2010 年 12 月大学英语六级考试真题 Part I Writing (30 minutes) Direction: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled My Views on University Ranking. You should write at least 150 words following the outline given below.
  1. 目前高校排名相当盛行;
  2. 对于这种做法人们看法不一;
  3. 在我看来…… My Views on University Ranking
Part II Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (15 minutes) Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet
  1. For questions 1-7, choose the best answer from the four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. For questions 8-10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage. Into the Unknown The world has never seen population ageing before. Can it cope? Until the early 1990s nobody much thought about whole populations getting older. The UN had the foresight to convene a “world assembly on ageing” back in 1982, but that came and went. By 1994 the World Bank had noticed that something big was happening. In a report entitled “Averting the Old Age Crisis”, it argued that pension arrangements in most countries were unsustainable. For the next ten years a succession of books, mainly by Americans, sounded the alarm. They had titles like Young vs Old, Gray Dawn and The Coming Generational Storm, and their message was blunt: health-care systems were heading for the rocks, pensioners were taking young people to the cleaners, and soon there would be intergenerational warfare. Since then the debate has become less emotional, not least because a lot more is known about the subject. Books, conferences and research papers have multiplied. International organisations such as the OECD and the EU issue regular reports. Population ageing is on every agenda, from G8 economic conferences to NATO summits. The World Economic Forum plans to consider the future of pensions and health care at its prestigious Davos conference early next year. The media, including this newspaper, are giving the subject extensive coverage. Whether all that attention has translated into sufficient action is another question. Governments in rich countries now accept that their pension and health-care promises will soon become unaffordable, and many of them have embarked on reforms, but so far only timidly. That is not surprising: politicians with an eye on the next election will hardly rush to introduce unpopular measures that may not bear fruit for years, perhaps decades. The outline of the changes needed is clear. To avoid fiscal (财政) meltdown, public pensions and health-care provision will have to be reined back severely and taxes may have to go up. By far the most effective method to restrain pension spending is to give people the opportunity to work longer, because it increases tax revenues and reduces spending on pensions at the same time. It may even keep them alive longer. John Rother, the AARP’s head of policy and strategy, points to
studies showing that other things being equal, people who remain at work have lower death rates than their retired peers. Younger people today mostly accept that they will have to work for longer and that their pensions will be less generous. Employers still need to be persuaded that older workers are worth holding on to. That may be because they have had plenty of younger ones to choose from, partly thanks to the post-war baby-boom and partly because over the past few decades many more women have entered the labour force, increasing employers’ choice. But the reservoir of women able and willing to take up paid work is running low, and the baby-boomers are going grey. In many countries immigrants have been filling such gaps in the labour force as have already emerged (and remember that the real shortage is still around ten years off). Immigration in the developed world is the highest it has ever been, and it is making a useful difference. In still-fertile America it currently accounts for about 40% of total population growth, and in fast-ageing western Europe for about 90%. On the face of it, it seems the perfect solution. Many developing countries have lots of young people in need of jobs; many rich countries need helping hands that will boost tax revenues and keep up economic growth. But over the next few decades labour forces in rich countries are set to shrink so much that inflows of immigrants would have to increase enormously to compensate: to at least twice their current size in western Europe’s most youthful countries, and three times in the older ones. Japan would need a large multiple of the few immigrants it has at present. Public opinion polls show that people in most rich countries already think that immigration is too high. Further big increases would be politically unfeasible. To tackle the problem of ageing populations at its root, “old” countries would have to rejuvenate (使年轻) themselves by having more of their own children. A number of them have tried, some more successfully than others. But it is not a simple matter of offering financial incentives or providing more child care. Modern urban life in rich countries is not well adapted to large families. Women find it hard to combine family and career. They often compromise by having just one child. And if fertility in ageing countries does not pick up? It will not be the end of the world, at least not for quite a while yet, but the world will slowly become a different place. Older societies may be less innovative and more strongly disinclined to take risks than younger ones. By 2025 at the latest, about half the voters in America and most of those in western European countries will be over 50?and older people turn out to vote in much greater number than younger ones. Academic studies have found no evidence so far that older voters have used their power at the ballot box to push for policies that specifically benefit them, though if in future there are many more of them they might start doing so. Nor is there any sign of the intergenerational warfare predicted in the 1990s. After all, older people themselves mostly have families. In a recent study of parents and grown-up children in 11 European countries, Karsten Hank of Mannheim University found that 85% of them lived within 25km of each other and the majority of them were in touch at least once a week. Even so, the shift in the centre of gravity to older age groups is bound to have a profound effect on societies, not just economically and politically but in all sorts of other ways too. Richard Jackson and Neil Howe of America’s CSIS, in a thoughtful book called The Graying of the Great Powers, argue that, among other things, the ageing of the developed countries will have a number of serious security implications.
