索古特英语 英语:SOGOOD.cn 口语:sogood.cn/happy
索古特英语-是一个极力推崇免费英语学习的网站! 索古特英语-是一个极力推崇免费英语学习的网站!
提供英语听力,VOA,口语,双语阅读,全英文短文阅读,行业英语,英语试题 WORD 下 载,中高考英语资料,大学四六级英语,考试英语,英语动画,初中高试题。每日更新!!!
索古特英语学习网:http://www.sogood.cn/英语口语网:http://www.sogood.cn/happy 声明:本资料由 索古特英语[SOGOOD.CN]收集整理,转载请注明出自 http://www.sogood.cn 时态,语态 用法,省略 一致性等) Ⅰ动词(时态 语态 用法 省略 一致性等 动词 时态 语态,用法 省略,一致性等
时态

  1)现在完成进行时态 (have/has been + -ing 分词构成): 动作或状态从过去某时开始,继续到现在,可能继续下 去,也可能刚刚结束.
I’ve been writing letters for an hour.
I’ve been sitting in the garden.

  2)过去完成进行时(由 had been + ing 分词构成): 过去某个时刻以前一直在进行的动作
I’d been working for some time when he called.
We had been waiting for her for two hours by the time she came.

  3)将来完成进行时: 将来某个时刻以前一直在进行的动作.
By next summer, he will have been working here for twenty years.
In another month’s time she’ll have been studying here for three years.

