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2010年全国自考英语(二)模拟试卷(七)
一、Vocabulary and Structure(10 points,1 point for each item)从下列各句四 个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。
He assured us that he would be served by a fitness program than by learning to play bridge.

  1.
A. no good B. none better C. no better D. not better
答案:C Some argue that by their nature, these elite places of learning should not be easily accessible.

  2.
A. very B. exactly C. exact D. just
答案:A

  3.
These future robots, with a sense of touch and the ability to see and make decisions, will have plenty of work to do.
A. assembling B. assembled C. assemble D. to have been assembled
答案:B Picture yourself vividly as defeated and that will make victory impossible.

  4.
A. B. C. D.
答案:A
alone lonely lone more lonely
Grabbing Weinstein the jaw, the attacker told her he had a gun and forced her into her car.

  5.
A. B.
with to
C.
D.
答案:D
in
by
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Basically, Such attitudes amount to a recognition leisure is an important area of life and a belief leisure can and should be put to good use.

  6.
A. which...that B. that...which C. which...which D. that...that
答案:D Schools usually set their educational objective the attainment of a balanced development of a person.

  7.
A. to B. in C. with D. as
答案:D

  8.
This kind of cell phone isavailable in any telecommunications shop. A. costly
B. likely C. readily D. effectively
答案:B 解析:B costly有代价地 likely可能地 readily乐意地 effectively 有效地
Difficulties can bring a person’s best qualities. A. down B. forward C. up D. out 答案:D 解析:D bring down降低,减少;bring forward提出; bring up抚养;bring out使显现,显 示。

  9.

  10.
the numbers in employment,the hotel industry was the second largest industry in this country last year.
A. In line with B. In terms of C. In contrast with
D. In accordance with
答案:B 解析:B
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in line with与…相一致;in terms of在…方面,就……来说;in contrast with和
……成对照;in accordance with依照,根据。
二、Cloze Test(10 points,1 point for each item)下列短文中有十个空白,每个 空白有四个选项。根据上下文要求选出最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。
Traveling can be fun and easy. A vacation trip to another country is especially enjoyable when the traveling conditions are good. Good traveling conditions 1 a comfortable mode of transportation, knowledge of the country’s language, familiarity 2 the customs and habits of the people in the country, and pleasant traveling companions. All of us have had nice trips 3 this.

  1.
Most of us have also had trips that we would 4 to forget. Many conditions can
produce a bad traveling experience. For example, if the four conditions listed above
do not exist, we will probably have a bad experience, 5 at best a difficult
  6. Students who travel to a foreign country to study often have a difficult trip. They
usually travel alone. They don’t know the language of the new country
  7. They often
arrive in the new country 8 a huge international airport. From the airport, they
need to find their way to their school. Maybe they need to change airplanes, to take
a bus, a train, or a taxi. They need to do all this in a country 9 everything is unfamiliar. Later, after the experiences are over, they can laugh. But at the 10, they feel terrible.
(
  1). (A). (B). (C). (D).
答案:A
include conclude hold contain
(
  2). (A). (B). (C). (D).
答案:D
to for of with
(
  3). (A). (B).
with as
(C). (D).
答案:C
like of
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(
  4).
(A).
have
(B). (C). (D).
答案:C
think wish need
(
  5). (A). (B). (C). (D).
答案:A
or and but so
(
  6). (A). (B).
(C).
case one
thing
(D).
答案:B
practice
(
  7). (A). (B). (C). (D).
答案:A
yet either too already
(
  8). (A). (B). (C). (D).
答案:A
at to on from
(
  9). (A). (B).
where that
(C). (D).
答案:A
when which
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(
  10). (A). (B).
(C).
date time
while
(D).
答案:B
day
三、Reading Comprehension(30 points,2 points for each item)从下列每篇短文 的问题后所给的四个选择项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。
In the late 1960’s many people in North America turned their attention to environmental problems, and new steelandglass skyscrapers (摩天楼) were widely criticized. Scientists pointed out that blocks of tall buildings in a city often overburdens public transportation and parking lot capacities. Skyscrapers are also big consumers, and wasters, of electric power. In one recent year, the addition of 17 million square feet of skyscraper office space in New York

