2010 考研英语大纲新增统考英语科目 “204 英语二 预测与解析 英语二”
一. 统考“英语二 介绍 统考 英语二” 英语二 我们最近发现,在官方文件上突然出现了“204 英语二”,而往年研究生考试英语只有一 套全国统一出题的试卷“201 英语”, 许多高校研究生专业招生目录上也赫然出现了“204 英语 二”,这让很多考生感到很迷惑,不知“英语(二)”具体考什么内容。不仅有些考生不了解, 就连一些从事考研辅导的老师也不清楚。 在英语考试大纲未出来之前, 很难有一个权威和统 一的解释。针对部分学员的要求,特搜集和整理出一些关于“204 英语二”比较权威的信息, 供各位 2010 年考生参考: 根据官方的定义:“从 2010 年起增加一套统考英语试题(即英语二)供部分专业学位研 究生招生时选用,学术型研究生原统考英语名称相应改为英语(一)。” 言下之意,学术型 研究生还是考“英语一”(即原来的统考英语),而非学术型研究生(即专业硕士)在今年考 试会面临考“英语二”。因此对今年的大部分考生而言,还是会继续考英语(一),希望不必 因此对今年的大部分考生而言,还是会继续考英语( ),希望不必 因此对今年的大部分考生而言 犹豫和紧张。而对部分专业的考研学生而言,则要考统考英语( 犹豫和紧张 而对部分专业的考研学生而言,则要考统考英语(二)了,这可以说是一个 而对部分专业的考研学生而言 巨变。 关于考英语(二)的专业要求,英语(二)仅限于专业硕士选考。比如说工程硕士、社 比如说工程硕士、 比如说工程硕士 会工作硕士、 等等。如 2010 年北京理工大学招生简章明确指出:工业工程、 会工作硕士、MPA、MBA 等等 、 项目管理、物流工程、工业设计工程、工商管理、公共管理等专业考英语二。山东大学 2010 年社会工作专业需考英语二。华东理工大学机械工程、动力工程、安全工程、材料工程等都 需考英语二。 最关键的是英语二考察的内容和难度。截止目前,我们能够预测的结论是“英语二相比 英语一,更注重考察阅读和翻译和写作这三种能力。”也就是说,这三部分的分值将占到最 大。比如英语一考试的翻译分值仅为 10 分,那英语二很可能占到 15 到 20 分,题型有可能 出现段落英翻汉 段落英翻汉。至于其它题型则与英语一大致一样。至于难度,目前教育部尚未对此做出 段落英翻汉 回复,但据推断,第一年出题应该相对简单,比英语一的难度会有所下降。
二. 预测部分考试内容 因为目前英语考试大纲还未出, 做任何有针对性练习和强化意义都不太大。 由于第一年 出英语二,还处在试验阶段,所以题型、范围等肯定都会参考往年的试题,并且肯定不会出 太难的题。所以现在大家不必惊慌,可以参照启航暑期所有题型的训练技巧和方法,按部就 班地进行复习。在复习的过程中,选考英语(二)的同学可以适当多练习些翻译题,多注 在复习的过程中,选考英语( 在复习的过程中 的同学可以适当多练习些翻译题, 重翻译表达的一些技巧,以及我今年三月份与搜狐网站联合举行的“阳光课堂 的词汇专项 重翻译表达的一些技巧,以及我今年三月份与搜狐网站联合举行的 阳光课堂”的词汇专项 阳光课堂 的公开课里面所提到的专业性词汇的总结和归纳等。等到大纲出来之后,再具体计划和准 的公开课里面所提到的专业性词汇的总结和归纳等 备英语(二)的考试。下面我通过 2009 年金融硕士联考的试题来预测一下英语(二)的考 试内容,仅供同学了解一些考试的题型,做好一些心理准备。
2009MBA 联考英语试题举例 Section I Vocabulary(10 points )与统考英语(一)试卷可能不同的地方,即传统的词汇 ( 与统考英语( 试卷可能不同的地方, 与统考英语 题,测试考生的词汇量。20 道题,分值不大,希望考生不必担心,主要是平时多扩大词汇 测试考生的词汇量。 道题,分值不大,希望考生不必担心, 量。
  1.The poor lady was too and distressed to talk about the tragedy. [A]engaged [B]exhausted [C]ignorant [D]energetic

  2. At fist, the famous painting doesn't impress the audience at all. [A]glance [B]gaze key to 1--2 BA Section II Cloze ( 10 points )同统考英语(一)的完型题,20 道题,主要测试词汇与句 同统考英语( 的完型题, 道题, 子结构及上下文词汇的照应再现等技巧,预测难度会低于英语( 子结构及上下文词汇的照应再现等技巧,预测难度会低于英语(一)。 Directions: Read the following passage.For each numbered blank there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D.Choose the best one and mark your answer on ANSWER SHEET 1 [C]stare [D]view
In 1999, the price of oil hovered around $16 a barrel. By 2008, it had mark.The reasons for the surge 22 India to widespread
21 the $100 a barrel
from the dramatic growth of the economies of china and
23 in oil-producing regions, including Iraq and Nigeria's delta region.

