?2010年高考英语 年高考英语 ?复习精讲精练课件 复习精讲精练课件
名词性从句
主语从句
宾语从句
表语从句
同位语从句
主语从句在句中做 主语 表语从句在句中做 表语
  1. That he will come is certain.
主语从句
宾语从句在句中做 宾语 同位语从句在句中 同位语

  2. I know that he will come.
宾语从句

  3. The truth is that I have been there.
表语从句

  4. The fact that she was late surprised us.
同位语从句

  1. 为什么叫名词性从句?
整个从句相当于一个名词
名词能做的成分,从句都能 做

  2. 为什么要有名词性从句? 从句表达的意思比名词复杂得多 比较: The man looked around. 那人看了看四周. (名词作主语) That the boy failed again in the exam disappointed his mother.
那孩子考试又不及格令他母亲很失望.
(从句作主语) 同样作主语,从句可以表示较复杂的含义,一般是个动作或性质
I know him. I know that he is writing his composition in his room 我知道他在房间里写作文. 从句的特征: 是一个句子,有一个引导词,引导词做从句的一个成分 (that 除外)
主语从句 位于句首
从 句 that whether who whom whose 引导词: what which when where why how

  1. That he knows Japanese is known to all. That无词义 不可省略 无词义,不可省略 无词义 他懂英语,这一点大家都知道
  2. What surprised me was to see him here . What “什么”, “所….
  3. When he will come is unknown . 的”
令我惊讶的是在这儿见到他.
他什么时候来不清楚.
Details Details Details Details
When “什么时候”
  4. Whether he is coming doesn’t matter much. 主语从句不用 主语从句不用 if
  5. It remains a secret how they climbed up the mountain. 他们是怎么登上山顶的仍是个秘密.
他来不来没什么要紧的
主语太长了!放到句尾
主语从句的位置
  1.在句首
  2.主语较长时通常放在后面,句首主语用 It
It 作主语的常用句型有:
  1. It + be +形容词 + that 从句
  2. It + be +名称词组(duty/pity..) + that 从句
  3. It + be + 过去分词(said/thought..) + that 从句
  4. It +不及物动词(seem/happen..) + that 从句

  1.
  2.
  3.
  4. 真可惜我们不能去游泳.
It is a pity that we can’t go swimming.
碰巧那天我外出了.
It happened that I was out that day.
他考试肯定会考好.
happen只有 it 句型
It is certain that he will do well in the exam.
据说他已告诉了她一切.
It is said that he told her everything.
It is said只有 it 句型 More
注意: It looked that he was right. ( × ) 可以说: It looks as if….
用形式主语 it 的主语从句常见结构
  1. It is clear (necessary, important, possible,remarkable that… 很清楚(必要, 重要,可能, 值得注意等)…
  2. It is a fact (a good thing, good news…) that … 事实是 ( 好事是,好消息是…)…
  3. It is well-known ( reported, recorded, estimated,said, believed) that…众所周知( 据报道,,据记载,据说,据估
  4. 计)… out ( seems, happens, appears…) that… 结果 It turns 是 ( 似乎是, 碰巧是, 好象是…)…
  5. It has been found (has been proved,can be seen,must be pointed out) that …已发现( 已证明,可以看出,需指 出)…
用 it 句型翻译:

  1. 据说今年高一学生要学新教材.
→ It is said that the Senior Grade one students will learn a new text
  2. 事实是他们靠自己完成了所有的任务. this year. → It is a fact that they finished all the work by themselves. √

  3.
  4.
  5. 碰巧他们已经参加过军训了. 众所周知, 比尔 ? 盖茨是世界上最富有的人. 我们应该养成好的学习习惯这很重要.
→ It happened that they had had their military training. → It is well-known that Bill Gates is the richest person in the world. → It is important that we (should) form a good habit of studying. √ Note: It is important/necessary/natural/our duty/essential/strange that sb (should) do sth. 固定句型, should可以省略 翻译: 真奇怪他今天竟然迟到了. It is strange that he should be late today. strange不省略should为好
表语从句
系动词后面
  1. The truth is that he has never been to the countryside. 实际情况是他从未去过农村. that 一般不省略
  2. The question is whether w can finish the experiment by Friday. 问题在于我们能否在明天下午之前完成这项实验. 表语从句不用 if
  3. It looks as if it were going to rain.
好象看上去要下雨似的. (其实不会)
从 句 同主语从句 (11个), 外加as if / 引导词: as though,
as if /as though从句常表示 不真实的情况
又比如:
She talks as if /as though she had been there before . 她说话的口气好象以前去过那儿似的.

