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2010 年湖南省娄底市中考英语试题
考生注意:?
  1.本试卷分试题卷和答题卡两部分。?
  2.试题卷共 55 小题加书面表达题。共 100 分。120 分钟完卷。?
  3.本卷所有选择题最符合题意的答案只有 1 个。不选、多选、错选、涂写不清或是不填写 答案编号字母而抄写英语答案的,均不给分。?
  4.全部答案都必须按要求在答题卡中相对应题号下填涂或书写,要求填涂正确、书写工整、 清晰、规范,卷面清洁。?
  5.完卷后,答题卡和试题卷分别交回,答题卡按要求密封装订成册。? Ⅰ、知识运用(两个部分,共 20 小题,计 20 分)? A)单项选择(共 10 小题,计 10 分)? 从 A、B、C 3 个选项中选出 1 个能填入所给句子空白处的最佳答案。
  1. ?Why do you like Mary?? ?Because she is honest girl. ? A. a B. an C. the
  2. ?How heavily it rained this early morning.? ?Yes. But of the students in our class was late for school. ? A. some B. none C. all?
  3. ?Where is Peter?? ?He volleyball with his friends in the school gym.? A. plays B. played C. is playing?
  4. ?My spoken English is poor, what shall I do?? ?Join an English language club to practice, you’ll it? ? A. be good at B. drop in C. deal with?
  5. ?Must I be in hospital for a week, Doctor? ? ?No, you . You can go back home tomorrow.? A. mustn’t B. needn’t C. must?
  6. ?It’s said that you have moved into a new house.? ?Yeah, and we need to buy some in the mall nearby.? A. food B. furniture C. hamburger?
  7. ?What do you think of the cake?? ?I like it very much. It tastes .? A. good B. terrible C. well
  8. ?Lucy’s skirt is black. What about ?? ?Mine is white.? A. you B. your C. yours ?
  9. ?It’s very important us to make a plan before a new term.? ?Yes. You must try to make it carefully.? A. of B. for C. to?
  10. ?She doesn’t like geography, does she?? ? .?
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12999 英语网 en.129
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A. Yes, she does B. Yes, she doesn’t C. No, she does ? B) 完形填空(共 10 小题,计 10 分)? 通读下面的短文,掌握其大意,然后从各题所给的 A、B、C 3 个选项中,选出 1 个最佳答 案。? When I had something difficult to do, I used to ask my mother for help. But she always said, “Do it yourself, dear.” I was not 11 at all. I thought she was the 12 mother in the world! For example, one day, I decided to 13 some friends to my home. My bedroom was not in order. Books were everywhere. And I didn’t make the bed. I asked my 14 to help me clean it, 15 she still said, “Do it yourself, girl.”? Because of my “lazy mother”, I have to 16 my clothes and clean my room. I have to help I even have to go to the dentist by myself. It is really hard ? for? me to my parents 17 do everything well, but I have learned 18 .? As time goes by, I understand my mother. She makes me clever and diligent ?( 勤奋 的) 19 a great mother! ? A 20 mother is worth(等值于) one hundred teachers! Don’t you think so??
  11. A. old B. glad C. thin?
  12. A. tallest B. most foolish C. laziest ?
  13. A. leave B. invite C. visit?
  14. A. mother B. father C. brother?
  15. A. or B. when C. but?
  16. A. wash B. lead C. knock?
  17. A. do housework B. go swimming C. go camping ?
  18. A. on show B. by mistake C. a lot?
  19. A. Which B. What C. Who?
  20. A. young B. good C. happy Ⅱ、阅读理解(五个部分,共 25 小题,计 50 分)? A)阅读下面的短文,判断短文后面的句子是否符合短文内容。符合的写(A),不符合的 写(B)。(10 分)? It was a cold night. The taxi driver didn’t take even one passenger(乘客) all day. When he went by the railway station, he saw a young man coming out with two bags in his hands. So he drove to him and asked, “Where are you going,sir?”? “To the Red Hotel,” the young man answered. When the taxi driver heard this, he didn’t feel happy any more. The young man would give him only three dollars because the hotel was near the railway station. But suddenly he had an idea. He took the young man through many streets of the , big city.? After a long time, they arrived at the hotel. “Here we are! You should pay me fifteen dollars, please,” the taxi driver said to the young man. “What? Fifteen dollars! Do you think I’m a fool? Only last week, I took a taxi from the railway station to this hotel and I only gave the driver thirteen dollars. I know how much I have to pay for the trip.” ?