For example, the shortage of young adults is likely to make countries more reluctant to commit the few they have to military service. In the decades to 2050, America will find itself playing an ever-increasing role in the developed world’s defence effort. Because America’s population will still be growing when that of most other developed countries is shrinking, America will be the only developed country that still matters geopolitically (地缘政治上). Ask me in 2020 There is little that can be done to stop population ageing, so the world will have to live with it. But some of the consequences can be alleviated. Many experts now believe that given the right policies, the effects, though grave, need not be catastrophic. Most countries have recognised the need to do something and are beginning to act. But even then there is no guarantee that their efforts will work. What is happening now is historically unprecedented. Ronald Lee, director of the Centre on the Economics and Demography of Ageing at the University of California, Berkeley, puts it briefly and clearly: “We don’t really know what population ageing will be like, because nobody has done it yet. “ 注意:此部分试题请在答题卡 1 上作答。
  1. In its 1994 report, the World Bank argued that the current pension system in most countries could . [A] not be sustained in the long term [B] further accelerate the ageing process [C] hardly halt the growth of population [D] help tide over the current ageing crisis
  2. What message is conveyed in books like Young vs Old? [A] The generation gap is bound to narrow. [B] Intergenerational conflicts will intensify. [C] The younger generation will beat the old. [D] Old people should give way to the young.
  3. One reason why pension and health care reforms are slow in coming is that . [A] nobody is willing to sacrifice their own interests to tackle the problem [B] most people are against measures that will not bear fruit immediately [C] the proposed reforms will affect too many people’s interests [D] politicians are afraid of losing votes in the next election
  4. The author believes the most effective method to solve the pension crisis is to . [A] allow people to work longer [C] cut back on health care provisions [B] increase tax revenues [D] start reforms right away
  5. The reason why employers are unwilling to keep older workers is that . [A] they are generally difficult to manage [B] the longer they work, the higher their pension [C] their pay is higher than that of younger ones [D] younger workers are readily available
  6. To compensate for the fast-shrinking labour force, Japan would need .
[A] to revise its current population control policy [B] large numbers of immigrants from overseas [C] to automate its manufacturing and service industries [D] a politically feasible policy concerning population
  7. Why do many women in rich countries compromise by having only one child? [A] Small families are becoming more fashionable. [B] They find it hard to balance career and family. [C] It is too expensive to support a large family. [D] Child care is too big a problem for them.
  8. Compared with younger ones, older societies are less inclined to .
  9. The predicted intergenerational warfare is unlikely because most of the older people themselves .
  10. Countries that have a shortage of young adults will be less willing to commit them to . Part III Listening Comprehension (35 minutes) Section A Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D], and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. 注意: 此部分试题请在答题卡 2 上作答。
  11. [A] The man is the manager of the apartment building. [B] The woman is very good at bargaining. [C] The woman will get the apartment refurnished. [D] The man is looking for an apartment.
  12. [A] How the pictures will turn out. [C] What the man thinks of the shots. [B] Where the botanical garden is. [D] Why the pictures are not ready.
  13. [A] There is no replacement for the handle. [B] There is no match for the suitcase. [C] The suitcase is not worth fixing. [D] The suitcase can be fixed in time.
  14. [A] He needs a vehicle to be used in harsh weather. [B] He has a fairly large collection of quality trucks. [C] He has had his truck adapted for cold temperatures. [D] He does routine truck maintenance for the woman.
  15. [A] She cannot stand her boss’s bad temper. [B] She has often been criticized by her boss. [C] She has made up her mind to resign.
[D] She never regrets any decisions she makes.
  16. [A] Look for a shirt of a more suitable color and size. [B] Replace the shirt with one of some other material. [C] Visit a different store for a silk or cotton shirt. [D] Get a discount on the shirt she is going to buy.
  17. [A] At a “Lost and Found”. [C] At a trade fair. [B] At a reception desk. [D] At an exhibition.
  18. [A] Repair it and move in. [C] Convert it into a hotel. [B] Pass it on to his grandson. [D] Sell it for a good price. Questions 19 to 21 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
  19. [A] Unique descriptive skills. [C] Colourful world experiences. [B] Good knowledge of readers’ tastes. [D] Careful plotting and clueing.
  20. [A] A peaceful setting. [C] To be in the right mood. [B] A spacious room. [D] To be entirely alone.
  21. [A] They rely heavily on their own imagination. [B] They have experiences similar to the characters’. [C] They look at the world in a detached manner. [D] They are overwhelmed by their own prejudices. Questions 22 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
  22. [A] Good or bad, they are there to stay. [B] Like it or not, you have to use them. [C] Believe it or not, they have survived. [D] Gain or lose, they should be modernised.
  23. [A] The frequent train del
 

