?2010年高考英语 年高考英语 ?复习精讲精练课件 复习精讲精练课件
主语从句在句中做 主语 表语从句在句中做 表语
  1. That he will come is certain.
宾语从句在句中做 宾语 同位语从句在句中 同位语

  2. I know that he will come.

  3. The truth is that I have been there.

  4. The fact that she was late surprised us.

  1. 为什么叫名词性从句?
名词能做的成分,从句都能 做

  2. 为什么要有名词性从句? 从句表达的意思比名词复杂得多 比较: The man looked around. 那人看了看四周. (名词作主语) That the boy failed again in the exam disappointed his mother.
(从句作主语) 同样作主语,从句可以表示较复杂的含义,一般是个动作或性质
I know him. I know that he is writing his composition in his room 我知道他在房间里写作文. 从句的特征: 是一个句子,有一个引导词,引导词做从句的一个成分 (that 除外)
主语从句 位于句首
从 句 that whether who whom whose 引导词: what which when where why how

  1. That he knows Japanese is known to all. That无词义 不可省略 无词义,不可省略 无词义 他懂英语,这一点大家都知道
  2. What surprised me was to see him here . What “什么”, “所….
  3. When he will come is unknown . 的”
Details Details Details Details
When “什么时候”
  4. Whether he is coming doesn’t matter much. 主语从句不用 主语从句不用 if
  5. It remains a secret how they climbed up the mountain. 他们是怎么登上山顶的仍是个秘密.
  2.主语较长时通常放在后面,句首主语用 It
It 作主语的常用句型有:
  1. It + be +形容词 + that 从句
  2. It + be +名称词组(duty/pity..) + that 从句
  3. It + be + 过去分词(said/thought..) + that 从句
  4. It +不及物动词(seem/happen..) + that 从句

  4. 真可惜我们不能去游泳.
It is a pity that we can’t go swimming.
It happened that I was out that day.
happen只有 it 句型
It is certain that he will do well in the exam.
It is said that he told her everything.
It is said只有 it 句型 More
注意: It looked that he was right. ( × ) 可以说: It looks as if….
用形式主语 it 的主语从句常见结构
  1. It is clear (necessary, important, possible,remarkable that… 很清楚(必要, 重要,可能, 值得注意等)…
  2. It is a fact (a good thing, good news…) that … 事实是 ( 好事是,好消息是…)…
  3. It is well-known ( reported, recorded, estimated,said, believed) that…众所周知( 据报道,,据记载,据说,据估
  4. 计)… out ( seems, happens, appears…) that… 结果 It turns 是 ( 似乎是, 碰巧是, 好象是…)…
  5. It has been found (has been proved,can be seen,must be pointed out) that …已发现( 已证明,可以看出,需指 出)…
用 it 句型翻译:

  1. 据说今年高一学生要学新教材.
→ It is said that the Senior Grade one students will learn a new text
  2. 事实是他们靠自己完成了所有的任务. this year. → It is a fact that they finished all the work by themselves. √

  5. 碰巧他们已经参加过军训了. 众所周知, 比尔 ? 盖茨是世界上最富有的人. 我们应该养成好的学习习惯这很重要.
→ It happened that they had had their military training. → It is well-known that Bill Gates is the richest person in the world. → It is important that we (should) form a good habit of studying. √ Note: It is important/necessary/natural/our duty/essential/strange that sb (should) do sth. 固定句型, should可以省略 翻译: 真奇怪他今天竟然迟到了. It is strange that he should be late today. strange不省略should为好
  1. The truth is that he has never been to the countryside. 实际情况是他从未去过农村. that 一般不省略
  2. The question is whether w can finish the experiment by Friday. 问题在于我们能否在明天下午之前完成这项实验. 表语从句不用 if
  3. It looks as if it were going to rain.
好象看上去要下雨似的. (其实不会)
从 句 同主语从句 (11个), 外加as if / 引导词: as though,
as if /as though从句常表示 不真实的情况
She talks as if /as though she had been there before . 她说话的口气好象以前去过那儿似的.

  4. This school is no longer what it was before.
这所学校已不再是从前的那个样子了. what =the thing that
注意下列表语从句中where, how, why 的译法
  1. This is where Lu Xun once lived. 固定句型: This is where…
这就是鲁迅曾经住过的地方. 这就是…的地方 This is why …
  2. That was how they won the match. 这就是…的原因 他们就是这样赢得这场比赛的. This is how….
  3. This is why she got up so early this morning. 这就是…的方法 这就是她为什么今天早上起得这么早的原因. .

  1. 我们就是这样克服困难的.
This is / That was how we overcame the difficulties.

  2. 那就是他昨天缺席的原因.
That is why he was absent yesterday.

