2010年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试英语 2010年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试英语(北京卷) 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试
第二部分:知识运用(共两节,45分)
第一节单项填空(共15小题;每小题l分,共15分)
  21. A. Looking at my classmates' faces, I read the same excitement in their eyes. B. Look C. To look D. Looked .

  22. In the spoken English of some areas in the US, the "r" sounds at the end of the words A. are dropped B. drop C. are being dropped
D. have dropped

  23. Good morning. I've got an appointment with Miss Smith in the Personnel Department. --Ah, good morning. You A. might B. must be Mrs. Peters. C. would --But our friends C. have waited D. can for us. D. are waiting

  24. --I'm not finished with my dinner yet. A. will wait B. wait

  25. I'm calling to enquire about the position A. advertised
in yesterday's China Daily. C. advertising D. having advertised
B. to be advertised

  26. --I'm sorry, but I don't quite follow you. Did you say you wanted to return on September 20? --Sorry, I A. hadn't made
  27. Children who are not active or A. what B. whose myself clear. We want to return on October
  20. B. wouldn't make C. don't make D. haven't made
diet is high in fat will gain weight quickly. C. which D. that

  28. It took me a long time before I was able to fully appreciate what they __ for me. A. had done B. did C. would do D. were doing everyone's enjoyment.

  29. Would you mind not picking the flowers in the garden? They are A. in
  30. A. As B. at C. for D. to
they decide which college to go to, students should research the admission procedures. B. While C. Until I am inside. C. what D. how D. Once

  31. I want to be liked and loved for A. who B. where

  32. Part of the reason Charles Dickens loved his own novel, David Copperfield, was __ it was rather closely modeled on his own life. A. what
  33. B. that C. why D. whether
some people regard as a drawback is seen as a plus by many others. A. Whether B. What C. That D. How

  34. --The weather has been very hot and dry.
--Yes. If it had rained even a drop, things would be much better now! And my vegetables A. wouldn't die B. didn't die C. hadn't died
.
D. wouldn't have died

  35. First impressions are the most lasting. After all, you never get __ second chance to make __ first impression. A. a; the B. the; the C. a; a D. the; a
第二节完形填空(共20小题;每小题l.5分,共30分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂 黑。 I met Mrs. Neidl in the ninth grade on a stage-design team for a play and she was one of the directors. Almost instantly I loved her. She had an Unpleasant voice and a direct way of speaking, inspiring. For some reason, she was impressed with my work and me. Mrs. Neidl would ask me for my had no idea how to answer because I knew 37 39 . She wanted to know how I thought we should 38 things. At first I 40 . It 36 she was encouraging and
about stage design! But I slowly began to respond to her 41
was cause and effect: She believed I had opinions, so I began to completed them perfectly. She loved how so I began to believe in myself. Mrs. Neidl's 43 42
them. She trusted me to complete things, so I
I was, so I began to show up to paint more and more. She believed in me,
that year was, "Try it. We can always paint over it 46
44
!"I began to take
45 . I had
been so afraid of failing but suddenly there was no failing--only things to be the paint and 47 create something. 48
upon. I learned to dip my brush into
The shy, quiet freshman achieved success that year. I was
in the program 49 I wanted to spend the rest
as "Student Art Assistant" because of the time and effort I'd put in. It was that year that I of my life doing stage design. Being on that stage-design team competent than I had thought, but I also 52 50 51
Mrs. Neidl changed me completely. Not only was I stronger and more a strong interest and a world I hadn't known existed. She taught me not to 53 . Mrs. Neidl was my comforter when 55 .
what people think I should do: She taught me to take chances and not be 54
I was upset. Her
  36. A. and
  37. A. opinion
  38. A. make
  39. A. anything
  40. A. questions
  41. A. hold
  42. A. happy
  43. A. message
in me has inspired me to do things that I never imagined B. yet B. impression B. keep B. something B. comments B. follow B. lively B. motto C. so C. information C. handle C. everything C. explanations C. evaluate C. reliable C. saying D. for D. intention D. change D. nothing D. remarks D. form D. punctual D. suggestion

  44. A. again
  45. A. steps
  46. A. improved
  47. A. easily
  48. A. introduced
  49. A. confirmed
  50. A. with
  51. A. developed
  52. A. accept
  53. A. bored
  54. A. trust
  55. A. accessible
B. more B. control B. acted B. carefully B. recognized B. decided B. below B. discovered B. care B. lazy B. patience B. enjoyable
C. instead C. charge C. looked C. confidently C. identified C. realized C. of C. took C. judge C. sad C. curiosity C. possible
D. later D. risks D. reflected D. proudly D. considered D. acknowledged D. by D. fostered D. wonder D. afraid Do interest D. favorable
第三部分:阅读理解(共两节,40分) 第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,共30分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并 在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Goldie's Secret She turned up at the doorstep of my house in Cornwall. No way could I have sent her away. No way, not me anyway. Maybe someone had kicked her out of their car the night before. "We're moving house.'; "No space for her any more with the baby coming." "We never really wanted her, but what could we have done? She was a present." People find all sorts of excuses for abandoning an animal. And she was one of the most beautiful dogs I had ever seen. I called her Goldie. If I had known what was going to happen I would have given her a more creative name. She was so unsettled during those first few days. She hardly ate anything and had such an air of sadness about her. There was nothing I could do to make her happy, it seemed. Heaven knows what had happened to her at her previous owner's. But eventually at the end of the first week she calmed down. Always by my side, whether we were out on one of our long walks or sitting by the fire. That's why it was such a shock when she pulled away from me one day when we were out for a walk. We were a long way from home, when she started barking and getting very restless. Eventually I couldn't hold her any longer and she raced off down the road towards a farmhouse in the distance as fast as she could. By the time I reached the farm I was very tired and upset with Goldie. But when I saw her licking (舔) the four puppies (幼犬) I started to feel sympathy towards them. "We didn't know what had happened to her," said the woman at the door. "I took her for a walk one day, soon after the puppies were born, and she just disappeared." "She must have tried to
come back to them and got lost," added a boy from behind her. ' I must admit I do miss Goldie, but I've got Nugget now, and she looks just like her mother. And I've learnt a good lesson: not to judge people.
  56. How did the author feel about Goldie when Goldie came to the house? A. Shocked. B. Sympathetic. C. Annoyed. . B. was angry D. sat by the fire . D. Upset.

