Directions: For Questions 41-45,choose the most suitable paragraphs from the first A-G and fill them into the numbered boxes to from a coherent text Paragraph E has been correctly placed. There is one paragraph which dose not fit in with the text. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET
  1.(10 points) 6[A] The first and more important is the consumer’s growing preference for eating out; the consumption of food and drink in places other than homes has risen from about 32 percent of total consumption in 1995 to 35 percent in 2000 and is expected to approach 38 percent by 20
  05. This development is boosting wholesale demand from the food service segment by 4 to 5 percent a year Europe compared with growth in retail demand of 1 to 2 percent. Meanwhile as the recession is looming large, people are getting anxious. They tend to keep a tighter hold on their purse and consider eating at home a realistic alternative。 1[B] Retail sales of food and drink in Europe’s largest markets are at a standstill, leaving European grocery retailers hungry for opportunities to grow. Most leading retailers have already tried e-commerce, with limit success, and expansion abroad. But almost all have ignored the big, profitable opportunity in their own backyard the wholesale food and drink trade, which appears to be just the kind of market retailers need。 [C] Will such variations bring about a change in the overall structure of the food and drink market? Definitely not. The functioning of the market is based on flexible trends dominated by potential buyers. In other words, it is up to the buyer rather than the seller to decide what to buy. At any rate this change will ultimately be acclaimed by an ever-growing number of both domestic and international consumers regardless of how long the current consumer pattern will take hold。 3[D] All in all, this clearly seems to be a market in which big retailers that master the intricacies of wholesaling in Europe may well expect to rake in substantial profits there by. At least, that is how it looks as a whole. Closer inspection reveals import differences among the biggest national markets, especially in their customer segments and wholesale structures, as well as the competitive dynamics of individual food and drink categories. Big retailers must understand these differences before they can identify the segments of European wholesaling
in which particular abilities might unseat smaller but entrenched competitors. New skills and unfamiliar business models are needed too。 既定 5[E] Despite variations in detail, wholesale markets in the countries that have been closely examined?France, Germany, Italy, and Spain?are made out of same building blocks. Demand comes mainly from two sources: independent morn-and-pop grocery stores which, unlike large retail chains, are two small to buy straight from producers, and food service operators range from snack machines to large institutional catering ventures, but most of these businesses are known in the trade as “horeca”:hotels, restaurants, and cafes. Overall, Europe’s retail wholesale market, but the figures, when added together, masks two opposing trends。 2[F] For example, wholesale food and drink sales come to $268 billion in France, Germany, Italy, Spain and the United Kingdom in 2000-more than 40 percent of retail sales. Moreover, average overall margins are higher in wholesale than in retail; wholesale demand from the food service sector is growing quickly as more Europeans eat out more often; and changes in the competitive dynamics of this fragmented industry are at last making it feasible for wholesalers to considerate。 4[G] However, none of these requirements should deter large retails and even some large good producers and existing wholesalers from trying their hand, for those that master the intricacies of wholesaling in Europe stand to reap considerable gains。 43D 44G 45A 41 B → 42 F → 43D → 44G → E → 45A
  41.B
  42.F
  43.D
  44.G
  45.A
解析: 解析: 2010 年考研的英语试题在新题型部分,出现了比较不常见的排序题,这完全在我们的 预料之中。今年的排序题在题型上和传统的排序题还有所差别。题目要求中明确指出,需要 从 A 到 G 的 7 个段落中选取最合适的段落组成一篇连贯的文章,其中 E 段(倒数第二段,非 首段)的位置已经给出,有一个段落是干扰项。 排序题的做题步骤及本题的解题过程如下:
  1、通读文章首段,了解主旨大意; 注:鉴于这篇文章并未给出首段,该步骤可以省略。

  2、通读各个段落,了解段落大意(或段落讲解的核心概念),更重要的是要标出各段首 尾句的关联特征及段中明显的标志词, 如代词、 表示转承关系的逻辑词、 同根同义词等。 如: A 段:the first and more important … meanwhile…consumer’s growing preference for eating out; consumption of food and drink has risen 与 recession, people getting anxious, eating at home 前后有对比对立的关系。 B 段:retail sales of food and drink are at a standstill But almost all have ignored the big, profitable opportunity in their won backyard: the whole food and drink trade,…(该句中既含有转折连词 but,又含有特殊标点符号冒号,标志明显,是需 要重点关注的句子) 先提出问题,but 后面提到了可能的解决办法,这像不像我们阅读文章的第一段呢? C 段:最明显的标志有:such variation,如果该段入选,前面一定提到了 variation。 段落中心即为段落第一句话: 这些不同是否会带来食物和饮料市场总体结构的变化呢?重点 谈变化 D 段:这一段很难读懂,但首末句却并不难读,且标志明显。 首句:All in all, this clearly seems to be a market …含有 all in all(我们反 复强调,finally, all in all 不一定在全文的最后,可能是中间某几段含义的总结,只能 说总体靠后)和指示代词 this。 末句:New skills and unfamiliar business models are needed too。 E 段:关注首末句和中间带冒号的句子 首句主干:Despite variations in detail, wholesale markets are made out of the same building blocks。 中间句主干:Demand comes mainly from two sources: independent mom-and-pop grocery stores and food service operators 末句:Overall, Europe’s wholesale market for food and drink is growing at the same sluggish pace as the retail market, but the figures mask two opposing trends. 注意到“two opposing trends”了吗? F 段:首句:for example, wholesale food and drink sales come to $268 billion, more than 40 percent of retail saleswholesale food and drink 的销量及需求之大。 G 段:重点:however??转承关系 these requirements??指代及与前文词义的承接
  3. 把明显可以连接在一起的段落放在一起,如:
根据 G 段的 these requirements 可以很容易找到 D 段的末句 New skills and unfamiliar business models are needed too.,故 G 段应该排在 D 段之后,即顺序为:DG 根据 B 段的末句中谈到的“大的有利可图的机会”the wholesale food and drink trade,很容易将 F 段排在其后,因为 F 段整个在讲 wholesale food and drink 的销量及需 求之大。即顺序为:BF。并且 B 项先提出问题,but 后面提到了可能的解决办法,基本会出 现在阅读文章的第一段。 根据已知段落 E 中的重点信息 variations, two opposing trends 等,可以推知其后的 段落为 A 或 C 项,对比一下两个选项,A 项与 E 项末尾的 two opposing trends 衔接紧密, 且内容一致,故顺序为:EA,C 项为干扰项。
  4. 将排出的几个部分连接在一起,得出最终答案。 现在已经排出三个顺序,将文章分为三部分:DG 段、BF 段(考前)、EA 段(靠后),基本 可以确定最后顺序:BFDGEA,检查发现,F 段和 D 段紧密衔接,D 段中的 this 指代 the wholesale food and drink trade。 综上所述,新题型看似很难,但并不可怕,应用好了各个段落中的关联特征(包括指代 关联、转承关联、词义关联、数字关联等),读懂几个关键点的句子(重点是首末句,带有转 承关系的句子,带有特殊标点的句子等),即使读不懂全文,也能顺利解决问题,重点在于 做题步骤和方法。
 

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