  4. This school is no longer what it was before.
这所学校已不再是从前的那个样子了. what =the thing that
More
注意下列表语从句中where, how, why 的译法
  1. This is where Lu Xun once lived. 固定句型: This is where…
这就是鲁迅曾经住过的地方. 这就是…的地方 This is why …
  2. That was how they won the match. 这就是…的原因 他们就是这样赢得这场比赛的. This is how….
  3. This is why she got up so early this morning. 这就是…的方法 这就是她为什么今天早上起得这么早的原因. .

  1. 我们就是这样克服困难的.
This is / That was how we overcame the difficulties.

  2. 那就是他昨天缺席的原因.
That is why he was absent yesterday.

  3. 这就是我们上星期碰头的地方.
This is where we met last Sunday.
This is 总是现在时 That is 表示性质 That was 指过去动作
宾语从句
宾语从句中的连接词that在以下三种情况下不 宾语从句中的连接词 在以下三种情况下不 能省略: 能省略: ? (
  1)当that 从句与另一名词性从句并列作 ) 宾语时,第二个that不能省 不能省; 宾语时,第二个that不能省; ? (
  2)当that作介词宾语时,that不可省掉。 作介词宾语时, 不可省掉。 ) 作介词宾语时 不可省掉 ? (
  3)用it做形式宾语的宾语从句 ) 做形式宾语的宾语从句 ? Everyone knew what happened and that she was worried. ? The reason lies in that she works harder than the others do.
whether与if的辨用 与 的辨用
? 表“是否”时,在下列情况下用whether。
? a. 主语从句 b. 表语从句 c. 同位语从句 e. 介词后的宾语从句 f.后接动词不定式 (whether to do sth.) g .whether or not 连在一起引导宾语从 句时不用if 句时不用

  2.注意 whether和if的使用区别 注意 和 的使用区别

  1).whether和if都可以引导宾语从句 和 都可以引导宾语从句 a..当whether后紧跟 not时,不用 当 后紧跟or 时 不用if. 后紧跟 不用 eg: I don’t know whether or not I will stay. b.介词后面的宾语从句不能用if. 介词后面的宾语从句不能用 介词后面的宾语从句不能用 eg: I worry about whether I hurt her feeling.
Practice time
if / whether if / whether
  1. I asked her she had a bike. whether
  3. We’re worried about he is safe. whether /if he is well
  4. I don’t know or not. whether
  5. I don’t know or not he is well. whether
  8. I don’t know to go.
doubt问题
  1. I doubt if / whether he will pass the exam.
  2. I don’t doubt that we will win the match.
  3. Do you doubt that he did it on his own? 肯定句中用 if / whether 否定句中用 that 疑定句中用 that

  1. I doubt if / whether is telling the truth. he that
  2. We never doubt the plan will be carried out . that
  3. Does he doubt you are from Austria?
  4. I’m doubtful if / whether he will agree to this.
宾语从句经常做介词的宾语
that 从句只跟在 except,but, in ,besides, save五个介词后面

  1. The Swede stood still, except his lips moved slightly. that
  2. She is not satisfied with what she has achieved. how
  3. Mary always thinks of she can do more for the class.
  4. He wrote a letter of thanks to whoever helped him. (任何一个)
  5. It depends on if we have enough time. time. whether we have enough what you have done?
  6. Are you sorry for whichyou have done? 宾语从句经常作表语形容词的宾语
  1. I’m afraid (that ) I’ll be late. 我恐怕要迟到了. that 可以省略
  2. We were surprised that he lost the game.
我们对他在比赛中的失败感到惊异.
介词后面不用 if
介词后面不用 which
M
此类表语形容词有: afraid pleased happy satisfied anxious sure surprised certain glad aware用它们造句
We consider her suitable for the job.
宾语 宾补
I consider that we should learn English well
necessary.
it不能漏 I consider it necessary that we should learn English well consider find think feel make 等动词常带宾语补足 语,这时要用形式宾语 it ,宾语从句放到宾补之后
我认为学好英 语是必要的.

  1. We think that middle school students master one foreign language possible . (改用形式宾语 it ) We think it possible that middle school students master one foreign language.
  2. We have made that a foreign language is useful weapon in the struggle of life clear. (改用形式宾语 it ) We have made it clear that a foreign language is useful weapon in the struggle of life. . More
correction
which不做介词宾语

  1. The emperor was pleased by which the minister told him about it. what
that不做介词宾语
  2. Are you sorry for that you have annoyed him? it this should be kept secret for the secret for the time
  3. I find thatnecessary that this should be kept time being necessary. being
  4. Can you doubt if she will succeed? ? that she will succeed

  5. I worried about if my brother brother willin time.in time. whether my will return return
  6. She said that she had never told a lie. has will leave for Paris?
  7. Will you tell me when he leaves for Paris?
从句缺少引导词

  8. That our football team won the match last Sunday excited of us. us Our football team won the match last Sunday excited all all of seemed
  9. ItIt looked that he was well prepared for the unexpected challenge.
  10.What he said moved everyone present. 没有It look that…表达式 That that不做句子成分
同位语从句
同位语从句说 明它们的内容
被修饰词有: fact, news, hope, opinion, order, question, problem, belief, truth, theory, decision, discovery, conclusion, promise, rumor, fear, thought, suggestion, plan, idea…
常见引导词: that , whether ( if ), how, wh- 疑问词
  1. The fact that deeds are better than words is quite clear.
事实胜于雄辨这一道理非常清楚.

