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2010 年 6 月英语四六级考试听力四题型分析
四级听力题目构成与比例
小对话:8% 选择题 共 8 道对话,每题长约 1 分钟
长对话:7% 选择题 共 2 段对话,每段长约 3 分钟
听力短文:10% 选择题 共 3 篇文章,每篇长约 3 分钟
复合式听写:10% 听写填空 填 8 个单词和三句话,放音三遍,共计 8 分钟
听力位于考试的卷二部分,共占全卷 35%。
第一部分: 第一部分:小对话
做题方式:视听反向原则、同义替换原则,第二句话易为考点。
例题:
2009 年 12 月四级考试第 9 题
A) She must have paid a lot for the gym. B) She is known to have a terrific figure.
C) Her gym exercise has yielded good results. D) Her effort to keep fit is really praiseworthy.
Woman: I’ve been working out the gym since January. I was a bit out of shape.
Man: You look terrific! It seems that your effort has paid off.
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索古特英语-是一个极力推崇免费英语学习的网站! 索古特英语-是一个极力推崇免费英语学习的网站!
提供英语听力,VOA,口语,双语阅读,全英文短文阅读,行业英语,英语试题 WORD 下载,中高 考英语资料,大学四六级英语,考试英语,英语动画,初中高试题。每日更新!!!
Question: What does the man imply about the woman?
解析:可以明显看出,本题的答案为 C(她的健身房联系获得了好的结果)。yielded good results 和原文中的 your effort has paid off 产生了替换作用。其中,类似 gym 和 terrific、efforts 等这样明显的词汇是特别需要慎选的, 因为这些词汇都在原文中被明显播读过。 另外本题目中还包括很多有用的说法: 例如 terrific figure (魔鬼身材)paid off(发生效果),以及重复考过的 out of shape (身材走样) 等等。
例题:
请关注 2009 年 6 月几道小对话题目的原文形式和设问方式:
W: There were more than a hundred people at Kate's birthday party. How come she's got so many friends?
M: It's really no surprise. You know she was popular even when she was a child.
Q: What does the man imply about Kate?
M: My washing machine is more than fifteen years old and it has worked just fine until last night。
W: You'll never be able to get parts for it, even from Japan. So it might be time to invest a more recent model。
Q: What does the woman suggest the man do?
W: I heard about your promotion, you must be thrilled。
M: Not really, the new office is huge, but the word load has doubled。
Q: What do we learn about the man from the conversation?
以上三道小对话,都把问题的设计方向安排在第二句的位置上。所以,考生在解题时需要将自己的听力重点 放在第二句上。 免费英语学习网:www.sogood.cn 版权归原作者所有
索古特教育 英语:SOGOOD.cn
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提供英语听力,VOA,口语,双语阅读,全英文短文阅读,行业英语,英语试题 WORD 下载,中高 考英语资料,大学四六级英语,考试英语,英语动画,初中高试题。每日更新!!!
第二部分: 第二部分:长对话
做题方式:视听基本一致原则,场景解题原则
视听基本一致的含义是指,听到的原文和看到的选项若基本一致,则选项容易为正确选择。这一点和短对话 的原则恰恰相反,请考生一定注意。另外,考生还应注意长对话第一回合句,转折关系以及语调变化等。
例题:
2009 年 12 月四级考试第 1 篇长对话(部分节选):
Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

  19. A) He prefers the smaller evening classes C) He has to work during the day.
B) He has signed up for a day course. D) He finds the evening course cheaper.

  20. A) Learn a computer language. C) Buy some computer software.
B) Learn data processing. D) Buy a few coursebooks.
答案:C B
听力原文(部分节选):
Woman: Hello, Parkson College. May I help you?
Man: Yes. I’m looking for information on courses in computer programming. I would need it for the fourth semester.
W: Do you want a day or evening course? 免费英语学习网:www.sogood.cn 版权归原作者所有
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提供英语听力,VOA,口语,双语阅读,全英文短文阅读,行业英语,英语试题 WORD 下载,中高 考英语资料,大学四六级英语,考试英语,英语动画,初中高试题。每日更新!!!
M: Well, it would have to be an evening course since I work during the day(19 题答案点在此处直接被读出).
W: Aha. Have you taken any courses in data processing?
M: No.
W: Oh. Well, data processing is a course you have to take(20 题答案点在此处被读到) before you can take computer programming….

  19. Why does the man choose to take an evening course?

  20. What does the man have to do before taking the course of computer programming?
特别需要指出的是,本题发生的主题场景就在大学??Parkson College,学生向老师咨询课程(courses)的内 容。这时,做完题目的考生得问问自己:选修课必修课,大课小课,讲座展示,学分学时这类词汇和短语我们都 会说么?(具体内容请特别关注本期七大听力高频词汇)
第三部分: 第三部分:短文听力
短文听力一般篇幅比较长, 而且问题又出现在整个材料读完之后, 所以对很多考生来说, 如果完全听完材料, 再听问题最后选择的话,就很容易忘记刚刚在材料中所听到的内容,尤其是当考察一些细节题目的时侯。针对这 一情况,我们提供如下四种方法,在听材料的同时选出答案来。分别是:首尾法、视听一致原则、替换法、短词 题解题法。

