2010高考英语《语法》 专题复习系列课件

  16《定语从句复习应 注意的问题》
热身: 热身: (安徽卷 安徽卷)
  34. Last week, only two people came to look at 安徽卷 the house, wanted to buy it. D A. none of them B. both of them C. none of whom D. neither of whom .(江苏卷 江苏卷)
  33. He was educated at the local high school, 江苏卷 he went on to Beijing University. A A. after which B. after that C. in which D. in that (上海卷 上海卷)
  37. His movie won several awards at the film 上海卷 festival, was beyond his wildest dream. A A. which B. that C. where D. it B (浙江卷 浙江卷)
  14. Chan’s restaurant on Baker Street, 浙江卷 used to be poorly run, is now a successful business. A. that B. which C. who D. where
一、引导定语从句的关系词
指代人 who,whom, who,whom,that
which, 指代事物 which,that whose, 所属关系 whose,of which 指地点 指时间 指原因 where when why
二、关系代词that和which在很多情况下可以互 关系代词 和 在很多情况下可以互 但下列情况只用that。 换,但下列情况只用 。 that All can be done has been done. that Do you have anything you don’t understand ? that There is little can be believed about it . that The book doesn’t say much amuses children. 先行词是 all ,everything,nothing,anything,something,much ,little,none等不定代词,引导定语从句用 等不定代词, 等不定代词 引导定语从句用that 。
that Hamburg is the most beautiful city I’ve ever seen. that This is the best TV is made in China.
The first museum he visited in China was the that History Museum.
先行词被形容词最高级或序数词修饰时, 先行词被形容词最高级或序数词修饰时, 引导定语从句用that 。 引导定语从句用
that I’ve read all the books you lent me. that No sample we nave received is satisfactory. that Please send us any information you have about the subject. that He is the only person was present at the time. 先行词被 any,some,no,much,few,little,every,all,very,o nly,last修饰时,引导定语从句用 修饰时, 修饰时 引导定语从句用that 。
The famous writer and his works the that radio broadcast have aroused great interest among the students. that A victim is a person,animal or thing suffers pain,death,harm,etc.
先行词中既有人又有事物时, 先行词中既有人又有事物时,引导定语从 句用that . 句用
that Who you have ever seen can do it better ? that Who you are talking to is the young fellow ?
Who做先行词时,引导定语从句用that 。 做先行词时,引导定语从句用 做先行词时
Well done !
三、不用that,而用 不用 ,而用which,who,whom的情况 , , 的情况
He made the same mistakes again , made his which parents very angry. Yesterday I bought a dictionary, cost me more which than 100 yuan . Mr Smith, gave a talk several months ago,will who come again. My uncle has come back from abroad, I whom haven’t met for along time.
在非限制性定语从句中,指事物用 在非限制性定语从句中,指事物用which, , 指人用who或whom。 指人用 或 。
Her bag ,in she put all her money,has which been stolen. This is the ring on she spent 1000 dollars. which whom Xiao Wang ,with I went to the concert, enjoy it very much.
在介词后面,指事物用 在介词后面,指事物用which,指人用 ,指人用whom。 。
注意: 注意:如何判断介词
  1、看定语从句中动词与介词的搭配 、
for The girl which he had fought all his life no longer seemed important to him. on He is the man whom I think you can depend .

  2、看定语从句中形容词与介词的搭配 、
He referred me to some reference books which I am not very familiar. with Dolphins might be trained to cooperate with fishermen and help them by finding in or even catching fish, all of which activities dolphins are expert.

