 号 :2 4 20 中央 广播电 视大 04 05 学20-20 学年度第一学期“ 开放专科” 末考试 期 各专业 英语 I ) 试题 } } 20 0 5年 1 月 注 意 事 项 1 将你的学号、      . 姓名及分校( 工作站) 名称填写在答题纸的规定栏 内。考试结束后 , 把试卷和答题纸放在桌上。试卷和答题纸均不得 带 出考场。监考人收完考卷和答题纸后才可离开考场。 2 考试第一部分为听力理解,      . 每题题读两遍 , 请抓 紧时间读题 、 做 题和检 查 。 3 ...

牛津英语5A英语语法

   英语语法(六 数 牛津英语 5A 英语语法 六)数 词 一 数词的种类 数词分基数词和序数词 基数词是表示自然数列的词, 例如; one , two ,three ,four….. 序数词是表示先后顺序的词, 例如: first, second , third,fourth… 二 基数词和序数词的表示法 1.基数词单词的拼写:1~12 为单词,13~19 都以后缀-teen 结尾,20 至 90 这样的整十数都 以后缀-ty 结尾,其他基数词中间加连字符号“-”再按照上述的变化进行。 例:2 ...

电影台词英语

   ㈠《Shawshank Redemption 肖申克的救赎》 肖申克的救赎》 ㈠《 1.You know some birds are not meant to be caged, their feathers are just too bright. 你知道,有些鸟儿是注定不会被关在牢笼里的,它们的每一片羽毛都闪耀着自由的光辉。 你知道,有些鸟儿是注定不会被关在牢笼里的,它们的每一片羽毛都闪耀着自由的光辉。 2.There is something inside ,that they ca ...