情态动词 modal verbs

  1.--Is John coming by train? --He should, but he not. He likes driving his car. (2002高考题) 高考题) 高考题 A. must B. can C. need D. may
  2.It has been announced that candidates(候选人 候选人) 候选人 remain in their seats until all the papers have been collected. (2002上海高考题) (2002上海高考题) 上海高考题 A. can B.will C. may D. shall
  3.--I heard they went skiing in the mountains last winter. (2002北京高考题) 北京高考题) 北京高考题 --It true because there was little snow there. A. may not be B. won't be C. couldn't be D. mustn't be
can could may might shall should must will would ought to have to dare (daren't) need (needn't) used to
表示推测
情态动词
不表示推测
I daren't ask her for a rise. 我不敢请求她加薪 我不敢请求她加薪. How did you dare to tell her that? I wonder whether he dare stand up in public. I don't know how she dares to wear that dress. Do you need any help? I wonder whether he need send it immediately. I need hardly tell you that the work is dangerous. The garden doesn't need watering at the moment. You needn't finish that work today.
可兼做行为动词的情态动词: 可兼做行为动词的情态动词:need , dare 情态动词 (+动词原形) 行为动词

  1.无人称和数的变化
  1.无人称和数的变化; 无人称和数的变化 多用于肯定句; 多用于肯定句
  2.尤其用于 尤其用于: need
  2.尤其用于: (sb.) need to do 否定句及疑问句中; *否定句及疑问句中; dare to do if/whether之后 之后; *在if/whether之后; . (sth.) need to be 或与hardly never, hardly, *或与hardly, never, one, nobody连用 连用; no one, nobody连用; done dare
  3.常以needn't daren't 常以needn
  3.常以needn t 和daren t (sth.) need doing 的形式出现; 的形式出现;
  4.dare有其过去时dared. 有其过去时dared
  4.dare有其过去时dared.
判断正误: 判断正误 How dare you say such a thing? How dare you to say such a thing? He daren't to speak English before such a crowd, did he? He daren't speak English before such a crowd, dare he?
Nobody need to be afraid of catching the disease. Nobody need be afraid of catching the disease. These dishes need be cleaned carefully. These dishes need to be cleaned carefully. These dishes need cleaning carefully.
注意对need问句的回答 问句的回答: 注意对 问句的回答 --Need I finish the work today? --Yes, . you must No, . you needn't No, . you don't have to
needn't 对其它情态动词的回答 对其它情态动词的回答: --Shall I tell John about it? --No, you . needn't (don't have to)
--Must we do it now? --No, you . needn't (don't have to)
表示推测??情态动词的重要用法. 情态动词的重要用法. 表示推测 情态动词的重要用法

  1. You must be Mr SmithI was told to expect you here.
  2. He must have known what we wanted.
  3. We may have read the same report.
  4. He can't have slept through all that noise.
  5. There's someone outsidewho can it be?
  6. What can they be doing?
  7. These pills might help to cure your disease.
  8. You could be right, I suppose.
表示推测??情态动词的重要用法. 情态动词的重要用法. 表示推测 情态动词的重要用法 情态动词 肯定的推测 对将来 对现在 对过去
+ V. 常见must be must/should 常见 可能的推测 + V.
+ V. + have done + be doing
may, might
否定的推测
+ V. + have done + be doing 可以用not表示 可能不" 表示" 可以用 表示"可能不" + V. + be doing + V. + be doing + have done
can't, couldn't
+V.
疑问的推测
+ V.
+ have done
can, could
may
  1. I don't know where she is, she be in Wuhan. must be marking
  2. At this moment, our teacher our exam papers. 这时,我们老师想必在批改试卷. 这时,我们老师想必在批改试卷. must have rained
  3. The road is wet. It last night. (rain) must have been looking
  4. Your mother for you. 你妈妈一定一直在找你. 你妈妈一定一直在找你.
may (might) have been hurt
  5. Philip seriously in the car accident. 菲利普可能在车祸中受了重伤. 菲利普可能在车祸中受了重伤
  6. Linda has gone to work, but her bicycle is still here. may (might) have gone She (go) by bus.
  7. Mike his car, for he came to can't have found work by bus this morning. 迈克一定还没有找回他的车, 迈克一定还没有找回他的车,因为早上他是坐 公共汽车来上班的. 公共汽车来上班的.
高考考题: 高考考题 B
  1. I thought you like something to read, so I have brought you some books. A. may B. might C. would D. must D
  2. Where is my pen? I it. A. might lose B. would have lost C. should have lost D. must have lost B
  3. I didn't hear the phone. I asleep A. must be C. should be B. must have been D. should have been