  3、根据先行词判断,所用的介词与先行词 、根据先行词判断, 搭配
The rate which wild animals are at being destroyed has increased. This is our classroom , in the front of which there is a teacher’s desk.
The committee consists of 20 members,5 of whom are women. The book contains 50 poems, most of was which written in 1930s. There are two left, one of is almost which which finished ,and the other of is not quite. I have a sentence , the meaning of I don’t which understand.
名词/代词 数词 名词 代词/数词 of +which/whom 代词 数词+
Where 引导的定语从句。 引导的定语从句。
先行词是表示地点的名词或含有地点意义的抽 象名词,用来引导定语从句。 象名词,用来引导定语从句。Where 在从句中 作状语。 作状语。 This is the town where (= in which ) I spent my childhood. The table where (= at which ) she is sitting is a new one. I’ll show you the paint where you failed. where The plants grow well there is a lot of rain. 状语从句
注意 1
区分where引导的定语从句和状 引导的定语从句和状 区分 语从句
Where前面有被修饰的地点名词时,是定语从句,否 前面有被修饰的地点名词时,是定语从句, 前面有被修饰的地点名词时 则是状语从句。
When you read books ,you had better make a mark at the spot where you have any questions. 定语从句 When you read books , you had better make a mark where you have any questions. 状语从句
注意 2
若定语从句缺主语或宾语,用 若定语从句缺主语或宾语, which或that引导定语从句。 引导定语从句。 或 引导定语从句
where The library students often study was on fire last night. The library, was built in the 1930s,needs which repairing. The library you visited yesterday was built which in 19
  90.
When 引导的定语从句。 引导的定语从句。
先行词是表示时间的名词, 先行词是表示时间的名词,用when引导定 引导定 语从句。在从句作状语。 语从句。在从句作状语。
I’ll never forget the day when (= on which ) I met you. This was the time when ( =at which ) he left for Beijing . We will put off the outing until next week, when we won’t be busy.
注意: 注意:
若定语从句缺主语或宾语, 若定语从句缺主语或宾语,用which 引导定语从句。 或that引导定语从句。 引导定语从句
when I’ll never forget the day we first met in the park.
I’ll never forget the time I spent which\that on campus. I’ll never forget the time was which\that spent with you.
why引导的定语从句。 引导的定语从句。 引导的定语从句
先行词是表示原因的名词,用引导定语从句。从句 先行词是表示原因的名词,用引导定语从句。 作状语。 作状语。 This is the reason why ( = for which ) I didn’t come here. The reason she gave was not true. which\that
whose 引导的定语从句。 引导的定语从句。
表示所属关系。 表示所属关系。 The river banks are covered with trees whose flows to the sea. There are in this class 20 students, are different. A.whose backgrounds B.the backgrounds of whom C.of whom the backgrounds D.the backgrounds of whose
引导词的作用你明白了吗? 引导词的作用你明白了吗?

  1、连接主句和从句; 连接主句和从句;
  2、替代先行词; 替代先行词;
  3、在从句中充当成分。 在从句中充当成分。
As 和 Which 的区别
as
  1. These houses are sold at such a low price people expected. as
  2. He is not the same man he was. which
  3. We moved the stone away from the road, took us an hour. as
  4. He died of cancer, is expected.
as
  5. He must be from Canada, is clear from his books. which
  6. He invited me to dinner, was kind of him. as
  7. He made a long speech, was expected. which
  8. He made a long speech, was unexpected. which
  9. Tom drinks a lot every day, his wife doesn’t like at all.
such + 名词 +as +从句 从句 像、、、、、、一样的,像、、、、、、之类 、、、、、、一样的, 、、、、、、之类 一样的 the same +名词 as +从句 名词+ 名词 从句 和、、、、、、同类的 、、、、、、同类的 as 在从句中作主语、宾语或者表语。 在从句中作主语、宾语或者表语。
代替前面的句子,表示“这一点,这件事” Which 代替前面的句子,表示“这一点,这件事”
As 代替前面的句子,表示“正如,好像” 代替前面的句子, 正如,好像”
当从句是主系表结构时: 当从句是主系表结构时: 主句是一种判断, As :主句是一种判断,从句说明理由 因为) (因为) Which:主句是一个事实, Which:主句是一个事实,从句是一种评 价。
当主句和从句语义一致时, 当主句和从句语义一致时,用as 当两句语义不一致或从句为否定 时,用which

  1. After living in Paris for 50 years, he returned to the small town he grew up as a child. B A. which B. where C. that D. when
A
  2. I never forget the days we spent together. A. that B. when C. whose D. what

  3. Have you seen the film “Brokenback Mountain” , C leading actor is world famous? A. its B. it’s C. whose D. which
A
  4. This is the book I paid ten yuan. A. for which C. which B. for that D. off which
C
  5. The teacher discussed with Jim, problem was poor study habits.
A. one of which C. whose
B. one of whose D. which
B
  6. The gentleman you told me yesterday proved to be a thief. A. who C. whom B. about whom D. with whom

  7. There are two buildings, stands nearly a D hundred feet high. A. the larger C. the larger one that B. the larger of them D. the larger of which

  8. American women usually identify their best friend D as someone they can talk frequently. A. who C. about which B. as D. with whom
C
  9. The film brought the hours back to me I was taken good care of in that faraway village. A. until B. that C. when D. where
C
  10. I can think of many cases students obviously knew a lot of English words and expressions but couldn’t write a good essay. A. what B. which C. where D. when

  11. Do you know the girl to your class teacher B is talking? A. that B. whom C. who D. which D
  12.The factory his mother works is in the east of the city. A. That B. which C. on which D. where

