2010 年高考考试英语试卷(全国卷
  1)
本试题卷共 16 页。全卷满分 150 分。考试用时 120 分钟。注意事项:
  1.答题前,考生务必 将自己的姓名、 准考证号填写在试题卷和答题卡上, 并将准考证号条形码粘贴在答题卡上的 指定位置。用 2B 铅笔将答题卡上试卷类型 B 后的方框涂黑。第三部分阅读理解(共 20 小题; 每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) A 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题爷上将 该项涂黑。 Shakespeare’s Birthplace and Exhibition of Shakespeare’s World Welcome to the world?famous house where William Shakespeare was born in l564 and where he grew up The property(房产)remained in the ownership of Shakespeare’s family until 1806 .The House has welcomed visitors traveling from all over the world ,for over 250 years. ◆Enter through the Visitors’ Centre and see the highly praised exhibition Shakespeare's World, a lively and full introduction to the life and work of Shakespeare ◆Stand in the rooms where Shakespeare grew up ◆Discover examples of furniture and needlework from Shakespeare’s period ◆Enjoy the traditional(传统的)English garden,planted with trees and flower mentioned in the poet’s works
The Birthplace is within easy walking distance of all the car parks shown on the map;nearest is Windsor Street(3 minutes’Walk) ?The House may present difficulties but the Visitors’ Centre,its exhibition.and the garden are accessible (可进入的)to wheelchair users ⊙The Shakespeare Coffee House(opposite the Birthplace)
  56.How much is the admission for a family of two grown-ups and two children? A.£
  9.
  80. B.£
  12.
  00. C.£
  14.
  20. D.£
  16.
  40.
  57.Where is the nearest parking place to Shakespeare’s Birthplace? A.Behind the exhibition hall. B.Opposite the Visiturs’Centre. C.At Windsor Street. D.Near the Coffee House.
  58.A wheelchair user may need help to enter . A.the House B.the garden C.the Visitors’Centne D.the exhibition hall B
EDGEWOOD - Every morning at Dixie Heights High School, customers pour into a special experiment: the district’s first coffee shop run mostly by students with special learning needs. Well before classes start, students and teachers order Lattes, Cappuccinos and Hot Chocolates. Then, during the first period, teachers call in orders on their room phones, and students make deliveries. By closing time at
  9.20 a.m., the shop usually sells 90 drinks. "Whoever made the chi tea, Ms. Schatzman says it was good," Christy McKinley, a second year student, announced recently, after hanging up with the teacher. The shop is called the Dixie PIT, which stands for Power in Transition. Although some of the students are not disabled, many are, and the PIT helps them prepare for life after high school. They learn not only how to run a coffee shop but also how to deal with their affairs. They keep a timecard and receive paychecks, which they keep in check registers. Special-education teachers Kim Chevalier and Sue Casey introduced the Dixie PIT from a similar program at Kennesaw Mountain High School in Georgia. Not that it was easy. Chevalier's first problem to overcome was product-related. Should schools be selling coffee? What about sugar content? Kenton County Food Service Director Ginger Gray helped. She made sure all the drinks, which use non-fat milk, fell within nutrition (营养) guidelines. The whole school has joined in to help. Teachers agreed to give up their lounge (休息室) in the mornings. Art students painted the name of the shop on the wall. Business students designed the paychecks. The basketball team helped pay for cups.
  59.What is the text mainly about? A.A best-selling coffee. B.A special educational program. C.Government support for schools. D.A new type of teacher-student relationship.
  60.The Dixie PIT program was introduced in order to_ _. A.raise money for school affairs B.do some research on nutrition C.develop students' practical skills D.supply teachers with drinks
  61.How did Christy McKinley know Ms. Schatzman's opinion of the chi tea? A.She met her in the shop. B.She heard her telling others. C.She talked to her on the phone. D.She went to her office to deliver the tea.
  62.We know from the text that Ginger Gray . A.manages the Dixie P1T program in Kenton County B.sees that the drinks meet health standards C.teaches at Dixie Heights High School D.owns the school’s coffee shop C Along the river banks of the Amazon and the Orinoco there lives a bird that swims before it can
fly, flies like a fat chicken, eats green leaves, has the stomach of a cow and has claws (爪) on its wings when young. They build their homes about
  4.6m above the river, an important feature (特 征) for the safety of the young. It is called the hoatzin. In appearance, the birds of both sexes look very much alike with brown on the back and cream and red on the underside. The head is small, with a large set of feathers on the top, bright red eyes, and blue skin. Its nearest relatives are the common birds, cuckoos. Its most striking feature, though, is only found in the young. Baby hoatzins have a claw on the leading edge of each wing and another at the end of each wing tip. Using these four claws, together with the beak (喙), they can climb about in the bushes, looking very much like primitive birds must have done. When the young hoatzins have learned to fly, they lose their claws. During the drier months between December and March hoatzins fly about the forest in groups of 20 to 30 birds, but in April, when the rainy season begins, they collect together in smaller living units of two to seven birds for producing purposes.
  63.What is the text mainly about? A.Hoatzins in dry and rainy seasons. B.The relatives and enemies of hoatzins. C.Primitive birds and hoatzins of the Amazon. D.The appearance and living habits of hoatzins.
  64.Young hoatzins are different from their parents in that . A.they look like young cuckoos B.they have claws on the wings C.they eat a lot like a cow D.they live on river banks
  65.What can we infer about primitive birds from the text? A.They had claws to help them climb. B.They could fly long distances. C.They had four wings like hoatzins. D.They had a head with long feathers on the top.