  3. 这就是我们上星期碰头的地方.
This is where we met last Sunday.
This is 总是现在时 That is 表示性质 That was 指过去动作
宾语从句中的连接词that在以下三种情况下不 宾语从句中的连接词 在以下三种情况下不 能省略: 能省略: ? (
  1)当that 从句与另一名词性从句并列作 ) 宾语时,第二个that不能省 不能省; 宾语时,第二个that不能省; ? (
  2)当that作介词宾语时,that不可省掉。 作介词宾语时, 不可省掉。 ) 作介词宾语时 不可省掉 ? (
  3)用it做形式宾语的宾语从句 ) 做形式宾语的宾语从句 ? Everyone knew what happened and that she was worried. ? The reason lies in that she works harder than the others do.
whether与if的辨用 与 的辨用
? 表“是否”时,在下列情况下用whether。
? a. 主语从句 b. 表语从句 c. 同位语从句 e. 介词后的宾语从句 f.后接动词不定式 (whether to do sth.) g .whether or not 连在一起引导宾语从 句时不用if 句时不用

  2.注意 whether和if的使用区别 注意 和 的使用区别

  1).whether和if都可以引导宾语从句 和 都可以引导宾语从句 a..当whether后紧跟 not时,不用 当 后紧跟or 时 不用if. 后紧跟 不用 eg: I don’t know whether or not I will stay. b.介词后面的宾语从句不能用if. 介词后面的宾语从句不能用 介词后面的宾语从句不能用 eg: I worry about whether I hurt her feeling.
Practice time
if / whether if / whether
  1. I asked her she had a bike. whether
  3. We’re worried about he is safe. whether /if he is well
  4. I don’t know or not. whether
  5. I don’t know or not he is well. whether
  8. I don’t know to go.
  1. I doubt if / whether he will pass the exam.
  2. I don’t doubt that we will win the match.
  3. Do you doubt that he did it on his own? 肯定句中用 if / whether 否定句中用 that 疑定句中用 that

  1. I doubt if / whether is telling the truth. he that
  2. We never doubt the plan will be carried out . that
  3. Does he doubt you are from Austria?
  4. I’m doubtful if / whether he will agree to this.
that 从句只跟在 except,but, in ,besides, save五个介词后面

  1. The Swede stood still, except his lips moved slightly. that
  2. She is not satisfied with what she has achieved. how
  3. Mary always thinks of she can do more for the class.
  4. He wrote a letter of thanks to whoever helped him. (任何一个)
  5. It depends on if we have enough time. time. whether we have enough what you have done?
  6. Are you sorry for whichyou have done? 宾语从句经常作表语形容词的宾语
  1. I’m afraid (that ) I’ll be late. 我恐怕要迟到了. that 可以省略
  2. We were surprised that he lost the game.
介词后面不用 if
介词后面不用 which
此类表语形容词有: afraid pleased happy satisfied anxious sure surprised certain glad aware用它们造句
We consider her suitable for the job.
宾语 宾补
I consider that we should learn English well
it不能漏 I consider it necessary that we should learn English well consider find think feel make 等动词常带宾语补足 语,这时要用形式宾语 it ,宾语从句放到宾补之后
我认为学好英 语是必要的.

  1. We think that middle school students master one foreign language possible . (改用形式宾语 it ) We think it possible that middle school students master one foreign language.
  2. We have made that a foreign language is useful weapon in the struggle of life clear. (改用形式宾语 it ) We have made it clear that a foreign language is useful weapon in the struggle of life. . More

  1. The emperor was pleased by which the minister told him about it. what
  2. Are you sorry for that you have annoyed him? it this should be kept secret for the secret for the time
  3. I find thatnecessary that this should be kept time being necessary. being
  4. Can you doubt if she will succeed? ? that she will succeed

  5. I worried about if my brother brother willin time.in time. whether my will return return
  6. She said that she had never told a lie. has will leave for Paris?
  7. Will you tell me when he leaves for Paris?

  8. That our football team won the match last Sunday excited of us. us Our football team won the match last Sunday excited all all of seemed
  9. ItIt looked that he was well prepared for the unexpected challenge.
  10.What he said moved everyone present. 没有It look that…表达式 That that不做句子成分
同位语从句说 明它们的内容
被修饰词有: fact, news, hope, opinion, order, question, problem, belief, truth, theory, decision, discovery, conclusion, promise, rumor, fear, thought, suggestion, plan, idea…
常见引导词: that , whether ( if ), how, wh- 疑问词
  1. The fact that deeds are better than words is quite clear.