  13. Is oxygen the only gas helps fire burn? A A. that B. 不填 C. which D. it

  14. Her hand was struck out of the second story B window, she could pick the apples on the tree. A. There C. in which B. from where D. from which
C
  15. Tom as well as his friends who football matches to school today. A. likes, hasn’t gone C. like, hasn’t gone B. likes, haven’t gone D. like, haven’t gone
解题要领: 解题要领:
根据定语从句中所缺成分来确定是用关 系代词还是关系副词,决不要因为先行词是时 系代词还是关系副词, 间名词就用when, 是地点名词就用where. 间名词就用when, 是地点名词就用where.
选择引导词的总原则: 选择引导词的总原则:
将引导词放入定语从句中, 将引导词放入定语从句中,看其充当的 成分,如果充当主、 用关系代词; 成分,如果充当主、宾、表,用关系代词; 如果充当状语,用关系副词。 如果充当状语,用关系副词。根据其在从句 中的搭配选择相应的介词+which +which。 中的搭配选择相应的介词+which。
定语从句的运用: 定语从句的运用: A letter to Tom 我收到了你上周的来信.谢谢你寄的照片. 我收到了你上周的来信.谢谢你寄的照片. 我常常想起我们一起度过的时光. 我常常想起我们一起度过的时光.那座顶 上有只海鸥的纪念碑真漂亮. 上有只海鸥的纪念碑真漂亮.你还记得那 个湖吗?我们在那还照过一张相呢. 个湖吗?我们在那还照过一张相呢.和我们 一起玩的那些小朋友还好吗?另外, 一起玩的那些小朋友还好吗?另外,我有一 本绿色封面的书丢在你那了.请帮我寄来. 本绿色封面的书丢在你那了.请帮我寄来.
I have received the letter you posted last week. Thanks for the photos you sent. I often think of the time we spent together. The monument on top of which there is a seagull is really beautiful. Do you still remember the lake where we had a picture taken? How are the children who played with us? Besides, I had a book left in your house the cover of which is green. Please send it to me.
Dear Tom, I have received the letter that you sent to me last week.Thanks for the photoes which are in the letter sent by you.I always think of the happy time that we spent together.T he roof which there is memorial that a sea gull on it is really very beautiful.Do you remember the lake which we took a photo there?And how is the children with w
 

相关内容

2010年中考英语语法考点复习-名词

   外语下载中心 http://down.tingroom.com 透析中考英语语法名词考点 【名词命题趋势与预测】 名词命题趋势与预测】 1、 根据近几年全国各地中考试题对名词部分考查的分析可知,今后对名词部分的考查重点 为: 2、 名词的可数与不可数性。 3、 名词单复数在特定情况下的使用。 4、 名词的普通格与所有格作定语的选用。 5、 物质名词、抽象名词具体化。 名词词义的区别与固定搭配。 考点诠释】 【考点诠释】 名词的各种分类。 一、名词的各种分类。单、复数的用法及单数名词变复数名词 ...

2011届高考英语二轮专题复习课件:第13讲 名词性从句

   第13讲 13讲 just for a change? 名词性从句 例① ? How about camping this weekend, C ? OK, you want. A. whichever C. whatever B. however D. whoever 解析] 本题考查引导词。 句意: [ 解析 ] 本题考查引导词 。 句意 : “ 这个周末 野营怎么样,来点新鲜的?”“好啊 好啊, 野营怎么样,来点新鲜的?”“好啊,按你的意思 吧!”句子缺少宾语,故用whatever。 ...

7.写作基础2010广东高考英语专题复习

   句型概述:所谓简单句就是由一个主语 包括并列 句型概述:所谓简单句就是由一个主语(包括并列 主语)和一个谓语 包括并列谓语)组成的句子 和一个谓语(包括并列谓语 组成的句子, 主语 和一个谓语 包括并列谓语 组成的句子,即 一个主谓关系的句子.五个基本句型如下: 一个主谓关系的句子.五个基本句型如下: 基本句型例句与译文(多选自高考参考范文 望熟读 基本句型例句与译文 多选自高考参考范文,望熟读 多选自高考参考范文 体会,力求背诵 力求背诵) 体会 力求背诵 主+谓The sport fir ...

高中英语语法专题训练题--定语从句练习新人教版必修1

   练习、 练习、定语从句 一、把下列每对句子合并成含有定语从句的主从复合句: 1. The fan is on the desk. You want it. 2. The man is in the next room. He brought our textbooks here yesterday. 3. The magazine is mine. He has taken it away. 4. The students will not pass the exam. They don’t ...