  66.Why do hoatzins collect together in smaller groups when the rainy season comes? A.To find more food. B.To protect themselves better. C.To keep themselves warm. D.To produce their young. D Science can't explain the power of pets, but many studies have shown that the company of pets can help lower blood pressure (血压) and raise chances of recovering from a heart attack, reduce loneliness and spread all-round good cheer. Any owner will tall you how much joy a pet brings. For some, an animal provides more comfort than a husband/wife. A 2002 study by Karen Allen of the State University of New York measured stress (紧张) levels and blood pressure in people - half of them pet owners ?while they performed 5 minutes of mental arithmetic (算术) or held a hand in ice water. Subjects completed the tasks alone, with a husband/wife, a close friend or with a pet. People with pets did it best. Those tested with their ani mal friends had smaller change in blood pressure and returned most
quickly to baseline heart rates. With pets in the room, people also made fewer math mistakes than when doing in front of other companions. It seems people feel more relaxed (放松)around pets, says Allen, who thinks it may be because pets don't judge. A study reported last fall suggests that having a pet dog not only raises your spirits but may also have an effect on your eating habits. Researchers at Northwestern Memorial Hospital spent a year studying 36 fat people and their equally fat dogs on diet-and-exercise programs; a separate group of 56 people without pets were put on a diet program. On average, people lost about I1 pounds, or 5% of their body weight. Their dogs did even better, losing an average of 12 pounds, more than 15% of their body weight. Dog owners didn't lose any more weight than those without dogs but, say researchers, got more exercise overall-mostly with their dogs - and found it worth doing.
  67.What does the text mainly discuss? A.What pets bring to their owners. B.How pets help people calm down. C.People's opinions of keeping pets. D.Pet's value in medical research.
  68.We learn from the text that a person with heart disease has a better chance of getting well if A.he has a pet companion B.he has less stress of work C.he often does mental arithmetic D.he is taken care of by his family
  69.According to Allen, why did the people do better with pets around when l~cing stressful tasks? A.They have lower blood pressure. B.They become more patient. C.They are less nervous. D.They are in higher spirits.
  70.The research mentioned in the last paragraph reports that A.people with dogs did more exercise B.dogs lost the same weight as people did C.dogs liked exercise much more than people did D.people without dogs found the program unhelpful E There were smiling children all the way. Charily they knew at what time the train passed their homes and they made it their business to stand along the railway, wave to complete strangers and cheer them up as they rushed towards Penang. Often whole families stood outside their homes and waved and smiled as if those on the trains were their favorite relatives. This is the simple village people of Maiaysia. I was moved. I had always traveled to Malaysia by plane or car, so this was the first time I was on a train. I did not particularly relish the long train journey and had brought along a dozen magazihes to read and reread. I looked about the train. There was not one familiar face. I sighed and sat down to read my Economics. It was not long before the train was across the Causeway and in Malaysia. Johore Baru was just
another city like Singapore, so I was tired of looking at the crowds of people as they hurried past. As we went beyond the city, I watched the straight rows of rubber trees and miles and miles of green. Then the first village came into sight, Immediately I came alive; I decided to wave hack. From then on my journey became interesting. I threw my magazines into the waste basket and decided to join in Malaysian life. Then everything came alive. The mountains seemed to speak to me. Even the trees were smiling. I stared at everything as if I was looking at it for the first time. The day passed fast and I even forgot to have my lunch until I felt hungry. I looked at my watch and was surprised that it was 3:00 pm. Soon the train pulled up at Butterworth. I looked at the people all around me. They all looked beautiful. When my uncle amved with a smile, I threw my arms around him to give him a warm hug (拥抱). I had never done this before. He seemed surprised and then his weather-beaten face warmed up with a huge smile. We walked arm in arm to his car. I looked forward to the return journey.
  71. The author expected the train trip to be A. adventurou s B. pleasant C. exciting D. dull
  72. What did the author remember most fondly of her train trip? A. The friendly country people. B. The mountains along the way. C. The crowds of people in the streets. D. The simple lunch served on the train.
  73. Which of the following words can best take the place of the word "relish" in the second paragraph? A. choose B. enjoy C. prepare for D. carry on 74, Where was the writer going? A. Johore Baru, B. The Causeway. C. Butterworth, D. Singapore.
  75. What can we learn from the story? A, Comfort in traveling by t rain. B. Pleasure of living in the country. C. Reading gives people delight. D. Smiles brighten people up.
绝密★启用前 2010 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试 英语
第二卷 注意事项: 1 答题前,考生先在答题卡上用直径
  0.5 毫米黑色墨水签字笔将自己的姓名、准考证号填 写清楚,然后贴好条形码。请认真核准条形码上的准考证号、姓名和科目; 2 第二卷共 2 页,请用直径
  0.5 毫米黑色墨水签字笔在答题卡上各题的答题区域内作答, 在试题卷上作答无效。 第四部分写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节短文改错(共 l0 小题;每小题 l 分,满分 l0 分) (注意:在试题卷上作答无效) 此题要求改正所给短文中的错误。对标有题号的每一行作出判断:如无错误,在该行右边横 线上画一个勾(√);如有错误(每行只有一个错误),则按下列情况改正: 此行多一个词:把多余的词用斜线()划掉,在该行右边横线上写出该词,并也用斜线划掉。 此行缺一个词:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(/),在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。 此行错一个词:在错的词下划一横线,在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。 注意:原行没有错的不要改。 It was a chance of a lifetime to win the first 76 prize on the Story Writing Show. All I had to do 77 was to write a story or present it. My teachers 78 have been telling me how great my writing was. 79 So if they had said was true, I would have a chance 80 of winning the prize. Wh
 

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