2010高考英语《语法》 专题复习系列课件

  16《定语从句复习应 注意的问题》
热身: 热身: (安徽卷 安徽卷)
  34. Last week, only two people came to look at 安徽卷 the house, wanted to buy it. D A. none of them B. both of them C. none of whom D. neither of whom .(江苏卷 江苏卷)
  33. He was educated at the local high school, 江苏卷 he went on to Beijing University. A A. after which B. after that C. in which D. in that (上海卷 上海卷)
  37. His movie won several awards at the film 上海卷 festival, was beyond his wildest dream. A A. which B. that C. where D. it B (浙江卷 浙江卷)
  14. Chan’s restaurant on Baker Street, 浙江卷 used to be poorly run, is now a successful business. A. that B. which C. who D. where
指代人 who,whom, who,whom,that
which, 指代事物 which,that whose, 所属关系 whose,of which 指地点 指时间 指原因 where when why
二、关系代词that和which在很多情况下可以互 关系代词 和 在很多情况下可以互 但下列情况只用that。 换,但下列情况只用 。 that All can be done has been done. that Do you have anything you don’t understand ? that There is little can be believed about it . that The book doesn’t say much amuses children. 先行词是 all ,everything,nothing,anything,something,much ,little,none等不定代词,引导定语从句用 等不定代词, 等不定代词 引导定语从句用that 。
that Hamburg is the most beautiful city I’ve ever seen. that This is the best TV is made in China.
The first museum he visited in China was the that History Museum.
先行词被形容词最高级或序数词修饰时, 先行词被形容词最高级或序数词修饰时, 引导定语从句用that 。 引导定语从句用
that I’ve read all the books you lent me. that No sample we nave received is satisfactory. that Please send us any information you have about the subject. that He is the only person was present at the time. 先行词被 any,some,no,much,few,little,every,all,very,o nly,last修饰时,引导定语从句用 修饰时, 修饰时 引导定语从句用that 。
The famous writer and his works the that radio broadcast have aroused great interest among the students. that A victim is a person,animal or thing suffers pain,death,harm,etc.
先行词中既有人又有事物时, 先行词中既有人又有事物时,引导定语从 句用that . 句用
that Who you have ever seen can do it better ? that Who you are talking to is the young fellow ?
Who做先行词时,引导定语从句用that 。 做先行词时,引导定语从句用 做先行词时
Well done !
三、不用that,而用 不用 ,而用which,who,whom的情况 , , 的情况
He made the same mistakes again , made his which parents very angry. Yesterday I bought a dictionary, cost me more which than 100 yuan . Mr Smith, gave a talk several months ago,will who come again. My uncle has come back from abroad, I whom haven’t met for along time.
在非限制性定语从句中,指事物用 在非限制性定语从句中,指事物用which, , 指人用who或whom。 指人用 或 。
Her bag ,in she put all her money,has which been stolen. This is the ring on she spent 1000 dollars. which whom Xiao Wang ,with I went to the concert, enjoy it very much.
在介词后面,指事物用 在介词后面,指事物用which,指人用 ,指人用whom。 。
注意: 注意:如何判断介词
  1、看定语从句中动词与介词的搭配 、
for The girl which he had fought all his life no longer seemed important to him. on He is the man whom I think you can depend .

  2、看定语从句中形容词与介词的搭配 、
He referred me to some reference books which I am not very familiar. with Dolphins might be trained to cooperate with fishermen and help them by finding in or even catching fish, all of which activities dolphins are expert.

