2010高考英语《语法》 专题复习系列课件

  16《定语从句复习应 注意的问题》
热身: 热身: (安徽卷 安徽卷)
  34. Last week, only two people came to look at 安徽卷 the house, wanted to buy it. D A. none of them B. both of them C. none of whom D. neither of whom .(江苏卷 江苏卷)
  33. He was educated at the local high school, 江苏卷 he went on to Beijing University. A A. after which B. after that C. in which D. in that (上海卷 上海卷)
  37. His movie won several awards at the film 上海卷 festival, was beyond his wildest dream. A A. which B. that C. where D. it B (浙江卷 浙江卷)
  14. Chan’s restaurant on Baker Street, 浙江卷 used to be poorly run, is now a successful business. A. that B. which C. who D. where
一、引导定语从句的关系词
指代人 who,whom, who,whom,that
which, 指代事物 which,that whose, 所属关系 whose,of which 指地点 指时间 指原因 where when why
二、关系代词that和which在很多情况下可以互 关系代词 和 在很多情况下可以互 但下列情况只用that。 换,但下列情况只用 。 that All can be done has been done. that Do you have anything you don’t understand ? that There is little can be believed about it . that The book doesn’t say much amuses children. 先行词是 all ,everything,nothing,anything,something,much ,little,none等不定代词,引导定语从句用 等不定代词, 等不定代词 引导定语从句用that 。
that Hamburg is the most beautiful city I’ve ever seen. that This is the best TV is made in China.
The first museum he visited in China was the that History Museum.
先行词被形容词最高级或序数词修饰时, 先行词被形容词最高级或序数词修饰时, 引导定语从句用that 。 引导定语从句用
that I’ve read all the books you lent me. that No sample we nave received is satisfactory. that Please send us any information you have about the subject. that He is the only person was present at the time. 先行词被 any,some,no,much,few,little,every,all,very,o nly,last修饰时,引导定语从句用 修饰时, 修饰时 引导定语从句用that 。
The famous writer and his works the that radio broadcast have aroused great interest among the students. that A victim is a person,animal or thing suffers pain,death,harm,etc.
先行词中既有人又有事物时, 先行词中既有人又有事物时,引导定语从 句用that . 句用
that Who you have ever seen can do it better ? that Who you are talking to is the young fellow ?
Who做先行词时,引导定语从句用that 。 做先行词时,引导定语从句用 做先行词时
Well done !
三、不用that,而用 不用 ,而用which,who,whom的情况 , , 的情况
He made the same mistakes again , made his which parents very angry. Yesterday I bought a dictionary, cost me more which than 100 yuan . Mr Smith, gave a talk several months ago,will who come again. My uncle has come back from abroad, I whom haven’t met for along time.
在非限制性定语从句中,指事物用 在非限制性定语从句中,指事物用which, , 指人用who或whom。 指人用 或 。
Her bag ,in she put all her money,has which been stolen. This is the ring on she spent 1000 dollars. which whom Xiao Wang ,with I went to the concert, enjoy it very much.
在介词后面,指事物用 在介词后面,指事物用which,指人用 ,指人用whom。 。
注意: 注意:如何判断介词
  1、看定语从句中动词与介词的搭配 、
for The girl which he had fought all his life no longer seemed important to him. on He is the man whom I think you can depend .

  2、看定语从句中形容词与介词的搭配 、
He referred me to some reference books which I am not very familiar. with Dolphins might be trained to cooperate with fishermen and help them by finding in or even catching fish, all of which activities dolphins are expert.

  3、根据先行词判断,所用的介词与先行词 、根据先行词判断, 搭配
The rate which wild animals are at being destroyed has increased. This is our classroom , in the front of which there is a teacher’s desk.
The committee consists of 20 members,5 of whom are women. The book contains 50 poems, most of was which written in 1930s. There are two left, one of is almost which which finished ,and the other of is not quite. I have a sentence , the meaning of I don’t which understand.
名词/代词 数词 名词 代词/数词 of +which/whom 代词 数词+
Where 引导的定语从句。 引导的定语从句。
先行词是表示地点的名词或含有地点意义的抽 象名词,用来引导定语从句。 象名词,用来引导定语从句。Where 在从句中 作状语。 作状语。 This is the town where (= in which ) I spent my childhood. The table where (= at which ) she is sitting is a new one. I’ll show you the paint where you failed. where The plants grow well there is a lot of rain. 状语从句
注意 1
区分where引导的定语从句和状 引导的定语从句和状 区分 语从句
Where前面有被修饰的地点名词时,是定语从句,否 前面有被修饰的地点名词时,是定语从句, 前面有被修饰的地点名词时 则是状语从句。
When you read books ,you had better make a mark at the spot where you have any questions. 定语从句 When you read books , you had better make a mark where you have any questions. 状语从句
注意 2
若定语从句缺主语或宾语,用 若定语从句缺主语或宾语, which或that引导定语从句。 引导定语从句。 或 引导定语从句
where The library students often study was on fire last night. The library, was built in the 1930s,needs which repairing. The library you visited yesterday was built which in 19
  90.
When 引导的定语从句。 引导的定语从句。
先行词是表示时间的名词, 先行词是表示时间的名词,用when引导定 引导定 语从句。在从句作状语。 语从句。在从句作状语。
I’ll never forget the day when (= on which ) I met you. This was the time when ( =at which ) he left for Beijing . We will put off the outing until next week, when we won’t be busy.
注意: 注意:
若定语从句缺主语或宾语, 若定语从句缺主语或宾语,用which 引导定语从句。 或that引导定语从句。 引导定语从句
when I’ll never forget the day we first met in the park.
I’ll never forget the time I spent which\that on campus. I’ll never forget the time was which\that spent with you.
why引导的定语从句。 引导的定语从句。 引导的定语从句
先行词是表示原因的名词,用引导定语从句。从句 先行词是表示原因的名词,用引导定语从句。 作状语。 作状语。 This is the reason why ( = for which ) I didn’t come here. The reason she gave was not true. which\that
whose 引导的定语从句。 引导的定语从句。
表示所属关系。 表示所属关系。 The river banks are covered with trees whose flows to the sea. There are in this class 20 students, are different. A.whose backgrounds B.the backgrounds of whom C.of whom the backgrounds D.the backgrounds of whose
引导词的作用你明白了吗? 引导词的作用你明白了吗?