  4)将来完成时(由 shall/will have + 过去分词构成): 将来某时会业已发生的事.
I shall have finished this one before lunch.
They’ll have hit the year’s target by the end of October.
免费英语学习网:www.sogood.cn 版权归原作者所有
索古特英语 英语:SOGOOD.cn 口语:sogood.cn/happy 语态
索古特英语-是一个极力推崇免费英语学习的网站! 索古特英语-是一个极力推崇免费英语学习的网站!
提供英语听力,VOA,口语,双语阅读,全英文短文阅读,行业英语,英语试题 WORD 下 载,中高考英语资料,大学四六级英语,考试英语,英语动画,初中高试题。每日更新!!!
可以有两种被动结构的类型,例如:
He was said to be jealous of her success.
It was said that he was jealous of her success.
能同时适用于上述两个句型的主动词通常都是表示“估计”,“相信”等意义的动词,常见的有 assume,believe,expect,fear,feel,know,presume,report,say,suppose,understand 等.
It is supposed that the ship has been sunk.
The ship is supposed to have been sunk.
担当 be supposed to 与不定式的一般形式搭配时往往表示不同的意义.例如:
Why are you driving so fast in this area? You are supposed to know the speed to know the speed limit. (你应该晓 得速度限制)
双宾语及宾补结构的被动语态
双宾语结构的被动语态: 双宾语结构变为被动语态时,可以把主动结构中的一个宾语变为主语,另一个宾语仍 然保留在谓语后面,但多数是把间接宾语变为主语.
He was asked a number of questions at the press conference.
Two days were allowed them for making the necessary preparations.
宾补结构的被动语态:
免费英语学习网:www.sogood.cn 版权归原作者所有
索古特英语 英语:SOGOOD.cn 口语:sogood.cn/happy
索古特英语-是一个极力推崇免费英语学习的网站! 索古特英语-是一个极力推崇免费英语学习的网站!
提供英语听力,VOA,口语,双语阅读,全英文短文阅读,行业英语,英语试题 WORD 下 载,中高考英语资料,大学四六级英语,考试英语,英语动画,初中高试题。每日更新!!!
She was called Big Sister by everybody.
Then he was made a squad leader.
He was considered quite qualified for the job.
The room was always kept clean and tidy.
短语动词
Vi + adv
The plane took off two hours late.
Vi + prep
They looked round the Cathedral.
Vi + prep (有被动语态)
She’s looking after her sister’s children.
The children were always well looked after.
Vi + adv + prep
I began to look forward to their visits.
Vt + O + adv
Some women choose to stay at home and bring up their children.
免费英语学习网:www.sogood.cn 版权归原作者所有
索古特英语 英语:SOGOOD.cn 口语:sogood.cn/happy
索古特英语-是一个极力推崇免费英语学习的网站! 索古特英语-是一个极力推崇免费英语学习的网站!
提供英语听力,VOA,口语,双语阅读,全英文短文阅读,行业英语,英语试题 WORD 下 载,中高考英语资料,大学四六级英语,考试英语,英语动画,初中高试题。每日更新!!!
The children were brought up by their mother.
They took him on.
Vt + adv + O (无被动语态)
I am trying to give up smoking.
Vt + O + prep
We talked Donald into agreement.
省略
在以 as, than, when, if, unless 等引导的从句中的省略: 在有些状语从句中,如果谓语包含有动词 be,主语又和主 句的主语一致 a),或者主语是 it b),就常常可以把从句中的主语和谓语的一部分(特别是动词 be)省略掉.
Look out for cars when crossing the street.
When taken according to the directions, the drug has no side effects.
While there he joined in voluntary labour on a project.
Although not yet six months old, she was able to walk without support.
If not well managed, irrigation can be harmful.
Though reduced in numbers, they gained in fighting capacity.
This viewpoint, however understandable, is wrong.
Enemies, once discovered, were tightly encircled and completely wiped out. 免费英语学习网:www.sogood.cn 版权归原作者所有
索古特英语 英语:SOGOOD.cn 口语:sogood.cn/happy
索古特英语-是一个极力推崇免费英语学习的网站! 索古特英语-是一个极力推崇免费英语学习的网站!
提供英语听力,VOA,口语,双语阅读,全英文短文阅读,行业英语,英语试题 WORD 下 载,中高考英语资料,大学四六级英语,考试英语,英语动画,初中高试题。每日更新!!!
She hurriedly left the room as though/if angry.
She worked extremely hard though still rather poor in health.
Fill in the application as instructed.
Whenever known, such facts should be reported.
The documents will be returned as soon as signed.
He said that no acrobat could ever perform those daring feats unless trained very young.
Once having made a promise, you should keep it.
If necessary I’ll have the letter duplicated.
Fill in the blanks with articles where(ver) necessary.
If possible, I should like to have two copies of it.
As scheduled, they met on January 20 at the Chinese Embassy.
在以 than a) 或 as b) 引起的从句中,常会有一些成分省略.
He told me not to use more material than (it is) necessary.
We should think more of the collective than of ourselves.
They worked with as much enthusiasm as young people (did).
He is now a vice-manager, but still often works in the kitchen as before.
免费英语学习网:www.sogood.cn 版权归原作者所有
索古特英语 英语:SOGOOD.cn 口语:sogood.cn/happy