  3、根据先行词判断,所用的介词与先行词 、根据先行词判断, 搭配
The rate which wild animals are at being destroyed has increased. This is our classroom , in the front of which there is a teacher’s desk.
The committee consists of 20 members,5 of whom are women. The book contains 50 poems, most of was which written in 1930s. There are two left, one of is almost which which finished ,and the other of is not quite. I have a sentence , the meaning of I don’t which understand.
名词/代词 数词 名词 代词/数词 of +which/whom 代词 数词+
Where 引导的定语从句。 引导的定语从句。
先行词是表示地点的名词或含有地点意义的抽 象名词,用来引导定语从句。 象名词,用来引导定语从句。Where 在从句中 作状语。 作状语。 This is the town where (= in which ) I spent my childhood. The table where (= at which ) she is sitting is a new one. I’ll show you the paint where you failed. where The plants grow well there is a lot of rain. 状语从句
注意 1
区分where引导的定语从句和状 引导的定语从句和状 区分 语从句
Where前面有被修饰的地点名词时,是定语从句,否 前面有被修饰的地点名词时,是定语从句, 前面有被修饰的地点名词时 则是状语从句。
When you read books ,you had better make a mark at the spot where you have any questions. 定语从句 When you read books , you had better make a mark where you have any questions. 状语从句
注意 2
若定语从句缺主语或宾语,用 若定语从句缺主语或宾语, which或that引导定语从句。 引导定语从句。 或 引导定语从句
where The library students often study was on fire last night. The library, was built in the 1930s,needs which repairing. The library you visited yesterday was built which in 19
When 引导的定语从句。 引导的定语从句。
先行词是表示时间的名词, 先行词是表示时间的名词,用when引导定 引导定 语从句。在从句作状语。 语从句。在从句作状语。
I’ll never forget the day when (= on which ) I met you. This was the time when ( =at which ) he left for Beijing . We will put off the outing until next week, when we won’t be busy.
注意: 注意:
若定语从句缺主语或宾语, 若定语从句缺主语或宾语,用which 引导定语从句。 或that引导定语从句。 引导定语从句
when I’ll never forget the day we first met in the park.
I’ll never forget the time I spent which\that on campus. I’ll never forget the time was which\that spent with you.
why引导的定语从句。 引导的定语从句。 引导的定语从句
先行词是表示原因的名词,用引导定语从句。从句 先行词是表示原因的名词,用引导定语从句。 作状语。 作状语。 This is the reason why ( = for which ) I didn’t come here. The reason she gave was not true. which\that
whose 引导的定语从句。 引导的定语从句。
表示所属关系。 表示所属关系。 The river banks are covered with trees whose flows to the sea. There are in this class 20 students, are different. A.whose backgrounds B.the backgrounds of whom C.of whom the backgrounds D.the backgrounds of whose
引导词的作用你明白了吗? 引导词的作用你明白了吗?

  1、连接主句和从句; 连接主句和从句;
  2、替代先行词; 替代先行词;
  3、在从句中充当成分。 在从句中充当成分。
As 和 Which 的区别
  1. These houses are sold at such a low price people expected. as
  2. He is not the same man he was. which
  3. We moved the stone away from the road, took us an hour. as
  4. He died of cancer, is expected.
  5. He must be from Canada, is clear from his books. which
  6. He invited me to dinner, was kind of him. as
  7. He made a long speech, was expected. which
  8. He made a long speech, was unexpected. which
  9. Tom drinks a lot every day, his wife doesn’t like at all.
such + 名词 +as +从句 从句 像、、、、、、一样的,像、、、、、、之类 、、、、、、一样的, 、、、、、、之类 一样的 the same +名词 as +从句 名词+ 名词 从句 和、、、、、、同类的 、、、、、、同类的 as 在从句中作主语、宾语或者表语。 在从句中作主语、宾语或者表语。
代替前面的句子,表示“这一点,这件事” Which 代替前面的句子,表示“这一点,这件事”
As 代替前面的句子,表示“正如,好像” 代替前面的句子, 正如,好像”
当从句是主系表结构时: 当从句是主系表结构时: 主句是一种判断, As :主句是一种判断,从句说明理由 因为) (因为) Which:主句是一个事实, Which:主句是一个事实,从句是一种评 价。
当主句和从句语义一致时, 当主句和从句语义一致时,用as 当两句语义不一致或从句为否定 时,用which

  1. After living in Paris for 50 years, he returned to the small town he grew up as a child. B A. which B. where C. that D. when
  2. I never forget the days we spent together. A. that B. when C. whose D. what

  3. Have you seen the film “Brokenback Mountain” , C leading actor is world famous? A. its B. it’s C. whose D. which
  4. This is the book I paid ten yuan. A. for which C. which B. for that D. off which
  5. The teacher discussed with Jim, problem was poor study habits.
A. one of which C. whose
B. one of whose D. which
  6. The gentleman you told me yesterday proved to be a thief. A. who C. whom B. about whom D. with whom

  7. There are two buildings, stands nearly a D hundred feet high. A. the larger C. the larger one that B. the larger of them D. the larger of which

  8. American women usually identify their best friend D as someone they can talk frequently. A. who C. about which B. as D. with whom
  9. The film brought the hours back to me I was taken good care of in that faraway village. A. until B. that C. when D. where
  10. I can think of many cases students obviously knew a lot of English words and expressions but couldn’t write a good essay. A. what B. which C. where D. when

  11. Do you know the girl to your class teacher B is talking? A. that B. whom C. who D. which D
  12.The factory his mother works is in the east of the city. A. That B. which C. on which D. where

