2010 年英语中考专题练习短文首字母填空(
Passage 1
Here’s a story about Ming’s life on the waters. Ming has lived all his life on a wide r 1 in china. His home is a large house-boat with a roof, one of hundreds that move up and down. In about six years he has not once been on l 2 but he is never lonely. He is a strong swimmer. In fact, he could swim before he could walk. When he wants to play with his f 3 he just swims across to their boats or asks them to v 4 him.
Ming’s father is a fisherman, but he never u 5 a line or a net(网). Great black birds called cormorants do the fishing for him. Rings(圈)have been put around the birds’ n 6 so that they cannot eat the fish they catch. They have been t 7 to bring the fish to people. And then people reward(奖励)them with a fine big fish as soon as their work is f 8 Ming loves watching the cormorants, but better still he likes going s 9 with his mother. The shops, of course, are boats very like his o 10 .
Passage 2
Can animals be made to work for people? Some scientists think that one day animals may be trained(训练)to do a number of simple jobs i 1 of people. They say that at a circus(杂技场),for example, we may see elephants, monkeys, dogs and other animals doing q 2 skillful(熟练的)things. Perhaps you have seen them on the television or in a film. If you watch closely, you may find that the trainer(驯兽员)always g 3 the animal some sugar o 4 a piece of fruit as a reward(报酬). The scientists say that many d 5 animals may be trained to do a lot of simple things if they know they will get a reward f 6 doing that.
Of course, as we know, dogs can be trained to look after a house, and soldiers in both old and modern t 7 have u 8 geese to give warning(警报)by m 9 a lot of noise when an enemy comes near. And also it may be possible to train animals to work in families or f 10 .
Passage 3
In recent years, playing kite-board seems to become more and more popular in Alaska in America. It is a new and old game. The game has w 1 the interest of many young people. The game is interesting but a little d 2 One needs to play it very c 3
A kite-board is in fact a skateboard(滑雪板)drawn(拉)by a few big flying kites. The old game was p 4 by some young people in Holland and Spain as e 5 as the last century. Since the board was hard to control(控制),f 6 people dared(敢)to play it. With the development of the design(设计)of kite and skateboard, many people can l 7 how to play it. A kite board may go as f 8 as about 50 kilometres an hour. If you haven’t had any practice, you’d better not play it. It is not s 9
It is said that the game can exercise not only your b 10 but also the sensitivity of your brain(大脑的敏捷).
Passage 4
British Milkman Steve Leech saved some shops and flats with milk and won a National Bravery Award(国家勇敢奖).
Leech, 35 years old, said that when he was sending out milk as u 1 along Pine Street, he s 2 heard a loud, strange sound behind him and then he saw smoke coming out of a shop in Cornwall, southern England. “That must be a fire, I t 3 ” Leech said. “Then I quickly d 4 to do something. So I p 5 the door in and then I s 6 for the people inside. Then I started pouring milk e 7 ” He used 320 pints of milk to stop the fire. When firefighters r 8 the shop, the fire was under control(得到控制).
Leech helped save the l 9 of eight people in the flats above the shops.
“It was hard work o 10 all those bottles. But it was even harder trying to tell my boss where all the milk had gone,” Leech said jokingly.
Passage 5
While t 1 in Russia, Ed Jackson ran short of(缺少)money. So he wrote to his brother, asking for $5
  00. “Send the m 2 by telegram(电报)to the bank(银行)here,” he wrote. After a week Ed began v 3 the bank. He s 4 his passport(护照)to the bank clerk(职员). “Nothing has come for you, Mr. Jackson,” he was told. This went o 5 for three weeks, and Mr. Jackson got very w 6 He then phoned his brother, asking w 7 the money was. The brother said it had been sent three weeks b 8 That evening Ed Jackson was arrested(被捕)for failing to p 9 his hotel bill(账单). He tried to tell the police what his problem was, but no one would believe him. At last he was s 10 to the police station for fifteen days.
Passage 6
April Fools’ Day is on April 1st. People can play j 1 on others on this special d 2 If you succeed, you usually laugh and say “April Fool!” The person who has been fooled by you l 3 too, and he will never be angry with you.
Mother’s Day is on the second Sunday of May. It’s a day to t 4 mothers. On that day mothers usually receive flowers and cards from their children. Fathers and children do the housework so that mothers can have a r 5
Easter Day falls on the first Sunday after the full moon which is on or after March 21st. It’s also called Easter Sunday. It is said that on that day Jesus Christ comes back to l 6 Many people go to church and children often get p 7 such as toy rabbits.
Thanksgiving Day is on the fourth Thursday in November. It’s a day when people give thanks for the good things in life. Usually families all get t 8 and have a big dinner.
Christmas Day comes on D 9 25th. It’s the most important festival in a year. The beautiful things can be s 10 everywhere. People exchange gifts, send Christmas cards and visit friends.
Passage 7
Mr King taught English in a middle school. He was very b 1 all the time and couldn’t do some r 2 So he left the school and opened a book shop in the c 3 of the town. It wasn’t big enough but all the books were nice and most people liked to buy some there. When the shop was c 4 he could read at home. He knew a lot and the learned(有学问的)person were glad to make f 5 with him.
It was Sunday and it was cold outside. Mr King was very busy. At nine in the evening all the buyers left e6 a girl. She was dressed up and waited for s 7 there. Standing by the shelves, she looked over the books one after a 8 It made them in a fearful mess(凌乱不堪). Mr King came up to her and asked, “Excuse me, madam. What can I do for you?” “Your books are all dull(乏味的),” said the girl, “I want a d 9 one.” “That’s easy,” Mr King smiled. He t 10 out a cookbook(烹调书)and said, “Here you are, madam.”