  2. The question how I did it is hard to answer.
我怎么做的这一问题难回答.
that 无词义

  3. They had no idea where they should go to find some food.
他们根本不知去哪儿找食物

  4. The question whether he comes or not is not important. ( if )
他是否 是否来这个问题不重要. 是否

  5. A thought came to me that he might be in the library.
我突然想到他可能在图书馆.
被别的词隔开

  1.Two thirds of all girls in Britain are on a diet./ The fact worries their parents and teachers a lot. The fact that two thirds of all girls are on a diet worries their parents and teachers a lot.
  2.The Queen of England was on a three-day visit in China./ the news We heard last night. We heard the news last night that the Queen of England was on a three-day visit in China.

  3.Teenagers should not spend too much time online./ Many British parents hold the view. Many British parents hold the view that teenagers shouldn’t spend too much time online.
  4.Time travel is possible./ There is no scientific proof for the idea. There is no scientific proof for the idea that time travel is possible.

  5.Chinese students should be given more free time./ The suggestion is welcomed by many people, especially kids in school. The suggestion that Chinese students should be given more free time is welcomed by many people, especially kids in school.
一、同位语从句与定语 从句的相似之处

  1、两种从句都可以译成定语 、 e.g. The news that our team has won the final match
is encouraging. (同位语从句) 我们队取得决赛胜利的消息令人鼓舞 消息令人鼓舞。 我们队取得决赛胜利的消息令人鼓舞。 The news that you told us is really encouraging. (定语从句)你告诉我们的消息真的令人鼓舞。 你告诉我们的消息真的令人鼓舞 你告诉我们的消息真的令人鼓舞。

  2、两种从句都可以用that引导 、两种从句都可以用 引导 e.g.
The suggestion that students should learn something practical is worth considering. 同位语从句) (同位语从句) 学生应该学些实用的东西的建议值得考虑 建议值得考虑。 学生应该学些实用的东西的建议值得考虑。 The suggestion that is worth considering is that the students should learn something practical. 定语从句)值得考虑的建议是学生应该学 (定语从句)值
 

相关内容

_2010年高考英语听力训练困难及对策的探究的

   2010 年高考英语听力训练困难及对策的探究 年高考英语听力训练困难及对策 对策的探究 高三备课组 李翠萍 2010 年 1 月 16 日 自海南高考英语听力测试成绩计入总成绩以来,体现了听力在高中英语学习中的重要 地位。然而,听力历来是中学英语教学的薄弱环节,如何提高学生的英语听力水平,特别是 在高考的关键时刻,是广大师生关注的问题。通过学习、实践、总结,认识到高中学生听英 语主要有三方面的困难: (1)心理上的困难; (2)语言上的困难; (3)内容上的困难。要提 高高三学生的英语听力水 ...

2010年高考英语听力题目、答案、原文(全国1、北京、上海、江苏、广东、湖北、湖南、重庆、安徽)

   2010 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(山东卷) 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(山东卷) 听力试题 第一节 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、c 三个选项中选出最佳选 项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 l0 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅 读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 例:How much is the shirt? A.£19.15 B.£9.15 C.£9.18 答案是 B。 1. What will Dorothy do on the ...

2010年高考英语作文范文

   2010 年高考英语作文真题题目及范文 江西卷 英语中“please. ” “thank you” “sorry”等礼貌用语具有增进友谊, 改善关系、 化解矛盾等神奇的力量, 因而被称为“magic words”。 “Magic 请 Power of Polite Words”为题写一篇 100 词左右的英语作文。体裁不限(叙述 文、议论文、说明文……) 【参考范文】 Magic Power of Polite Words We use magic words in our daily li ...

[北京卷]2010年高考英语听力材料及答案

   [北京卷]2010 年高考英语听力材料 第一节 Text 1 W: Congratulations! I hear you are going to join the army. M: Thanks. But actually, it's my twin brother who's going to join the army. I am going to university. I wish to be a lawyer in the future. Text 2 W: Dad, can ...

