追求卓越,挑战极限,人生终将辉煌! 追求卓越,挑战极限,人生终将辉煌!
年新东方高考阅读讲义( 2010 年新东方高考阅读讲义(
  1)
主讲人:马贤博
Passage1 【解题点评】难度:★★★ (
  1)Short and shy, Ben Saunders was the last kid in his class picked for any sports team. “Football, tennis Cricket?anything with a round ball, I was useless, “he says now with a laugh. But back then he was the object of jokes in school gym classes in England’s rural Devonshire. (
  2)It was a mountain bike he received for his 15th birthday that changed him. At first the teen went biking alone in a nearby forest. Then he began to cycle along with a runner friend. Gradually, Saunders set his mind building up his body, increasing his speed, strength and endurance. At age 18, he ran his first marathon. (
  3)The following year, he met John Ridgway, who became famous in the 1960s for rowing an open boat across the Atlantic Ocean. Saunders was hired as an instructor at Ridgway’s school of Adventure in Scotland, where he learned about the older man’s cold-water exploits(成就).Intrigued, Saunders read all he could about Arctic explorers and North Pole expeditions, then decided that this would be his future. (
  4) Journeys to the Pole aren’t the usual holidays for British country boys, and many people dismissed his dream as fantasy. “John Ridgway was one of the few who didn’t say, ‘You are completely crazy,’”Saunders says. (
  5)In 2001, after becoming a skilled skier, Saunders started his first long-distance expedition toward the North Pole. He suffered frostbite, had a closer encounter(遭遇) with a polar bear and pushed his body to the limit. (
  6)Saunders has since become the youngest person to ski alone to the North Pole, and he’s skied more of the Arctic by himself than any other Briton. His old playmates would not believe the transformation. (
  7)This October, Saunders, 27, heads south to explore from the coast of Antarctica to the South Pole and back, an 1800-mile journey that has never been completed on skis. 重点单词回顾: 重点单词回顾: CricketgymruralDevonshireendurance marathonrowingAtlanticOceandismissed fantasyfrostbitpolarbeartransformation Antarctica
  1. The turning point in Saunders’life came when A. he started to play ball games B. he got a mountain bike at age 15 C. he ran his first marathon at age 18 D. he started to receive Ridgway’s training 深度分析: 深度分析: 本题属于细节题,turning point(转折点)意味着主人公的生活经历前后发生变化的时 间点, 根据文章第二段第一句话 It was a mountain bike he received for his 15th birthday that changed him.容易得出正确答案应该是 B。 值得注意的是 C 选项,表面上看也是 Ben Saunders 成功或者说是辉煌的瞬间,但是,
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追求卓越,挑战极限,人生终将辉煌! 追求卓越,挑战极限,人生终将辉煌!
这个时间点是在 18 岁,而前者是 15 岁,换句话说 15-18 岁期间并不是转折,而是从一个 辉煌走向另一个辉煌,所以真正转折的点依然是 15 岁。 同学们必须注意,这是高考命题的一个出题伎俩,也就是用相关选项迷惑你,表面上看 他们都属于同一范畴内的选项,但是仔细对比时间的先后顺序,针对的范围大小,探讨问题 的深度之后,就会发现一定的区别,所以大家务必要仔细比较选项的细微差别。
  2. We can learn from the text that Ridgway . A. dismissed Saunders’ dream as fantasy B. built up his body together with Saunders C. hired Saunders for his cold-water experience D. won his fame for his voyage across the Atlantic 深度分析: 深度分析: 本题属于细节题, 可以应用上面 56 题介绍的关键词定位的技巧, 首先锁定有关 Ridgway 这个人出现的段落,第三和第四段。其中,第三段第一句 The following year, he met John Ridgway, who became famous in the 1960s for rowing an open boat across the Atlantic Ocean.与 D 选项表述完全一致,因此正确答案非他莫属。 另外,通过这两个题目,大家应该可以发现高考阅读细节题的两个做题技巧: (
  1)顺序出题原则:绝大多数的细节题的出题顺序与文章的叙述顺序基本保持一致。 顺序出题原则: 顺序出题原则 tip
  1: 定位的时候,如果第一题是细节题,第二题还是细节题的话,答案一般应该在第 : 一题答案的后面 tip
  2: 如果发现两道细节题的答案都可以通过原文中的同一句话回答是,往往有可能其 : 中一道题目做错了(考题出成这样,难以达到对学生的良好区分作用) (
  2)同义替换原则(paraphrase) :细节题的答案往往是通过对原文的同义改写而得到的, 同义替换原则( ) : 当然有的时候也会出现反义替换或者转义替换,这个我们以后会遇到。 例如:本题中出现的 win one’name=become famous=be famous as tip
  1: 90%同学们在做题的时候都是靠把英文翻译成中文去做的,这个思路是完全正确 : 的。 因为我们的命题组成员都是一些具有强烈爱国主义精神并且具有很深厚的英语功底, 同 时又精通测试学理论的专家们,他们是中文思维,所以你也必须要用中文思维。 (但是如果 你参加的是 SAT\GRE\GMAT|IELTS\TOFEL 等国外考试的时候,这么做就会有问题。 ) tip