  21. The driver was not happy before he saw the young man.?
  22. It is very far from the railway station to the Red Hotel.?
  23. The young man was cheated(骗).?
  24. The two taxi drivers were both honest.?
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12999 英语网 en.129
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  25. Maybe the taxi driver got thirteen dollars at last.? B)阅读下面的短文,并做后面的题目,从 A、B、C 3 个选项中选出能回答所提问题或完成 句子的最佳答案。(10 分)? Every year there is a Spring Festival in China. Usually it is in January or February. It is the most important festival in China. So before it comes, everyone has to prepare things. They buy pork, beef, chicken, fruits and many other things. And they often make a special kind of food?“dumplings”. It means “come together”. On the day before the festival, ?parents? buy new clothes for their children. Children also buy presents for their parents. On the Spring Festival Eve(除夕), all the family members come back to their hometown. This is a happy moment. Some sing and dance, some play cards and others get the dinner ready. When they enjoy the meal, they give each other the best wishes for the coming year. They all have a good time.?
  26. Which is the most important festival in China? ? A. The Mid-Autumn Festival. B. The Spring Festival.? C. Children’s Day.?
  27. When is the Chinese Spring Festival usually celebrated?? A. In March or April. B. In May or June. C. In January or February.?
  28. is the special kind of food for the Spring Festival in China. ? A. Chicken B. Dumpling C. Fish?
  29. What’s the meaning of the food “dumplings” for Chinese people in the Spring Festival? ? A. Look up. B. Help yourself. C. Come together.?
  30. The family when they are having dinner together on the Spring Festival Eve.? A. give each other the best wishes B. buy each other presents? C. sing, dance and play cards? C)阅读下面表格内容,从每题所给的 A、B、C3 个选项中,选出 1 个最佳答案。 Problems Feel?stressed Get Short-sighted(近视) Fight with?each other Don’t like?to study Get fat Causes Advice Too much homework. Don’t have Make a plan for study and enough time for their hobbies. hobbies. Find time to relax. Too much homework. Bad study Do homework or read in a correct habits. way. Don’t know how to get on well Make more friends with classmates. understand each other. and
The bad influence of computer Play computer games just for a games short time. Have more pocket money to buy Use your pocket money to do snacks. Don’t like to do exercise. something meaningful( 有 意 义 的). Do exercise every day.

  31. How many main problems are there in the survey?? A. Four. B. Five. C. Six.?
  32. What problems are caused by too much homework?? A. Get fat.? B. Fight with each other.? C. Feel stressed and get short-sighted.?
  33.If Simon is feeling stressed, he should . ?
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12999 英语网 en.129
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A. do much more homework? B. buy some snacks? C. make a plan for study and hobbies
  34. Peter doesn’t like study. Maybe he .? A. plays too many computer games? B. has no pocket money ? C. gets fatter and fatter
  35. is a good way for students to stop fights.? A. Doing less homework? B. Learning how to make friends? C. Playing computer games? D)阅读下面的短文,根据短文内容回答问题。(10 分)? New rules and behaviour standards(行为规范) for middle school students came out(颁布) in March. Middle schools are going to use a new way to decide who the top students are. The best students won’t only have high marks. The following are some of the new rules.? Tell the truth. Have you ever cheated(作弊) in an exam? Don’t do it again! That’s not something honest students should do. Do more at school. Good students love animals and care for other people. April is ?Bird?loving? Month in China. Is your school doing anything to celebrate it? You should join! In that way, you can learn more about animals and how to protect(保护) them.? Be open to new ideas. Have you ever thought people could live on the moon? Maybe you’ll find another earth in space in the future. Everyone’s new ideas are important.? Protect yourself. Has a thief ever taken money from one of your classmates? Don’t let it happen to you. If you have to go back home late, you should let your parents know.? Use the Internet carefully. The Internet can be very useful for your study. But some things on the Internet aren’t for kids, so try to look at the good web pages (网页) You can use the web pages . for fun or homework.?