  4. There were already five people in the car, but they managed to take me as well. It a comfortable journey D A. can't be C. mustn't have been B. shouldn't be D. couldn't have been

  5. It's nearly seven o'clock . Jack be here at C any moment. A. must B. need C. should D. could
不同的"肯定"程度可按下列层次排列: 不同的"肯定"程度可按下列层次排列: He is at home. (事实 事实) 事实 He must be at home.(非常肯定的推断) (非常肯定的推断) He could be at home.(很可能) (很可能) He ought to be at home.(很可能) (很可能) He may be at home.(仅仅可能而已) (仅仅可能而已) He might be at home.(或许 非常不确定) (或许, 非常不确定) He might not be at home.(也许不在家) (也许不在家) He may not be at home. (比might可能) 可能) 可能 He couldn't be at home.(很可能不在家) (很可能不在家) He can't be at home.(一定不在家) (一定不在家) He isn't at home.(事实) (事实)
在不表示推测的情态动词中, 我们要注意以下考点: 在不表示推测的情态动词中 我们要注意以下考点
  1. 表示能力,许可的情态动词的用法. 表示能力,许可的情态动词的用法.
  2. 表示否定的情态动词的用法. 表示否定的情态动词的用法.
  3. shall 和 will 的多种意义的区别. 的多种意义的区别.
  4. 情态动词短语的使用. 情态动词短语的使用.
  5. 虚拟语气中情态动词的使用. 虚拟语气中情态动词的使用.

  1. 表示能力,许可的情态动词的用法. 表示能力,许可的情态动词的用法. 表示能力: 表示能力 can, could, be able to *be able to 能用于各种时态. 能用于各种时态 各种时态. can / could 只能表示现在或过去的能力. 只能表示现在 过去的能力 现在或 的能力. *was / were able to : "设法做成某事" 设法做成某事" 设法做成某事 相当于 managed to do sth. succeeded in doing sth.. .
A
  1. A computer think for itself; it must be told what to do. A. can't C. may not B. couldn't D. might not

  2. The fire spread through the hotel very quickly D but everyone get out. A. had to C. could B. would D. was able to

  3. They will run this machine on their D own in three months. A. can B. could C. may D. be able to
A
  4. That big cinema seat 2,000 people. A. can B. should C. ought to D. is able to
表示许可: 表示许可 may / might, can / could * might, could 比较委婉 一般多用于疑问句 比较委婉 一般多用于疑问句 委婉, 疑问句. * can, may 表达的语言比较随便 表达的语言比较随便. * 在以 在以could, might 表示征询对方意见 表示征询对方意见 或表示请求时,回答应相应使用can, may. 表示请求时 回答应相应使用

  5. ? Could I borrow your dictionary? C ? Yes, of course you . A. might B. will C. can D. should

  6. ? Might I watch TV after supper? A ? Yes, you . A. may B. must C. might D. can

  2. 表示否定的情态动词的用法 表示否定的情态动词的用法: 部分情态动词的否定式是情态动词中的考点 之一. 之一. mustn't needn't can't 不准, 不准 禁止 没必要 ( = don't have to ) 不能; 不能 不可能
may not 不可以 可能不 不可以; shouldn't 不应该 ( = ought not to )
C
  7. You return the book now. You can keep it till next week if you like. A. can't B. mustn't C. needn't D. may not B
  8. Johnny, you play with the knife, you hurt yourself. A. won't ; can't C. shouldn't ; must B. mustn't ; may D. can't ; shouldn't

  9. --Will you stay for lunch? --Sorry, . My brother is coming to see me. B A. I mustn't C. I needn't C -- . A. No, you needn't B. Not, please. B. I can't D. I won't

  10. --May I pick a flower in the garden?
C. No, you mustn't D. No, you won't

  3. 情态动词:shall, will 的多种意义 情态动词: 的多种意义: shall / will+ 动词原形 动词原形: * 均可表示将来. 过去时为 should, would. 均可表示将来. * shall 可表示必须,命令, 警告或征询意见 可表示必须,命令, 警告或征询意见.
* will 可表示意愿,常出现的动作,在疑问句 表示意愿,常出现的动作,
中表示请求和建议. 中表示请求和建议

  11. He shall be punished if he disobeys. 如果他不服从, 就要受到惩罚. 如果他不服从 就要受到惩罚 will
  12. We are not going to quarrel at all if you only let me speak. 只要你让我说话, 我们根本就不会吵架 只要你让我说话 我们根本就不会吵架. B
  13. --Sir, he go or stay? --Let him go. A. will B. shall C. might D. could