初三英语《状语从句》专题复习课件

   初三英语专题复习之 状语从句 望江县古炉初级中学 陈方水 一、概念 1.定义:在主从复合句中,用于修饰主句中动词、形容词或副 1.定义:在主从复合句中,用于修饰主句中动词、形容词或副 词的句子,叫状语从句。 2.类型:状语从句按其在句中的作用分为:时间、地点、原因、 2.类型:状语从句按其在句中的作用分为:时间、地点、原因、 目的、结果、条件、方式、让步、比较状语从句九类。 3.位置:由从属连词引导,可位于主句前,亦可位于主句后。 3.位置:由从属连词引导,可位于主句前,亦可位于主句后。 位 ...

高考英语二轮专题复习课件-定语从句考点例析

   定语从句高考 考点例析 Last week I bought a book. It is very interesting Last week I bought a book and it is very interesting. The book (that /which )I bought last week is very interesting. Last week I bought a book , which is very interesting. 限 制 性 定 语 从 句 ...

2011年中考英语语法专题复习1词类、句子成分和构词法

   一、词类、句子成分和构词法: 1、词类:英语词类分十种: 名词、形容词、代词、数词、冠词、动词、副词、介词、连词、感叹词。 1、名词(n.): 表示人、事物、地点或抽象概念的名称。如:boy, morning, bag, ball, class, orange. 2、代词(pron.): 主要用来代替名词。如:who, she, you, it . 3、形容词(adj..):表示人或事物的性质或特征。如:good, right, white, orange . 4、 ...

2011届中考英语专题复习九:定语从句的考点讲解和训练

   中考英语专题: 中考英语专题:定语从句的考点讲解和训练 一. 定语从句的功用和结构 在复合句中,修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫做定语从句。被定从句修饰的词叫 做先行词。定语从句必须放在先行词之后。引导定语从句的关联词有关系代词和关 系副词。例如: This is the present that he gave me for my birthday. Do you know everybody who came to the party? I still remember the night w ...

高考英语定语从句考点

   定语从句 the Attributive Clause 定语从句 (一).定语从句 构成及种类 一 定语从句 构成及种类: 1>.The school where we live and study lies west of the town. 限制性定语从句 2>.I, who am your English teacher, will try my best to help you. 结构: 结构: 先行词 + 关系词 + 定语从句 非限制性定语从句 (二).如何使用引导词 ...

09年高考英语议论文复习写作课件

   表示时间关系:first, second, then, finally/at last/ / in the end , soon immediately, suddenly, at the same time, meanwhile, recently 表示对称顺序关系: 表示对称顺序关系:for one thing….. for the other thing, on one hand,…..on the other hand,above , all, first of all, first ...

热门内容

四年级英语上学期13课教案

   课题 13 Where do they work? 课型 新授课 1 课时 第 1 课时 教 学 目 标 知识与技能目标:1、看图片,正确的认读拼写单词 mall grocery store 2、能够熟练地回答 Where do they work? Where does she work? A works in a . 过程与方法目标:依托课件,借助情景,帮助学生形象、直观地学习某种职业的人 在哪里工作。 情感态度价值观目标:理解课文的大意能熟练运用, 教育学生要有远大的理想 提问学生 W ...

英语翻译总结

   英语翻译总结 Unit 1 passageA 1. 自从有了移动电话后,他再也没有给朋友写信了。(no longer) Answer:He has no longer written to his friends ever since he got a mobile phone. 2. 尽管很忙,他每天至少花两小时上网(surf the Internet),了解这个领域的 最新动态。(even though) Answer:Even though he is very busy, he sp ...

2010高考英语语法知识点归纳总结:代词

   高考资源网(ks5u.com) 您身边的高考专家 三,代词 I. 代词可以分为以下八大类 主格 宾格 1 人称代 词 形容词性物 主代词 名词性物主 代词 2 3 4 5 6 7 类 别 反身代词 指示代词 疑问代词 关系代词/连接代词 不定代词 相互代词 区 别 I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they me, you, him, her, it, us, you, them my, your, his, her, its, our, their mine, y ...

英语口语8000句-喜欢、讨厌时

   喜欢、 英语口语 8000 句-喜欢、讨厌时 喜欢 我喜欢。 I like it. How's your new job? (你的新工作怎么样?) I like it. (我很喜欢。) 我最爱吃比萨饼。 。 I love pizza. *女性常用 love 表示“很喜欢” I live for pizza. (没有比萨饼我几乎活不下去。) Pizza is the greatest. (比萨是最好吃的。) 我喜欢这套衣服。 I like this dress. I like this dre ...

全国2010年高考英语试题及答案-全国2

   2010 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(全国二卷) 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(全国二卷) 英语 第一卷(选择题) 第一部分 英语知识运用 第一节 语音知识(共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,找出其 划线部分与所给单词的划线部分读音相同的选项,并 在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 1. Come A. 2. dead A. eager 3. united A. use 4. ours A. outside 5. thirty A. theatre B. ...