索古特英语-是一个极力推崇免费英语学习的网站! 索古特英语-是一个极力推崇免费英语学习的网站!
提供英语听力,VOA,口语,双语阅读,全英文短文阅读,行业英语,英语试题 WORD 下 载,中高考英语资料,大学四六级英语,考试英语,英语动画,初中高试题。每日更新!!!
Their training is free, as is all education.
We will, as always, stand on your side.
错误的省略
His life is as fully committed to books as anyone I know.
While standing there in her nightgown, two bullets struck the wall beside her.
一致
如果主语是单数,尽管后面跟有 with, together with, as well as, as much as, no less than, more than 等引导的短语, 谓语动词仍旧用单数形式.
Terry, along with her friend, goes skating every Saturday.
An expert, together with some assistants, was sent to help in this work.
The captain, as well as the coaches, was disappointed in the team.
代词作主语时的一致
each, either, neither 和由 some, any, no, every 构成的复合代词,都作单数看待.
Each of us has something to say.
Is everybody ready?
Somebody is using the phone.
Neither of us has gone through regular training. 免费英语学习网:www.sogood.cn 版权归原作者所有
索古特英语 英语:SOGOOD.cn 口语:sogood.cn/happy Has either of them told you?
索古特英语-是一个极力推崇免费英语学习的网站! 索古特英语-是一个极力推崇免费英语学习的网站!
提供英语听力,VOA,口语,双语阅读,全英文短文阅读,行业英语,英语试题 WORD 下 载,中高考英语资料,大学四六级英语,考试英语,英语动画,初中高试题。每日更新!!!
some, few, both, many 等作复数
some 可后接复数,也可接单数,表示某一.
none 作复数看待时较多,但也有时作单数看待,主要看说话人脑中联系想到的是复数还是单数概念, 但 none 在代表不可数的东西时总是看作单数:
None of the books are easy enough for us
None of us seem to have thought of it.
None (= not a single one) of us has got a camera.
None (= nobody) has felt it more keenly than she did.
None of this worries me.
all 和 most 可后接复数,也可接不可数名词 (all of the…, most of the …), 动词用单数.
由 and 或 both… and 连接名词词组时, 后用复数; 由 not only…but (also), either…or, neither…nor 或 or 连 接的并列主语, 谓语通常和最邻近的主语一致.
Not only the switches but also the old writing has been changed.
My sister or my brother is likely to be at home.
Either you or Mr Yang is to do the work.
Neither my wife nor I myself am able to persuade my daughter to change her mind. 免费英语学习网:www.sogood.cn 版权归原作者所有
索古特英语 英语:SOGOOD.cn 口语:sogood.cn/happy
索古特英语-是一个极力推崇免费英语学习的网站! 索古特英语-是一个极力推崇免费英语学习的网站!
提供英语听力,VOA,口语,双语阅读,全英文短文阅读,行业英语,英语试题 WORD 下 载,中高考英语资料,大学四六级英语,考试英语,英语动画,初中高试题。每日更新!!!
如果一个句子是由 there 或 here 引导, 而主语又不止一个, 谓语通常也和最邻近的那个主语一致.
There was carved in the board a dragon and a phoenix.
Here is a pen, a few envelopes and some paper for you.
people, police, cattle, poultry (家禽), militia (民兵) 等通常都用作复数.
Cattle are grazing on the pasture.
The police are looking for him.
有些集体名词有时作单数看待, 有时作复数看待, 主要根据意思来决定.
His family isn’t very large.
His family are all music lovers.
The committee meets twice a month.
The committee are divided in opinion.
The audience was enormous.
The audience were greatly moved at the words.
有些名词单复数同形, 可根据意思决定谓语动词的数:
This new series is beginning next month.
These new series are beginning next month.
免费英语学习网:www.sogood.cn 版权归原作者所有
索古特英语 英语:SOGOOD.cn 口语:sogood.cn/happy This species is now extinct.
索古特英语-是一个极力推崇免费英语学习的网站! 索古特英语-是一个极力推崇免费英语学习的网站!
提供英语听力,VOA,口语,双语阅读,全英文短文阅读,行业英语,英语试题 WORD 下 载,中高考英语资料,大学四六级英语,考试英语,英语动画,初中高试题。每日更新!!!
These species are now extinct.
表示时间, 重量, 长度, 价值等的名词, 尽管仍是复数形式, 如果作整体看待, 动词也可用单数形式 (当然用 复数动词也是可以的):
Three weeks was allowed for making the necessary preparations.
One hundred li was covered in a single night.
其他问题
书名, 国家名用单数:
Tales from Shakespeare is a book by Charles Lamb.
学科名, 如 mathematics, economics 用单数.
many a 或 more than one 所修饰的词作主语时, 谓语动词多用单数形式:
Many a person has had that kind of experience.
More than one person has involved in the case.
a number of 后接复数, the number of 后接单数:
A number of books have been published on the subject.
The number of books published on the subject is simply amazing.
免费英语学习网:www.sogood.cn 版权归原作者所有
索古特英语 英语:SOGOOD.cn 口语:sogood.cn/happy
索古特英语-是一个极力推崇免费英语学习的网站! 索古特英语-是一个极力推崇免费英语学习的网站!
提供英语听力,VOA,口语,双语阅读,全英文短文阅读,行业英语,英语试题 WORD 下 载,中高考英语资料,大学四六级英语,考试英语,英语动画,初中高试题。每日更新!!!
one of those 后用单数. 在“one of + 复数名词 +关系分句”结构中,关系分句中谓语动词的单复数形式在一 般情况下有两形式,一是根据先行词采用复数形式:
Joan is one of those people who go out of their way to be helpful.
当 one 之前友 the only 等限定词
 