相关内容

2010年12月大学英语六级考试阅读必背词汇

   索古特英语 英语:SOGOOD.cn 口语:sogood.cn/happy 索古特英语-是一个极力推崇免费英语学习的网站! 索古特英语-是一个极力推崇免费英语学习的网站! 提供英语听力,VOA,口语,双语阅读,全英文短文阅读,行业英语,英语试题 WORD 下 载,中高考英语资料,大学四六级英语,考试英语,英语动画,初中高试题。每日更新!!! 1. abnormal a. 不正常的> I’m normal, you’re ~ ! 2. abolish v. 废除 > CET-Ban ...

AL_学习_资料_XK2010年12月大学英语六级考试真题试题和答案解析(经典)

   时代学习网??职业人士网上考试辅导学习的家园 ,资料由本站网上收集整理。 弃我去者,昨日之日不可留。 弃我去者,昨日之日不可留。 乱我心者,今日之日多烦忧。 乱我心者,今日之日多烦忧。 长风万里送秋雁,对此可以酣高楼。 长风万里送秋雁,对此可以酣高楼。 蓬莱文章建安骨,中间小谢又清发。 蓬莱文章建安骨,中间小谢又清发。 俱怀逸兴壮思飞,欲上青天览明月。 俱怀逸兴壮思飞,欲上青天览明月。 抽刀断水水更流,举杯消愁愁更愁。 抽刀断水水更流,举杯消愁愁更愁。 人生在世不称意,明朝散发弄扁舟。 人生 ...

2010年12月大学英语四级考试模拟题二

   听力课堂,开放式外语学习平台! 听力课堂,开放式外语学习平台!TingClass.com 2010 年 12 月大学英语六级考试模拟题一 月大学英语六级考试模拟题一 Part I Writing (30 minutes) Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic: Salary or Interest. You should write at least ...

2010年12月英语六级考试翻译冲刺专项训练

   1. This is yet (两国人民的又一个共同点). 2. His scientific works (在英语国家得到 广泛阅读). 3. Revolution means the emancipation of the productive forces,(改革也是解放生产力). 4.He is optimistic (对现时信息产业的发 展状况). 5.Work in all fields should be subordinated to and (服务于经济发展的进程). 6. ...

