浅谈初三英语教学
2010中考试题分析
o 单选: o 从这个表格中大家很清晰地发现以下特点:

  1.考点基础
  2.具有延续性
  3.充分体现了“淡化语法,注重语言应用和 交际”的理念: 因此,我们的思考是初三教学中我们在解决 单选题目问题方面的策略应该是什么?怎样 做到事半功倍?怎样降低教师和学生的消耗?
语篇考查部分
o 完形填空(12分)388 words o 阅读理解(44分)
6分 A6 6分 168 words B6 6分 328 words C6 8分 332 words D8 补全文章 8分 回答问题 10 10分 268 words
几年来完形填空题目考点分析表: 几年来完形填空题目考点分析表:
04 05 06 07 07课标 08 09 10 课标
动词 名词 形容词 副词 代词 连词 介词
6 2 1 1 1 1
5 1 4 1 1
6 1 2 2 1
5 2 2 0 1 1 1
7 2 1 1 1
5 3 1 1 2
4 3 2 2 1
4 2 2 1 2 1
o 动词、名词是考查的重点,特别是动词,考查单词间细微的差
别,是很多考生平日里所欠缺的,在短期内不易提高,需要平 时的积累和反馈,如10 10年的第38 38题,主要考察worry, surprise, 10 38 worry, hurt的区别;另外,考题中易出现的词汇如fail, offer, afford, hurt fail, wonder等词汇在讲解时要准确、详尽。 mean, notice, wonder
o 考生的阅读量直接决定对难题的把握,09 09年错误率较高的是she 09 she
doesn’t think that her efforts have made much __
  45. 主要原 因是学生不知道make the difference (起作用,有影响)的意思, make 而这个词组在日常生活中常见,在报刊文章中出现频率很高如 Saving water makes a difference to our life.
o 综上所述,要提高完形的得分率,除了注意语篇策略外,就是
平时多读一些英文报纸,补充词汇量,增强语感,而作为老师 我们在对学生做引导之外,教学中还要有选择地给学生补充一 些文章和词汇。这样长期下来,学生的判断能力和理解能力定 能得到提高。
o Many textbooks are not written in the kind of English that we
阅读理解 C
o o o
speak every day. In fact, sometimes the reading is so difficult that it almost seems like a foreign language. In a way, it is?the language of science. You should not expect to be able to read a difficult science passage the same way you read an interesting story; you should not expect to read it easily and all at once. Instead, you may phrase “run into” means .
  54. The underlinedhave to read it several times through, catching on the meaning of difficult words, going back over difficult A. work out B. come across C. look into D. pass by sentences, and finally putting the whole thing together. Do not be 考察上下文的理解,和动词词组的辨析 discourages if the whole passage don’t make sense to you at first. You need to pick it apart patiently until you can understand it. These are the steps to follow when you are reading something difficult:
  1. Start to read normally until you run into a sentence that doesn’t make sense to you.
  2. When a sentence doesn’t make sense, go back and read it again more slowly.
o o o o o

  3. Look for any word you don’t know in the sentence. Try to understand their meanings using word parts and context clues(上下文线索). If necessary, look them up in the dictionary.
  4. Look at the next few sentences to see if they explain more
  56. The sentence you are about . about themassage is mainlyworking on. Do not read very much
  55. From the passage, we can know . said. A. steps of studying understand what is being farther ahead until you science A. we should look reading words before reading up new B. difficulties insentence scienceTry to put it into simpler
  5. Finally, read the again. B. itways of reading science passages is sometimes difficult to read a science passage C. words. C. the six stepson science andlearning spoken English D. researches are helpful in English
  6. D. interesting stories help readers to to understand English Read through the passage once. Try improve their all the
  1.通过关键词汇找细节 hard parts well. Then read the whole passage once more at a
  2.像这样要点式的文章读首尾段很重要 usual speed. This helps you to put all ides together. The steps sound a lot harder than they are. It is really just the normal way good readers understand anything that is difficult to read. After you have done the best you can this way, you should always feel free to ask for help from your teacher, if you have one.
阅读理解 D
o In the West, some people believe that personality can be
predicted according to the time of the year the person was bor. From China comestitle for the passage? of
  60. What is the best the belief that the year birth influences one’s personality. Inpoplar? century, a A. Is the blood-type theory the past new belief ahsthe personality changeable? B. Is arisen: the idea that personality is elrated to one’s ABO blood type. People with blood type A, for C. Is it in your blood? example,D. Isconsidered more likely to be serious, hardare it in you mind? working, and quiet, while people with blood type O are likely to be popular and outgoing, yet often unable to finish what they start. Though this belief continues to be strong, some people question whether it is true. 读第一段是关键。
每位初三的老师要了解初三 的考点和命题思路。 的考点和命题思路。
25分 书面表达 25分
o完成句子 10分 o作文 15分
阅读及词汇量的积累是写作的基础。
我们初三教师的疑虑和困惑
o
  1、中考的考试方向和我们的平时教学不太一 o o o
致,我们是否可以不处理教材,多练考题?
  2、天天做题讲题,学生厌倦,我们该怎样做?
  3、我们的教材教法课怎样做更高效?
  4、……
基础教育阶段英语课程总体目标
中考的考察方 向是与这个目 标一致的
教学的中心: 教学的中心 提高学生的综合语言应用能力
落实基础
o
在新授课阶段同时抓中考的重点词组、重 点句型、单选考点的落实。在平时的课堂 小练习及单元测试反复练这些考点。特别 是基础薄弱生。
巧用教材
原则 确保整体思路要清晰(根据校情) 把握每个单元的价值(详略得当) 明确每节课的具体目标 (小而具体) 采用最优化的教学策略(重在落实)
o o o o
初三整体单元教学的把握
o 话题、词汇、写作、阅读相结合
比如:unit 15 We’re trying to save the manatees! Topic: Protecting the environment 这是时下全世界人民都关心的话题。在这个单元处理上就可以 做如下处理:
  1)相关自然灾害的词汇补充
  2)了解现在世界各地的人们为了拯救我们人类自己所做的事 情
  3)补充一些报刊上有关这个话题的文章(或部分)
  4)谈论我们班级、家庭、个人所做的环保事情
  5)写作(西城区一模/期末的作文题目)题目分析
初三整体单元教学的把握
o 重视初三词汇的讲解
frustrate anxious appreciate conclusion confusing crucial discard emotion enormous fascinating impress inspiration mysterious tense 这些都是非黑体部分的单词,但是它们在 阅读完形题目中经常出现,因此我们要重 视。
o
初三整体单元教学的把握
每单元不同课型的处理建议
建议大家改良教材中的听力题目,提高实 效性。 比如:
o
  1.听说课要保留,这是语言学习所必须的。
1b Listen and Number !
Mei
Antonio
Pierre