  1.
City raised the peak daily demand for electricity by 120,000 kilowatts?enough to supply the entire city of Albany, New York, for a day. Glasswalled skyscrapers can be especially wasteful. The heat loss (or gain) through a wall of halfinch plate glass is more than ten times that through a typical brick wall filled with insulation board. To lessen the strain on heating and airconditioning equipment, builders of skyscrapers have begun to use doubleglazed (装上玻璃的) panels of glass, and reflective glasses coated with silver or gold mirror films that reduce glare as well as heat gain. However, mirrorwalled skyscrapers raise the temperature of the surrounding air and affect neighboring buildings. Skyscrapers put a severe strain on a city’s sanitation (卫生) facilities, too. If fully occupied, the two World Trade Center towers in New York City would alone generate
  2.25 million gallons of raw wastes each year?as much as a city the size of Stamford, Connecticut, which has a population of more than 109,0
  00. Skyscrapers also interfere with television reception, block bird flyways, and obstruct air traffic. In Boston in the late 1960’s, some people even feared that shadows from skyscrapers would kill the grass on Boston Common. Still, people continue to build skyscrapers for all the reasons that they have always built them?personal ambition (抱负) pride, and the desire of owners to have the largest possible amount of rentable space.
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(
  1). (A). (B). (C). (D).
答案:B
The main purpose of the passage is to . compare skyscrapers with other modern structures describe skyscrapers and their effect on the environment advocate the use of masonry(化妆舞会) in the construction of skyscrapers illustrate some architectural designs of skyscrapers
(
  2).
According to the passage, what is one disadvantage of skyscrapers that have mirrored walls?
(A). (B). (C). (D).
答案:A
The exterior surrounding air is heated. The windows must be cleaned daily. Construction time is increased. Extra airconditioning equipment is needed.
According to the passage, in the late 1960’s some residents of Boston were concerned with which aspect of skyscrapers?
(
  3).
(A). (B). (C). (D).
答案:C
The noise from their construction The removal of trees from building sites. The harmful effects on the city’s grass. The high cost of rentable office space.
(
  4).
groups?
The author raises issues that would most concern which of the following Electricians Environmentalists. Aviators Teachers.
(A). (B). (C). (D).
答案:B
(
  5).
Where in the passage does the author compare the energy consumption of skyscrapers with that of a city?
(A). (B). (C). (D).
答案:A
Lines 5-
  8. Lines 14-15 Lines 20-
  22. Lines 23-25
Climate, more than any other single factor, determines the distribution of life on Earth. Climatic boundaries establish the limits within which organisms can survive. Plants, even more than animals, must be well adapted to climate in order to

  2.
survive. They cannot move about or take shelter but must be equipped to endure
whatever weather conditions are likely to occur. In the harsh conditions of the tundra, for example, low growing mosses(苔藓), lichens(地衣), and a few flowering plants all hug the ground for shelter from icy winds. Animals, despite their ability to move about and find shelter, are just as much influenced by climate as plants are. Creatures such as the camel and the penguin are so highly specialized that they have an extremely limited distribution. Others, such as bears, are flexible enough to adapt to a broad range of climates. Oceandwelling organisms are just as sensitive to climatic changes?in this case temperature and salinity(盐浓度,咸度)?as land animals. Reef corals can survive only in clear warm seawater. Certain foraminifers are so sensitive to changes in their environment that their presence can be taken as an index of sea temperature. Human beings are among the least specialized of all animals and can live almost anywhere. Their clothes and their homes act as a sort of “miniature climate” that can be taken with them everywhere.
(
  1). (A). (B). (C). (D).
答案:C
According to the passage, plants on the tundra grow in the ground . to avoid being eaten by arctic animals because fertilizer is not readily available to minimize exposure to the cold because unfrozen water supplies are very scarce
(
  2).
According to the passage, which of the following can be found in areas with quite different climatic conditions on Earth?
(A). (B). (C). (D).
答案:C
Reef corals Penguins. Bears Camels.
(
  3). (A). (B). (C). (D).
答案:B
It can be inferred from the passage that foraminifers are a . . kind of weather pattern form of sea life species of tundra plant type of miniature penguin
(
  4).
According to the passage, human beings can survive almost everywhere on earth because .
(A). (B).
they have developed advanced forms of transportation they have learned how to process seawater for drinking
更多优质自考资料,请访问自考乐园俱乐部 http://tieba.baidu.com/club/5346389 their body temperature can vary considerably their shelters and clothes help them to adapt themselves to the environment 答案:D
(C). (D).
(
  5). As used in the passage, the word “endure” means “.” (A). keep silent (B). to be defeated (shelters and clothes) (C). surrender (D). suffer
答案:D Some psychologists maintain that mental acts such as thinking are not performed in the brain alone,but that one’s muscles also participate. It may be said that we think with our muscles in somewhat the same way that we listen to music with our bodies. You surely are nor surprised to be told that you usually listen to music not only

  3.
with your ears but with your whole body. Few people can listen to music that is more or less familiar without moving their body or, more specifically, some part of their body. Often when one listens to a concert on the radio, he is attracted to direct the band even though he knows there is a good conductor on the job. Strange as this behavior may be, there is a very good reason for it. One cannot derive all possible enjoyment from music unless he participates, so to speak, in its performance. This listener“feels”himself into the music with more or less noticeable motions of his body. The muscles of the body actually participate in the mental process of thinking in the same way, but this participation is less obvious because it is less noticeable.
(
  1). Some psychologists tend to believe that thinking is (A). a process happening outside the brain (B). a process that only involves one’s brain (C). a process involving both the brain and muscles (D). more of a physical process than a mental action
答案:C
(
  2).
The process of thinking and that of listening to music is similar in that.
(A). (B). (C). (D).
答案:D
both processes are less noticeable neither involves the use of the brain both bring enjoyment to a person neither is solely a mental process
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(
  3). Few people are able to listen to familiar music on the radio without. (A). singing along with the music (B). moving some parts of their bodies (C). stopping the job they are doing (D). wishing to see the actual performance
答案:B
(
  4). Muscle participation in the process of thinking is. (A). purposeful (B). apparent (C). indistinct (D). impressive
答案:C
(
  5). The passage is concerned primarily with. (A). muscle participation in mental activities (B). muscle participation in mental appreciation (C). the difference between thinking and music appreciation (D). the relationship between thinking and music appreciation
答案:A
四、Word Spelling(20 points,
  0.5 point for two words)将下列汉语单词译成英语。 每个单词的词类、首字母及字母数目均已给出。请将完整的单词写在答题纸上。
固定;系 答案:attach
 

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