  1、连接主句和从句; 连接主句和从句;
  2、替代先行词; 替代先行词;
  3、在从句中充当成分。 在从句中充当成分。
As 和 Which 的区别
as
  1. These houses are sold at such a low price people expected. as
  2. He is not the same man he was. which
  3. We moved the stone away from the road, took us an hour. as
  4. He died of cancer, is expected.
as
  5. He must be from Canada, is clear from his books. which
  6. He invited me to dinner, was kind of him. as
  7. He made a long speech, was expected. which
  8. He made a long speech, was unexpected. which
  9. Tom drinks a lot every day, his wife doesn’t like at all.
such + 名词 +as +从句 从句 像、、、、、、一样的,像、、、、、、之类 、、、、、、一样的, 、、、、、、之类 一样的 the same +名词 as +从句 名词+ 名词 从句 和、、、、、、同类的 、、、、、、同类的 as 在从句中作主语、宾语或者表语。 在从句中作主语、宾语或者表语。
代替前面的句子,表示“这一点,这件事” Which 代替前面的句子,表示“这一点,这件事”
As 代替前面的句子,表示“正如,好像” 代替前面的句子, 正如,好像”
当从句是主系表结构时: 当从句是主系表结构时: 主句是一种判断, As :主句是一种判断,从句说明理由 因为) (因为) Which:主句是一个事实, Which:主句是一个事实,从句是一种评 价。
当主句和从句语义一致时, 当主句和从句语义一致时,用as 当两句语义不一致或从句为否定 时,用which

  1. After living in Paris for 50 years, he returned to the small town he grew up as a child. B A. which B. where C. that D. when
A
  2. I never forget the days we spent together. A. that B. when C. whose D. what

  3. Have you seen the film “Brokenback Mountain” , C leading actor is world famous? A. its B. it’s C. whose D. which
A
  4. This is the book I paid ten yuan. A. for which C. which B. for that D. off which
C
  5. The teacher discussed with Jim, problem was poor study habits.
A. one of which C. whose
B. one of whose D. which
B
  6. The gentleman you told me yesterday proved to be a thief. A. who C. whom B. about whom D. with whom

  7. There are two buildings, stands nearly a D hundred feet high. A. the larger C. the larger one that B. the larger of them D. the larger of which

  8. American women usually identify their best friend D as someone they can talk frequently. A. who C. about which B. as D. with whom
C
  9. The film brought the hours back to me I was taken good care of in that faraway village. A. until B. that C. when D. where
C
  10. I can think of many cases students obviously knew a lot of English words and expressions but couldn’t write a good essay. A. what B. which C. where D. when

  11. Do you know the girl to your class teacher B is talking? A. that B. whom C. who D. which D
  12.The factory his mother works is in the east of the city. A. That B. which C. on which D. where

  13. Is oxygen the only gas helps fire burn? A A. that B. 不填 C. which D. it

  14. Her hand was struck out of the second story B window, she could pick the apples on the tree. A. There C. in which B. from where D. from which
C
  15. Tom as well as his friends who football matches to school today. A. likes, hasn’t gone C. like, hasn’t gone B. likes, haven’t gone D. like, haven’t gone
解题要领: 解题要领:
根据定语从句中所缺成分来确定是用关 系代词还是关系副词,决不要因为先行词是时 系代词还是关系副词, 间名词就用when, 是地点名词就用where. 间名词就用when, 是地点名词就用where.
选择引导词的总原则: 选择引导词的总原则:
将引导词放入定语从句中, 将引导词放入定语从句中,看其充当的 成分,如果充当主、 用关系代词; 成分,如果充当主、宾、表,用关系代词; 如果充当状语,用关系副词。 如果充当状语,用关系副词。根据其在从句 中的搭配选择相应的介词+which +which。 中的搭配选择相应的介词+which。
定语从句的运用: 定语从句的运用: A letter to Tom 我收到了你上周的来信.谢谢你寄的照片. 我收到了你上周的来信.谢谢你寄的照片. 我常常想起我们一起度过的时光. 我常常想起我们一起度过的时光.那座顶 上有只海鸥的纪念碑真漂亮. 上有只海鸥的纪念碑真漂亮.你还记得那 个湖吗?我们在那还照过一张相呢. 个湖吗?我们在那还照过一张相呢.和我们 一起玩的那些小朋友还好吗?另外, 一起玩的那些小朋友还好吗?另外,我有一 本绿色封面的书丢在你那了.请帮我寄来. 本绿色封面的书丢在你那了.请帮我寄来.
I have received the letter you posted last week. Thanks for the photos you sent. I often think of the time we spent together. The monument on top of which there is a seagull is really beautiful. Do you still remember the lake where we had a picture taken? How are the children who played with us? Besides, I had a book left in your house the cover of which is green. Please send it to me.
Dear Tom, I have received the letter that you sent to me last week.Thanks for the photoes which are in the letter sent by you.I always think of the happy time that we spent together.T he roof which there is memorial that a sea gull on it is really very beautiful.Do you remember the lake which we took a photo there?And how is the children with w
 

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