  2. The question how I did it is hard to answer.
that 无词义

  3. They had no idea where they should go to find some food.

  4. The question whether he comes or not is not important. ( if )
他是否 是否来这个问题不重要. 是否

  5. A thought came to me that he might be in the library.

  1.Two thirds of all girls in Britain are on a diet./ The fact worries their parents and teachers a lot. The fact that two thirds of all girls are on a diet worries their parents and teachers a lot.
  2.The Queen of England was on a three-day visit in China./ the news We heard last night. We heard the news last night that the Queen of England was on a three-day visit in China.

  3.Teenagers should not spend too much time online./ Many British parents hold the view. Many British parents hold the view that teenagers shouldn’t spend too much time online.
  4.Time travel is possible./ There is no scientific proof for the idea. There is no scientific proof for the idea that time travel is possible.

  5.Chinese students should be given more free time./ The suggestion is welcomed by many people, especially kids in school. The suggestion that Chinese students should be given more free time is welcomed by many people, especially kids in school.
一、同位语从句与定语 从句的相似之处

  1、两种从句都可以译成定语 、 e.g. The news that our team has won the final match
is encouraging. (同位语从句) 我们队取得决赛胜利的消息令人鼓舞 消息令人鼓舞。 我们队取得决赛胜利的消息令人鼓舞。 The news that you told us is really encouraging. (定语从句)你告诉我们的消息真的令人鼓舞。 你告诉我们的消息真的令人鼓舞 你告诉我们的消息真的令人鼓舞。

  2、两种从句都可以用that引导 、两种从句都可以用 引导 e.g.
The suggestion that students should learn something practical is worth considering. 同位语从句) (同位语从句) 学生应该学些实用的东西的建议值得考虑 建议值得考虑。 学生应该学些实用的东西的建议值得考虑。 The suggestion that is worth considering is that the students should learn something practical. 定语从句)值得考虑的建议是学生应该学 (定语从句)值



   2010 年高考英语听力训练困难及对策的探究 年高考英语听力训练困难及对策 对策的探究 高三备课组 李翠萍 2010 年 1 月 16 日 自海南高考英语听力测试成绩计入总成绩以来,体现了听力在高中英语学习中的重要 地位。然而,听力历来是中学英语教学的薄弱环节,如何提高学生的英语听力水平,特别是 在高考的关键时刻,是广大师生关注的问题。通过学习、实践、总结,认识到高中学生听英 语主要有三方面的困难: (1)心理上的困难; (2)语言上的困难; (3)内容上的困难。要提 高高三学生的英语听力水 ...


   2010 年高考英语作文真题题目及范文 江西卷 英语中“please. ” “thank you” “sorry”等礼貌用语具有增进友谊, 改善关系、 化解矛盾等神奇的力量, 因而被称为“magic words”。 “Magic 请 Power of Polite Words”为题写一篇 100 词左右的英语作文。体裁不限(叙述 文、议论文、说明文……) 【参考范文】 Magic Power of Polite Words We use magic words in our daily li ...


   一、英语书信的常见写作模板 开头部分: How nice to hear from you again. Let me tell you something about the activity. I’m glad to have received your letter of Apr. 9th. I’m pleased to hear that you’re coming to China for a visit. I’m writing to thank you for your help ...


   2010年高考英语作文题目预测及范文阅读 1. 书面表达热点预猜(1) 假设你是李红,你的一位美国笔友Robert写E-mail问及你高考后暑假的安排,请根据以下要点,写一封100词左右的email回复他, 可以适当增加细节。 1. 学开车 2. 参加英语培训课程 3. 去北京看奥运会 4. 游览北京的名胜 注意:1.根据以上内容写一篇短文,不要逐句翻译,可适当增加细节以使行文连贯。 2.要准确使用语法和词汇;使用一定的句型、词汇,清楚、连贯地表达自己的意思;3. 词数:100 ...


   [北京卷]2010 年高考英语听力材料 第一节 Text 1 W: Congratulations! I hear you are going to join the army. M: Thanks. But actually, it's my twin brother who's going to join the army. I am going to university. I wish to be a lawyer in the future. Text 2 W: Dad, can ...


   学英语简单吗?肯定会有许多学生说: 难死了 难死了”。 学英语简单吗?肯定会有许多学生说:“难死了 。 为什么有好多学生对英语的学习都感到头疼呢?答案只有一个: 不得法 不得法。 为什么有好多学生对英语的学习都感到头疼呢?答案只有一个:“不得法。” 英语与汉语一 样都是一种语言,为什么你说汉语会如此流利?那是因为你置身于一个汉语环境中, 样都是一种语言,为什么你说汉语会如此流利?那是因为你置身于一个汉语环境中,如果 你在伦敦呆上半年,保准说起英语来会非常流利。但很多中学生没有很好的英语环境, ...