  21. A.come
  22. A.covered
  23. A.intensity
B.gone B.discovered B.infinity
C.crossed C.arranged C.insecurity
D.arrived D.ranged D.instability
Key to 21--23 CDD Section III Reading Comprehension (40%)同统考英语(一)的阅读题,预测难度也会低 的阅读题, )同统考英语( 于统考英语( ),希望广大考生认真复习课堂统考英语( 于统考英语(一),希望广大考生认真复习课堂统考英语(一)的阅读解题技巧和方法。 希望广大考生认真复习课堂统考英语 的阅读解题技巧和方法。 下面的文章是考过的联考真题,大家可以参考一下。 下面的文章是考过的联考真题,大家可以参考一下。 PASSAGE 1 Henric Ibsen,author of the play A Doll''s House, in which a pretty, helpless housewife abandons.Her husband and children to seek a more serious life, would surely have approved From January Ist,2008, all public companies in Norway are obliged to ensure that at least 40% of their board directors are women. Most firms have obeyed the law, which was passed in 20
  03.But about 75 out of the 480 or so companies it affects are still too male for the government''s liking. They will shortly receive a letterinforming them that they have until the end of February to act, or face the legal consequences??which could include being dissolved. Before the law was proposed, about 7% of board members in Norway were female, according to the Centre for Corporate Diversity .The number has since jumped to 36%. That is far higher than the average of 9% for big companies across Europe or America's 15% for the Fortune 5
  00.Norway's stock exchange and its main business lobby oppose the law, as do many businessmen. I am against quotas for women or men as a matter of principle, says Sverre Munck, head of international operations at a media firm. Board members of public companies should be chosen solely on the basis of merit and experience,be says. Several firms have even given up their public status in order to escape the new law. Companies have had to recruit about 1,000 women in four years. Many complain that it has been Difficult to find experienced candidates. Because of this, some of the best women have collected as many as 25-35 directorships each, and are known in Norwegian business circles as the golden skirts. One reason for the scarcity is that there are fairly few women in management in Norwegian companies??they occupy around 15% of senior positions. It has been particularly hard for firms
in the oil, technology and financial industries to find women with a enough experience. Some people worry that their relative lack of experience may keep women quiet on boards, and that In turn could mean that boards might become less able to hold managers to account. Recent history in Norway, however, suggests that the right women can make strong directors. Women feel more compelled than men to do their homework, says Ms Reksten Skaugen, who was voted Norway''s chairman of the year for 2007, and we can afford to ask the hard questions, because women are not always expected to know the answers.
  41. The author mentions Ibsen's play in the first paragraph in order to . A.depict women's dilemma at work B.explain the newly passed law C.support Norwegian government D.introduce the topic under discussion
  42. A public company that fails to obey the new law could be forced to . A.pay a heavy fine B.close down its business C.change to a private business D.sign a document promising to act
  43. To which of the following is Sverre Munck most likely to agree? A.A set ratio of women in a board is unreasonable. B.A reasonable quota for women at work needs to be set. C.A common principle should be followed by all companies. D.An inexperienced businessman is not subject to the new law.
  44. The author attributes the phenomenon of golden skirts to . A.the small number of qualified females in management B.the over-recruitment of female managers in public companies C.the advantage women enjoy when competing for senior positions D.the discrimination toward women in Norwegian business circles
  45. The main idea of the passage might be . A.female power and liberation in Norway B.the significance of Henric Ibsen's play
C.women's status in Norwegian firms D.the constitution of board members in Norway
Key to 41--45 BBAAC Section IV Translation( 20 points )段落英翻汉,有可能还会增加汉翻英部分。 ( 落英翻汉,有可能还会增加汉翻英部分。 Directions:In this section there is a passage in English. Translate the folowing passage into Chinese and write your translation on ANSWER SHEET
  2. With the nation's financial system teetering on a cliff. The compensation arrangements for executives of the big banks and other financial firms are coming under close examination again.Bankers' excessive risk- taking is a significant cause of this financial crisis and has continued, to others in the past, in this case, it was fueled by low interest rates and kept going by a false sense of security created by a debt-fueled bubble in the economy. Mortgage lenders gladly lent enormous sums to those who could not afford to pay them back dividing the laws and selling them off to the next financial institution along the chain, advantage of the same high-tech securitization to load on more risky mortgage-based assets. Financial regulation will have to catch up with the most irresponsible. 参考译文 由于国家金融体制处于危机边缘动荡,一些大银行和金融机构中的高级管理人员的补偿 金计划就受到密切关注. 银行家们过度冒险是金融危机的至关重要原因,在历史上也有类似情况.在这种情况下, 一般是由低息引起并造成持续的错觉,其实是一种债务泡沫经济. 抵押贷款人很乐意把大量资金借给无力偿还的人,就把贷款瓜分了,并沿这样的链条出售 给下一个金融机构,这些做法都在利用高科技证券业,结果,却增加了抵押资产的风险. 金融条例必须能应付这种能使银行下滑的,最不负责任的做法,以期扭转下一个危机,而 这下一个危机很可能包括有各种类型的技术和资产.但值得审视补偿金计划的根本问题,因为 那是眼前利益,但却让银行家们不负责任的甘冒风险.
Section VI Writing( 20 points )命题作文,图表或图画作文 ( 命题作文, Direction: In this section, you are asked to write an essay based on the following information.
Make comments and express your own opinion. You should write at least 150 words on Answer Sheet
  2. At present, there is no doubt that short messages play an increasingly important role in our lives. We are all aware that, like everything else, short messages have both favorable and unfavorable aspects.
 

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