  1. A

  2.

  3. C
B
换用下面的设置就是在学习新的介词by doing
Listen and complete the sentences. (Section A?1b) How did they study for the last English test?
  1.Mei studied for the English test .
  2.Pierre studied for the English test .
  3.Antonio studied for the English test .
Section A-2a Listening

  1.Where are they?
  2.What are they talking about?
  3.How many ways can you hear?
  4.What are they?

  1. Do you learn English by watching English ?language videos?
  2. Do you ever practice conversations with friends?
  3. What about listening to tapes?
  4. What about reading aloud to practice pronunciation?
  5. Have you ever studied with a group?
2a &2b
Listen and Check !
要明确中考的方向,在平时的授课中贯彻。
What are the main points about English learning in this conversation?
Ways of leaning English and what they think of them.

  2、坚持上好阅读课 我们多数学校都是普通学校,面临普通的学生,因 此,我们的宗旨是用好教材上的3a, 在此基础上适当 3a, 拓展。我们也希望教材教法课的老师在这些方面有更 多的挖掘。 对3a 3a的处理观点如下: 3a
  1)重视篇章结构的分析,建立整体概念,培养孩子 良好的阅读习惯,对写作也大有益处。
  2)可以根据文章的难易程度和题材处理,如选句子 完成文章,听力,归纳大意,完成句子,完形填空, 猜词义。
  3)或补充相关话题文章,加深对此话题的理解,提 高词汇量
Unit 8 3a Being a volunteer is great!
可以把此文章处理为听短文,填写关键信息。 可以把此文章处理为听短文,填写关键信息。 What does the writer want to tell us?
Number 77 High School is home to three very special young people: Li Huiping, Lan Pin, and Zhu Ming. There three students all volunteer their time to help other people. This volunteer work takes each of them several hours a week, so it is a major commitment. Huiping loves to read, and she puts this love to good use by working in the after-school care center at her local elementary school. Here she afterhelps young children to read. Pei loves animals and plans to study to be a veterinarian when he leaves school. He spends very Saturday morning working in an animal hospital. Ming is a student. He wants to be a professional singer. He sings for groups of people at the city 体会与感受 hospital to cheer them up."Volunteering is great!"say Huiping."Now Huiping."Now 点题作用 only do I feel good about helping other people, but I get to spend time do."Pei doing what I love to do."Pei says he has learned wore about animal. Ming says he has met some wonderful people at the hospital. The three students plan to set up a student volunteer project at the their school! “Don't put it off,”says Huiping. “Become a volunteer today!”
例如:Unit 6 Section B 3a True or false (细节考察) Yellow River Fisherman
  1.The reviewer thinks Yellow River Fisherman is one of Hong Tao’s great movies.
  2.The reviewer thinks that there is nothing good in the movie.
  3.We can infer that one can not always make great movies even if he or she is a great actor or a director. Amy Kim Photography
  1.The reviewer thinks the exhibition is worth seeing.
  2.The reviewer prefers city photos to the countryside ones.
  3.We can infer that the reviewer lives in the city. Wild and Windy
  1.The reviewer thinks that Wild and Windy is quite a strange band name.
  2.The reviewer likes the songs of the group though the lyrics aren’t very good.
  3.If you like songs which have great lyrics, you won’t like Wild and Windy.

  3、写作训练 写作的审题训练 平时写作时素材的补充 批改及讲评 复杂的工程,短期看不见效果的工作。 但是没有量的积累就不会有质的突破。

  4.试卷讲评课
  4.
  1)明确讲的具体目标:每篇要学生记住哪 些词汇;完形填空让学生理解哪些词汇的具 体用法等
  2)对学生的答题情况有点评
  3)督促学生纠错要及时
 

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