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2010 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试试题卷 英 语
第一卷(选择题) 第一部分 英语知识运用(共三节 满分 50 分) 第一节 语音知识 (共 5 小题:每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,找出其划线部分与所给单词的 划线部门读音相同的选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 例:have A.gave 答案是 C。
  1.come A.cold 此题较为简单
  2.dead A.eager
  3.united A.use
  4、ours A、 outside clocks B、 cousins C、 nervous D、 B.ugly C.upstairs D.put B.great C.least D.health B cock C.comfort D.improve B.save C.hat D.made
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  5、thirsty A theatre B.thus C.although D.feather
总体评析:从考查的单词观察,可以发现所考单词均出自考 纲词汇表中的基础和高频单词。总体而言,语音知识这道题,难 度的设置较为适中,且有选拔的梯度设计。 本次语音考试选取了元音字母 “o”, “u”, “ea”和辅音字母 “s”, “th”进行考查,比较全面地涵盖了高中的语音知识。1,2 小题比较 简单,3,4,有明显的读音区别,第 5 小题难度较大,但是只要平时 注意,发音准确,还是容易拿到这分的。 第二节 语法和词汇知识(共 15 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选 项,并在答题卡上将选项涂黑。 例:welast night,but we went to the concert instead. A.must have studied D.would study 答案是 C。
  6.--Is it all right if I keep this photo? --. A.No .you don’t keep it
  7.Tom was about to close the windowhis attention was caught by a bird.
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B.might study
C.should have studied
B.No. it shouldn’t
C.I’m afraid not D.Don’t
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A.when
B.if
C.and
D.tille

  8. My mother opened drawer tothe knives and spoons. A.put away B.put up C.put on D.put together

  9.Barbara is easy to recognize as she’s the only one of the women whoevening dress. A.wear B.wears C.has worn D.have worn

  10.?Have you finished the book? No,I’ve read up tothe children discover the secret cave. A.which B.what C. that D.where the professor gave us a warm

  11.Thoughto see us, welcome. A.surprising surprised
B.was surprised
C.surprised
D.being

  12.Neither side is prepared to talk tounless we can smooth things over between them. A.others B.the other C.another D.one other

  13.The island isattrative in spring and autumn because of the pleasant weather in both seasons. A.partly B.merely C.nearly D.equally

  14.The doctor thought would be good for you to have a holiday._
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A.this
B.that
C.one
D. _ it

  15.Linda make sure the tablesbefore the guests arrive A.be set B.set C.are set D.are setting

  16.I refuse to accept the blame for something was someone else’s fault. A.who B.that C.as D.what

  17.I’m afraid Mr. Hardingsee you now. He’s busy. A.can’t B.mustn’t C.shouldn’t D.needn’t

  18.?Can I help you? Are you looking for anything in particular today? We’re just looking. A. Yes please needn’t
  19.Excuse me II was blocking your way. A.didn’t realize D.wasn’t realizing
  20.Mr.Black is very happy because the clothes made in his factory have never been. A.popular B.more popular C.most popular D.the most popular B.don’t realize C.haven’t realized B.No, thank you C.Yes ,you can D.No, you
【总体评析】 (
  1)从 15 道小题的难易度的情况看,难度适中、考 生不易丢分的有:第
  6、
  7、
  9、
  12、
  13、
  14、
  16、
  17、和 19 题; 而其余有一定难度,考生把握不准。尤其是第
  10、
  11、15 小题,
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考生会普遍失分。 (
  2)这 15 道小题涵盖的语言点有:固定句型、主谓一致、it 用法、时态语态、形容词副词、宾语引导词、固定动词短语、否 定比较级、省略结构=非谓语动词 V.-ing、限制性定语从句 that、 交际用语、情态动词。 第三节 完形填空(共 20 小题:每小题
  1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C、D) 中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A man who knows how to write a personal letter has a very powerful tool.A letter can be enjoyed,read and 21 . It can set up a warm conversation between with very little effort.
远离的); two people far apart(远离的 ;it can keep a 22 远离的 I will give 23 .
A few years ago my older brother and I were not getting 24 but had grown apart. Our meetings were not 26 ; our
We had been close as 25
conversation was filled with arguments and quarrels; and every effort to clear the air seemed to only 27 our misunderstanding. Then he 28 Caribbean and we 29 a small island in the
touch .One day he wrote me a letter. He describeb his
island and its people, told me what he was doing,said how he felt,and encouraged me to 30 . Rereading the letter, I was 31 by its humor( 幽 默 )and clever respected my order
103f pressions,These were all qualities for which I had 32 brother but 33 34
he no longer had them.I had never known he could write so
.And with that one letter we became friends
  35. It might never have occurred to 36 to write me if he had not been in a place
where there were no 37
,For him, writing was a necessity, It also turned out to be
the best way for us to get back in touch.Because we live in an age of 38 communication(通讯 通讯),people often 39 通讯 email. They have a 40 that they don’t always have to phone or
. And that is to write.

