Directions: For Questions 41-45,choose the most suitable paragraphs from the first A-G and fill them into the numbered boxes to from a coherent text Paragraph E has been correctly placed. There is one paragraph which dose not fit in with the text. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET
  1.(10 points) 6[A] The first and more important is the consumer’s growing preference for eating out; the consumption of food and drink in places other than homes has risen from about 32 percent of total consumption in 1995 to 35 percent in 2000 and is expected to approach 38 percent by 20
  05. This development is boosting wholesale demand from the food service segment by 4 to 5 percent a year Europe compared with growth in retail demand of 1 to 2 percent. Meanwhile as the recession is looming large, people are getting anxious. They tend to keep a tighter hold on their purse and consider eating at home a realistic alternative。 1[B] Retail sales of food and drink in Europe’s largest markets are at a standstill, leaving European grocery retailers hungry for opportunities to grow. Most leading retailers have already tried e-commerce, with limit success, and expansion abroad. But almost all have ignored the big, profitable opportunity in their own backyard the wholesale food and drink trade, which appears to be just the kind of market retailers need。 [C] Will such variations bring about a change in the overall structure of the food and drink market? Definitely not. The functioning of the market is based on flexible trends dominated by potential buyers. In other words, it is up to the buyer rather than the seller to decide what to buy. At any rate this change will ultimately be acclaimed by an ever-growing number of both domestic and international consumers regardless of how long the current consumer pattern will take hold。 3[D] All in all, this clearly seems to be a market in which big retailers that master the intricacies of wholesaling in Europe may well expect to rake in substantial profits there by. At least, that is how it looks as a whole. Closer inspection reveals import differences among the biggest national markets, especially in their customer segments and wholesale structures, as well as the competitive dynamics of individual food and drink categories. Big retailers must understand these differences before they can identify the segments of European wholesaling
in which particular abilities might unseat smaller but entrenched competitors. New skills and unfamiliar business models are needed too。 既定 5[E] Despite variations in detail, wholesale markets in the countries that have been closely examined?France, Germany, Italy, and Spain?are made out of same building blocks. Demand comes mainly from two sources: independent morn-and-pop grocery stores which, unlike large retail chains, are two small to buy straight from producers, and food service operators range from snack machines to large institutional catering ventures, but most of these businesses are known in the trade as “horeca”:hotels, restaurants, and cafes. Overall, Europe’s retail wholesale market, but the figures, when added together, masks two opposing trends。 2[F] For example, wholesale food and drink sales come to $268 billion in France, Germany, Italy, Spain and the United Kingdom in 2000-more than 40 percent of retail sales. Moreover, average overall margins are higher in wholesale than in retail; wholesale demand from the food service sector is growing quickly as more Europeans eat out more often; and changes in the competitive dynamics of this fragmented industry are at last making it feasible for wholesalers to considerate。 4[G] However, none of these requirements should deter large retails and even some large good producers and existing wholesalers from trying their hand, for those that master the intricacies of wholesaling in Europe stand to reap considerable gains。 43D 44G 45A 41 B → 42 F → 43D → 44G → E → 45A
  41.B
  42.F
  43.D
  44.G
  45.A
解析: 解析: 2010 年考研的英语试题在新题型部分,出现了比较不常见的排序题,这完全在我们的 预料之中。今年的排序题在题型上和传统的排序题还有所差别。题目要求中明确指出,需要 从 A 到 G 的 7 个段落中选取最合适的段落组成一篇连贯的文章,其中 E 段(倒数第二段,非 首段)的位置已经给出,有一个段落是干扰项。 排序题的做题步骤及本题的解题过程如下:
  1、通读文章首段,了解主旨大意; 注:鉴于这篇文章并未给出首段,该步骤可以省略。

