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2010 年全国普通高等学校招生统一考试
上海
第I卷 I. Listening Comprehension II. Grammar and Vocabulary Section A Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one answer that best completes the sentence.
  25. Sean has formed the habit of jogging every day. A. between 答案:B 考点:考察介词的用法 解析: ,根据句意“Sean 已经形成了每天沿着绿荫大道慢跑两小时的习惯”,表示“沿着”时, 应该选 B。
  26. It took us quite a long time to get to the amusement park. It was A. three hour B. a three-hours C. a three-hour journey. D. three hours B. along C. below D. with the tree-lined avenue for two hours
英语试卷 英语试卷
(105 分)
答案:C 考点:此题考查复合形容词 解析:数词+连字符+名词的用法,连字符连接的词作名词定语且用单数。意为“三小时的路 程”
  27. If our parents do everything for us children, we won't learn to depend on A. themselves 答案:D 考点:本题考查反身代词 解析:主语为 we,因此应为 ourselves. depend on oneself:自力更生。根据句意,选 D。
  28. Every few years, the coal workers health. A. are having 答案:B B. have C. have had D. had had their lungs X-rayed to ensure their B. them C. us D. ourselves
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考点:本题考查时态。 解析:根据时间状语 every few years,可判断本句应为一般现在时,因此答案选 B。
  29. Sorry, Professor Smith. I didn't finish the assignment yesterday. Oh, you A. must 答案:C 考点:本题考查的是虚拟语气 解析: 。此处表示和过去事实相反的情况,应该用 should + have + 过去分词。本来应该做, 而未做
  30. In ancient times, people rarely travelled long distances and most farmers only travelled A. longer than 答案:D 考点:本题考查介词词组。 解析:根据动词 travel 可判断此处应填关于路程的介词词组,本题即为 as far as。as far as 远到...
  31. The church tower which finished. A. has restored restored 答案:D 考点:本题考查被动语态。 解析:Restore 意思为修复,而最后一句表明工程还未完成,因此为正在修复中,答案选 D.
  32. I had great difficulty A. find 答案:D 考点:固定词组 解析:have difficulty(in)doing sth.做某事有困难。
  33. Lucy has a great sense of humor and always keeps her colleagues
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have done it as yesterday was the deadline. B. mustn't C. should D. shouldn't
the local market. B. more than C. as much as D. as far as
will be open to tourists soon. The work is almost
B. has been restored
C. is restoring
D. is being
the suitable food on the menu in that restaurant. C. to find D. finding
B. found
with her
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stories. A. amused 答案:A 考点:本题考查非谓语动词。 解析:keep+sb. /sth. +done,根据句意,sb.与它后面的动词成被动关系,故选 A.
  34. you may have, you should gather your courage to face the challenge. A. However a serious problem C. However serious a problem 答案:C 考点:让步状语从句 解析:根据句意“无论你有多么严重的问题,你都应该鼓起勇气面对挑战”,而 however 表 让步时其顺序应是:however + 形容词 + 主语 + 谓语。 however 做连接副词,相当于 no matter how,后接形容词或副词,意为“无论、不管” , 引导让步状语从句,其序为“however+形容词、副词+主语+谓语” 。
  35. the city center, we saw a stone statue of about 10 meters in height. A. Approaching approached 答案:A 考点:本题考查非谓语动词。 解析:考察现在分词作状语,表示正在进行或主动的动作。此时分词的逻辑主语就是主 句的主语,因此要注意人称、时态和语态的一致性。
  36. One reason for her preference for city life is to places like shops and restaurants. A. that 答案:A 考点:此处考查的是同位语从句。 解析:考察 that 引导同位语从句的用法。此处 that 不可以省略。
  37. When changing lanes, a driver should use his turning signal to let other drivers know . A. he is entering which lane C. is he entering which lane B. which lane he is entering D. which lane is he entering B. how C. what D. why she can have easy access B. Approached C. To approach D. To be B. What a serious problem D. What serious a problem B. amusing C. to amuse D. to be amused
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答案:B 考点:本题考查宾语从句。 解析:which 引导的句子做 know 的宾语,句子用陈述语序。
  38. Wind power is an ancient source of energy future. A. on which 答案:C 考点:此处考查的是介词加疑问词引导从句 解析:考察介词+which 的用法。=Wind power is an ancient source of energy which\that we may return to in the near future.
  39. a member. A. Until 答案:B 考点:连词 解析:此句意思是“除非我们经理反对 tom 加入俱乐部,不然我们都应接受他成为其中一 员。” B. Unless C. If D. After our manage objects to Tom's joining the club, we shall accept him as B. by which C. to which D. from which we may return in the near