  2: 由于中文的博大精深,每个单词又会有很多意思,所以容易导致当一个同学把一 : 句话里的每个单词的中文意思串起来的时候就出现了一些个性化的东西。 所以要注意关键词 的翻译,而且要学会把单词放到句子里整体理解。
  3. What do we know about Saunders? A. He once worked at a school in Scotland. B. He followed Ridgway to explore the North Pole.(无) C. He was chosen for the school sports team as a kid.(反) D. He was the first Briton to ski alone to the North Pole. (无) 深度分析: 深度分析: 本题属于细节题,答案依然出自第三段,第二句话提到 Saunders was hired as an instructor at Ridgway’s school of Adventure in Scotland…很显然,A 选项就是它的同义替 换。 D 选项比较具有迷惑性,同学们要注意第五段和第六段的第一句话 Saunders started his first long-distance expedition toward the North Pole.;Saunders has since become the youngest person to ski alone to the North Pole, and he’s skied more of the Arctic by himself than any other Briton.并非 first Briton to ski alone to the North Pole.
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追求卓越,挑战极限,人生终将辉煌! 追求卓越,挑战极限,人生终将辉煌!
做了这么多的细节题了,我们总结一下细节的命题思路, 做了这么多的细节题了,我们总结一下细节的命题思路,解题技巧还有错误选项的一 般特征。 般特征。
  4. The underlined word “Intrigued” in the third paragraph probably means. D. Fascinated A. Excited B. Convinced C. Delighted
  5. It can be inferred that Saunders’ journey to the North Pole . A. was accompanied by his old playmates B. set a record in the North Pole expedition C. was supported by other Arctic explorers D. made him well-known in the 1960s 推荐背诵段落: 推荐背诵段落: It was a mountain bike he received for his 15th birthday that changed him. At first the teen went biking alone in a nearby forest. Then he began to cycle along with a runner friend. Gradually, Saunders set his mind building up his body, increasing his speed, strength and endurance. At age 18, he ran his first marathon. Passage2 【解题点评】难度:★★★★ ( 1 ) November not only marks the publication of Toni Morrison’s eagerly anticipated(期待) eighth novel, Love, but it is also the tenth anniversary of her Nobel Prize for Literature. Morrison is the first black woman to receive a Nobel, and so honored before her in literature are only two black men:Wole Soyinka, the Nigerian playwright, poet and novelist, in 1986; and Derek Walcott, the Caribbean-born poet, in 19
  92. But Morrison is also the first and only American-born Nobel prizewinner for literature since 1962, the year novelist John steinbeck received the award. (
  2)Like Song of Solomon, Love is a multigenerational story, revealing the personal and communal legacy() of an outstanding black family. As Morrison scholars will tell you, Love is the third volume of a literary master’s trilogy(三部曲)investigating the many complexities of love. This trilogy began with Beloved(19
  88), which deals with a black mother’s love under slavery and in freedom. Jazzy(19
  93), the second volume, tells a story of romantic love in 1920s Harlem. This latest novel looks back from the 1970s to the 1940s and 50s. (
  3)The emotional center of Love is Bill Cosey, the former owner and host of the shabby Cosey’s Hotel and Resort in Silk, North Carolina, described in the novel as “the best and best-known vacation sport for colored folk on the East Coast.” We get to know Cosey through the memories of five women who survive and love him: his granddaughter, his widow, two former employees, and a homeless young girl. (
  4)The latest novel, Love, had been described in the promotional material from her publisher as “Morrison’s most accessible work since Song of Solomon.” This comparison to her third novel, published in 1977, was an effective selling point. 重点单词回顾: 重点单词回顾: markspublicationanniversaryNobelPrize playwrightawardSolomoncomparison revealingcommunallegacyvolumeinvestigating complexities folk promotionalaccessible
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追求卓越,挑战极限,人生终将辉煌! 追求卓越,挑战极限,人生终将辉煌!
