2010 年考研英语作文议论文写作范文
UNIT Ⅰ九大主题词汇
一 计算机、通讯类 1 计算机 commit computer crimes 进行电脑犯罪活动 Most computer crimes can be traced back to hackers. 大多数计算机犯罪都是电脑黑客干 的。 access the Internet 进入互联网 accomplish the operation simply with a click of the keys 敲击键盘即可完成操作 administrator 管理员 auto search 自动搜索 bandwidth 宽带 be multilingual 可以使用多种语言 be networked with … 与…联网 be no longer imaginary 不再是幻想 blogger 写博客的人 chat on-line in Internet 网上聊天 distance learning 远程教育 on shopping on-line 进行网上购物 facilitate the growth of the cyber-economy 推动网络经济的发展 Internet café 网吧 Internet fans 网迷 Internet geek/netter 网虫 Internet video chat 网上视频聊天 It is difficult to know whether the information on the Internet is reliable or not. 很难确定互 联网上的信息是否可靠。 Millions of computers are connected to one another in a worldwide network called Internet. 不计其数台电脑在世界范围内互相联系在一起称作互联网 Printed sources continue to remain an important method for researching materials. 使用印制 资料仍然是获得研究资源的重要方法。 provide on-line employment services to job seekers 为求职者提供网上择业服务 There is an advantage to being multilingual. 懂得多种语言很有益处。 with the gradual popularization of the Internet 随着互联网的不断普及 put out your message through E-mail 使用电子邮件发出讯息 net-addiction 网瘾 provide entertainment in the form of computerized games 提供电子游戏形式的娱乐 2 其他通讯手段 allow people to carry telephone with them all the time 使人们能够随时随身携带电话 Calls were connected manually by switchboard operators. 过去电话由接员人工接通。 Cellular telephones are portable units that can be used away from home. 手机是出门在外也 可以使用的便携装置。 Cellular telephones can be used to access information virtually anywhere and anytime. 手机
实际上可以用于随时随地接收信息。 make wireless communication possible 使无线通讯成为可能 phone can connect to the Internet 手机可以连接到互联网 send a short text message to sb.’s cell phone 给某人的手机发短信 cable television systems 有线电视系统 digital television 数字电视 pick up the signals from satellites 通过卫星接收信号 provide a large number of (many more) channels 提供很多(更多)频道 satellite television service 卫星电视业务 advances in digital communications 数字通讯的发展 improve the quality and efficiency of telecommunication 提高远程通讯的质量和效率 modern digital telecommunication 现代数字远程通讯 send messages faster and more accurately 更快、更准确地传送信息 二经济、改革类 1 旅游业 About six or seven percent of the Gross National Product comes from tourism. 国民生产总 值的 6%-7%来自旅游业。 be one of the major industries of this country 是该国主要产业之一 belong to the service industry 属于服务性行业 benefit through peaceful development and cultural understanding 从和平发展和文化认同 中获益 carry exchange and investment to … 吸引交流和投资到… focus attention on the role tourism can play in elimination of poverty 重视旅游业对消除贫 困的作用 serve as a dynamic catalyst of emploment, wealth, investment and poverty elimination 对就 业、财富、投资和摆脱贫困起到有力的催化作用 Tourism business preserves cultural and heritage traditions. 旅游业保护传统和文化遗产。 do-it-yourself/independent travel 自助游 during the height of travel 在旅游的高峰季节 golden week for tourism 旅游黄金周 visit historic sites/spots 参观历史名胜 2 农业 be not fertile enough to justify cropping 不够肥沃,所以不值得耕种 cultivate inferior 开垦贫瘠土地 The supply of good land is limited. 良田资源是有限的。 to feed a large population 养活众多的人口 cause pollution and health problems 引起污染和健康问题 chemical fertilizer 化肥 destroy harmful insects 消灭害虫 Insecticides also kill helpful insects. 杀虫剂也会杀死益虫。 save water during irrigation 节水灌溉 use up ground water 用尽地面水 increase food production to help feed the growing world population 提供粮食产量为不断 增加的世界人口提供食物
keep soil from drying out and prevents the loss of soil 避免土壤干化和流失 One important form of soil conservation is the use of windbreaks. 土壤保持的一个重要方 法是利用防风林。 be carried out in a way that does not damage the environment 以一种不破环环境的方式被 执行 avoid a possible grain shortage 避免可能出现的粮食短缺 deserve to be called a broad-minded policy 应被视为有长远眼光的策略 invest more in agricultural technology 加大对于农业科技的投资 Sustainable development methodes are designed to save resources. 开展可持续发展的目的 在于节约资源。 3 政治 Political systems have evolves over several centuries. 政治制度是经历了好几个世纪的发 展演变而来的。 undergo an economic and political transformation 经历经济和政治变革 well handle the relations among reform, development and stability 妥善处理改革、发展和 稳定之间的关系 accoplish the great cause of national reunification 完成祖国统一大业 contribute to international peace and prosperity 为国际和平和繁荣作贡献 4 经济 attract more foreign investment 吸引更多外国投资 resources-efficient development mode 有效利用资源型发展模式 sharpen the international competitiveness 加强国际竞争力 secure the fair competition on the marker 保障市场上公平竞争 place emphasis on the future development 强调未来发展 try to gain a large market share 谋求更大的市场份额 maintain the competitiveness in market contests 保持在市场竞争中的竞争力 reserve and promote the sound and cooperative economic and trade tries between the two countries 保持和促进两国之间稳健合作的经济和贸易联系 三 教育、就业类 1 教育 achieve universal comsulsory education 普及全民义务教育 adult education 成人教育 conduct the education of the younger generation 对年轻一代进行教育 special education for the disabled children 为残疾儿童开设特殊教育 spread education 推广教育 take education seriously 重视教育 be firmly convinced that education pays 坚信受教育是有益的 borrow heavily from the western traditions in education 在教育上大量借鉴西方惯例 develop a well-informed, critically thinking, and civically engaged citizenry 培养知识丰富、 善于独立思考、能很好履行义务的公民 Family education is as important as public education. 家庭教育和学校教育一样重要。 Knowledge is priceless treasure. 知识是无价之宝。 talent training and quality education 人才培养和素质教育 transmit to youth the best of our culture 将我们最优秀的文化传给青年一代
