全国 2010 年 1 月高等教育自学考试 综合英语(二)试题 课程代码:00795 请将答案填在答题纸相应位置上 I.语法,词汇.从 A,B,C,D 四个选项中,选出一个正确答案,并将所选答案的字 母填在答题纸相应的位置上.错选,多选或未选均无分.(本大题共 15 小题,每小题 1 分,共 15 分) Complete each of the following sentences with the most likely answer. (15 points)
  1. The news that the football team failed in the match left every boy . A. depressing B. to depress C. have depressed D. depressed
  2. In those days, young people used to measure themselves such hero as Lei Feng. A. for B. on C. against D. of
  3. At the party, we found that the shy boy his mother all the time! A. depending on B. coinciding with C. adhering to D. clinging to
  4. Men who are and women who are lovely rule the world. A. good-dressed B. well-dressed C. well-dressing D. good-dressing
  5. I don't regret her what I thought of her friend, even though it might have upset her.
A. telling B. to tell C. that I will tell D. to have to tell
  6. I don't mind by train, but I hate in queues. A. to travel, standing B. having traveled, standing C. traveling, to stand D. traveling, standing
  7. The jury the man of street robbery. A. accused B. charged C. informed D. convinced
  8. Success is to be measured by the position one has reached in life as by the obstacles he has overcome while trying to succeed. A. not so much B. just much C. much less D. much more
  9. Although he lives quite a distance away from my home, he will pay a visit to me. A. then and now B. here and there C. now and then D. when and then
  10. They had been for several days without reaching a conclusion. A. interpreting B. interfering C. disregarding D. debating
  11. I doubt if it is for you to watch this movie. A. worth B. worthy C. worthwhile D. valuable
  12. The fruit trees are to die in this frost.
A. bind B. bounded C. bound D. binded
  13. The prize will go to of them writes the best article. A. whoever B. whomever C. whichever D. whatever
  14. The accident was the drunken driver. A. since B. because C. due to D. for
  15. Researchers have been researching into the of sleeping pills on human brain. A. affect B. effect C. impact D. influence
Ⅱ.完形填空.从 A,B,C,D 四个选项中,选出一个正确答案,并将所选答案 的字母填在答题纸相应的位置上. 错选, 多选或未选均无分. (本大题共 15 小题, 每小题 1 分,共 15 分) Fill in each blank in the passage with the most likely answer. (15 points) Children model themselves largely on their parents. They do so mainly through identification. Children identify 16 a parent when they believe they have the qualities and feelings that are 17 of that parent. The things parents do and say??and the 18 they do and say to them?therefore strongly influence a child's 19 . However, parents must consistently behave like the type of person they want their child to become. A parent's actions 20 affect the self-image that a child forms through identification. Children who see mainly positive qualities in their 21 will likely learn to see themselves in a positive way. Children who observe chiefly 22 qualities in their parents will have difficulty seeing positive qualities in themselves. Children may 23
their self image, however, as they become increasingly 24 by groups standards before they reach
  13. Isolated events, even dramatic ones, do not necessarily have a permanent 25 on a child's behavior. Children interpret such events according to their established attitudes and previous training. Children who know they are loved can, 26 , accept the divorce of their parent's or a parent's early death. But if children feel unloved, they may interpret such events 27 a sign of rejection In the same way, all children are games, reading matter, and television dramatic change in family relations, or punishment. not influenced programs. 29 the 30 28 by toys and in the case of a
of an activity or experience depends on how the child interprets it.
  16. A. to B. with C. around D. for
  17. A. informed B. characteristic C. conceived
  18. A. gesture
  19. A. behavior
  20. A. in turn
  21. A. eyes
  22.
  23.
  24.
  25. A. A. A. A. negative modify mature idea D. indicative B. expression C. way D. extent D. reactions D. as a result D. behaviors D. D. D. D. complex continue independent effect
B. words C. mood B. nevertheless C. also B. parents C. peers B. B. B. B. cheerful copy influenced wonder C. C. C. C. various give up unique stamp

  26. A. luckily
  27. A. as
  28. A. even
  29. A. Oh
  30. A. result
B. for example B. being B. some B. Alas B. effect
C. at most C. of C. alike C. Right C. scale
D. sometimes D. for D. as a whole D. As D. cause
Ⅲ.难句释义.从 A,B,C,D 四个选项中,选出一个正确答案,并将所选答案 的字母 填在答题纸相应的位置上.错选,多选或未选均无分.(本大题共 10 小题,每 小题 1 分,共 10 分) Choose the closest paraphrased version for each of the sentences or italicized parts. (10 points)
  31. We want every minute to count. A. We want to count every minute. B. We want others to count every minute.
C. We want to make use of every minute. D. We want to spend every minute to do useful things.
  32. A child is a believing creature. A. Children want others to believe them. B. Children should be believe d. C. Children will believe what adults say. D. Children accept what adults say about them.
  33. It is a whim of a millionaire. A. It is an interesting idea of a millionaire. B. It is a wonderful idea of a millionaire. C. It is a mysterious idea of a millionaire. D. It is a sudden and unreasonable idea of a millionaire.
  34. It would give me prestige in his eyes, or at least make me less suspect, foreigner though I was. A. He would treat me differently because I was a well-known American correspondent and I know how to handle the situation. B. He would treat me differently because I came from a foreign country. C. He would treat me less suspicious because I volunteered to let them check my suitcases. D. He would treat me less suspicious because I had had my scripts approved by German censors.
