Part I minutes)
2010 年 12 月大学英语四级考试真题 Writing
Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled How Should Parents Help Children to Be Independent? You should write at least 150 words following the outline given below.
  2. 目前不少父母为孩子包办一切 为了让孩子独立, 父母应该……
How Should Parents Help Children to Be Independent? Part II minutes) Reading Comprehension(Skimming and Scanning) (15
Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet
  1. For questions 1-7, choose the best answer from the four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. For questions 8-10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage. A Grassroots Remedy Most of us spend our lives seeking the natural world. To this end, we walk the dog, play golf, go fishing, sit in the garden, drink outside rather than inside the pub, have a picnic, live in the suburbs, go to the seaside, buy a weekend place in the country. The most popular leisure activity in Britain is going for a walk. And when joggers (慢跑者) jog, they don’t run the streets. Every one of them instinctively heads to the park or the river. It is my profound belief that not only do we all need nature, but we all seek nature, whether we know we are doing so or not. But despite this, our children are growing up nature-deprived (丧 失). I spent my boyhood climbing trees on Streatham Common, South London. These days, children are robbed of these ancient freedoms, due to problems like crime, traffic, the loss of the open spaces and odd new perceptions about what is best for children, that is to say, things that can be bought, rather than things that can be found. The truth is to be found elsewhere. A study in the US: families had moved to better housing and the children were assessed for ADHD?attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (多动症). Those whose accommodation had
more natural views showed an improvement of 19%; those who had the same improvement in material surroundings but no nice view improved just 4%. A study in Sweden indicated that kindergarten children who could play in a natural environment had less illness and greater physical ability than children used only to a normal playground. A US study suggested that when a school gave children access to a natural environment, academic levels were raised across the entire school. Another study found that children play differently in a natural environment. In playgrounds, children create a hierarchy (等级) based on physical abilities, with the tough ones taking the lead. But when a grassy area was planted with bushes, the children got much more into fantasy play, and the social hierarchy was now based on imagination and creativity. Most bullying (恃强凌弱) is found in schools where there is a tarmac (柏油碎石) playground; the least bullying is in a natural area that the children are encouraged to explore. This reminds me unpleasantly of Sunnyhill School in Streatham, with its harsh tarmac, where I used to hang about in corners fantasising about wildlife. But children are frequently discouraged from involvement with natural spaces, for health and safety reasons, for fear that they might get dirty or that they might cause damage. So, instead, the damage is done to the children themselves: not to their bodies but to their souls. One of the great problems of modern childhood is ADHD, now increasingly and expensively treated with drugs. Yet one study after another indicates that contact with nature gives huge benefits to ADHD children. However, we spend money on drugs rather than on green places. The life of old people is measurably better when they have access to nature. The increasing emphasis for the growing population of old people is in quality rather than quantity of years. And study after study finds that a garden is the single most important thing in finding that quality. In wider and more difficult areas of life, there is evidence to indicate that natural surroundings improve all kinds of things. Even problems with crime and aggressive behaviour are reduced when there is contact with the natural world. Dr William Bird, researcher from the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, states in his study, “A natural environment can reduce violent behaviour because its restorative process helps reduce anger and