understand the necessity of education 懂得教育的必要性 alleviate/reduce/lighten burdens on the students of elementary and secondary schools 减轻 中小学生负担 arouse attention from all sectors of society 引起全社会的注意 call for alleviating burdens on students 呼吁减轻学生负担 Children get a better education today than at any time in the past. 今天的孩子受的教育比 以往任何时候都要好。 Edution must be conbined with practice. 教育必须与实践相结合。 A college education in the United States in expensive. 美国大学教育的费用昂贵。 Increasing enrollment causes a sharp rise in educational costs. 扩大招生导致教育费用急剧 上升。 Students pay their tuition fees and living costs from income earned through the work-study program. 学生用勤工俭学的收入缴纳学习费用和生活费用。 2 教学及教学方法 adopt a new approach in teaching 在教学中采用一套新做法 allow more time for individual instrucion and group discussion 给予更多时间做个人指导 和小组讨论 impart knowledge to one’s students 把知识传授给学生 involve both bearning and teaching 涉及教与学两方面 make radical improvements in teaching 从根本上改进教学 stick to the traditional teaching methods 固守传统教学法 teach students according to their aptitude 因材施教 3 教学管理 (
  1)学校 abide by the school rules 遵守学校的规章 collect subscription for the putting up of a charity school 募捐筹建慈善学校 found an establishment of a private school 建立私利学校 make the most economical of school facilities 充分利用学校资源 part-work and part-study school 半工半读学校 (
  2)学生 be a good student in comparison with sb. 与某人相比,算是好学生 be concerned about the students ideology 从思想上关心学生 be heavily burdened with schoolwork 学校功课负担太重 dropouts 辍学者 encourage the students to think their own thoughts 鼓励学生独立思考 errors common among students 学生常犯的错误 give heart to students 鼓励学生 give individual attention to each student 给每个学生以个别关注 Good teachers impart wisdom to his students. 好老师赋予学生智慧。 It is the duty of a student to study hard. 努力学习是学生的本分。 self-supporting graduate student 自费研究生 try one’s best to have the students take the initiative in learning 尽力调动学生的学习积极 性 (
  3)学科
a developing borderline science 一门正在发展的边缘科学 an extensive subject 一门内容广博的学科 complete undergraduate study 完成本科学业 inspire self-conscious debates over the worth of a business degree 引发有关工商学位价值 的讨论 Science and technology are productive forces. 科学技术是生产力。 this subject and its numerous ramifications 这门学科以及它的许多分支 (
  4)课程 a great number of students are enrolled in … 大量学生报名… approaches to teaching science and math vary 科学课和数学课的教学方法有所不同 arrange the curriculum 安排课程 at the end of the course 结业时 Graduate study is more intensive and specialized. 研究生学习更精深、更专业。 have less courses, but in greater depth 课程少一些,但更深入 non-required subjects 选修课 (
  5)招生 a form of application for enrollment 大学申请表 enroll in a college without being strongly motivated 不迫切希望报名就读某大学 enter for an examination 报名参加考试 Entrance requirements differ greatly. 入学条件很不一样。 increase enrollment 扩招 (
  6)学历及文凭 acknowledge a diploma of graduation 公证一份学位证书 be granted an official certificate from … 被授予由…颁发的正式证书 confer diplomas on members of the graduating class 向毕业生颁发学位证 education with record of formal schooling 学历教育 obtain a license or a certificate for one’s job or career 获得从事自己工作或职业的执照或 证书 pursue graduate study 读研究生 try to obtain the undergraduate diploma through self-taught study 试图通过自学获得本科 文凭 (
  7)体制和管理 adopt an academic credit system 采取学分制 be a student of fine qualities and fine scholar 品学兼优 broad mental development 全面的智能发展 develop an interest in learning 培养学习兴趣 drop out of school 退学 further education 深造 implementing the new standards 实施新的标准 investigate all sides of a question and all possible solutions to a problem 调查研究问题的各 个方面及各种可能的解决方法 learn admission status 了解录取情况 letter of recommendation 推荐信 meet the standards 符合标准
possess both political integrity and professional ability 德才兼备 shake their confidence 动摇他们的信心 4 学习 (
  1)目标与动机 achieve the goal one has set for oneself 达到为自己确立的目标 be completely absorbed in study 把精力完全贯注在学习上 derive pleasure from one’s studies 从学习中获得乐趣 distract one’s mind from one’s study 分散某人学习的注意力 learn through one’s valuable experience 从自己宝贵的经验中学习 neglect one’s studies 忽视自己的学习 place the study ahead of anything else 把学习放在第一位 stimulate oneself to study 发奋学习 study harder under the stimulus of praise 在表扬的激励下更加努力学习 study assiduously and perseveringly 持之以恒地刻苦学习 (
  2)方法和习惯 gain new insights through restudying old material 温故而知新 lay the basis for further study 为进一步深造奠定基础 store/stock one’s mind with knowledge 用知识充实头脑 Unless you study hard you will not pass the exam. 除非你用功,否则不会及格 (
  3)考试 a certificate examination 证书考试 be quite confident of passing the examination 坚信自己能通过考试 conduct an examination 举行考试 gain distinction in the examination 考试成绩优秀 take part in
 

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