  14. The door open. won't 这门经常打不开. 这门经常打不开 D
  15. Ronald stay in his small garden for a long time every day in the past. A. could B. might C. should D. would
  16. You have the book after I read it. shall 我看完以后一定把这本书给你. 我看完以后一定把这本书给你

  4. 情态动词短语的使用 情态动词短语的使用: would like to do… would rather do… would rather + 从句 would prefer to do... had better do...
改错: 改错
  1. Would you like having some tea? Would you like to have some tea?
  2. I'd prefer going to the lecture this evening. I'd prefer to go to ...
  3. I'd rather you to go to the meeting. … you went to ...
  4. He would rather to die than to give in. He would rather die than give in.
  5. You'd better to have your hair cut today. You'd better have ...

  5. 用于虚拟语气的情态动词 用于虚拟语气的情态动词: should might could would needn't ought to
情态动词考题: 情态动词考题
  1. Put on more clothes. You C with only a shirt on. A. can B. could C. must
be feeling cold D. would

  2. "Must I drive to his house and pick up the children?" "No, C ." A. you shouldn't C. you needn't
B. you might not D. you mustn't

  3. We didn't see Tom at the meeting yesterday. He B it. A. mustn't have attended B. cannot have attended C. needn't have attended D. would have not attended
  4. We A play chess than bridge. Some of us
don't know how to play bridge. A. had better B. would better C. would rather D. had rather

  5. There is someone knocking at the door. it be Tom? A. can B. must
A
C. should D. ought to

  6. Two year ago, my husband bought me a bicycle. If you live in town, it is often faster than a car and you D worry about parking. B. may not D. don't have to A. must not C. should not
Good-bye!
 

相关内容

2010年高考高考英语语法复习课件-情态动词[1].ppt

   情态动词 modal verbs 1.--Is John coming by train? --He should, but he not. He likes driving his car. (2002高考题) 高考题) 高考题 A. must B. can C. need D. may 2.It has been announced that candidates(候选人 候选人) 候选人 remain in their seats until all the papers have b ...

2010年高考英语作文范文

   2010 年高考英语作文真题题目及范文 江西卷 英语中“please. ” “thank you” “sorry”等礼貌用语具有增进友谊, 改善关系、 化解矛盾等神奇的力量, 因而被称为“magic words”。 “Magic 请 Power of Polite Words”为题写一篇 100 词左右的英语作文。体裁不限(叙述 文、议论文、说明文……) 【参考范文】 Magic Power of Polite Words We use magic words in our daily li ...

2010年高考英语作文万能句子

   一、英语书信的常见写作模板 开头部分: How nice to hear from you again. Let me tell you something about the activity. I’m glad to have received your letter of Apr. 9th. I’m pleased to hear that you’re coming to China for a visit. I’m writing to thank you for your help ...

[北京卷]2010年高考英语听力材料及答案

   [北京卷]2010 年高考英语听力材料 第一节 Text 1 W: Congratulations! I hear you are going to join the army. M: Thanks. But actually, it's my twin brother who's going to join the army. I am going to university. I wish to be a lawyer in the future. Text 2 W: Dad, can ...

2010高考英语《语法》专题复习系列课件21《倒装句》

   《倒装句》 倒装句》 倒装语序分为“全部倒装” 倒装语序分为“全部倒装”和“部分倒 装”。 在全部倒装的句子中, 在全部倒装的句子中,整个谓语都放在主 语的前面; 语的前面; 在部分倒装的句子中, 在部分倒装的句子中,只是谓语中的一部 如助动词、情态动词或系动词be be等 分(如助动词、情态动词或系动词be等) 放在主语前面,其余部分仍放在主语后面。 放在主语前面,其余部分仍放在主语后面。 等引起, 一 、 由 there, here 或 now 等引起 , 谓语为come( go)的句子 ...

高考英语语法复习专题-动词时态语态

   嘉兴英语教学网 www.jxenglish.com 收集整理 欢迎使用 高考英语语法复习专题 动词时态语态 一、考点聚焦 1、动词时态考查要点简述 (1)一般现在时考点分析 ①表示客观事实或普通真理(不受时态限制) The geography teacher told us the earth moves around the sun. Water boils at 100oC. ②表示现状、性质、状态时多用系动词或状态动词;表示经常或习惯性的动作,多用动 作动词,且常与表频率的时间状语连 ...

