年高考英语复习要点讲解: 2010 年高考英语复习要点讲解:
写给 2010 届安徽考生 缪运霖
I.听力 听力(≈20min.) 听力
今年的听力还会延续去年的风格,语速不会比 2009 年快,题目设置的难度不比 2009 大,即陷阱不会多,比平 时的可能更清晰. 听力测试涉及的内容有:获取对话具体信息;把握对话主旨;领会对话的观点,态度及意图;推测背景,地点 及对话者关系等. 在做听力的过程中,要注意:保持良好的心理精神状态;拿到试题后立即进入状态,不可想着与本场考试无关, 甚至于听力无关的任何内容(否则第 1 节五小题会因精力不集中失分会偏多); 快速浏览问题和选项,预测对话或独白内容;注重抓对话和独白大意,不死抠个别词汇;边听边记,关注数字 的意义;果断答题.
II.单项选择 单项选择(≈10min.) 单项选择
单项选择试题具有以下特点:①内容覆盖面广,考查范围均为大纲中所列的所有语法项目??包括动词非谓语 形式,时态,被动语态,情态动词,冠词,形容词,副词,代词,连词,从句,倒装,习惯表达法等等;②重点突 出,强调动词的考查;③突出"语境,语篇,语感" ,提供语境间接考查语言知识的运用. 安徽高考自主命题 5 年来的考点回顾和对 2010 年的预测 一. 冠词和名词的不同形式 抽象名词的具体化: a must; a success; a failure; a disappointment; a need; a (good) knowledge of; an encouragement; a silence of several minutes; a concern; a means of; a collection of; … … 主要考察要点在于冠词的特指和泛指的用法.如:What a pity that you couldn't be there to receive the prize!(09 陕 西
  6) --How about the Christmas evening party?--I should say it was a success.(07 福建
  22) My neighbor asked me to go for a walk, but I don't think I've got the energy.(08 辽宁
  24) 用零冠词的情况: Child as she is, she… 名词单数作同位语,表语,补语时不用冠词; turn doctor=become a doctor 名词的考察注重语境:1,给出语境,选择符合语境的名词;2,在语境中辨析名词,如 China has a good for fighting against the flu with its careful and smooth organization.(09 安徽
  31) A. reputation B. influence C. impression D. knowledge What do you think of the that a meeting be held to discuss the tree-planting program? A. discussion B. opinion C. explanation D. suggestion Of the 7 days in a week, Saturday is said to be the most popular for a wedding in some countries.(07 浙江
  12) A. way B. situation C. event D. choice To save some of the human languages before they are forgotten, the students in our school started a discussion "Save Our ".(08 安徽
  24) A. Sky B. Life C. Arts D. Voices The practice of hanging clothes across the street is a common in many parts of the city. A. look B. sign C. sight D. appearance 二. 代词 It; that; these; those; such; which; that; one; the one, ones; the ones; so, ether, neither; the same Had I had time then, I would have gone with her. One, it, that 代替 He is a handsome boy and one who would always help others. The police say there're some similarities between this murder and the one that happened in Shanghai last week. I like this picture better than the one you showed me yesterday. The question is one of great importance(=an important one). Mr and Mrs Scott prefer a restaurant in a small town to in so large a city as New York. A. this B. one C. it D. that Nine in ten parents said there were significant differences in their approach to educating their children compared with that of their parents. (09 江苏
  35) Being a parent is not always easy, and being the parent of a child with special needs often carries with it extra stress. 三. 动词,动词短语 系动词: look, sound, taste, smell, feel; appear; seem; measure, weigh, grow, get, turn out, prove 注意一些熟词生义,如: Just as Prof Scotti puts it, … As the saying goes, … Story-books come under the category of fiction. It's just turned midnight. He turned 18 in April. (turn 作连系动词,表示达到一定年龄或时间) Encourage your children to try new things, but try not to push them too hard. (09 上海
  32) This one goes to my daughter, this necklace goes to my … …. ( A dying old lady is making her will) It's easy to describe a circle if you have a pair of compasses. (作图,画) Do they observe Christmas in that country? (庆祝,过) 短语辨析(同一动词与不同介,副词搭配;同一介,副词与不同动词搭配) We tried to find a table for 7, but they were all . -1-