  1、首尾法:根据统计,一篇听力材料,比较容易出题的地方是这篇材料的前几句和后几句。而且分别针对 的是这篇材料所对应题目的第一道和最后一道。因此,对于“慢热型(听过几句话之后,才能集中起注意力来, 但这时很可能第一道题目的正确答案已经被读过)”的同学来说,从材料的第一句话就要开始注意听了。一旦错 过了正确答案针对的那句话,就可能没有机会选出正确选项了。下面举一个典型的例子:
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索古特英语-是一个极力推崇免费英语学习的网站! 索古特英语-是一个极力推崇免费英语学习的网站!
提供英语听力,VOA,口语,双语阅读,全英文短文阅读,行业英语,英语试题 WORD 下载,中高 考英语资料,大学四六级英语,考试英语,英语动画,初中高试题。每日更新!!!
以 2009 年 6 月的四级考试第三篇短文听力为例,、
Q32: Why is life said to be difficult for Hollywood kids?
Q35: What will probably have negative effects on the lives of Hollywood kids?

  32. A) The atmosphere they live in is rather unreal.
B) Their parents put too much pressure on them.
C) It’s hard for them to get along with other kids.
D) They have to live in the shadow of their parents.

  35. A) The lifestyle depicted in Hollywood movies.
B) The worship of money, beauty and pleasure.
C) The attention the media focuses on them.
D) The pursuing of perfection in performance.
In Hollywood, everybody wants to be rich, famous and beautiful. Nobody wants to be old, unknown and poor. For Hollywood kids, life can be difficult, because they grow up in such an unreal atmosphere. Their parents are ambitious and the children are part of the parents’ ambitions. (首段)…Hollywood has always been the city of dreams. The kids there live unreal lives where money, beauty and pleasure are the only gods. Will children around the world soon start to think the same? Or do they already? (末段)
根据首段和末段的内容,我们很容易分析出,32 题的答案是 A,35 题的答案是 B。
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索古特英语-是一个极力推崇免费英语学习的网站! 索古特英语-是一个极力推崇免费英语学习的网站!
提供英语听力,VOA,口语,双语阅读,全英文短文阅读,行业英语,英语试题 WORD 下载,中高 考英语资料,大学四六级英语,考试英语,英语动画,初中高试题。每日更新!!!

  2、同义替换法:如上题,在长对话和短文听力这两种题型中,约有 30%的题目采用了替换法,采用同义的 短语或单词替换。 我们依旧以历年真题中的比较典型的一篇短文听力为例, 这篇短文听力共有相对应的四道题目, 都可以用我们的替换法解答。

  14. A) He didn’t like physics any more. B) His eyesight was too poor.
C) Physics was too hard for him. D) He had to work to support himself.(D)

  15. A) He was not happy with the new director.
B) He was not qualified to be an engineer.
C) He wanted to travel.
D) He found his job boring.(A)

  16. A) He wanted to work with his friend.
B) He enjoyed traveling around the world.
C) He wanted to go to Spain.
D) He was rejected by the engineering firm.(C)

  17. A) He enjoyed teaching English.
B) He wanted to earn more to support his family.
C) The owner of the school promised him a good position.
D) He could earn more as a teacher than as a travel agent.(B) 免费英语学习网:www.sogood.cn 版权归原作者所有
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提供英语听力,VOA,口语,双语阅读,全英文短文阅读,行业英语,英语试题 WORD 下载,中高 考英语资料,大学四六级英语,考试英语,英语动画,初中高试题。每日更新!!!
听力原文(部分 及问题如下 听力原文 部分)及问题如下 部分
When I was at school, my ambition was to be a pilot in the Air Force. But my eyesight wasn't good enough. So I had to give up the idea. I went to university and studies physics. I wanted to stay on there and do research, but my father died at about that time. (
  14)So I thought I'd better get a job and earn my living. I started working in an engineering firm. I expected to stay in that job for a long time. But then, they appointed a new managing director.(
  15) I didn't get on with him, so I resigned and applied for a job with another engineering company. …He offered me a job in Spain.(
  16)And I've always liked Spain, so I took it. I worked in the travel agency for two years and then they wanted to send me to South America. But I had just got married. So I decided to stay here. (
  17)Then we had a baby and I wasn't earning enough to support the family. So I started giving English lessons at a school in the evening. …
Questions 14 to 17 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  14. Why did the man give up studying physics?

  15. Why did the man resign from the engineering firm?

  16. Why did the man take the job at the travel agency?

  17. Why did the man start to teach English part time?
解析: 解析:
14 和 15 是在同义短语结构上的替换。
第 14 题,正确答案是 D,是把原文中的结构“earn my living”换成了选项中的“support himself”,其含义 是“谋生”。(D)
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索古特英语-是一个极力推崇免费英语学习的网站! 索古特英语-是一个极力推崇免费英语学习的网站!
提供英语听力,VOA,口语,双语阅读,全英文短文阅读,行业英语,英语试题 WORD 下载,中高 考英语资料,大学四六级英语,考试英语,英语动画,初中高试题。每日更新!!!
第 15 题,正确答案是 A,是把原文中的结构“not get on with somebody”换成了选项中的“not happy with somebody”,其含义是“与某人相处的不好”。
16 和 17 题是在句义上的替换。
第 16 题,正确答案是 C,是把原文中的结构“I've always liked Spain”换成了选项中的“He wanted to go to Spain”。
第 17 题,正确答案是 B,是把原文中的结构“I wasn't earning enough to support the family.”换成了选项中的 “He wanted to earn more to support hi
 

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