2010 年 12 月大学英语四级模拟试题及答案详解
Part I Writing (30 minutes) Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic: WILL PHONES KILL LETTER WRITING? You should write at least 120 words according to the outline given below in Chinese:
  1. 年轻人越来越趋向于打电话
  2. 信件是否会被电话取缔
  3. 我的观点 Part II Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (15 minutes) Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet
  1. For questions 1-7, mark Y (for YES) if the statement agrees with the information given in the passage; N (for NO) if the statement contradicts the information given in the passage; NG (for NOT GIVEN) if the information is not given in the passage. For questions 8-10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage. Holy Squid! Photos Offer First Glimpse of Live Deep-Sea Giant Like something straight out of a Jules Verne novel, an enormous tentacle creature looms out of the inky blackness of the deep Pacific waters. But this isn't science fiction. A set of extraordinary images captured by Japanese scientists mark the first-ever record of a live giant squid (Architeuthis) in the wild. The animal?which measures roughly 25 feet (8 meters) long?was photographed 2,950 feet (900 meters) beneath the North Pacific Ocean. Japanese scientists attracted the squid toward cameras attached to a baited fishing line. The scientists say they snapped more than 500 images of the massive cephalopod before it broke free after snagging itself on a hook. They also recovered one of the giant squid's two longest tentacles, which severed during its struggle. The photo sequence, taken off Japan's Ogasawara Islands in September 2004, shows the squid homing in on the baited line and enveloping it in "a ball of tentacles." Tsunemi Kubodera of the National Science Museum in Tokyo and Kyoichi Mori of the Ogasawara Whale Watching Association report their observations this week in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B. "Architeuthis appears to be a much more active predator than previously suspected, using its elongated feeding tentacles to strike and tangle prey," the researchers write.
They add that the squid was found feeding at depths where no light penetrates even during the day. Giant Breakthrough Despite people's fascination with this deep-sea behemoth, the giant squid's life and habits have remained largely a mystery. The little information known has been mostly based on dead and dying specimens that were caught by commercial fishing boats or washed ashore. The mysterious creature has inspired countless sea monster tales and has been the subject of various scientific expeditions. Since the mid 1990s there have been a number of research trips in search of giant squid. Cameras attached to deep-diving subs or sperm whales have been used to try to capture the elusive animals on film, but without success. The Japanese researchers used sperm whales as guides to help them pinpoint likely giant squid haunts. Over the years whalers have reported finding a high number of large squid beaks in the mammals' stomachs, pegging sperm whales as primary predators of large squid. The images are generating considerable excitement among squid experts. "I think it's wonderful that we've finally got a picture of a living giant squid," said Richard Ellis, a research associate at the American Museum of Natural History in New York and author of The Search for the Giant Squid. "I thought it would only be a matter of time before someone got images of Architeuthis," he added. "After all, it's not an endangered species, not even all that rare, and it's one of the largest of all invertebrates. So the Japanese film finaly breaks through and renders the statement 'nobody has ever seen a living giant squid' inoperative." Squid expert Martin Collins of the British Antarctic Survey based in Cambridge, England, says the new images are a "fantastic" achievement. The marine biologist says he was skeptical that a dedicated giant squid hunt would succeed. He thought the first wild sighting would probably come by accident. "Fair play to these guys who've made the effort, gone out there and looked in what they thought was a good area, and found it," he said. Hunting for Clues Collins is especially interested in clues the images might provide to the way giant squid swim and hunt in the deep ocean. "Seeing the animals on film gives you a tremendous insight into how they live down there," he said. "It shows they are pretty active animals, and that answers a big question that's been out there for some time." Collins says there were two competing schools of thought among giant squid experts. "One was the idea that [giant squid] were fairly inactive and just drifted around, dangling their tentacles below them like fishing lures to catch what came by," he said.
"The other theory was that they were actually quite active. This new evidence supports this, suggesting they are active predators which can move reasonably quickly." "The efforts the squid went to untangle itself [from the baited fishing line] also shows they are capable of quite strong and rapid movement," he added. The study team reports that the severed tentacle repeatedly gripped the boat deck and crew after it was hauled aboard. The squid's tentacles are armed with suckers, each ringed with tiny teeth to help snare prey. Measuring 18 feet (
  5.5 meters) long, analysis of the tentacle confirmed it came from a giant squid and allowed the researchers to estimate the total length of the animal. But the researchers caution that their data assume the tentacle was severed at it base. If not, the squid may have been considerably larger. The longest giant squid on record measured 59 feet (18 meters), including its two elongated tentacles. Shedding Light on Giant Squid Giant squid, along with their close cousins colossal squid (Mesonychoteuthis), have the largest eyes of any animal. "Giant squid do have particularly large eyes, which would suggest vision is important to them. Having a large eye isn't unusual in deep-sea animals-you see it quite often in fish." The fact that the animal caught on film was swimming in total darkness suggests the species detects prey using alternative light sources. "The only light down there is likely to be light produced by other animals," said Collins of the British Antarctic Survey. The Japanese team thinks that research techniques similar to their own could be used to bring about more close encounters with giant squid. Ellis of the American Museum of Natural History agrees. "I'm sure we can learn a lot from an analysis of these images," he said. "And now that we have an idea of where to look for [the squid], we will undoubtedly get more pictures."
  1. The passage talks mainly about the studying of a live giant squid by American scientists.
  2. The giant squid was photographed 2,950 feet beneath the North Pacific Ocean.
  3. The observations by Tsunemi Kubodera and Kyoichi Mori was reported in the journal Proceedings of Royal Society B.
  4. The Japanese film is a breakthrough in the study of the giant squid's life and habits.
  5. There are three competing schools of thought among giant squid experts.
  6. The giant squid are capable of quite strong and rapid movement.
  7. The longest giant squid on record measured 18 feet.
  8. Giant squid, along with their close cousins colossal squid, have the largest .

