2010 年全国普通高等学校招生统一考试 上海 英语试卷
本试卷分第一卷(选择题)和第二卷(非选择题)两部分,共 150 分,考试用时 120 分钟.考试结束,将答题卡和答题卷一并交回.
第一卷(共 105 分)
注意事项:
  1.答第一卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名,准考证号涂写在答题卡上.
  2.每小题选出答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑.如需改动,用橡 皮擦干净后,再选涂其它答案标号.答在试卷上的无效. П. Grammar and vocabulary. Section A Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences there are four choices marked A, B, C and Choose the one answer that best completes the sentence.
  25. Sean has formed the habit of jogging the tree-lined avenue for two hours every day. A. between B. along C. below D. with
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  26. It took us quite a long time to get to the amusement park. It was A. three hour B. a three-hours C. a three-hour D. three hours
  27. If our parents do everything for us children, we won't learn to depend on A. themselves B. them C. us D. ourselves
  28. Every few years, the coal workers. A. are having B. have C. have had D. had had
journey.
their lungs X-rayed to ensure their health.

  29. - Sorry, Professor Smith. I didn't finish the assignment yesterday. - Oh, you have done it as yesterday was the deadline. A. must B. mustn't C. should D. shouldn't
  30. In ancient times, people rarely travelled long distances and most farmers only travelled the local market. A. longer than B. more than C. as much as D. as far as

  31. The church tower which will be open to tourists soon. The work is almost finished. A. has restored B. has been restored C. is restoring D. is being restored
  32. I had great difficulty the suitable food on the menu in that restaurant. A. find B. found C. to find D. finding
  33. Lucy has a great sense of humour and always keeps her colleagues A. amused B. amusing C. to amuse D. to be amused
  34. with her stories.
you may have, you should gather your courage t o face the challenge. A. However a serious problem B. What a serious problem C. However serious a problem D. What serious a problem the city centre, we saw a stone statue of about 10 metres in height. A. Approaching B. Approached C. To approach D. To be approached

  35.