impulsive behaviour.” Wild places need encouraging for this reason, no matter how small their contribution. We tend to look on nature conservation as some kind of favour that human beings are granting to the natural world. The error here is far too deep: not only do humans need nature for themselves, but the very idea that humanity and the natural world are separable things is profoundly damaging. Human beings are a species of mammals (哺乳动物). For seven million years they lived on the planet as part of nature. Our ancestral selves miss the natural world and long for contact with non-human life. Anyone who has patted a dog, stroked a cat, sat under a tree with a pint of beer, given or received a bunch of flowers or chosen to walk through the park on a nice day, understands that. We need the wild world. It is essential to our well-being, our health, our happiness. Without the wild world we are not more but less civilised. Without other living things around us we are less than human. Five ways to find harmony with the natural world Walk: Break the rhythm of permanently being under a roof. Get off a stop earlier, make a circuit of the park at lunchtime, walk the child to and from school, get a dog, feel yourself moving in moving air, look, listen, absorb. Sit: Take a moment, every now and then, to be still in an open space. In the garden, anywhere that’s not in the office, anywhere out of the house, away from the routine. Sit under a tree, look at water, feel refreshed, ever so slightly renewed. Drink: The best way to enjoy the natural world is by yourself; the second best way is in company. Take a drink outside with a good person, a good gathering: talk with the sun and the wind with birdsong for background. Learn: Expand your boundaries. Learn five species of bird, five butterflies, five trees, five bird songs. That way, you see and hear more: and your mind responds gratefully to the greater amount of wildness in your life. Travel: The places you always wanted to visit: by the seaside, in the country, in the hills. Take a weekend break, a day-trip, get out there
and do it: for the scenery, for the way through the woods, for the birds, for the bees. Go somewhere special and bring specialness home. It lasts forever, after all. 注意:此部分试题请在答题卡 1 上作答。
  1. What is the author’s profound belief?
[A] People instinctively seek nature in different ways. [B] People should spend most of their lives in the wild. [C] People have quite different perceptions of nature. [D] People must make more efforts to study nature.
  2. What does the author say people prefer for their children nowadays? [A] Personal freedom. [B] Things that are natural. [C] Urban surroundings. [D] Things that are purchased.
  3. What does a study in Sweden show?
[A] The natural environment can help children learn better. [B] More access to nature makes children less likely to fall ill. [C] A good playground helps kids develop their physical abilities. [D] Natural views can prevent children from developing ADHD.
  4. Children who have chances to explore natural areas .
[A] tend to develop a strong love for science [B] are more likely to fantasise about wildlife [C] tend to be physically tougher in adulthood
[D] are less likely to be involved in bullying
  5. What does the author suggest we do to help children with ADHD?
[A] Find more effective drugs for them. [B] Provide more green spaces for them. [C] Place them under more personal care. [D] Engage them in more meaningful activities.
  6. nature? In what way do elderly people benefit from their contact with
[A] They look on life optimistically. live longer. [B] They enjoy a life of better quality. good-humoured.
[C] They are able to
[D] They become
Dr William Bird suggests in his study that .
[A] humanity and nature are complementary to each other [B] wild places may induce impulsive behaviour in people [C] access to nature contributes to the reduction of violence [D] it takes a long time to restore nature once damaged
  8. It is extremely harmful to think that humanity and the natural world can be .
  9. The author believes that we would not be so civilised without .
  10. The five suggestions the author gives at the end of the passage are meant to encourage people to seek with the natural world.
Part III minutes) Section A
Listening Comprehension
Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D], and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. 注意:此部分试题请在答题卡 2 上作答。
  11. [A] The man should visit the museums. resort is a good choice. [B] She can’t stand the hot weather. in Washington. [C] The beach
[D] She enjoys staying