2010年12月大学英语六级考试全真预测卷及答案

   2010 年 12 月大学英语六级考试全真预测卷及答案 Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes) Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled A Harmonious Society in My Mind. You should write at least 150 words following the outline given below. 1. ...

2007年12月大学英语六级考试真题(A卷)及答案、听力原文

   2007 年 12 月大学英语六级考试真题(A 卷) 月大学英语六级考试真题( College English Test ?Band Six? Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes) Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled The Digital Age. You : should write at least 150 words followin ...

2006年12月大学英语六级考试听力真题及答案(旧)

   2006 年 12 月大学英语六级真题试卷 PartⅢ Listening Comprehension (20 minutes) Ⅲ Section A Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and ...

2010年6月英语四级考试真题及答案

   为您收集整理。 本资料由 Jo 为您收集整理。 月英语四级考试真题 2010 年 6 月英语四级考试真题 "版权所有 "机密★启用前 试卷代号:A 大学英语四级考试 COLLEGE ENGLISH TEST -Band Four(4XSH 1) 试题册 注意事项 一、将自己的校名、姓名、准考证号写在答题卡 1 和答题卡 2 上,将本试卷代号划在答 题卡 2 上。 二、试题册、答题卡 1 和答题卡 2 均不得带出考场,考试结束,监考员收卷后考生才可 离开。 三、仔细读懂题目的说明。 四、在 ...

2010年12月英语六级考试听力原文

   2010 年 12 月英语六级考试听力原文 SecB 第二篇) 第二篇) It's always fun to write about research that you can actually try out for yourself. Try this: Take a photo and upload it to Facebook, then after a day or so, note what the URL link to the picture is and then del ...

2010年12月英语六级考试完整答案

   2010年12月英语六级考试答案部分 写作: My View on University Ranking In recent years, all kinds of University Ranking Lists can be found on some educational websites, or newspapers. The ranking standards also vary. These lists have great influence on students. The ...

热门内容

英语课件

   人教版四年级英语上册 英语课件 Unit 5 What would you like? 制作者: 制作者: 姓名:曾燕兰 姓名: 专业:英语教育 专业: 班级:08英(2) 班级:08英 学号:41号 学号:41号 Unit 5 what would you like? 第一课时 A Let’s learn let’s play C Let’s draw Warn-up apple hamburger " T: I’m hungry. let’s eat something. Do you ...

高一英语必修一语法填空专练

   语 法 填 空 专 题 练 习 Unit 1 This is a true story. It happened in Amsterdam, Holland 1 the early 1940s after the German Nazis had 2(occupy) most of Europe. The Nazi Party ruled Germany from 1933 to 1945. One of their key (policy) was__4__ (kill) all the ...

英语

   Today is the first day of the rest of your life(今天是你余生的第一天)《美国丽人》 some birds aren't meant to be caged. Their feathers are just too birght (有些鸟是永远都关不住的,因为它们的每一片羽毛上,都闪烁着自由的光辉.)《肖申克的救赎》 “Of all the gin joints in all the towns in all the world,she walks ...

GCT英语会话技能

   清华在线 www.qinghuaonline.com 010-62771166 62781166 GCT英语会话技能 英语会话技能 Professor HE Fusheng Tsinghua University Part B Dialogue Completion Directions: There are 5 short incomplete dialogues between two speakers, each followed by four choices marked (A) ...

二年级英语上总复习

   二年级英语上总复习 (一).单词 一.名词 动物: frog 青蛙 dog 小狗 hen 母鸡 rabbit 兔子 cat 小猫 chick 小鸡 butterfly 蝴蝶 sheep 绵羊 elephant 大象 monkey 猴子 bee 蜜蜂 fish 鱼 pig 猪 bear 熊 bird 小鸟 cow 奶牛 duck 鸭子 panda 熊猫 tiger 老虎 snake 蛇 horse 马 水果: apple 苹果 pear 梨 donkey 驴 banana 香蕉 peach 桃 ...