  40. Thai is the only way we can imagine bathrooms. A. reducing 答案:B B. to reduce
the overuse of water in students'
C. reduced
D. reduce
考点:此处考查非谓语动词。 解析:此处应该用不定式 the way to do sth 表示做……的途径、方式。the only way to do……,we can imagine 做定语,前面省略了 that. Section B Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. additional B. producing C. regular H. reducing D. predicted I. carried E. identified J. increase
E atmosphere G. matched
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Forests in the northern half of the globe could be growing faster now than they were 200 years ago as a result of climate change, according to a study of trees in eastern America. The trees appear to have faster growth rates due to longer growing seasons and higher concentrations (浓度) of carbon dioxide in the
  41. Geoffrey Parker, a scientist at the Smithsonian Environmental Research Centre in Edgewater. Maryland, said that the increase ha the rate of growth was unexpected and might be 42 to the higher temperatures and longer growing seasons documented in the region. The growth may also be influenced by the significant 43 in atmospheric CO2, he said. "We made a list of reasons these forests could be growing faster and then excluded half of them," Dr. Parker said. Their study suggests that northern forests may become increasingly important in 44 the influence of man-made CO2 on the climate. Dr. Parker and his colleagues have 45 out a detailed record of the trees on a(n) 46 basis since 19
  87. They calculated that due to the global warming the forest is producing 47 tons of wood each year.
The scientists 48 the land with trees at different stages of growth and found that both young and old trees were showing increased growth rate. More than 90 per cent of the tree groups had grown by between two and four times faster than the scientists had 49 from estimates of the long-term rates of growth. 【解析】
  41. F. 此句意思是大气中二氧化碳的浓度加深。
  42. G.
  43. J. 大气中二氧化碳的增加用 increase。
  44. H. 根据常识,森林的增加有助于减少二氧化碳对天气的影响。
  45. I. carry out 实行,实施。
  46. C. on a regular basis: 定期的
  47. A. 根据文章大意,可知此处应是产生额外的(additional)木材。
  48. E.
  49. D. III. Reading Comprehension
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Section A Directions: Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. The first attempt of even the most talented artists, musicians, and writers is seldom a masterpiece, If you consider your drafts as dress rehearsals (彩排), or tryouts, revising will seem a natural part of the writing
  50. What is the purpose of the dress rehearsals and the out-of-town previews that many Broadway shows go through? The answer is adding, deleting, replacing, reordering, 51 revising. Andrew Lloyd Webber's musical Phantom of the Opera underwent such a process. When Lloyd Webber began writing in 1984, he had in mind a funny, exciting production. However, when Phantom opened in London in 1986, the audience saw a moving psychological love story set to music. The musical had. 52 several revisions due, in part, to problems with costuming and makeup (戏服和化妆). For instance, Lloyd Webber 53 some of the music because the Phantom's makeup prevented the actor from singing certain sounds. When you revise, you change aspects of your work in 54 to your evolving purpose, or to include 55 ideas or newly discovered information. Revision is not just an afterthought that gets only as much time as you have at the end of an assignment. 56, it is a major stage of the writing process, and writers revise every step of the way. Even your decision to
  57. topics while prewriting is a type of revising. However. don't make the mistake of skipping the revision stage that follows
  58. Always make time to become your own 59and view your dress rehearsal, so to speak. Reviewing your work in this way can give you 60 new ideas. Revising involves 61 the effectiveness and appropriateness of all aspects of your writing, making your purpose more clearly, and refocusing or developing the facts and ideas you present. When you revise, ask yourself the following questions, keeping in mind the audience for whom you are writing: Is my
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main idea or purpose 62 throughout my draft? Do I ever lose sight of my purpose? Have I given my readers all of the 63 that is, facts, opinions, inferences that they need in order to understand my main idea? Finally, have I included too many 64 details that may confuse readers?
  50. A. technique
  51. A. in particular
  52. A. undergone
  53. A. rewrote
  54. A. addition
  55. A. fixed
  56. A. However
  57. A. discuss
  58. A. drafting
  59. A. director
  60. A. personal
  61. A. mixing
  62. A. amazing
  63. A. angles
  64. A. unnecessary B. style B. as a result B. skipped B. released B. response B. ambitious B. Moreover B. switch B. rearranging B. master B. valuable B. weakening B. bright B. evidence B. uninteresting C. process C. for example C. rejected C. recorded C. opposition C. familiar C. Instead C. exhaust C. performing C. audience C. basic C. maintaining C. unique C. information C. concrete D. career D. in other words D. replaced D. reserved D. contrast D. fresh D. Therefore D. cover D. training D. visitor D. delicate D. assessing D. clear D. hints D. final
【文章大意】修改是作品写作过程中非常重要且必须的步骤。文章讲叙了 文章大意】修改是作品写作过程中非常重要且必须的步骤。 作品修改的目的和途径。 作品修改的目的和途径。

  50.答案:C 考点:本题考查名词辨析 解析:参照下文的“Andrew Lloyd Webber's musical Phantom of the Opera underwent such a process.”和“However. don't make the mistake of skipping the revision
stage”。名词 technique(技术)、style(风格)、career(事业、生涯)都不符题意。
本题难度适中。
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  51.答案:D 考点:本题考查介词短语辨析 解析:前面 adding, deleting, replacing, reordering 都是 revising 的方面,所以 revising 和这些名词同义; 介词短语 in other words 表示“换句话说”。 介词短语 in particular 尤其、 ( 特别表强调)、as a result(因此,表结果)、for example(例如,表举例说明)都不符题 意。本题难度适中。

  52.答案:A 考点:本题考查动词辨析 解析:动词 skip(跳远)、reject(拒绝、抵制)replace(取代)都不符题意。人们观 看的是完美的表演, 但表演之前作品经历了 (undergo) 多次修改, 与上段的“Andrew Lloyd
Webber's musical Phantom of the Opera underwent such a process.”对应。本题难 度适中。

  53.答案:A 考点:本题考查动词辨析 解析:动词 release(释放、赦免、发行)、record(记录、录音)、reserve(保留、 预订)都不符题意。动词 rewrite 表示“重写、修改”,与动词
 

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