  12. [A] Her new responsibilities in the company. [B] What her job prospects are. [C] What the customers’ feedback is. [D] The director’s opinion of her work.
  13. [A] Combine her training with dieting. [B] Repeat the training every three days. [C] Avoid excessive physical training. [D] Include weightlifting in the program.
  14. [A] When she will return home. [B] Whether she can go by herself. [C] Whether she can travel by air.
[D] When she will completely recover.
  15. [A] The woman knows how to deal with the police. [B] The woman had been fined many times before. [C] The woman had violated traffic regulations. [D] The woman is good at finding excuses.
  16. [A] Switch off the refrigerator for a while. [B] Have someone repair the refrigerator. [C] Ask the man to fix the refrigerator. [D] Buy a refrigerator of better quality.
  17. [A] He owns a piece of land in the downtown area. [B] He has got enough money to buy a house. [C] He can finally do what he has dreamed of. [D] He is moving into a bigger apartment.
  18. [A] She is black and blue all over.
[B] She has to go to see a doctor. [C] She stayed away from work for a few days. [D] She got hurt in an accident yesterday. Questions 19 to 21 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
  19. [A] She was a bank manager. [B] She was a victim of the robbery. [C] She was a defence lawyer. [D] She was a witness to the crime.

  20. [A] A tall man with dark hair and a moustache. [B] A youth with a distinguishing mark on his face. [C] A thirty-year-old guy wearing a light sweater. [D] A medium-sized young man carrying a gun.
  21. [A] Identify the suspect from pictures. [C] Have her photo taken for their files. [B] Go upstairs to sign some document. of what she had said. [D] Verify the record
Questions 22 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
  22. [A] By reading a newspaper ad. the morning news. [B] By seeing a commercial on TV. employment service. [C] By listening to
[D] By calling an

  23. [A] She could improve her foreign languages. [B] She could work close to her family. [C] She could travel overseas frequently. [D] She could use her previous experiences.
  24. [ A ] Taking management courses. secretary. [B] Teaching English at a university. degree in French. [ C ] Working as a
[D] Studying for a

  25. [A] Prepare for an interview in a couple of days. [B] Read the advertisement again for more details. [C] Send in a written application as soon as possible. [D] Get to know the candidates on the short list.
Section B Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. 注意: 此部分试题请在答题卡 2 上作答。 Passage One Questions 26 to 29 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  26. [A] They cannot see the firefighters because of the smoke. [B] They do not realize the danger they are in. [C] They cannot hear the firefighters for the noise. [D] They mistake the firefighters for monsters.
  27. [A] He travels all over America to help put out fires. [B] He often teaches children what to do during a fire. [C] He teaches Spanish in a San Francisco



   听力课堂,开放式外语学习平台! 听力课堂,开放式外语学习平台! 2010 年 12 月大学英语四级考试模拟题 Part I Writing (30 minutes) ) Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition one topic: City Problems. You should write at least 120 words following t ...


   时代学习网??职业人士网上考试辅导学习的家园 ,资料由本站网上收集整理。 弃我去者,昨日之日不可留。 弃我去者,昨日之日不可留。 乱我心者,今日之日多烦忧。 乱我心者,今日之日多烦忧。 长风万里送秋雁,对此可以酣高楼。 长风万里送秋雁,对此可以酣高楼。 蓬莱文章建安骨,中间小谢又清发。 蓬莱文章建安骨,中间小谢又清发。 俱怀逸兴壮思飞,欲上青天览明月。 俱怀逸兴壮思飞,欲上青天览明月。 抽刀断水水更流,举杯消愁愁更愁。 抽刀断水水更流,举杯消愁愁更愁。 人生在世不称意,明朝散发弄扁舟。 人生 ...


   section A 1-5:A D C A C 6-7:B B 8:had an Internet Addiction 9:professional help 10:online dating 11-15:C A C A A 16-20:D C D B D 21-25:D B A C B section B 26-30:A D B B C 31-35:D D B A C section C 37.figuring 38.independent 39.unusual 40.interactin ...


   为您收集整理。 本资料由 Jo 为您收集整理。 月英语四级考试真题 2010 年 6 月英语四级考试真题 "版权所有 "机密★启用前 试卷代号:A 大学英语四级考试 COLLEGE ENGLISH TEST -Band Four(4XSH 1) 试题册 注意事项 一、将自己的校名、姓名、准考证号写在答题卡 1 和答题卡 2 上,将本试卷代号划在答 题卡 2 上。 二、试题册、答题卡 1 和答题卡 2 均不得带出考场,考试结束,监考员收卷后考生才可 离开。 三、仔细读懂题目的说明。 四、在 ...


   本资料由学生范文网(为您收集整理。 为您收集整理。 本资料由学生范文网 为您收集整理 2010 年 6 月英语四级考试真题 Part I Writing (30 minutes) 注意:此部分试题在答题卡 1 上。 Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic of Due Attention Should Be ...