  36. One reason for her preference for city life is she can have easy access to places like shops and restaurants. A. that B. how C. what D. why
  37. When changing lanes, a driver should use his turning signal to let other drivers know A. he is entering which lane B. which lane he is entering C. is he entering which lane D. which lane is he entering
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  38. Wind power is an ancient source of energy A. on which B. by which C. to which D. from which
  39. A. Until
we may return in the near future.
our manage objects to Tom's joining the club, we shall accept him as a member. B. U nless C If D. After
the overuse of water in students' bathrooms.
  40. Thai is the only way we can imagine A. reducing B. to reduce C. reduced D. reduce Section B Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. additional B. producing E atmosphere G. matched C. regular H. reducing D. predicted I. carried E. identified J. increase
Forests in the northern half of the globe could be growing faster now than they were 200
years ago as a result of climate change, according to a study of trees in eastern America. The trees appear to have faster growth rates due to long er growing seasons and higher concentrations (浓 度) of carbon dioxide in the 41 . Geoffrey Parker, a scientist at the Smithsonian Environmental Research Centre in Edgewater. Maryland, said that the increase ha the rate of growth was unexpected and might be 42 to the higher temperatures and longer growing seasons documented in the region. The growth may also be influenced by the significant 43 in atmospheric CO2,he said. "We made a list of reasons these forests could be growing faster and then excluded half of them," Dr Parker said. Their study suggests that northern forests may become increasingly important in 44 the influence of man-made CO2 on the climate. Dr Parker and his colleagues have 45 out a detailed record of the trees on a(n) 46 basis since 19
  87. They calculated that due to the global warming the forest is producing 47 tons of wood each year. The scientists _ 48 _ the land with trees at different stages of growth and found that both young and old trees were showing increased growth rate. More than 90 per cent of the tree groups had grown by between two and four times faster than the scientists had 49 from estimates of the long-term rates of growth. Ⅲ. Reading Comprehension Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A,B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. The first attempt of even the most talented artists, musicians, and writers is seldom a masterpiece, If you consider your drafts as dress rehearsals (彩排), or tryouts, revising will seem a natural part of the writing 50 . What is the purpose of the dress rehearsals and the out-of-town previews that many Broadway shows go through? The answer is adding, deleting, replacing, reordering, 51 revising. Andrew Lloyd Webber's musical Phantom of the Opera underwent such a process. When Lloyd Webber began writing in 1984, he had in mind a funny, exciting production. However, when Phantom opened in London in 1986, the audience saw a moving psychological love story set to music. The musical had. 52 several revisions due, in part, to problems with costuming and makeup (戏服和化妆). For instance, Lloyd Webber 53 some of the music because the Phantom's makeup prevented the actor from singing certain sounds. When you revise, you change aspects of your work in 54 to your evolving purpose, or to include 55 ideas or newly discovered information. Revision is not just an afterthought that gets only as much time as you have at the end of an assignment. 56 , it is a major stage of the writing process, and writers revise every step of the way. Even your decision to 57 . topics while prewriting is a type of revising. However. don't make the mistake of skipping the revision stage that follows 58 . Always make time to become your own 59 and view your dress rehearsal, so to speak. Reviewing your work in this way can give you 60 new ideas. Revising involves 61 the effectiveness and appropriateness of all aspects of your writing, making your purpose more clearly, and refocusing or developing the facts and ideas you present. When you revise, ask your self the following questions, keeping in mind the audience for
whom you are writing: Is my main idea or purpose 62 throughout my draft? Do I ever lose sight of my purpose? Have I given my readers all of the 63 that is, facts, opinions, inferences -- that they need in order to understand my main idea? Finally, have I included too details that may confuse readers? many 64
  50. A. technique B. style C. process D. career
  51. A. in particular B. as a result C. for example D. in other words
  52. A. undergone B. skipped C. rejected D. replaced
  53. A. rewrote B. released C. recorded D. r eserved
  54. A. addition B. response C. opposition D. contrast
  55. A. fixed B. ambitious C. familiar D. fresh
  56. A. However B. Moreover C. Instead D. Therefore
  57. A. discuss B. switch C. exhaust D. cove r
  58. A. drafting B. rearranging C. performing D. training D. visitor
  59. A. director B. master C. au dience
  60. A. personal B. valuable C. basic D. delicate
  61. A. mixing B. weakening C. maintaining D. assessing
  62. A. amazing B. bright C. unique D. clear
  63. A. angles B. evidence C. information D. hints
  64. A. unnecessary B. uninteresting C. concrete D. final
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Section B Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. (A) The elephant was lying heavily on its side, fast asleep. A few dogs started barking at it. The elephant woke up in a terrible anger: it chased the dogs into the village where they ran for safety. That didn't stop the elephant. It destroyed a dozen houses and injured several people. The villagers were scared and angry. Then someone suggested calling Parbati, the elephant princess. Parbati Barua's father was a hunter of tigers and an elephant tamer. He taught Parbati to ride an elephant before she could even walk. He also taught her the dangerous art of the elephant round-up -- how to catch wild elephants. Parbati hasn't always lived in the jungle. After a happy childhood hunting with her father, she was sent to boarding school in the city. But Parbati never got used to being there and many years later she went back to her old fife. "Life in the city is too dull. Catching elephants is an adventure and the excitement lasts for days after the chase," she says. But Parbati doesn't catch elephants just for fun. "My work," she says, "is to rescue man from the elephants, and to keep the elephants safe from man." And this is exactly what Parbati has been doing for many years. Increasingly, the Indian elephant is angry: for many years, illegal hunters have attacked it and its home in the jungle has been reduced to small pieces of land. It is now fighting back. Whenever wild elephants enter a tea garden or a village, Parbati is called to guide the animals back to the jungle before they can kill. The work of an elephant tamer also involves love and devotion. A good elephan t tamer will spend hours a day singing love songs to a newly captured elephant. "Eventually they grow to love
their tamers and never forget them. They are also more loyal than humans," she said, as she climbed up one of her elephants and sat on the giant, happy animal. An elephant princess indeed!
  65. For Parbati, catching elephants is mainly to . A. get long lasting excitement B. keep both man and elephants safe C. send them back to the jungle D. make the angry elephants tame
  66. Before Parbati studied in a boar ding school, . A. she spent her time hunting with her father B. she learned how to sing love songs C. she had already been called an elephant princess D. she was taught how to hunt tigers
  67. Indian elephants are getting increasingly angry and they revenge because . A. they are caught and sent for heavy work B. illegal hunters capture them and kill them C. they are attacked and their land gets limited D. dogs often bark at them and chase them
  68. The passage starts with an elephant story in order to explain that in India . A. people easily fall victim to elephants' attacks B. the man-elephant relationship is getting worse C. elephant tamers are in short supply D. dogs are as powerful as elephants (B) The following card includes a brief summary and a short assessment of a research paper. It can provide a guide for further reading on the topic. Trevor, C. O., Lansford, B. and Black, J. W., 2004, "Employee turnover (人事变更) and job performance: monitoring the influences of salary growth and promotion", Journal of Armchair Psychology, vol. 113, no.1, pp. 56-
  64. In this article Trevor et al. review the influences of pay and job opportunities in respect of job performance, turnover rates and employees' job attitude. The authors use data gained through organizational surveys of blue-chip companies in Vancouver, Canada to try to identify the main cause of employee turnover and whether it is linked to salary growth. Their research focuses on assessing a range of pay structures such as pay for performance and organizational reward plans. The article is useful as Trevor et al. suggest that there are numerous reasons for employee turnover and a variety of differences in employees' job attitude and performance. The main limitation of the article is that the survey sample was restricted to mid-level management, thus the authors indicate that further, more extensive research needs to be undertaken to develop a more in-depth understanding of employee turnover and job performance. As this article was published in a professional journal, the findings can be considered reliable. It will be useful additional information for the research on pay structures.
  69. The research paper published is pri marily concerned with A. the way of preventing employee turnover B. methods of improving employee performance C. factors affecting employee turnover and performance D. pay structures based on employee performance

  70. As is mentioned in the card, the limitation of the research paper mainly lies in that . A. the data analysis is hardly reliable B. the research sample is not wide enough C. the findings are of no practical value D. the research method is out-of-date
  71. Who might be most interested in this piece of information? A. Job hunters. B. Employees in blue-chip companies. C. Mid-level managers. D. Researchers on employee turnover. (C) The 2012 London Olympics had enough problems to worry about. But one more has just been added - a communications blackout caused by solar storms. After a period of calm within the Sun, scientists have detected the signs of a flesh cycle of sunspots that could peak in 2
 

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