  36. What should the best students do in an exam? ?
  37. What should you do if you have to go back home late?.? ?
  38. What can the children use the good web pages for? ?
  39. When did the new rules come out? ?
  40. Which new idea do you think may come true? ? E)任务型阅读(共 5 小题,计 10 分)? 阅读下面的短文,根据短文内容,完成表格。(每空填 1 至 3 个词)? China has decided to stop the use of free plastic bags. Supermarkets, shops and outlets(经销店) in China can’t offer plastic bags any more.? Every year, people use too many plastic bags. They throw them here and there after they have used them. The government has done its best to deal with them but failed. While we ?offer? quick service 服务) to customers, the plastic bags pollute water,earth and air, and they waste (
12999 英语网 en.129
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12999 英语网 en.129
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the oil. The government asks people to go back to carry cloth bags and use ?baskets? when they go to buy something. The cloth bags and the baskets can be used again and again.? Many months have passed. The environment has been improved a lot.? Action 42 Advantage Disadvantage What should we do . Make a decision to stop the use of Supermarkets, shops and outlets Offer 43 . service to customers 44 45 . . Pollute water, earth and air and waste Go back to carry cloth bags and use 41 .
Ⅲ、写作技能(三个部分,共 30 分)? A)完成对话(共 5 小题,计 10 分)? 通读下面的对话,然后根据上下文补全对话内容。? A: Hi, David! 46 ?? B: Hi, Sarah! I am going to see Anna. She is in hospital.? ?? A: 47 B: She had a traffic accident on her way to school and was hurt.? A: 48 . Is there anything serious?? B: Yes, there is something wrong with her head.? A: Oh, my God! 49 .? B: I hope so, too.? A: 50 ?? B: Sure. Let’s go! B)翻译(共 5 小题,计 10 分)? 阅读下面的短文,将划线句子翻译成中文。?
  51.Today life is much better than before. Vision phone(可视电话) is used in some ?provinces.? Maybe it will be used in every family. People can have an examination ?about? their health without a doctor or a nurse in the room.
  52.Now some people do some shopping at home.?
  53.And how about our education? There have been more educational(教育的) ?programs? on the radio, on TV or on the Internet. Some children live very far away from their schools, more and more of them don’t need to go to school every day now. They can study at home.
  54.Teachers teach them on the Internet.? In the future, each family will have a robot.
  55.Robots will help people with their housework. In some years people can have a trip on the moon and some people can live ?under the sea in hot summer.? C)书面表达(10 分)? Zhou Hui 和 Ge Bin 是“一帮一”活动中结成的一对学习伙伴。 Zhou Hui 在 Ge Bin 的帮助下 有了明显的进步。请根据下表信息写一篇 60 字左右的短文。(开头已写出,不计入总词数) Zhou Hui Ge Bin In the past Now didn’t listen carefully in his clas?like to play computer games every day study hard? get on well with his classmates
Make Zhou Hui be interested in his study Help Zhou Hui with his study ?
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12999 英语网 en.129
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2010 年娄底市初中毕业学业考试试题卷 英语参考答案及评分标准 一、参考答案? 1?5 BBCAB 6?10 BACBA 11?15 BCBAC 16?20 AACBB? 21?25 ABABA 26?30 BCBCA 31?35 BCCAB?
  36.They should not cheat./ They should be honest.
  37.We should let our parents know.?
  38.For fun or homework.
  39.In March.?
  40.People could live on the moon in the future.?
  41. free plastic bags
  42. Places
  43. quick 4
 

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