   2010 年大学英语四级考试时间安排技巧 如果你觉得考试时间总是不够用,而考试成绩总在及格线边缘时, 如果你觉得考试时间总是不够用,而考试成绩总在及格线边缘时,这时我觉得你 应该考虑下合理地安排做题顺序了.如果你总是想着每个题型的分数都想拿下, 应该考虑下合理地安排做题顺序了.如果你总是想着每个题型的分数都想拿下, 在你实力有限的情况下,这是不现实的!鉴于这个原因,本人根据自己的经验, 在你实力有限的情况下,这是不现实的!鉴于这个原因,本人根据自己的经验,以 下的做题顺序效果明显,希望对大家 ...


   海词论坛 新东方:2008 年 12 月四级写作范文 一、Limiting The Use of Disposable Plastic Bag 1.一次性塑料袋曾被广泛的使用 2.造成的问题 3.限制使用的意义 Disposable plastic bags were once widely used in China. When we went shopping at supermarkets and departments stores, shop ...


   ★★★★★ 2007 年 12 月四级考试真题 Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes) 注意:此部分试题在答题卡 1 上。 Part Ⅱ Rading comprehension (Skimming and scanning) (15minutes) Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passsage quickly and answer the questions on Ans ...


   本试题由大学生电脑主页【】友情提供,欢迎访问获取更多资料和信息! ★★★★★ 2006 年 12 月 23 日大学英语新四级(CET-4)真题试卷 Part I Writing (30 minutes) 注意: 注意:此部分试题在答题卡 1 上。 Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minute to write a short essay on the topic of students selec ...


   2010 年 12 月大学英语四级考试真题 Part I Writing (30 minutes) Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled How Should Parents Help Children to Be Independent? You should write at least 150 words following the outline giv ...


七年级英语Where’s my backpack课件2++++

   Unit 4 Where’s my backpack? Jinxiao Wutian No.2 Middle School Period 3:Section B 1a-2b Majors: Talking about where the things are A song Where’s your key? Where’s your hat? Where’s your pen? Where’s your bag? It’s in the drawer. It’s under the bed. ...


   语法专题( 语法专题(一) 名 词 普通名词 (Common Nouns) 个体名词(Individual 个体名词 Nouns) 集体名词(Collective 集体名词 Nouns) 抽象名词(Abstract 抽象名词 Nouns) 物质名词(Material 物质名词 Nouns) 可数名词 (Countabl e Nouns) 不可数名 词 (Uncounta ble Nouns) 专有名词(Proper Nouns) 专有名词 英语中有许多对词,一个可数,一个不可数。 英语中有许 ...


   2006-2007 学年第二学期厦门一中英语八年级期末综合练习一 - 学年第二学期厦门一中英语八年级期末综合练习一 八年级 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 机器人 纸 使用,利用 较少,较小 较少的 污染 树, ...


   《牛津小学英语》5B 第九单元教案 泰州莲花学校 第一教时 一 教学内容 Part C Ask and answer 和 Part H Say a rhyme 刘琳 Part B Look, read and learn 二 1 教学目标 能正确地听、 读、 说、 写单词 French, UK, British, USA, American, Japan, Chinese, France。 2 能正确地听、 读、 说、 写句型 Where are you from? I'm/he's/she ...

初三英语中考复习第 三 课时

   初三英语中考复习第 初三英语中考复习第 三 课时 本课时复习内容: 本课时复习内容:1. 现在完成时 2.8B Unit 1 Unit 2 词汇 复习要点: 复习要点:1. 现在完成时的意义 2.现在完成时谓语动词的形式 (含过去分词的构成) 3.现在完成时常用的时间状语 4. 现在完成时的各种句式变换 5.现在完成时与一般过去时的区别 6.瞬间性动词与延续性动词的使用和转换 7.现在完成时中 have been to 与 have gone to 的区别 强化训练: 强化训练: 一.词汇 ...