相关内容

2010年12月大学英语四级考试常用语法精选表(网友分享版)学习啊

   学英语简单吗?肯定会有许多学生说: 难死了 难死了”。 学英语简单吗?肯定会有许多学生说:“难死了 。 为什么有好多学生对英语的学习都感到头疼呢?答案只有一个:“不得法。” 英语与汉语一样都是 为什么有好多学生对英语的学习都感到头疼呢? 答案只有一个: 不得法。 不得法 一种语言,为什么你说汉语会如此流利?那是因为你置身于一个汉语环境中, 一种语言,为什么你说汉语会如此流利?那是因为你置身于一个汉语环境中,如果你在伦敦呆上 半年,保准说起英语来会非常流利。但很多中学生没有很好的英语环境, 半 ...

如何准备2010年12月大学英语四级考试及考试时间安排

   2010 年 12 月大学英语四级考试预计在 12 月 18 日举行 具体时间安排: 大学英语四级(09:00-11:20) 9:55--10:00 收答题卡一(包括写作和快速阅读) 11:20 收答题卡二(包括听力、深度阅读、完形和翻译),考试结束 上半年的四级考试随着查分的结束也落下了帷幕,紧接着,这次没通过和即将第一 次参加四级考试的同学要进入四级的复习当中。 其实大家都有一个共同的疑问,到底应该做些什么才能通过四级。当你问某某通过 考试的同学,大多数的回答是背单词和做真题,那么具体应 ...

2008年12月大学英语四级考试真题

   2008 年 12 月大学英语四级考试真题 Part I Writing (30 minutes) ) Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Limiting the Use of Disposable Plastic Bag. You should write at least 150 words following the outline given be ...

英语学习_2010年12月英语四级考试作文预测及范文12篇_必备

   弃我去者, 弃我去者,昨日之日不可留 乱我心者, 乱我心者,今日之日多烦忧 预测一 预测一 1. 现在大学校园里,迟到、早退、旷课是常见的现象 2. 保证学生的出勤率对大学教育的重要性 3. 作为一个大学生应该怎样做 Attend Your Classes Regularly Nowadays it is a very common phenomenon that some university students are late for or even absent from classe ...

2010年12月大学英语四级考试常用语法精选表(网友分享版)

   索古特英语 英语:SOGOOD.cn 口语:sogood.cn/happy 索古特英语-是一个极力推崇免费英语学习的网站! 索古特英语-是一个极力推崇免费英语学习的网站! 提供英语听力,VOA,口语,双语阅读,全英文短文阅读,行业英语,英语试题 WORD 下 载,中高考英语资料,大学四六级英语,考试英语,英语动画,初中高试题。每日更新!!! 索古特英语学习网:http://www.sogood.cn/英语口语网:http://www.sogood.cn/happy 声明:本资料由 索古特英语 ...

2010年大学英语四级(cet4)考试须知

   2010 年上半年大学英语四级考试将在 6 月 19 日 09:00~11:20 举行,为了帮助大家有 效的报考复习,编辑收集整理了相关信息供大家参考,希望对大家有所帮助,祝大家顺利通 过考试! 考试介绍 大学英语考试是教育部主管的一项全国性的英语考试, 其目的是对大学生的实际英语能 力进行客观,准确的测量,为大学英语教学提供测评服务.大学英语考试是一项大规模标准 化考试,在设计上必须满足教育测量理论对大规模标准化考试的质量要求,是一个"标准关 联的常模参照测验".大学英 ...