  13. Is oxygen the only gas helps fire burn? A A. that B. 不填 C. which D. it

  14. Her hand was struck out of the second story B window, she could pick the apples on the tree. A. There C. in which B. from where D. from which
  15. Tom as well as his friends who football matches to school today. A. likes, hasn’t gone C. like, hasn’t gone B. likes, haven’t gone D. like, haven’t gone
解题要领: 解题要领:
根据定语从句中所缺成分来确定是用关 系代词还是关系副词,决不要因为先行词是时 系代词还是关系副词, 间名词就用when, 是地点名词就用where. 间名词就用when, 是地点名词就用where.
选择引导词的总原则: 选择引导词的总原则:
将引导词放入定语从句中, 将引导词放入定语从句中,看其充当的 成分,如果充当主、 用关系代词; 成分,如果充当主、宾、表,用关系代词; 如果充当状语,用关系副词。 如果充当状语,用关系副词。根据其在从句 中的搭配选择相应的介词+which +which。 中的搭配选择相应的介词+which。
定语从句的运用: 定语从句的运用: A letter to Tom 我收到了你上周的来信.谢谢你寄的照片. 我收到了你上周的来信.谢谢你寄的照片. 我常常想起我们一起度过的时光. 我常常想起我们一起度过的时光.那座顶 上有只海鸥的纪念碑真漂亮. 上有只海鸥的纪念碑真漂亮.你还记得那 个湖吗?我们在那还照过一张相呢. 个湖吗?我们在那还照过一张相呢.和我们 一起玩的那些小朋友还好吗?另外, 一起玩的那些小朋友还好吗?另外,我有一 本绿色封面的书丢在你那了.请帮我寄来. 本绿色封面的书丢在你那了.请帮我寄来.
I have received the letter you posted last week. Thanks for the photos you sent. I often think of the time we spent together. The monument on top of which there is a seagull is really beautiful. Do you still remember the lake where we had a picture taken? How are the children who played with us? Besides, I had a book left in your house the cover of which is green. Please send it to me.
Dear Tom, I have received the letter that you sent to me last week.Thanks for the photoes which are in the letter sent by you.I always think of the happy time that we spent together.T he roof which there is memorial that a sea gull on it is really very beautiful.Do you remember the lake which we took a photo there?And how is the children with w



   《倒装句》 倒装句》 倒装语序分为“全部倒装” 倒装语序分为“全部倒装”和“部分倒 装”。 在全部倒装的句子中, 在全部倒装的句子中,整个谓语都放在主 语的前面; 语的前面; 在部分倒装的句子中, 在部分倒装的句子中,只是谓语中的一部 如助动词、情态动词或系动词be be等 分(如助动词、情态动词或系动词be等) 放在主语前面,其余部分仍放在主语后面。 放在主语前面,其余部分仍放在主语后面。 等引起, 一 、 由 there, here 或 now 等引起 , 谓语为come( go)的句子 ...


   2010高考英语《语法》 专题复习系列课件 16《定语从句复习应 注意的问题》 热身: 热身: (安徽卷 安徽卷)34. Last week, only two people came to look at 安徽卷 the house, wanted to buy it. D A. none of them B. both of them C. none of whom D. neither of whom .(江苏卷 江苏卷)33. He was educated at the local ...


   外语下载中心 http://down.tingroom.com 透析中考英语语法名词考点 【名词命题趋势与预测】 名词命题趋势与预测】 1、 根据近几年全国各地中考试题对名词部分考查的分析可知,今后对名词部分的考查重点 为: 2、 名词的可数与不可数性。 3、 名词单复数在特定情况下的使用。 4、 名词的普通格与所有格作定语的选用。 5、 物质名词、抽象名词具体化。 名词词义的区别与固定搭配。 考点诠释】 【考点诠释】 名词的各种分类。 一、名词的各种分类。单、复数的用法及单数名词变复数名词 ...


   2010 年中考英语专题复习 05??句子翻译 句子翻译 考点一、根据中文补全句子 (2010 江苏省宿迁市五、根据所给汉语完成下列句子,每空词数不限 ,满分 10 分) 61. 迈克敲了敲门,但没有回应。 Mike ▲ the door, but there was no answer. 62. 昨天这位医生为病人做手术了吗? Did the doctor ▲ the patients yesterday? 63. 我认为用毯子扑灭火是个好方法。 I think it’s a good w ...


   句型概述:所谓简单句就是由一个主语 包括并列 句型概述:所谓简单句就是由一个主语(包括并列 主语)和一个谓语 包括并列谓语)组成的句子 和一个谓语(包括并列谓语 组成的句子, 主语 和一个谓语 包括并列谓语 组成的句子,即 一个主谓关系的句子.五个基本句型如下: 一个主谓关系的句子.五个基本句型如下: 基本句型例句与译文(多选自高考参考范文 望熟读 基本句型例句与译文 多选自高考参考范文,望熟读 多选自高考参考范文 体会,力求背诵 力求背诵) 体会 力求背诵 主+谓The sport fir ...


