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2010 年职称英语考试已结束,为了更好的帮助大家学习和备考 2011 年职称英语考试, 年职称英语考试已结束, 年职称英语考试, 年职称英语考试理工类( 考试真题及答案解析。 大家论坛特整理了 2010 年职称英语考试理工类(B 级)考试真题及答案解析。希望对大家 考试学习和备考有用, 年职称英语考试! 考试学习和备考有用,祝大家顺利通过 2011 年职称英语考试!
2010 年职称英语考试理工类(B 级)考试真题及答案解析 年职称英语考试理工类(
部分:词汇选项(第 第 1 部分:词汇选项 第 1~15 题,每题 1 分,共 15 分) 个词或短语划有底横线, 下面每个句子中均有 1 个词或短语划有底横线,请为每处划线部分确定 1 个意义最为 接近的选项。 接近的选项。
  1.Patricia stared at the other girls with resentment. A.anger B.doubt C.love D.surprise
  2.The document was compiled by the Department of Health. A.written B.printed C.attached D.sent
  3.He's spent years cultivating a knowledge of art. A.sharing B.using C.denying D.developing
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  4.We've seen a marked shift in our approach to the social issues. A.clear B.regular C.quick D.great
  5.Her father was a quiet man with graceful manners. A.polite B.similar C.usual D.bad
  6.I want to provide my boys with a decent education. A.good B.special C.private D.general
  7.In the process,the light energy converts to heat energy. A.changes B.reduces C.leaves D.drops
  8.Many cities have restricted smoking in public places. A.limited B.allowed C.stopped
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D.kept
  9. What are my chances of promotion if I stay here? A.retirement B.advertisement C.advancement D.replacement
  10.If we leave now,we should miss the traffic. A.direct B.stop C.mix D.avoid
  11.There was a profound silence after his remark. A.proud B.short C.sudden D.deep
  12.I enjoyed the play it had a clever plot and funny dialogues. A.long B.boring C.original D.humorous
  13.The thief was finally captured two miles away from the village. A.caught B.killed
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C.found D.jailed
  14.Such a database would be extremely costly to set up. A.transfer B.destroy C.establish D.update
  15.The two banks have announced plans to merge next year. A.combine B.sell C.close D.break 部分:阅读判断(第 ~ 第 2 部分:阅读判断 第
  16~22 题,每题 1 分,共 7 分) 个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断: 下面的短文后列出了 7 个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断:如果该句提 供的是正确信息, 供的是正确信息,请选择 A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择 B;如果该句的信息文 ;如果该句提供的是错误信息, ; 中没有提及, 中没有提及,请选择 C。 。 A Great Quake Coming? Everyone who lives in San Francisco knows that earthquakes are common in the bay area and they can be devastating.In 19
  06,for example,a major quake destroyed about
  28,000 buildings and killed hundreds,perhaps thousands of people.Residents now wonder when the next"Big One"will strike.It's bound to happen someday.At least seven active fault(断层)lines run through the San Francisco area.Faults are places where pieces of Earth's crust(地壳)slide past each other.When these pieces slip,the ground shakes. To prepare for that day, scientists are using new techniques to reanalyze the 1906 earthquake and predict how bad the damage might be when the next one happens. One new finding about the 1906 earthquake is that the San Andreas fault split apart faster than scientists had assumed at the time . During small earthquakes ,faults rupture(断裂)at about
  2.7 kilometers per second.During bigger quakes,however, ruptures can happen at rates faster than
  3.5 kilometers per second.
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At such high speeds. massive amounts of pressure build up, generating underground waves that can cause more damage than the quake itself. Lucky for San Francisco, these pressure pulses(脉冲)travel away from the city during the 1906 event.As bad as the damage was,it could have been far worse. Looking ahead,scientists are trying to predict when the next major quake will occur.Records show that earthquakes were common before 19
  06.Since then,the earthquake has been relatively quiet.Patterns in the data,however,suggest that the probability of a major earthquake striking the Bay Area before 2032 is at least 62 percent. New buildings in San Francisco are quite safe in case of future quakes.Still,more than 84 per-cent of the city's buildings are old and weak.Analyses suggest that another massive earthquake would cause extensive damage. People who live there tend to feel safe because San Francisco has remained pretty quiet for a while.According to the new reseaych,however,it's not a matter of"if the Big One will hit".It's just a matter of when.
