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2010 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试 广东卷 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(广东卷 广东卷) 英语解析(原创) 英语解析(原创)
一、听力部分(略) 听力部分( 二、完形填空
学 科网 学 科网 学 科网 学 科网
学 科网 学 科网 学 科网 学 科网 学 科网 学 科网 学 科网 学 科网
阅读下面短文,掌握其大意.然后从 21?30 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。 Every country has its own culture. Even though each country uses doors, doors may have differences. When I first to came to America, I noticed that a public building had two different 23 and they had 21 functions and purposes which lead to 22
distinct functions. You have to push the door with the word "PUSH" to go out of the building and to pull the door with the word "PULL" to 24 the building. This was new to me, because we use the
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25
door in South
Korea. For quite a few times I failed to go out of a shopping centre and was embarrassed. The way of using school bus doors wa s also 26
to me. I used to take the school bus to closes. The 27
school decided that when the driver opened both the front and back doom,
who were getting off the bus should get off first, and students who were getting on should get on 28 . in South Korea, we do not need to wait for people to get off. One morning I hurried to the bus, and when the bus doors opened, I was totally 29 30 tried to get on the school bus through the front door. All the students around looked at me. I , and my face went red.

  21. A. different 答案: 答案:C 试题分析: 试题分析:从“lead to 高考考点: 高考考点:考查形容词 温馨提示: 温馨提示:A 不同的
B. important
C. practical
D. unusual
22
differences”可判断“不同功能导致不同” ”可判断“不同功能导致 不同” 不同
B 重要的
C 实践的
D 不寻常的

  22. A. national 答案: 答案:C
B. embarrassing
C. cultural
D. amazing
试题分析:从开头总括句“ 试题分析:从开头总括句“Every country has its own culture.” ”
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高考考点: 高考考点:考查形容词 温馨提示: 温馨提示:A 国家的 B 尴尬的 C 文化的 D 惊奇的

  26. A. annoying 答案: 答案:D
B. hard
C. satisfying
D. strange
试题分析:由上文第三段知:公共建筑门的使用方式不同,使作者感到尴尬??可知: 试题分析:由上文第三段知:公共建筑门的使用方式不同,使作者感到尴尬??可知:下文的巴士门对作 ??可知 者来说也是陌生的 高考考点:考查形容词 高考考点:考查形容词 温馨提示: 温馨提示:A 讨厌的 B 畏难的 C 满意的 D 陌生的
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  27. A. parents 答案: 答案:B
B. students
C. teachers
D. driven
试题分析:由下文的并列句“ 试题分析:由下文的并列句“students who were getting on 。。。。 可以知道 。。。” 高考考点:考查名词 高考考点:考查名词 温馨提示: 温馨提示:A 父母 B 学生 C 老师 D 司机
三、语法填空 阅读下面短文.按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词 语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 31?40 的相应位置上。 A young man, while traveling through a desert, came across a spring of clear water. 31
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water was sweet. He filled his leather container so that he could bring some back to an elder 32 teacher. After a four-day journey, the young man deep drink, smiled home 35 34 33
had been his
( present ) the water to the old man. His teacher took a
( warm ), and thanked his student very much for the sweet water. The young man went
a happy heart. 36 student taste the water. He spit it out, 37
After the student left, the teacher let
(say) it was awful. Apparently, it was no longer fresh because of the old leather container. He asked his teacher, "Sir, the water was awful. Why did you pretend to like 38 ?"
The teacher replied, " You tasted the water. I tasted the girl. The water was simply the container for an act of kindness and love. Nothing could be We understand this lesson best 40 39 (sweet). "
we receive gifts of love from children. Whether it is a cheap pipe or
a diamond necklace, the proper response is appreciation. We love the idea within the gift rather than the thing.
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  35、答案:with 、答案: 试题分析:本处缺介词,构成介词短语,并且表伴随状态。 试题分析:本处缺介词,构成介词短语,并且表伴随状态。 高考考点:考查介词 高考考点:考查介词 易错提醒: 易错提醒:易填 in