  21. A.received
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D.reread
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  22.A.record
B.promise
C.friendship
D.secret

  23.A.an example B.a lesson
  24.A. through
  25.A.brothers
  26.A.normal
  27.A.deepen
  28.A.toured
  29.A.lost
  30.A.think
  31.A.driven
  32.A.never
  33.A.realized
  34.A.well
  35.A.later
  36.A.us
C.an experience D.a talk D.away D.classmates D.possible D.settle D.moved to D.got in Dread D.honored D.once D.expected D.soon D.again D.my brother D.relatives D.busy D. forget D. plan
B.together C.along B.children B.necessary B.start C.fellows C.pleasant C.express
B.stopped over C.reached B.kept in B.write B.beaten B.seldom B.judged B.often B.anyhow B.anyone else C.needed C.enjoy C.surprised C.sometimes C.thought C.much C.too C.someone C.phones C.popular C.argue C.method

  37.A.mail services B.transport
  38.A.poor 39A.believe
  40.A.habit 第三节 完形填空 B.easy B.decide B.choice
【总体评析】最近几年来的完形填空试题材料选材上,都力图选 取一篇有教育意义和现实实用价值的文章。受到更多先进快捷媒
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体比如 internet 的冲击的现状, 作者通过回顾和现状事实的对比描 述,也表达了自己的担忧:未来书信何去何从?通常来讲,这样 的文量均会是一篇记叙文或者一个与生活有关的一些经历描述: 这篇文章就是亦属于与生活相关:这是一篇教育性或倡导性文章: 通过描述自己与哥哥的交往变化来倡导书信在交流中的重要性作 者措述了一个有趣的事实:在相聚中,自己与哥哥相处不好,忽 视了它的优点:但是分开后.多亏了没有现代化的交通工具…电 话、email.所以只能写信.再次展现哥哥的品质,所以连作者本人 都发出感叹: “Because we live in an age of easy communication(通 讯),people often forget that they don’t always have to phone or
email. They have a choice . And that is to write.”(因为我们生活在 通讯工具便捷的时代,人们难免会忘掉我们不必总得用电话或电 子邮件联系,我们还有另一种选择,那就是写信。 ) 这样的记叙思路恰好是全国卷高考英语命题的潜在思想,达 到了教育性 启迪性的目的。 该试题的难度和前几年相比,难度相当;用词选项方面,都 间接考查了构词法:reread, deepem 等,类似于去年的 acceptance, 难度上略微有所增加。 详细解析 第二部分 阅读理解(共 25 小题。第一节每小题 2 分,第二节每 小题 1 分;满分 45 分)
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第一节 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 【总体评析】纵观五篇阅读,可以说是这套试卷比较容易的部分, 相信多数考生这部分会有一份得心应手的轻松心情。与往年比较 而言,总体难度低于去年。失分率会小,学生做得相对轻松。词 汇量不大,语篇不长。A 篇回忆宠物狗;B 篇度假也可谋生;C 篇北京滑雪热潮; 篇世界上最凉爽的宾馆信息查找题; 篇文字 D E 的起源和运用。 A When I was six, Dad brought home a dog one day, who was called “Brownie”. My brothers and I all loved Brownie and did different things with her. Ore of us would walk her, another would feed her, then there were baths, playing catch and many other games, Brownie, in return. loved each and every one of us. One thing that most touched my heart was that she would go to whoever was sick and just be with them we always felt better when she was around. One day, as I was getting her food, she chewed up(咬破)one of Dad’s shoes, which had to be thrown away in the end. I knew Dad would be mad and I had to let her know what she did was wrong. When I looked at her and said, ”Bad girl,” she looked down at the ground and then went and hid. I saw a tear in her eyes.
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Brownie turned out to be more than just our family pet, she went everywhere with us .People would stop and ask if they could pet her. Of course she’d let anyone pet her. She was just the most lovable dog. There were many times when we’d be out walking and a small child would come over and pull pm her hair. she never barked(吠) or tried to get away. Funny thing is she would smile. This frightened people because they thought she was showing her teeth. Far from the truth, she lovely everyone. Now many years have passed since Brownie died of old age. I still miss days when she was with us.
  41. What would Brownie do when someone was ill in the family? A. Look at them sadly. B. Keep them company.
C. Play games with them. D. Touch them gently.
  42. We can infer from Paragraph 2 that Brownie. A. world eat anything when hungry B. felt sorry for her mistake
C. loved playing hide-and-seek D. disliked the author’s dad
  43.Why does the author say that Brownie was more than just a family pet? A. She was treated as a member of the family. B. She played games with anyone she liked. C. She was loved by everybody she met.
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D. She went everywhere with the family.
  44. Some people got frightened by Brownie when
she. A. smiled be funny
  45.Which of the following best describes Brownie? A. Shy B. Polite C. Brave D. Caring B. barked C. rushed to them D. tried to
解析: 这是一篇大家比较熟悉的一个话题:“宠物”。这篇 文章文字简单,情节具有生活化的特点。就总体而言,考生能理 解和掌握它的大意:说明了宠物惹人喜欢、可爱。 从选材和文字特点方面可以看出,这篇文章通俗易懂,不“偏” 不“怪”。如果感觉完形难度偏大的学生在做这道试题时,会相对 轻松。
  41. 答案:B 考点分析:理解文章具体信息; 解析: 从第一段“she would go to whoever was sick and just be
with them”暗示出它的表现方式,选择 B,keep them company(陪 伴他们)
  42. 答案:B 考点分析;理解文中的具体信息 解析: 从第二段结尾句 “she looked down at the ground and then
went and hid. I saw a tear in her eyes” 可以推断出它为做错的事感到
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悲伤
  43. 答案:C 考点分析:考查学生的判断和推理能力。 解析: 通过全文的理解,和倒数第二段的提示 “There were
many times when….”总有很多时候,可以推断出它为人们所喜爱
  44. 答案:A 考点分析:理解文中具体信息,情节推断 解析: 文中 “Funny thing is she would smile. This frightened
people because they thought she was showing her teeth.”是解释,有 趣的是: “露出牙齿”吓到了大家,其实它是在“笑”
  45. 答案:D 考点分析:考查学生的概括和判断能力
 

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