   一、词类、句子成分和构词法: 1、词类:英语词类分十种: 名词、形容词、代词、数词、冠词、动词、副词、介词、连词、感叹词。 1、名词(n.): 表示人、事物、地点或抽象概念的名称。如:boy, morning, bag, ball, class, orange. 2、代词(pron.): 主要用来代替名词。如:who, she, you, it . 3、形容词(adj..):表示人或事物的性质或特征。如:good, right, white, orange . 4、 ...


   定语从句 the Attributive Clause 定语从句 (一).定语从句 构成及种类 一 定语从句 构成及种类: 1>.The school where we live and study lies west of the town. 限制性定语从句 2>.I, who am your English teacher, will try my best to help you. 结构: 结构: 先行词 + 关系词 + 定语从句 非限制性定语从句 (二).如何使用引导词 ...


   高三英语第一轮复习 Revision of the Attributive Clause 定语从句复习 汪建华 江苏省海安县曲塘中学 226661 315310858@qq.com Attributive Clause: 定语从句在从句中起定语作用, 定语从句在从句中起定语作用,修饰句 中的某一名词或代词 某一名词或代词, 中的某一名词或代词,被定语从句修饰 的词叫先行词 的词叫先行词(Antecedent)。定语从句需 adverbs): 用关联词(relative pronouns an ...


   The Attributive Clause 定语从句 定义 在复合句中,修饰某一名词或代词 的从句叫做定语从句,定语从句有时也 可以修饰一个句子。被定语从句所修饰 的词叫“先行词”。 形式:先行词+关系词+从句 This is the book that I want. 关系词 关系代词: that, which, who, 关系词 whom, whose, as 关系副词: when, where, why A plane is a machine that can fly. The b ...


   表示时间关系:first, second, then, finally/at last/ / in the end , soon immediately, suddenly, at the same time, meanwhile, recently 表示对称顺序关系: 表示对称顺序关系:for one thing….. for the other thing, on one hand,…..on the other hand,above , all, first of all, first ...



   高考资源网( www.ks5u.com) ,您身边的高考专家 高考英语重点词语复习 100 例 1.able 用法:be able to do Note: 反义词 unable 表示不能,而 disabled 表示残疾的。 be able to do 可以表示经过艰难困苦才能做到的事。 2.abroad 用法:表示到(在)国外,是一个副词,前面不加介词。 Note: 可以说 from abroad, 表示从国外回来。 3.admit 用法:表示承认的时候后面要加上动名词形式。 Note: 表 ...

英语语法 [词性]

   目录 名词 代词1 形容词 副词 动词1 代词2 动词2 Nouns 名词可以分为专有名词(Proper Nouns) 和普通名词 (Common Nouns),专有 名词是某个(些)人,地方,机构等专 有的名称,如Beijing,China等.普通 名词是一类人或东西或是一个抽象概念 的名词,如:book,sadness等.普通 名词又可分为下面四类: 1)个体名词(Individual Nouns): 表示某类人或东西中的个体,如:gun. 2)集体名词(Collective No ...


   新视野大学英语第三册课文翻译猛歪歪了 Unit 1 sectionA 我哥哥吉米出生时遇上难产,因为缺氧导致大脑受损。两年后, 我哥哥吉米出生时遇上难产,因为缺氧导致大脑受损。两年后, 我出生了。 我出生了。 从此以后,我的生活便围绕我哥哥转。 从此以后,我的生活便围绕我哥哥转。 伴随我成长的, 伴随我成长的,是“到外面去玩,把你哥哥也带上。” 到外面去玩,把你哥哥也带上。 不带上他,我是哪里也去不了的。因此, 不带上他,我是哪里也去不了的。因此,我怂恿邻居的孩子到我 家来,尽情地玩孩子们玩 ...


   成功信念板 1. 重复旧的行为,只能得到旧的结果 2. 过去不等于未来 3. 没有失败只有结果 4. 我没有得到我要的,就即将得到更好的 5. 成功者愿意做一般人不愿意做的事,一般人不敢做的事和一般人做不到的事 6. 百分之百地下定决心、全力以赴 7. 任何事情的发生必有其目的,并有助于我 8. 重要的不是发生了什么,而是如何改善它 9. 无论发生什么,勇于负责 10. 成功者永不放弃,放弃者决不成功 11. 凡事皆有可能,不要自我设限 12. 凡事找方法不找借口 13. 重要的不是现在丢脸 ...


   本书由TXT小说电子书下载网站http://www.txtbook.com.cn提供. 声明:本书仅供读者预览,请在下载24小时内删除,不得用作商业用途;如果喜欢请购买正版图书! 1.推荐使用TXTBOOK Reader 电子书阅读器V2.0阅读电子书,下载地址:http://www.txtbook.com.cn/reader/ 2.手机访问TXTBOOK wap网站:http://wap.txtbook.com.cn,享受随时随地的阅读 3.找小说,上小说找着看:http://zzk.txt ...