2010 年上海高三英语高考阅读理解新题型 11 新人教版
Section D Directions: Read the following passage and complete the sentences or answer the questions according to the information given in the passage you have just read.?
In tomorrow's offices, there will be more bosses and fewer assistants. New technologies have made clerical work so efficient that fewer workers are necessary, so one assistant may serve several bosses. Bosses in the United States are spending twice as much time resolving employee disputes as they did just a decade ago. Corporate downsizing has made workers more insecure and competitive, increasing the number of personality conflicts that managers are forced to settle. Fighting age bias(偏见) may be a critical workplace issue of the future. As companies depend on older, more experienced workers to solve labor shortages in the next century, managers will need to overcome the view that older workers are less productive, less flexible, and more expensive. Electronic networking will give more power to workers at the bottom of the corporate pecking order(等级排序).Computer networks allow employees to skip over chains of command and communicate directly with senior managers. The relative anonymity ( 匿 名 ) of electronic communications will make low-status individuals more relaxed about expressing their points of view and offering valuable new ideas.

  1. will enable low-status individuals to feel relaxed about expressing their points of view and offering valuable new ideas.

  2. How could low-status workers gain more power?

  3. Why should managers change the negative view of older workers?

  4. Fewer workers are necessary due to .
Keys
  1.The relative anonymity (匿名) of electronic communications

  2.By electronic networking.

  3.Because companies will depend on older and more experienced workers to solve labor shortages in the next century.

  4.high work efficiency brought by new technologies
Section D Directions: Read the following passage and complete the sentences or answer the questions according to the information given in the passage you have just read.?
When Andrea Peterson landed her first teaching job, she faced the daunting task of creating a music program with almost no money for equipment or supplies in a climate where standards-based learning was the focus and music just provided a break for students and teachers. For her drive and creativity in overcoming those challenges, she’s been named national teacher of the year. Principal Waynes Kettler said he’s worked with many outstanding teachers in his 22 years as an educator, but Peterson is “just that one step above anybody I’ve ever worked with before.” Kettler and others at Monte Cristo Elementary School talk about the ways she has introduced the learning from other classrooms into her music program and her creativity in working around things such as the lack of money for new music. When students were reading S.E. Hinton’s novel The Outsiders in their regular classroom, Peterson helped them write a 30-minute play with scenes from the book. Then they chose three Broadway tunes that focused on race, equality and social justice, the themes of the book. Peterson composed two other sons herself after classroom discussions about the play and the book. The honor means a lot to residents of Granie Falls. It’s inspiring to know that people from small towns can even win national honors. As national teacher of the year, Peterson will spend the next year outside classroom, as a national and international spokeswoman for education. Not surprisingly, she is a big believer in the value of arts education. She said it’s essential for schools to offer classes such as art or music and physical education because for some kids one of those subjects is the only thing that motivates them to come back to school day after day.

  1. When Peterson began her teaching career, the school . 2 The underlined word “daunting” in Paragraph 1 most probably means .
  3. Why did Principal Waynes Kettler say that Peterson is “just that one step above anybody I’ve ever worked with before”?

  4. What is Peterson’s opinion about the value of arts education?
Keys:
  1.
  2.
  3. lacked teaching facilities for music. discouraging Because she motivated students to learn music with her creativity./ Because she has introduced the learning from other classrooms into her music program and her creativity in working around things such as the lack of money for new music.
  4. Her opinion is that art, music and PE classes are all important./ Her opinion is that it’s essential for schools to offer classes such as art or music and physical education.
Section D Directions: Read the following passage and complete the sentences or answer the questions according to the information given in the passage you have just read.?
When a consumer finds that something he or she bought is faulty or in some other way does not live up to what the producer says for it ,the first step is to present the warranty, or any other records that might help ,at the store of buying .In most cases ,this action will produce results .However ,if it does not ,there are various means the consumer may use to gain satisfaction . A simple and common method used by many consumers is to complain directly to the store manager .In general, the "higher up" the consumer takes his or her complaint, the faster he or she can expect it to be settled .In such a case, it is usually settled in the consumer’s favor, taking it as true that he or she had a just right. Consumers should complain in person whenever possible, but if they cannot get to the place of buying, it is acceptable to phone or write the complaint in a letter. Complaining is usually most effective when it is done politely but firmly, and especially when the consumer can show clearly what is wrong with what was bought in question .If this cannot be done, the consumer will succeed best by presenting specific information as to what is
wrong, rather than by making general statements . For example, “The left speaker does not work at all and the sound coming out of the right one is unclear." is better than "This stereo does not work." The store manager may advise the consumer to write to the producer .If so, the consumer should do this, stating the complaint as politely and as firmly as possible. But if a polite complaint does not achieve the expected result, the consumer can go a step further .He or she can threaten to take the seller to court or report the seller to a public organization responsible for protecting consumers’ rights.