2010年中考英语语法考点复习-名词

   嘉兴英语教学网 www.jxenglish.com 收集整理 欢迎使用 透析中考英语语法名词考点 【名词命题趋势与预测】 名词命题趋势与预测】 1、 根据近几年全国各地中考试题对名词部分考查的分析可知,今后对名词部分的考查重点 为: 2、 名词的可数与不可数性。 3、 名词单复数在特定情况下的使用。 4、 名词的普通格与所有格作定语的选用。 5、 物质名词、抽象名词具体化。 名词词义的区别与固定搭配。 考点诠释】 【考点诠释】 名词的各种分类。 一、名词的各种分类。单、复数的用法及单数名词变 ...

高考英语复习课件:

   高中英语听力教学的 实践与应试策略 青岛十九中英语组 听的能力位于听、说、读、写、译几大能力 之首,在高考中占英语总成绩的五分之一,具有极 其重要的意义。近几年的教学中,由于领导抓得住, 教师靠得上,听力教学取得一定的成绩。下面就我 校在听力教学方面的认识和做法,向领导和老师们 汇报如下。 一、听力教学的基本实践 (一)听、说、读、写并进,强化听说领先地位 听、说、读、写既是英语教学目的,又是英语教学的手 段。作为教学手段,四者相互依存,相互制约,相辅相成, 不可分割。从认知角度讲,由于语言 ...

09年高考英语议论文复习写作课件

   表示时间关系:first, second, then, finally/at last/ / in the end , soon immediately, suddenly, at the same time, meanwhile, recently 表示对称顺序关系: 表示对称顺序关系:for one thing….. for the other thing, on one hand,…..on the other hand,above , all, first of all, first ...

高考英语语法复习课件-情态动词[课件]

   情态动词 modal verbs 1.--Is John coming by train? --He should, but he not. He likes driving his car. (2002高考题) 高考题) 高考题 A. must B. can C. need D. may 2.It has been announced that candidates(候选人 候选人) 候选人 remain in their seats until all the papers have b ...

热门内容

英语笑话

   a boy and his tree 男孩和树 a long time ago, there was a huge apple tree. a little boy loved to come and play around it every day. he climbed to the tree top, ate the apples, took a nap under the shadow … he loved the tree and the tree loved to play wi ...

英语专业四级考试听写错误及训练策略

   青海师专学报 ( 教育科学) JOURNAL OF QINGHAI J UNIOR TEACHERS’ COLL EGE ( Education Science)    2004 年第 6 期 No6. 2004    英语专业四级考试听写错误及训练策略 严明贵 ( 浙江省台州学院 外国语学院 ,浙江 台州 317000)      : 短文听写项目在英语专业四级考试中占重要地位 。但考生往往对这一部分却心存不安 , 发挥不是很好 , 成绩也 摘 要 不理想 ,直接影响了总成绩 。文章通过对 ...

英语写作连词汇总

   《新目标》英语连结词总结 新目标》 〈英语新课程标准〉 是这样对五级写作提出要求的 “能使用常见的连接词表示顺 序和逻辑关系” 。行文连贯是区分书面表达水平的重要标志之一。但是,很多同学在写 作中却往往忽视这一点。如何做到行文连贯?其中的一个技巧就是恰当使用连结词。 只有恰当使用了语句之间的连接成分,才能使全文结构紧凑。 报告要点 / 描述时间过程 开始陈述 to begin with,to start with,let’s begin with, first of all, in the ...

英语口语8000句40

   英语口语 8000 句 40 恋爱和结婚 ●表白 我有话要对你说. I want to talk to you. Can we talk? I'd like to talk with you. 你现在有朋友吗? Are you seeing anyone now? *see 除了表示"看见"之外,还可表示"与……交往". Are you seeing anyone now? (你现在有朋友吗?) Yeah, kind of. (嗯,怎么说呢……) Do ...

英语书面表达八注意

   英语书面表达八注意 书面表达"是历年高考英语的重头戏之一,它旨在考查学生的英语表达能力,即运用学 过的英语知识和掌握的技能,以书面语言形式进行思想交流的能力。满分为 25 分,写作较 好的学生能得20分左右, 而写作较差的学生只能得5分左右。 这在很大程度上也影响了学 生的高考总成绩。所以,如何写好英语书面表达已经引起了广大师生的注意。如何写好书面 表达除了要求基本功要扎实、平时多背多练以外,还要注意以下八点: 一、注意审清题目要求 有的学生写作文没耐心,审题时只扫一眼题目,不细审 ...