2010年高考试题??英语(湖南卷)解析版

   本资料来自于资源最齐全的21世纪教育网 www.21cnjy.com 绝密★ 绝密★启封并使用完毕前 2010 高考真题精品解析 英语(湖南卷) 高考真题精品解析--英语 湖南卷) 英语( 【名师点评】 整套试卷突出了语言运用能力的考查。其中语言知识部分,15 道单项选择 题侧重动词和句法;动词方面,考查了动词时态、语态、语气、主谓一致、非谓 语动词、情态动词,可谓是涉及了动词方方面面的语法知识。句法方面,考查了 强调句型、定语从句、状语从句和名词性从句,考查面也很广。完形填空第一节 全部考 ...

2010年中考英语语法考点复习-时态

   嘉兴英语教学网 www.jxenglish.com 收集整理 欢迎使用 透析中考英语语法时态考点 【时态命题趋势与预测】 时态命题趋势与预测】 时态是高考命题的重点,.主要考查考生在具体语境、 特殊语境中对时态的运用能力。 进行时、 完成时以及完成进行时的考查则是重中之重,故考生在掌握特殊情况下表达一般时的同时, 应更加注重进行时完成时以及完成进行时的运用。 考点诠释】 【考点诠释】 一、对一般现在时考查 1.考查其基本概念: 一般现在时通常表示习惯性的、 反复发生的动作。 通常与表示频度的 ...

2010年中考英语语法考点复习-名词

   嘉兴英语教学网 www.jxenglish.com 收集整理 欢迎使用 透析中考英语语法名词考点 【名词命题趋势与预测】 名词命题趋势与预测】 1、 根据近几年全国各地中考试题对名词部分考查的分析可知,今后对名词部分的考查重点 为: 2、 名词的可数与不可数性。 3、 名词单复数在特定情况下的使用。 4、 名词的普通格与所有格作定语的选用。 5、 物质名词、抽象名词具体化。 名词词义的区别与固定搭配。 考点诠释】 【考点诠释】 名词的各种分类。 一、名词的各种分类。单、复数的用法及单数名词变 ...

安徽2010届高考英语听力试题

     安徽2010届高考英语听力试题   第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)   回答听力部分时,请先将答案标在试卷上。听力部分结束前,你将有两分钟的时间将你的答案转涂到客观题答题卡上。   第一节 (共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)   听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。   例:How much is the shirt?    ...

2010年高考英语万能作文模板

   2010 年高考英语万能作文模板 作文是英语知识水平的综合素质体现,它要求同学们既要有扎实的语言基本功,又要具备一定的审题 能力,想象能力,表达能力,评价能力及书法排版能力.因为基本功不扎实,多数同学在作文时总会 出现这样或者那样的问题,例如,文体不符,词汇误用,句子单一等,造成作文的得分较低,影响了 总的英语成绩.因此,作文能力不强一直是同学们比较普遍的问题.其实归结起来,作文"缺钙"一 共有四类症状,深入地剖析这些症状,就能找到作文偏科的根本原因,同时写作时适当地套用 ...

2010年高考英语作文万能模板

   2010 年高考英语作文万能模板 一、英语书信的常见写作模板 开头部分: How nice to hear from you again. Let me tell you something about the activity. I’m glad to have received your letter of Apr. 9th. I’m pleased to hear that you’re coming to China for a visit. I’m writing to thank ...

热门内容

新闻英语常用词汇表1

   新闻英语常用词汇表 A abolish access advocate align ambassador ammunition appeal arsenal assault attribute aviation abstain accidental agenda allege ambulance amnesty appoint arson assembly auspices ax abstention accord aggression alliance ambush annihilate ...

2010年12月英语四级作文冲刺套话

   2010年12月英语四级作文冲刺套话   Recently, the issue of ...... has been brought into public focus.   近来,的问题引起了社会的广泛关注。   Now we are entering a brand new era full of opportunities and innovations, and great changes have taken place in people's attitude towards s ...

唐山电大直属10秋本科英语第三次作业

   开放英语 3 第三次作业 第一部分交际用语 11. May I help you, madam?(D) . A. Sorry, I have no idea B. Yes, I know what to buy C. You`d better give me a hand D Yes, I`d like 2 kilos of oranges 12. Nice weather, isn`t it?(C) . A. I`m not sure B. You know it well C Ye ...

大学英语四级写作常用句型

   大学英语四级写作常用句型 [日期:2009-09-08] 来源:feier 教育 作者: [字体:大 中 小] 1. Along with the advance of the society more and more problems are brought to our attention, one of which is that.... 随着社会的不断发展,出现了越来越多的问题,其中之一便是。 2. As to whether it is a blessing or a curse ...

大学英语3级考试真题1

   大学英语三级考试试卷 Part Ⅰ Listening omprehension ( minutes) Directions: This part is to test your listening ability. It consists of 3 sections. Section A Directions: This section is to test your ability to understand short dialogues. There are  recor ...