  35. "We have got to believe it,"he said, looking at her steadily in the eye,"we can't afford not to." A. We have to believe it is true since we don't have enough time to consider it thoroughly. B. We have to believe it is true since we don't have enough money. C. We have to accept the fact since it has already happened. D. We have to believe it is true since its results will be too serious for us to take.
  36. I attended the funeral with them and sat through it with a lump of cold lead in my chest and a big resolution growing through me. A. Throughout the funeral, I was filled with sadness. B. The sad atmosphere of the funeral almost choked me. C. At the funeral I felt as cold as lead from beginning to end. D. All the time I sat at the funeral with a heart as heavy as lead.
  37. So far as he could see, he had only to will the thing. A. He could see objects far away from him by will. B. He could use power to see things by imagination. C. He could achieve things as far as he uses his will.
D. As far as he knows, he has the power to see things even beyond his reach.
  38. In time the visible wounds healed. A. Sooner or later people could see the wounds clearly. B. Sooner or later the wounds would disappear. C. Sooner or later people will see the trace of wounds. D. There were no wounds at all.
  39. Besides they do not have access to the knowledge. A. Besides the first problem, they don't have the key to knowledge. B. In addition, they can't get the needed information. C. In addition, they don't need to know the information. D. Besides, they don't have confidence to get the needed information.
  40. Americans view friendship more tentatively, subject to changes in intensity as people move, change their jobs, marry, or discover new interests. A. Americans don't think that friendship can and should remain unchanged. B. Americans think that in this changing world no friendship can stay stable. C. Americans prefer anything new and they are constantly looking for new things including friends. D. Americans look upon friendship as temporary; they don't believe there can be true friends. Ⅳ.阅读理解.阅读短文,根据短文的内容从 A,B,C,D 四个选项中,选出一个 正确答案,并将所选答案的字母填在答题纸相应的位置上.错选,多选或未选均 无分.(本大题共 10 小题,每小题 2 分,共 20 分) Read the two passages and answer the questions. (20 points) Passage One In a family where the roles of men and women are not sharply separated and where many household tasks are shared to a greater or lesser extent, notions of making superiority are hard to maintain. The pattern of sharing in tasks and in decisions makes for equality, and this in turn leads to further sharing. In such a home, the growing boy and girl learn to accept that equality more easily than their parents and to prepare more fully for participation in a world characterized by cooperation rather than by the "battle of sexes".
In the process goes too far and man's role is regarded as less important and that has happened in some cases??we are as badly off as before, only in reverse. It is time to reassess the role of the man in the American family. We are getting a little tired of "Momism"?? but we don't want to exchange it for a "neo-Popism". What we need, rather, is the recognition that bringing up children involves a partnership of equals. There are signs that psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, and specialists on the family are becoming more aware of the part men play and that they have decided that women should not receive all the credits ?? nor all the blame. We have almost given up saying that a woman's place is in the home. We are beginning, however, to analyze man's place in the home and to insist that he does have a place in it. Nor is that place irrelevant to the healthy development of the child. The family is a cooperative enterprise for which it is difficult to lay down rules, because each family needs to work out its own ways for solving its own problems. Excessive authoritarianism(权利主义) has unhappy consequences, whether it wears skirts or trousers, and the ideal of equal rights and equal responsibilities is pertinent (与...有关) not only to a healthy family.
  41. Sharing tasks and decisions in a family leads to . A. momism B. neo-popism C. inequality D. further sharing
  42.If a boy or girl has grown up in a home with sharing tasks and decisions, he or she will probably. A. believe that life is a "battle of sexes". B. accept equality as their parents did. C. prepare more fully for participation in a cooperative world. D. insist that man has a place in the home.
  43. According to the author, man's role in the American family is . A. less important than woman's B. equal to woman's C. irrelevant to the healthy development of the child D. hard to maintain
  44. Psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers and specialists on the family . A. are paying increased attention to man's place in the home. B. suggest that we exchange "Momism" for a "neo-popism". C. give all the credits to and blames to women.
D. give all the credits to and blames to men.
  45. The ideal of equal rights and equal responsibilities is . A. related to either a healthy democracy or a healthy family B. related to a healthy family as well as healthy democracy C. related to neither a halthy democracy nor a healthy family D. none of the above Passage Two Culture is one of the most challenging elements of the international marketplace. The characteristic of the learned behavior patterns of the members of a given society is constantly shaped by a set of dynamic variables: language, religion, values and attitudes, manners and customs, aesthetics, technology, education, and social institutions. To cope with this system, an international manager needs both factual and interpretive knowledge of culture. To some extent, the factual knowledge can be learned; its interpretation comes only through experience. The most complicated problems in dealing with the cultural environment stem from the fact that one cannot learn culture??one has to live it. Two schools of thought exist in the business world on how to deal with cultural diversity. One is that business is business the world around, following the model of Pepsi and McDonald's. In some cases, globalization is a fact of life; however, cultural differences are still far from converging(融合). The other school proposes that companies must tailor business approaches to individual cultures. Setting up policies and procedures in each country has been compared to an organ transplant; the critical question centers around acceptance or rejection. The major challenge to the international manager is to make sure that rejection is not a result of cultural myopia (近视) or even blindness. Fortune examined the international performance of a dozen large companies that earn 20 percent or more of their revenue overseas. The internationally successful companies all share an important quality: patience. They have not rushed into situations but rather built their operations carefully by following the most basic business principl
 

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