  57. In her first few days at the author's house, Goldie AI felt worried C. ate a little

  58. Goldie rushed off to a farmhouse one day because she A. saw her puppies C. wanted to leave the author
  59. The passage is organized in order of A. time B. effectiveness . C. importance B
B. heard familiar barkings D. found her way to her old home
D. complexity
Open Letter to an Editor I had an interesting conversation with a reporter recentlyone who works for you. In fact, he's one of your best reporters. He wants to leave. Your reporter gave me a copy of his resume (简历) and photocopies of six stories that he wrote for you. The headlines showed you played them proudly. With great enthusiasm, he talked about how he finds issues (问题), approaches them, and writes about them, which tells me he is one of your best. I'm sure you would hate to lose him. Surprisingly, your reporter is not unhappy. In fact, he told me he really likes his job. He has a great assignment (分工), and said you run a great paper. It would be easy for you to keep him, he said. He knows that the paper values him. He appreciates the responsibility you've given him, takes ownership of his profession, and enjoys his freedom. So why is he looking for a way out? He talked to me because he wants his editors to demand so much more of him. He wants to be pushed, challenged, coached to new heights. The reporter believes that good stories spring from good questions, but his editors usually ask how long the story will be, when it will be in, where it can play, and what the budget is. He longs for conversations with an editor who will help him turn his good ideas into great ones. He wants someone to get excited about what he's doing and to help him turn his story idea upside down and inside out, exploring the best ways to report it. He wants to be more valuable for your paper. That's what you want for him, too, isn't it? So your reporter has set me thinking. Our best hope in keeping our best reporters, copy editors, photographers, artistseveryone--is to work harder to
make sure they get the help they are demanding to reach their potential. If we can't do it, they'll find someone who can.
  60. What does the writer think of the reporter? A. Optimistic. B. Imaginative. C. Ambitious. D. Proud.

  61. What does the reporter want most from his editors in their talks? A. Finding the news value of his stories. C. Helping him to find issues.
  62. Who probably wrote the letter? A. An editor. B. An artist. C. A reporter. D. A reader. B. Giving him financial support. D. Improving his good ideas.

  63. The letter aims to remind editors that they should __ A. keep their best reporters at all costs B. give more freedom to their reporters C. be aware of their reporters' professional development D. appreciate their reporters' working styles and attitudes C Pacing and Pausing Sara tried to befriend her old friend Steve's new wife, but Betty never seemed to have anything to say. While Sara felt Betty didn't hold up her end of the conversation, Betty complained to Steve that Sara never gave her a chance to talk. The problem had to do with expectations about pacing and pausing. Conversation is a turn-taking game. When our habits are similar, there's no problem. But if our habits are different, you may start to talk before I'm finished or fail to take your turn when I'm finished. That's what was happening with Betty and Sara. It may not be coincidental that Betty, who expected relatively longer pauses between turns, is British, and Sara, who expected relatively shorter pauses, is American. Betty often felt interrupted by Sara. But Betty herself became an interrupter and found herself doing most of the talking when she met a visitor from Finland. And Sara had a hard time cutting in on some speakers from Latin America or Israel. The general phenomenon, then, is that the small conversation techniques, like pacing and pausing, lead people to draw conclusions not about conversational style but about personality and abilities. These habitual differences are often the basis for dangerous stereotyping (思维定式). And these social phenomena can have very personal consequences. For example, a woman from the southwestern part of the US went to live in an eastern city to take up a job in personnel. When the Personnel Department got together for meetings, she kept searching for the right time to break in--and never found it. Although back home she was considered outgoing and confident, in Washington she was viewed as shy and retiring. When she was evaluated at the end of the year, she was told to take a training course because of her inability to speak up. That's why slight differences in conversational style--tiny little things like microseconds of pause-can have a great
effect on one's life. The result in this case was a judgment of psychological problemseven in the mind of the woman herself, who really wondered what was wrong with her and registered for assertiveness training.
  64. What did Sara think of Betty when talking with her? A. Betty was talkative. B. Betty was an interrupter. C. Betty did not take her turn. D. Betty paid no attention to Sara.
  65. According to the passage, who are likely to expect the shortest pauses between turns? A. Americans. B. Israelis. C. The British. D. The Finns.

  66. We can learn from the passage that __ A. communication breakdown results from short pauses and fast pacing B. women are unfavorably stereotyped in eastern cities of the US C. one's inability to speak up is culturally determined sometimes D. one should receive training to build up one's confidence
  67. The underlined word "assertiveness" in the last paragraph probably means __ A. being willing to speak one's mind B. being able to increase one's power C. being ready to make one's own judgment D. being quick to express one's ideas confidently D The Cost of Higher Education Individuals (个人) should pay for their higher education. A university education is of huge and direct benefit to the indi
 

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