  2、通读各个段落,了解段落大意(或段落讲解的核心概念),更重要的是要标出各段首 尾句的关联特征及段中明显的标志词, 如代词、 表示转承关系的逻辑词、 同根同义词等。 如: A 段:the first and more important … meanwhile…consumer’s growing preference for eating out; consumption of food and drink has risen 与 recession, people getting anxious, eating at home 前后有对比对立的关系。 B 段:retail sales of food and drink are at a standstill But almost all have ignored the big, profitable opportunity in their won backyard: the whole food and drink trade,…(该句中既含有转折连词 but,又含有特殊标点符号冒号,标志明显,是需 要重点关注的句子) 先提出问题,but 后面提到了可能的解决办法,这像不像我们阅读文章的第一段呢? C 段:最明显的标志有:such variation,如果该段入选,前面一定提到了 variation。 段落中心即为段落第一句话: 这些不同是否会带来食物和饮料市场总体结构的变化呢?重点 谈变化 D 段:这一段很难读懂,但首末句却并不难读,且标志明显。 首句:All in all, this clearly seems to be a market …含有 all in all(我们反 复强调,finally, all in all 不一定在全文的最后,可能是中间某几段含义的总结,只能 说总体靠后)和指示代词 this。 末句:New skills and unfamiliar business models are needed too。 E 段:关注首末句和中间带冒号的句子 首句主干:Despite variations in detail, wholesale markets are made out of the same building blocks。 中间句主干:Demand comes mainly from two sources: independent mom-and-pop grocery stores and food service operators 末句:Overall, Europe’s wholesale market for food and drink is growing at the same sluggish pace as the retail market, but the figures mask two opposing trends. 注意到“two opposing trends”了吗? F 段:首句:for example, wholesale food and drink sales come to $268 billion, more than 40 percent of retail saleswholesale food and drink 的销量及需求之大。 G 段:重点:however??转承关系 these requirements??指代及与前文词义的承接
  3. 把明显可以连接在一起的段落放在一起,如:
根据 G 段的 these requirements 可以很容易找到 D 段的末句 New skills and unfamiliar business models are needed too.,故 G 段应该排在 D 段之后,即顺序为:DG 根据 B 段的末句中谈到的“大的有利可图的机会”the wholesale food and drink trade,很容易将 F 段排在其后,因为 F 段整个在讲 wholesale food and drink 的销量及需 求之大。即顺序为:BF。并且 B 项先提出问题,but 后面提到了可能的解决办法,基本会出 现在阅读文章的第一段。 根据已知段落 E 中的重点信息 variations, two opposing trends 等,可以推知其后的 段落为 A 或 C 项,对比一下两个选项,A 项与 E 项末尾的 two opposing trends 衔接紧密, 且内容一致,故顺序为:EA,C 项为干扰项。
  4. 将排出的几个部分连接在一起,得出最终答案。 现在已经排出三个顺序,将文章分为三部分:DG 段、BF 段(考前)、EA 段(靠后),基本 可以确定最后顺序:BFDGEA,检查发现,F 段和 D 段紧密衔接,D 段中的 this 指代 the wholesale food and drink trade。 综上所述,新题型看似很难,但并不可怕,应用好了各个段落中的关联特征(包括指代 关联、转承关联、词义关联、数字关联等),读懂几个关键点的句子(重点是首末句,带有转 承关系的句子,带有特殊标点的句子等),即使读不懂全文,也能顺利解决问题,重点在于 做题步骤和方法。
 

相关内容

2010年考研英语强化写作讲义

   新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com ] 2010 考研英语网络课堂电子教材系列 写作 考研英语强化写作 2010 考研英语强化写作 主讲: 主讲:王江涛 欢迎使用新东方在线电子教材 考研考研英语强化写作讲义 2010 考研考研英语强化写作讲义 第一节 考研写作总论 一、课程安排: 1、考研写作总论:复习计划、时间分配、写作学习、大纲解读 2、段落写作:框架结构、启承转合、段落写作经典范文 3、图画作文: 4、词汇写作、句子写作 5、应用文:书信、备忘录、报告、摘要、告示 二、复习 ...

2010年考研英语作文预测范文十篇

   [2] 2010年考研英语作文预测范文十篇_第2页_新沪江英语网_英语学习门户沪江网 | 英语 | 日语 | 法语 | 韩语 | 部落 | 小D | 网店 | 网校 | 更多 论坛 博客 热门关键词: 考研英语作文 考研英语真题 国家线 分数线 英语文章 资料下载 首页 考试英语 考研英语 实用英语 娱乐英语 考试英语 基础英语 四六级英语 BEC商务英语 口译 雅思 新托福 专四专八 职称英语 考研英语 其他英语考试 标签: 2010年考研 考研作文预测 考研英语 ...

2010年考研英语作文冲刺预测太奇

   无需积分,无需回复,只要你带宽足够大,你资料就足够多!大家网考研论坛 http://club. topsage. com/forum-28-1. html 真正的全免费公益性考研论坛,等待您的光临! 声明:本资料由大家论坛考研论坛 http://club. topsage. com/forum-28-1. html 收集整理,转载 请注明出自 http://club. topsage. com 2010 年考研英语作文冲刺预测太奇 一、 大作文 从近年的命题思路来看,2010 年考研英语的大 ...

2011年考研,新东方考研英语,2011年考研英语复习2010考研英语新题型分析及标准答案

   2010 考研英语新题型分析及标准答案 2010 年考研的英语试题在新题型部分,出现了比较不常见的排序题,而且在题型上和传统的排序题 还有所差别. 题目要求中明确指出, 本题共出现标号从 A 到 G 的 7 个段落, 其中 E 段的位置已经给出, 而要求从 A,B,C,D,F,G 这 6 个段落中选取 5 段,并结合已经给的 E 段,进行排序.如果从做题的步骤 上来讲,可以说是两个相互交织的过程:排序和筛选,排序是排定段落的顺序,同时还要筛选出一个 多余的段落. 题目的素材.选自 2003 ...

2010年考研英语新题型分析

   Directions: For Questions 41-45,choose the most suitable paragraphs from the first A-G and fill them into the numbered boxes to from a coherent text Paragraph E has been correctly placed. There is one paragraph which dose not fit in with the text. ...