A. given away B. kept away C. taken up (=occupied) D. used up Never , or you will leave something unfinished and feel sorry for it. A. give away B. give out C. give in D. give up The plan just because people were unwilling to cooperate. A. put down B. pulled down C. turned down D. broke down 四.非谓语动词的用法 非谓语动词的用法(09 年考察的是不定式被动作定语表将来 年考察的是不定式被动作定语表将来) 非谓语动词的用法 作状语 表结果时-ing 和 only to do sth: A terrible quake hit Yushu, Qinghai province, causing thousands of deaths. He hurried to the station, only to find that the train had left. He was busy writing a story, only once in a while to smoke a cigarette. A. to stop B. stopping He sat there without a word, completely lost in thought. 三种表被动的非谓语动词 to be done(将来),done(已发生),being done(正发生) Determined to make it as a pop singer, she practiced singing day and night. The play to be produced next month aims mainly to reflect the local culture. (09 安徽
  28) Devoted to their study, many high school students attach little importance to sports. by the advances in technology, many farmers have set up wind farms on their land. (09 天津
  9) A. Being encouraged B. Encouraged C. Encouraging D. Having encouraged 独主结构 作状语,表时间:Her homework done, Mary decided to go shopping. 表原因:There being no buses, we had to walk home. 表条件:Time permitting, we'll go surfing the Internet. 方式或伴随:He sat at the table, head down. 作同位语:Many people joined in the work, some of them women and children. 作定语:Close to the bank, we saw deep pools, the water blue like the sky. With+ O+-ed/-ing/to do/prep-phrase/adj/adv With so much work filling my mind, I almost break down. 使动词的-ed/-ing 的意义以及做状语 surprise/excite/interest/encourage/disappoint/ annoy/amaze/puzzle/astonish/tire 以上使动词的"-ed 和-ing"意义 动名词:the cloning of mammals; the possibility/chance of sb/sb's doing; remember doing/being done; forbid doing; resist doing, Being invited to the celebration can be a great honor for an ordinary person like him. 作主语的-ing(带主语时用名词所有格,物主代词) Mary's/Her going there won't do any harm. Being checked twice every year is … 谓语动词与非谓语动词:The old woman spoke to the girl again, raising her voice a bit, but still received no answer. (比较: The old woman spoke to the girl again, raising her voice a bit, still receiving no answer.) 五. 时态.进行时态;完成时态.完成进行时态,一般过去时态.语态. 注意一定的时态与特定的时间状语连用;通过语境判断动作的先后关系,及各时间之间的关系,将各动作或时 间在数轴上合理的标示出来. 一般过去时与现在完成时. 理论现在时,科学事实. According to the literature review, Shakespeare makes his characters live … … (09 福建
  31) Always 与现在,过去进行时连用,表示赞叹,厌恶等感情色彩,非强调进行. 主动形式表被动:1,表示感觉,感官的系动词后跟形容词时;2,某些动词如 sell, write, wash 等与副词连用表 示事物的特征时;3,want, need, require 表示需要时,后接动名词的主动式表被动;4,be worth doing;5,表示发 生的词(happen, take place, break out, occur) Clothes made of this material comfortably, but easily. (wear; don't wash) --Have you called Mr Johnson? --Yes, he back before noon tomorrow. So he can attend our meeting on time. A. expected B. is expected C. is expecting D. is to expect It is still raining. How long has it been raining like that? By the time you come back next week, we will have finished planting the young pine trees. Jack told us that the bus had already left the station when he arrived at the station. I didn't know you were here; otherwise, I would have brought your book. --Why didn't you answer the phone?--I was taking a bath. Sorry, I forgot to bring my book. 六.连词(并列连词,从属连词)和从句 a. 名词性从句,如"What"和"that"的区别 If what he said is true, we ought to have believed the fact that our team has failed this game. Because of what you have done, they were able to get the result that they have all passed the exam. The hospital has been set up in what was a waste land many years ago. He is diligent and not what he was years ago. Warm sunshine and soft sands make what it is. The size of the city is three times what it used to be. This is where I was born. It was when we together worked in Beijing. What most parents fail to realize is that today's children lack self-respect and self-confidence. 只用 whether 不用 if:主语从句在句首/表从/同从,介宾从,whether…or not 宾从,whether to do sth (or not) b. 状语从句 before; once; when; not that…but that (e.g. Not that the English book is hard to read, but that I have no time.); not…but; in -2-