Passage 8
Once Effendi had a joke with the Prime Minister(首相). He said the Minister w 1 die the next day. The next day, the Minister really f 2 off the horse and died. When the king h 3 of this, he got angry and sent his men to c 4 Effendi at once.
W 5 Effendi came, the king shouted a 6 “Effendi, since you knew when my minister would die, you must also know the date of your own death. Say it out, or you’ll die today.”
Effendi l 7 at the king and answered, “But how can I know? I’ll die two days e 8 than you.”
The king was a 9 that he would die if he killed Effendi. He thought he must keep Effendi alive(活着)as long as he could. So he l 10 him go.
Passage 9
Roy Trenton drove a taxi before. A short while ago, however, he b 1 a bus-driver and he feels no sorry about it. He was finding his new work far more i 2 When he was driving along Catford Street recently, he saw two thieves r 3 out of a shop and run towards a waiting car. One of them was carrying a bag f 4 of money. Roy acted quickly and drove the bus straight to the thieves. The one w 5 the money got so afraid that he dropped the bag. As the thieves were trying to get a 6 in their car, Roy drove his bus into the b 7 of it. While the car was moving away, Roy stopped his bus and t 8 the police. The thieves’ car was badly damaged(损坏)and e 9 to recognize(辨认). Shortly afterwards, the police stopped the car and both men were c 10
Passage 10
Now, let’s begin our sports report. Here’s a really good game, the b 1 one I have seen this year. It’s the last five minutes of the g 2 Henry plays football f 3 France. He has the ball now. He p 4 the ball to David. David k 5 it over the heads of the Englishmen towards the goal. But he’s too far a 6 France and England still have one goal each and there are only two m 7 left of the game. Just then an English p
8 gets the ball. He gives it to Bill, “King of the match”. Bill puts the ball into the goal. In the e9 the English team w 10
Passage 11
Today people can u 1 the phone to talk with others almost anywhere on the earth. But when you use the phone, you don’t see the person you are t 2 with. That may c 3 in the future.
Today some people are using a kind of telephone c 4 “Picture phone” or “Vision phone”. W 5 it, two people who are talking can see each other.
Picture phones can be useful when you have s 6 to show the person you’re calling. They may have other uses in the future. One day you may be able to ring up a l 7 and ask to borrow a book. Then you’ll be able to read the book right over your picture phone. Or you may be able to go shopping t 8 your picture phone. If you see something in the newspaper that you think you want to buy, you’ll go to your phone and call the shop. People at the shop will s 9 you the thing you’re interested in right over the phone. You’ll be able to shop all over town and n 10 leave your room.
Passage 12
Henry was worried. This was his first time to go traveling by air. He did not know h 1 to find his seat, so he went to the air hostess and asked, “Could you help me? I can’t find my seat.” The air hostess s 2 him the seat and told him to sit d 3 and fasten the seat belt. She told Henry not to m 4 about when the plane was going up. And she also said that Henry’s ears might feel a little s 5 , but he didn’t need to worry about it b 6 many people felt like that. When the plane was f 7 very high, Henry could stand up and walk round. He could e 8 read books, newspapers or see films. The air hostess would b 9 food and drinks. Henry could e 10 the flight and arrived home soon.
Passage 13
Some of Robert’s old friends were t 1 about young people in their town. They all a 2 that old people were cleverer than young people. Then one of them said, “But young people are s 3 than old people.”
All of them agreed that this is true e 4 Robert. He thought he was as strong as b 5
“That is not possible,” said his friends.
“Well,” said Robert, “In one c 6 of my garden there’s a big stone. When I was young, I couldn’t m 7 it. I wasn’t strong e 8 Now I’m old and when I try to move it, I s 9 can’t. That’s w 10 I’m as strong as before.”
Passage 14
In the home a dad is very important. He is the person who provides us w 1 money and clothes. He can make your bedroom more beautiful, mend your radio, make c 2 for your birds, r 3 your bicycle and help you with your maths homework. A dad can be very u 4 for taking you in the car to and from parties, music lessons, and dancing lessons. He is the one who complains about the time you s 5 talking on the t 6 as he has to p 7 the bills. Dad is someone who will support you in an argument, if he b 8 you to be right. He is someone who reads your school r 9 and treats(奖励)you if it is good. A dad likes to come into a nice happy home in the evening, and sit in his chair with a n 10
Passage 15
Can vegetables be p 1 in winter? Yes, but a greenhouse(温室)must be b 2 first. The greenhouse should be m 3 of glass. A large greenhouse may be ten metres l 4 three metres w 5 and two meters high. The sunshine can r 6 the vegetables t 7 the glass. The wind and cold air can be s 8 from getting in. The air inside the greenhouse is always w 9 More and more greenhouses are b 10 built all over the world. All kinds of vegetables can be brought onto our dinner tables in winter.
Passage 16
Traveling to all countries of the world gets easier and easier, but how well do we know and u 1 each other? Here is a simple test. Imagine(设想) you will hold a m 2 at four o’clock, what time should you e 3 your foreign business friends to come? If they are German, they will a 4 on time. If they are American, they’ll probably be fifteen minutes early. If they are British, they’ll be fifteen minutes late.
The British seemed to think since the English l 5 was widely used in the world, what they did was certain to be widely understood. Very soon they f 6 they were completely(完全地) wrong. For e 7 , the British are happy to have a business lunch and discuss business matters with a drink during the meal; the Japanese p 8 not to work while eating. Lunch is a time for them to relax and get to know e 9 other, and they don’t drink at lunch. The Germans like to talk about bus
 

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