2011年考研英语(2)完整答案(考试吧版)

   中国教育培训第一门户??考试吧 中国教育培训第一门户??考试吧 ?? 考试吧: 考研英语(二 答案 完整版) 答案(完整版 考试吧:2011 考研英语 二)答案 完整版 1??5 ACBDD ??5 6??10 BACCB ??10 11??15 DBACA 11??15 ?? 16??20 ADACD 16??20 ?? 21??25 ADCBD 21??25 ?? 26??30 26??30 DBCAA ?? 31??35 31??35 BDCDB ?? 36??40 36??40 AD ...

2010年考研英语写作新思维讲义(内部资料)

   写作新思维基础课程 主讲: 主讲:陈阳 欢迎使用新东方在线电子教材 新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com] 网络课堂电子教材系列 写作新思维基础课程 第一部分:句子层面的中英思维转换 学会调整中英文间的定语状语顺序 学会巧妙的掩藏谓语动词 一. 热身??主谓的确定 热身?? ??主谓的确定 1. 问题出现 [Problems arise.] 2. 我认为…… [I hold the view that] 3. 有些人认为 [ It has been said that] 4. 人们 ...

决胜2011:从2010年考研英语看2011考研英语复习对策

   阅读 ................................................................................................................................................. 3 2010 考研英语阅读真题第二篇文章来源出处 ...................................................................... 3 2 ...

新东方在线2008考研英语新题型(7选5)讲义★【汉魅huntmine?校内校外学习资源高速下载】

   新新新新新 [www.koolearn.com] 网网网网网网网网网网 考考考考考考考考 考考式阅读( 选 ) 考考式阅读(7选5) Directions: In the following text, some sentences have been removed. For Questions 41-45, choose the most suitable one from the list A-G to fit into each of the numbered blanks. The ...

英语四级【新题型】分析

   英语四级新题型分析 阅读篇新增选词填空和快速阅读 新四级阅读理解的分值比重由过去的 40%下降到 35%.在测试内容方面,仔 细阅读的文章减少至两篇, 新增加了选词填空和快速阅读. 选词填空考查方式为: 从一篇 220 字左右的文章中,留出 10 个单词的空格,从给出的 15 个备选单词中 选出 10 个填入空格处,使文章意思通顺,表达正确.这部分主要考查考生对词 汇的认知和语法的理解.另外,快速阅读要求在 15 分钟内完成一篇 1200 字左右 的文章和后面的 10 道题,前 7 个是判断 ...

热门内容

四六级英语作文3

   来自:新东方在线 热点作文 13 Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic The Moonlight Clan. You should write at least 150 words, and base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below: 1)现在很多年轻人每个月都把自己赚 ...

初三英语单词表

   登陆下载更多资料 www.lzcyy.net 量子场女生英语 Unit 1 n. 2 flashcard n. (上面有单词或图画,用于教学的)抽认卡 2 vocabulary n. 词汇 3 aloud adv. 出声地;大声地 3 pronunciation n. 发音;发音法 4 specific adj. 明确的;具体的;特定的 4 memorize v. 记住;熟记 4 grammar n. 语法;语法规则 4 differently adv. 不同地;有区别地 4 frustra ...

英语六级考试重点

   英语六级考试重点 CET6 中词汇有 30 道,共 15 分.30%是四级词汇,70%是六级词汇。一般 48%的考生能拿 7.5 分,15%的拿 10 分,2%的拿 15 分。六级要求掌握 5500 个单词,与考研相比,只差 2 06 个。 答题要点:同义词均不选 特点:喜欢考难的单词, homogeneously 同一的,基因(前缀,词根 adj adv) make a reservation 订房间: (出现两次) commitment 商业方面的约定 engagement 一般的约定( ...

大学英语四级评分标准

   全国大学英语四、六级考试(CET-4~CET-6) 作文题评分原则及标准 一.评分原则 评分原则 1.CET足检查考生是否达到大学英语教学大纲规定的四级和六级教 学要求,对作文的评判应以此要求为准则。 2.CET作文题采用总体评分(Global Scoring)方法。阅卷人员就总的 印象给出奖励分(Reward Scores),而不是按语言点的错误数目扣分。 3.从内容和语言两个方面对作文进行综合评判。内容和语言是一 个?个统一体。作文应表达题目所规定的内容,而内容要通过语言 来表达。要考虑 ...

江苏省苏北四市2011届高三第三次模拟考试英语试题11-04 (推荐)

   江苏省丹阳高级中学 2011 届高三英语 江苏省苏北四市 2011 届高三第三次模拟考试 英 语 试 题 20110401 满分 120 分。考试用时 120 分钟。 注意事项: 1. 答题前,考生务必将自己的姓名、班级、考号写在答题纸的密封线内。 2. 请将所有答案按题号填涂或填写在答题卡/纸的对应题目的答处,否则不得分。 第一卷(三部分, 第一部分 听力(共两节; 满分 20 分) 共 85 分) 做题时, 先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后, 你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到 答 ...