  9. The giant squid swimming in total darkness detects prey using .
  10. The Japanese team thinks that research techniques similar to their own could be used to bring about more . Part III Listening Comprehension (35 minutes) Section A Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D], and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
  11. [A] He'll be speaking at the end of the meeting. [C]He suddenly decided not to speak. [B] He was supposed to speak last night instead. [D] He already spoke very briefly tonight.
  12. [A] It's too high. [C] It's cheap indeed. [B] It's acceptable. [D] The woman should have bargained for it.
  13. [A] At two o'clock. [C] At four o'clock. [B] At three o'clock. [D] At five o'clock.
  14. [A] Shop assistant and customer. [C] Store keeper and customer. [B] Post clerk and customer. [D] Waitress and customer.
  15. [A] His girlfriend complained of his going to the party without her. [B] He was together with his girlfriend yesterday. [C] He has been busy dating his girlfriend these days. [D] He brought his girlfriend to the party.
  16. [A] She regretted having bought the second-hand car. [B] It is unnecessary to rent another house. [C] They should sell their second-hand car and buy a new one. [D] They can afford a second-hand car.
  17. [A] She loves the film too. [C] She asks the man to repeat his words. [B] She doesn't think much of the film. [D] It's not as good as she expected.
  18. [A] Go out with his wife. [C] Stay at home with his wife. [B] Work for extra hours. [D] Go out with his boss. Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
  19. [A] It's hereditary. [C] He combs his hair too much. [B] The shampoo he used caused it. [D] He is old enough to lose hair.
  20. [A] Use some special shampoo. [B] Wear a wig. [C] Don't try to comb hair over the bald or thin patch. [D] Go to the doctor for advice.
  21. [A] Over the radio. [C] At the man's house. [B] At a doctor's office. [D] At a drug store.

  22. [A] It suits him. [C] It looks old. [B] It looks ridiculous [D] It's getting worse. Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
  23. [A] Once a week. [C] Five every month. [B] Three every month. [D] Two every month.
  24. [A] When there are more than twelve people. [C] When there are fifteen people. [B] When there are five people. [D] When there are more than fifteen people.
  25. [A] Call the office. [C] Pay the money. [B] Sign your name on the notice board in advance. [D] There is no need to reserve a place. Section B Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked [A],[B],[C] and [D]. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the center. Passage One Questions 26 to 29 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  26. [A] Because it isn't closed. [B] Because the students have to pass all examinations before entering it. [C] Because there is no examination before they are accepted as students. [D] Because its door is open.
  27. [A] At the airport. [C] Taking the air. [B] By plane. [D] On radio and TV.
  28. [A] Four. [C] Three. [B] Eight. [D] Five.
  29. [A] In four or five years. [C] In three or four years. [B] In one year. [D] In 36 weeks. Passage Two Questions 30 to 32 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  30. [A] A new way to take notes. [C] The five steps in the reading process. [B] A short name for survey reading method. [D] Different ways to study for examinations.
  31. [A] That one should think about the ideas while reading the words. [B] That one should always take notes. [C] That one should read only the title and important words. [D] That one should read sequences of words.
  32. [A] Read. [C] Review. [B] Recite. [D] Reread. Passage Three Questions 33 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  33. [A] Vacations. [C] Overcrowded classrooms.
[B] Wages. [D] Paid sick leaves.
  34. [A] They want the teachers to resign. [B] They want the teachers to return to work. [C] They are very sympathetic toward the strike. [D] They are refusing to comment on the situation.
  35. [A] Parent Board. [C] Teachers' Union. [B] District Court. [D] School Committee. Section C Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from 44 to 46 you are required to fill in the missing information. For these blank, you can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written. There are 17 kinds of penguins in the world. All of them live in the southern (
  36) . Only a few (
  37) live on the continent of Antarctica at the bottom of the world. The emperor penguins are the largest. They are about 100 (
  38) tall and weigh about 30 kilograms. Their special (
  39) of mating makes them different from all other penguins. For thousands of years the emperor penguins have lived on the (
  40) Continent of Antarctica. These black and white birds live in large groups or colonies
 

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