  36、答案:another 、答案: 试题分析: 单数可知前面代数应指一个人,由下文“ 试题分析:由 student 单数可知前面代数应指一个人,由下文“He asked his teacher”可知是另一个学生。 ”可知是另一个学生。 高考考点:考查代词 高考考点:考查代词 易错提醒: 易错提醒:易填 other
四、阅读理解
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阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将 该项涂黑。 A When I was growing up in America, I was ashamed of my mother's Chinese English. Because of her English, she was often treated unfairly. People in department stores, at banks, and at restaurants did not take her seriously, did not give her good service, pretended not to understand her, or even acted as if they did not hear her. My mother has l ong realized the limitations of her English as well. When I was fifteen, she used to have me call people on the phone to pretend 1 was she. I was forced to ask for information or even to yell at people who had been rode to her. One time 1 had to call her stockbroker (股票 经纪人). I said in an adolescent voice that was not very convincing, "This is Mrs. Tan. " And my mother was standing beside me, whispering loudly, "Why he don't send me cheek, already two week late. " And then, in perfect English I said, "I'm getting rather concerned. You agreed to send the check two weeks ago, but it hasn't arrived. " Then s he talked more loudly. "What h e want? I come to New York tell him front of his boss. " And so I
turned to the stockbroker again, "I can't tolerate any more excuse. If I don't receive the cheek immediately, I am going to have to speak to your manager when I am in New York next week. " The next week we ended up in New York. While 1 was sitting there red-faced, my mother, the real Mrs. Tan, was shouting to his boss in her broken English. When I was a teen ager, my mother 's broken English embarrassed me. But now, I see it differently. To me, my mother's English is perfectly clear, perfectly natural. It is my mother tongue. Her language, as I hear it, is vivid, direct, and full of observation and wisdom. It was the language that helped shape the way 1 saw things, expressed ideas, and made sense of the world.
  41. Why was the author's mother poorly served? A. She was unable to speak good English. B. She was often misunderstood. C. She was not clearly heard. D. She was not very polite. 答案: 答案:A
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试题分析: 试题分析:由文中 Because of her English, she was often treated unfairly.可知 可知 高考考点:考查事实细节 高考考点:考查事实细节 易错提醒: 易错提醒:易错选 B
  42. From Paragraph 2, we know that the author was A. good at pretending B. rode to the stockbroker C. ready to help her mother D. unw illing to phone for her mother .
试题分析: 试题分析:由文中最后一段 But now, I see it differently. To me,
and made sense of the world.
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高考考点:考查分析推测能力 高考考点:考查分析推测能力

  45. We can infer from the passage that Chinese English A. is clear and natural to non-native speakers B. is vivid and direct to non-native speakers C. has a very bad reputation in America D. may bring inconvenience in America 答案: 答案:D 试题分析: 试题分析:由文中作者母亲的经历可以推测出 高考考点:考查文章分析推断能力 高考考点:考查文章分析推断能力
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B When something goes wrong, it can be very satisfying to say, "Well, it's so-and-so's fault. "or "I know I'm late, but it's not my fault; the car broke down. " It is probably not your fault, but once you form the habit of blaming somebody or something else for a bad situation, you are a loser. You have no power and could do nothing that helps change the situation. However, you can have great power over what happens to you if you stop focusing on whom to blame and start focusing on how to remedy the situation. This is the winner's key to success . Winners are great at overcoming problems. For example, if you were late because your car broke down, maybe you need to have your car examined more regularly. Or, you might start to carry along with you the useful phone numbers, so you could call for help when in need. For another example, if your colleague causes you problems on the job for lack of responsibility or ability, find ways of dealing with his irresponsibility or inability rather than simply blame the person. Ask to work with a different person, or don't rely on this person. You should accept that the person is not reliable and find creative ways to work successfully regardless of how your colleague fails t o do his job well. This is what being a winner is all about-creatively using your skills and talents so that you are successful no matter what happens. Winners don't have fewer problems in their lives; they have just as many difficult situation to face as anybody else. They are just better at seeing those problems as challenges and opportunities to develop their own talents. So, stop focusing on "whose fault it is. " Once you are confident about your power over bad situations, problems are just stepping stones for success.
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  46. According to the passage, winners
.
A. deal with problems rather than blame others B. meet with fewer difficulties in their byes C. have responsible and able colleagues D. blame themselves rather than others 答案:A 答案: 试题分析: 由第一段 However, you can have great power over what happens to you if you stop focusing on whom “ 试题分析: to blame and start focusing on how to remedy the situation.”可知 ” 高考考点:考查文章大意概括及分析 高考考点:考查文章大意概括及分析

  47. The underlined word remedy in Paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to A. avoid 答案:C 答案: 试题分析: 试题分析:由第一段最后两句可知 高考考点:考查推断能力 高考考点:考查推断能力 B. accept C. impure D. Consider
.

  48. W hen your colleague brings about a problem, you should A. find a better way to handle the problem B. blame him for his lack of responsibility C. tell him to find the cause of the problem D. ask a more able colleague for hel 答案: 答案:A
.
试题分析: 试题分析:由第二段 if your colleague causes you problems on the job for lack of responsibility or ability, find ways of dealing with his irresponsibility or inability rather than simply blame the person.可知 可知 高考考点:考查细节理解 高考考点:考查细节理解 易错提醒:易错选 C 易错提醒:

  49. When problems occur, winners take them as A. excuses for their failures
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B. barriers to greater power C. challenges to their colleagues D. chances for self-development 答案: 答案:D 试题分析:文中最后一段 试题分析:文中最后一段. Winners don't have fewer problems in their lives; they have just as many difficult situation to face as anybody else. 高考考点:考查细节分析理解 高考考点:考查细节分析理解 易错提醒: 易错提醒:易错选 C

  50. Which of the following is the best title for the passage? A. A Winner's Secret. B. A Wi nner's Problem. C. A Winner's Opportnnity. D. A Winner's Achievement. 答案: 答案:A 试题分析:由文章的重点句:第二段开头句, 试题分析:由文章的重点句:第二段开头句,第三段开头句等分析概括可知 A 最合适 高考考点:考查文章大意概括能力 高考考点:考查文章大意概括能力 易错提醒: 易错提醒:易选错 B
C Food sometimes gets poisoned with harmful things. A person who eats such food can get an illness called food poisoning. Food poisoning is usually not serious, but some types are deadly, The symptoms of food poisoning us
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