2010年6月大学英语四级真题A卷完全翻译

   恒星英语学习网 http://www.hxen.com Part I Writing (30 minutes) 注意:此部分试题在答题卡 1 上。 Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic of Due Attention Should Be Given To Spelling. You should write at least 120 words fo ...

2010年12月英语四级真题及答案免费下载

   2010 年 12 月大学英语四级真题 Part I Writing (30 minutes) Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled How Should Parents Help Children to Be Independent? You should write at least 150 words following the outline given ...

2010年12月英语四级真题及答案免费下载

   2010 年 12 月大学英语四级真题 Part I Writing (30 minutes) Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled How Should Parents Help Children to Be Independent? You should write at least 150 words following the outline given ...

英语学习_【推荐】大学英语四级考试常用短语汇总_必备

   弃我去者, 弃我去者,昨日之日不可留 乱我心者, 乱我心者,今日之日多烦忧 a series of 一系列 一连串 一系列,一连串 above all 首先 尤其是 首先,尤其是 after all 毕竟 究竟 毕竟,究竟 ahead of 在...之前 之前 ahead of time 提前 all at once 突然 同时 突然,同时 all but 几乎 除了...都 几乎;除了 都 除了 all of a sudden 突然 all over 遍及 all over again 再 ...

热门内容

自考英语词汇学学习方法

   自考英语词汇学学习方法 何谓词汇学?不少学生误以为,词汇学就是“学词汇”,把词汇学与市场上编写的“突破词汇大关”的各 种词汇手册联系起来。然而,真正开始学习,发现完全是两回事,因此产生畏难情绪。有的学生说,他们 把《英语词汇学》看过数遍,书上讲的东西似乎都明白了,但参加考试,结果却不理想。凡此种种,实际 上集中于两个问题:一是词汇学属于什么性质的课程,它包括哪些内容?二是学词汇学,怎样才能收到好 效果?本文就这两个问题谈几点意见。 一、《英语词汇学》的性质 、《英语词汇学》 英语词汇学 英语 ...

BEC商务英语考试必备单词

   A absenteeism n. 经常性) 旷工, (经常性) 旷工, 旷职 account n. 会计帐目 accountancy n. 会计工作 accountant n. 会计 accounts n. 往来帐目 account for 解释, 解释,说明 广告公司) account executive n. (广告公司) 客户经理 *accruals n. 增值,应计 增值, acquire v. 获得, 获得,得到 *acquisition n. 收购 , 被收购的公司 收购, 或股 ...

超级丹英语简介

   Lin Dan, born October 14, 1983 in Long yan , Fu jian, is one of the best players of world badminton from China. Of Hakka (客家 客家) 客家 ancestry(血统 he has been 血统), 血统 named “Super Dan“ by his fans. While some consider Lin as the greatest player of his ...

小学英语人教版第八册全册教案

   M odule 1 一,学习目标 : 1,知识目标:本单元的词汇,句子. 2.能力目标 :运用所学语言结构在快餐店点餐. 3.情感教育目标 : 帮助学生明确学习目标,培养学生自主,合作的学习方式. 培养学生英语学习的乐趣,使他们在小组中积极与他人合作,共同完成 任务;创设运用语言的真实语境. 培养学生熟悉生活,对生活中常用句子的理解和运用. 二,预习学案: 词汇:hamburger,cola,dollar ,cent,enjoy 句式:1.What do you want ? I want… ...

人教版七年级上册英语单词

   第一单元单词及短语 1. my 我的pron. 2. name 名字n. 3. is 是v. 4. clock 时钟n. 5. I 我pron. 6. am 是v. 7. I'm =I am 8. nice 好的;令人愉快的adj. 9. to 用于与动词原形一起构成动词不定式 prep. 10. meet 遇见;相逢v. 11. you 你;你们pron. 12. what 什么 pron.& adj. 13. what's =what is 14. your ...