multigenerational
  1. What would be the best title for the text? A. Toni Morrison’s latest novels B. Toni Morrison and her trilogy C. Toni Morrison and her novel Love D. Toni Morrison, the Nobel prizewinner 趣味解析: 趣味解析: 当小狗看见骨头的时候,它的嘴角会流哈喇子;当小伙子看见美女的时候,他的眼睛会跟着 女孩一起移动;当有人从 5 米外向你扔砖头的时候,你会下意识地躲避…… 请用最精炼的语言概括上面的现象: A 狗、小伙子、砖头 B 诱惑 C 本能 D 条件反射 趣味解析: 趣味解析: 晕轮效应:是指个体在评价他人时的一种“以偏概全”的倾向,也就是说当个体对一个人的 某种特征形成好或坏的印象后,还倾向于据此推论该人其他方面的特征。 据此,下列那句话表现了典型的晕轮效应? A.李兴认为同事阿芳是个勤劳、热情的人,每天都提前到办公室帮助大家打扫卫生,可 是有一天,阿芳没有帮他送报纸,李兴不免心中就犯嘀咕:原来阿芳也不是那么热情 B.高中一年级新生尹田目, 发现第一天给他上英语课的老师漂亮, 回家后他就不停地向 家人诉说老师漂亮;对学生和蔼;讲课特别有经验…… C.张莉第一次外出旅游,妈妈告诉他旅途上可能会遇到小偷,上了火车后,张莉心里就 一直忐忑不安,觉得谁都像坏人 D.曾山很乐观,他总是把事情往好的方面想,对人的评价也总是积极的,认为人都是善 良的,犯错误的人都是不小心的过失
  2. What can we learn about John Steinbeck? A. He was a black writer. B. He was born in America. C. He received the Nobel Prize after Morrison D. He was the first American novelist to win a Nobel
  3. The similarity between Love and Song of Solomon is that they both . A. belong to the same trilogy together with Beloved B. concern families of more than one generation C. deal with life of blacks under slavery D. investigate life in 1920s Harlem
  4. The novel Love mainly describes . A. the best-known vacation spot for blacks B. the life of an outstanding black family under slavery C. the miserable experience of the five women in Harlem D. the memories of five women about Bill Cosey
Passage3 【解题点评】难度:★★ FILM DESCRIPTIONS
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追求卓越,挑战极限,人生终将辉煌! 追求卓越,挑战极限,人生终将辉煌!
Back to the Future With the help of a local inventor’s time machine, Marty travels back to the 1950s. There his 80s hipness stands out, and he inadvertently interferes with the fledgling romance of his parents-to-be. Can Marty keep them together? He’d better, or his own future will fade away. Featuring: Christopher Lloyd, Michael J.Fox. A universal Pictures release, 1 hr. 55 min. Beethoven’s 2nd In this sequel to the popular Beethoven, our canine hero falls for Missy, who soon has puppies. Missy’s greedy owner, Regina, who sees only money in the little purebreds, separates mom and pups from Beethoven. His owners rescue the puppies, but Regina still has Missy. Featuring:
 

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