case; on condition that; if (e.g. If I have made a lot of progress, it is because I have received much help from my friends) as long as; only if; if only; the moment; each time; the last time; immediately; directly; in that=because/since; for fear that/ in case; in order that c. 定语从句 where(注意理解所谓抽象的地点,还应注意此类意义在其他从句中的理解); when, which, from where, around where, the +名词/代词/数词+of+which/whom= of+which/whom the +名词/代词/数词=whose(e.g. I saw some trees the leaves of which were black with disease.); …% of which (e.g. After the adjustment of national holidays, many people put up Internet mails, 90% of which voiced support.) as-引导定从(A war is so cruel that it always causes great losses, as has happened in Iraq. such… as…) This book is not such as I expect. We are facing the same problems as we did years ago. (同类问题)The Norman Conquest didn't have the same result that the Germanic invasion had had … (同一个事物) 七. 情态动词,虚拟语气 "情态动词+have done" 虚拟条件句(错综时间) ,含蓄条件句,名词性从句 can, must 的猜测功能;should 的推测功能;shall 的命令和征求意见功能.Would 的"过去往往会";"will"的现在往 往会.Can"有时会,有时发生" 虚拟语气和情态动词:Should it rain tomorrow,we would cancel the outing. But for your timely help, the task couldn't /wouldn't have been completed. If it had not been for your timely help, the task couldn't /wouldn't have been completed. You could have seen our manager, but you were too late. It's high time that_从句用一般过去时/should+原形 It's necessary/important/fortunate/strange/surprising…/suggested 等表建议命令要求的-ed+that+S+(should)+V base from; The teacher insist/ desire/ request/ order/ recommend/ suggest/ demand…+ that + (should) + V.; My suggest/requirement/decision/advice… is that+(should)+V. 八. 形容词和副词的比较和最高级的表达 If the manager had to choose between the two, he would say John was the better choice. 比较级可用 still, even, yet, much, rather, a lot, a great deal, far, by far, a little, a bit, a few, any, no 等修饰. 否定+比较级=最高级 The street is three times as long as that one. The street is double longer than that one. The length of this street is double that of Nanjing Road. I have never seen a taller person. It can't be worse. Of all the stars, the sun is the nearest to us. 形容词做状语 The child came back, safe and sound. 九. 固定句型结构和特殊句式(倒装,强调,省略) No sooner ….than…/Hardly…when; It was not until…that; No wonder that…; I wonder if ; I take it for granted that… ; I see to it that...; like/love/hate/dislike/help/appreciate it if/when…; It is /has been…since…did…(时间状语从句)There was a time when this kind of music was quite popular It's +adj./n. (e.g. useless, dangerous, no use/good) + doing sth Gone are the days when we were looked down upon./ Growing on the hillside are thousands of young trees./ Not only was he treated badly but he also lost all his money./ On the top of the hill, lies an old temple. 十. 习惯用语. 十一. 情景对话(2 题) 十二. 近年来冷点:附加疑问句,介词短语 演练: 快速完成,核对答案,再检查快速答题时自己忽略了哪些方面的要点或要求, 演练:(快速完成,核对答案,再检查快速答题时自己忽略了哪些方面的要点或要求,因为这既有可能就是你在高 考考场上会忽略的! 考考场上会忽略的!)
  1. is reported that he got seven gold medals. (=He is reported to have got 7 gold medals.) A. That B. Word C. It D. News
  2. I was disappointed with the play. I had expected to be much better. A. that B. this C. one D. it
  3. I don'
 

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