  1. When a consumer finds what he bought has a fault in it, he should first .
  2. To complain, customers can if they can’t get to the place of buying.
  3. How can customers make the most effective complaint?

  4. What is the last way a consumer has to use to protect their rights?
Keys
  1.present the warranty or any other records that might help
  2.
  3. phone or write the complaint in a letter. by stating the complaint politely as well as firmly, and explaining exactly what is wrong with it.
  4. to warn the seller that he or she will turn to the court or a consumers’ organization for help
2010 年上海高三英语高考阅读理解新题型 12 新人教版
莘格中学 Section D Directions: Read the following passage and complete the sentences or answer the questions according to the information given in the passage you have just read.?
Education is not an end, but a means to an end. In other words, we do not educate children only for the purpose of educating them .Our purpose is to fit them for life. In some modern countries it has for some time been fashionable(时兴的) think that by free to education for all--whether rich or poor , clever or stupid --one can solve all the problems of society and build a perfect nation. But we can already see that free education for all is not enough;
we find in such countries a far larger number of people with university degrees ,they refuse to do what they think "low "work and , in fact ,work with hands is thought to be dirty and shameful in such countries .But we have only to think a moment to understand that the work of a completely uneducated , farmer is far more important than that of a professor, we can live without education, but we die if we have no food. If no one cleaned our streets and took the rubbish away from our houses, we should get terrible diseases in our towns... In fact, when we say that all of us must be educated to fit us for life , it means that we must be educated in such a way that , firstly each of us can do whatever work suited to his brains and ability and , secondly that we can realize that all jobs are necessary to society , and that is very bad to be ashamed of one's work . Only such a type of education can be considered valuable to society.

  1. What is the purpose of education in the passage?

  2. According to the passage, what is the wrong attitude of some people with university degrees?

  3. The writer wants to prove that our society needs jobs.

  4. The passage tells us about the of education
Keys:
  1. to let everyone receive education fit for him;
  2. we can't regard work with hands as low work;
  3. all kinds of jobs;
  4. the value
Section D Directions: Read the following passage and complete the sentences or answer the questions according to the information given in the passage you have just read.?
Many years ago, I was eating (chicken, as I recall) at Kentucky Fried Chicken. I was watching a little child (maybe a couple of years old), whose mother (it would seem) was waiting in line to order food. The child walked up to a curtain, pulled it back, and was delighted to find a blank wall, no windows. The child tried to call his/her mother’s attention to this situation. And the mother said, “Get away from there.”
To me, the child represented all of the people who are curious about the world, who delight in new discoveries. The mother represented the multitudes (众多) of other people, who are not curious, whose minds are no longer alive to that sort of thing. You and I know that curtains and windows go together, but not always. We would not be surprised to find a blank wall behind a curtain. But, we are curious and childlike, aren’t we? We want to know things, things that other people know, and things that no one has ever known.
It was a delight to watch this child. I may have enjoyed the child’s discovery more than the child did. I was saddened to think about the mother. Of course, she may have been a wonderful person, with a wonderful mind. She just may not have been in tune with her child, at that moment. But, I wondered if this child would be stifled (抑制), worn down, like so many, and become an adult without any childlike thoughts. That saddened me.
To my mind, the two golden, childlike properties of a brain are curiosity and creativity. Many adult activities (jobs, hobbies, pastimes) use one or the other of these properties, in particular the sciences (mainly curiosity) and the arts (mainly creativity).

  1. What did the mother react when her child tried to call her attention to the situation?

  2. When the author saw the child, he felt.
  3. The word “that” in the third paragraph signals .
  4. What does the writer think of the kid’s curiosity?
参考答案: 参考答案:
  1. The mother was impatient to her child.
  2. delighted/ happy
  3. the worry that the child might lose his curiosity as he grew up
  4. He thinks it very precious, and it may lead to the successful future.
Section D Directions: Read the following passage and complete the sentences or answer the questions according to the information given in the passage you have just read.?
It is difficult to imagine what life would be like without memory. The meanings of thousands of everyday perceptions, the bases for the decisions we make, and the roots of our habits and skills are to be found in our past experiences, which are brought into the present by memory. Memory can be defined as the capacity to keep information available for later use. It includes not only “remembering” things like arithmetic or historical facts, but also involves any change in the way an animal typically behaves. Memory is involved when a rat gives up eating grain because he has sniffed(嗅到,闻到) something suspicious in the grain pile. Memory is also involved when a six-year-old child learns to swing a base ball bat. Memory exists not only in humans and animals but in some physical objects and machines. Computers, for example, contain devices for storing data for later use. It is interesting to compare the memory-storage capacity of a computer with that of a human being. The instant-access memory of a large computer may hold up to 100,000 “words”? ready for instant use. An average U.S. teenager probably recognizes the meaning of about 100,000 words of English. However, this is but a fraction of the total amount of information which the teenager has stored. Consider, for example, the number of faces and places that the teenager can recognize on sight. The use of words is the basis of
 

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