   本资料来自于资源最齐全的21世纪教育网 www.21cnjy.com 绝密★ 绝密★启封并使用完毕前 2010 高考真题精品解析 英语(湖南卷) 高考真题精品解析--英语 湖南卷) 英语( 【名师点评】 整套试卷突出了语言运用能力的考查。其中语言知识部分,15 道单项选择 题侧重动词和句法;动词方面,考查了动词时态、语态、语气、主谓一致、非谓 语动词、情态动词,可谓是涉及了动词方方面面的语法知识。句法方面,考查了 强调句型、定语从句、状语从句和名词性从句,考查面也很广。完形填空第一节 全部考 ...


   嘉兴英语教学网 www.jxenglish.com 收集整理 欢迎使用 透析中考英语语法名词考点 【名词命题趋势与预测】 名词命题趋势与预测】 1、 根据近几年全国各地中考试题对名词部分考查的分析可知,今后对名词部分的考查重点 为: 2、 名词的可数与不可数性。 3、 名词单复数在特定情况下的使用。 4、 名词的普通格与所有格作定语的选用。 5、 物质名词、抽象名词具体化。 名词词义的区别与固定搭配。 考点诠释】 【考点诠释】 名词的各种分类。 一、名词的各种分类。单、复数的用法及单数名词变 ...


   高考英语作文万能模板   一、英语书信的常见写作模板   开头部分:   How nice to hear from you again.   Let me tell you something about the activity.   I’m glad to have received your letter of Apr. 9th.   I’m pleased to hear that you’re coming to China for a visit.   I’m writing t ...


   《倒装句》 倒装句》 倒装语序分为“全部倒装” 倒装语序分为“全部倒装”和“部分倒 装”。 在全部倒装的句子中, 在全部倒装的句子中,整个谓语都放在主 语的前面; 语的前面; 在部分倒装的句子中, 在部分倒装的句子中,只是谓语中的一部 如助动词、情态动词或系动词be be等 分(如助动词、情态动词或系动词be等) 放在主语前面,其余部分仍放在主语后面。 放在主语前面,其余部分仍放在主语后面。 等引起, 一 、 由 there, here 或 now 等引起 , 谓语为come( go)的句子 ...



   实验中学 2011 年中考英语二模预测卷 注意事项: 注意事项: 1、本试题分第Ⅰ卷和第Ⅱ卷两部分。第Ⅰ卷 8 页为选择题,65 分;第Ⅱ卷 4 页为非选 择题,55 分;共 120 分。考试时间为 120 分钟。 2、答第Ⅰ卷前务必将自己的姓名、考号、考试科目涂写在答题卡上。考试结束,试题 和答题卡一并收回。 3、 第Ⅰ卷每题选出答案后, 都必须用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号 (ABCD) 涂黑。如需改动,必须先用橡皮擦干净,再改涂其它答案。 4、听力填表题为第Ⅱ卷的第四大题, ...


   3.1a 英语学习收效不大的原因[1] 1.什麽时候补都来得及 不少人的英语学习成绩差是"一步跟不上,步步跟不上"形成的。初中一年级刚接触英语 时,一般人都怀有很大的好奇心,喜欢学英语,但是很快就会分化。有的学生学得好,他们 越学越喜欢英语;有的学生学得不好,他们对英语的好奇心很快就会消失,慢慢地会害怕上 英语课,而且是每前进一课,对英语的害怕程度就增一分。 形成这种分化的原因很多, 其中很主要的一个原因是在初中一年级第一学期时是不是重 视语音知识的学习和课文的朗读背诵, ...


   英语副词、介词和连词 英语副词、介词和连词 1) 时间和频度副词: now,then,often,always,usually,early,today, lately, next,last,already,generally,frequently, seldom,ever,never,yet,soon,too, immediately, hardly,finally,shortly, before, ago,sometimes, yesterday. 2) 地点副词: here, there ...


   第一单元 非谓语动词 英语中非谓语动词有三种形式,即不定式、动名 词和分词。三种非谓语动词保留了动词的特 性,具有语态和时式的变化。 1. 1.不定式的语态和时式 以动词do为例 do 时式 一般式 完成式 进行式 语态 主动 to do to have done to be doing 被动 to be done to have been done 2.动名词的语态和时式 以动词do为例 时式 一般式 完成式 语态 主动 doing having done 被动 being done ha ...


   商务英语 900 句 1 i want a package deal including airfare and hotel. 我需要一个成套服务,包括机票和住宿 2 i’d like to change this ticket to the first class. 我想把这张票换成头等车。 3 i’d like to reserve a sleeper to chicago. 我要预订去芝加哥的卧铺。 4 i won’t check this baggage 这件行李我不托运。 5 i’ ...