Part Ⅰ
Translation
(30 minutes, 20 points, 10 for each section)
Section A Directions: Translate the following passage into Chinese. Write your translation on the ANSWER SHEET. An ecosystem is a group of animals and plants living in a specific region and interacting with one another and with their physical environment. Ecosystems include physical and chemical components, such as soils, water, and nutrients that support the organisms living there. These organisms may range from large animals to microscopic bacteria. Ecosystems also can be thought of as the interactions among all organisms in a given area: for instance, one species may serve as food for another. People are part of the ecosystems where they live and work. Human activities can harm or destroy local ecosystems unless actions such as land development for housing or businesses are carefully planned to conserve and sustain the ecology of the area. Section B Directions: Translate the following passage into English. Write your translation on the ANSWER SHEET. 全球化作为一种新的经济和社会发展趋势,给中国带来了机遇,也带来了挑战, ?方面,中国正成为世界制造业中心并在国家舞台上发挥着日益重要的作用; 另?方面,我们也面临着如何在全球化进程中既要发展经济,又能传承优秀文 化传统的问题。
2010 年同等学力申硕考试英语真题(A 卷)答案 年同等学力申硕考试英语真题(
2010 年 05 月 30 日 18:35 清华在线我要评论(
  0) 字号:T|T
【口语】1-5 CBABC 6-10 DBACB 【词汇】11-15 CBDCA 16-20 CAADC 21-25 CADDA 26-30 BADDB 【阅读】31-36 BABCBA 37-42 DAABAB 43-48 ABDDBD 49-54 ADBCDC 55-60 ADCBCD 【完型】61-65 BDABC 66-70 DDABD 71-75 BDBDC
参考答案: Section A 生态系统是一群生活在某一区域动物和植物,它们彼此相互作用,也与周围的 环境相互作用。生态系统包括物理的和化学的组成部分,比如供养系统生物的 土壤、水分和营养素。这些生物可能大到大型动物,小到微小的细菌。生态系 统也可以看成是某一地区所有生物的相互作用,比如,一个物种可能是另一物 种的食物。人是人生活和工作所处的生态系统的一部分。人的活动有可能损害 或破坏所处的生态系统,除非象开发土地建设住房或发展商业这样的活动得到 认真规划,以保护和维持当地的生态。 Section B As a new trend of economic and social development, globalization has presented China with both opportunities and challenges. On the one hand, China is becoming the manufacturing center of the world and playing an increasingly important role in the international arena; on the other hand, we are also confronted with the problem of how to inherit our excellent cultural traditions while developing our economy in the process of globalization. 参考范文: (a) ) This is a simple but inspiring story. It goes that a famous English historian had his manuscript of his great work “The History of French Revolution” destroyed after he finished it. Actually, it was the fault of the housekeeper of his close friend. Instead of
blaming his friend, the historian comforted him by saying that the destroyed one was not his best version. Then he rewrote the book and indeed made it a much better one! Simple as the story is, the message it conveys is profound and far-reaching. Obviously, it is meant to tell us that misfortune may be a blessing in disguise. Actually, this is a time-honored proverb and it indeed has truth in it. Things change, and what used to be your disadvantages might prove your advantages. So, one should not indulge himself in bitterness and complaint after he meets setbacks. What he really has to do is to seek opportunities and turn adversities into favorable conditions. I myself can be an illustration. Performing poorly in the college entrance exam, I was only provided with the opportunity to enroll in a third-class university. However, I did not lose my heart. Instead, I found the remoteness and quietness of the campus a favorable condition for my study. After three years’ preparation, I am now sitting here to change my fate. I believe I can succeed. Do you? (b) This is a simple but inspiring story. It goes that a famous English historian had his manuscript of his great work “The History of French Revolution” destroyed after he finished it. Actually, it was the fault of the housekeeper of his close friend. Instead of blaming his friend, the historian comforted him by saying that the destroyed one was not his best version. Then he rewrote the book and indeed made it a much better one! Simple as the saying is, its meaning is profound and thought-provoking. It is meant to tell us that adversity or misfortunes can force one to work at his best and
make unexpected achievements. Actually, Chinese history also abounds with examples to prove this proverb. A case in point might be Hua Yanjun, or Abing, the well-known musician in recent China. As a blind man, he lived at the lowest level of the society before liberation. But it might just be his sufferings that had brought out his best qualities as a musician and enabled him to create his world-famous music. Bringing what has been discussed into a conclusion, we may say that calamity does not mean the end of life. On the contrary, it might arouse people’s fever to fight. We should truly understand the profound meaning of the proverb and take the right actions in our life and work in the future.
 

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