  16.The San Francisco area is located above several active fault lines. A.Right B.Wrong (至少有 7 条,而不是全部是 7 条地震带) C.Not mentioned
  17.The 1906 earthquake in San Francisco is the most severe one in American history. A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned
  18.The highest speed of fault ruptures in the 1906 quake was more than
  3.5 kilometers per second. A.Right (大地震的速度是
  3.5km/s,洛杉矶大地震属于大地震,因此也是这个速度) B.Wrong C.Not mentioned
  19.Earthquakes rarely happened before 19
  06. A.Right
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B.Wrong C.Not mentioned
  20.San Francisco is fully prepared for another big earthquake. A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned
  21.Scientist will be able to predict the exact time of an earthquake soon. A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned (没有指明)
  22.A major earthquake striking San Francisco someday is inevitable. A.Right (不是来不来,而是什么时候来) B.Wrong C.Not mentioned 第 3 部分:概括大意与完成句子(第
  23~30 题,每题 1 分,共 8 分) 部分: 概括大意与完成句子 第 ~ 项测试任务: 第 下面的短文后有 2 项测试任务:(
  1)第 23-26 题要求从所给的 6 个选项中为第
  2~5 段 ~ 个最佳标题; 第 ~ 每段选择 1 个最佳标题;(
  2)第
  27~30 题要求从所给的 6 个选项中为每个句子确定 1 个最 佳选项。 佳选项。 Natural Gas Natural gas is produced from reservoirs deep beneath the earth's surface.It is a fossil fuel,meaning that it is derived from organic material buried in the earth millions of years ago.The main component of natural gas is methane(甲烷). The popularity and use of clean natural gas has increased dramatically over the past 50 years as Dipeline infrastructure(基础设施)has been installed to deliver it conveniently and economically to millions of residential , commercial and industrial customers worldwide.Today,natural gas service is available in all 50 states,and is the leading energy choice for fueling American homes and indus-tries. More than 65 million American homes use natural gas.In fact,natural gas is the most eco-nomical source for home energy needs,costing one-third as much as electricity. In addition to heat-ing homes, much of the gas used in the United States is used as a raw material to manufacture a 大家网,大家的! http://www.topsage.com 更多精品在大家!
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wide variety of products,from paint,to fibers for clothing,to plastics for healthcare, computing and fur-nishings. Natural gas is also used in a significant number of new electricity-generating power plants. Natural gas is one of the safest and cleanest fuels available. It emits less pollution than other fossil fuels.dioxide(二氧化碳)and water vapor-the same substances emitted when humans ex-hale. Compared with some other fossil fuels, natural gas emits the least amount of carbon dioxide in-to the air when combusted(燃烧)-making natural gas the cleanest burning fossil fuel of all.The industry also is subject to substantial federal regulation in the areas of production and distribution,which help ensure it is provided to consumers safely and cleanly. The United States consumes about one-third of the world's natural gas output, making it the lar-gest gas consuming region in the world.The U.S.Department of Energy's Energy Information Ad-ministration forecasts that natural gas demand will grow by more than 50 percent by 20
  25. There are huge reserves of natural gas beneath the earth's surface.The largest reserves of natu-ral gas can be found in Russia,West and North Africa and the Middle East. LNG(液化天然气)has been produced domestically and imported in the United States for more than four decades.To-day,the leading importers of LNG are Japan,Korea, France and Spain.
  23.Paragraph 2 A
  24.Paragraph 3 D
  25.Paragraph 4 F
  26.Paragraph 5 B A.Popularity and use of natural gas B.Natural gas reserves and supply C.Natural gas prices D.Clean fuel of choice E.Disadvantages of natural gas F.Natural gas consumption
  27.Natural gas is stored deep B .
  28.Natural gas is recognized as the most economical energy source __ F .
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  29.When manufacturing many products,people commonly use natural gas E .
  30.It is estimated that by 2050 that natural gas demand in the United States will increase C . A.over the past 50 years B.beneath the earth surface .by more than 50 percent D.for more than four decades E.as a raw material F.for home energy needs 部分:阅读理解(第 第 4 部分:阅读理解 第 31-45 题,每题 3 分,共 45 分) 篇短文, 道题。请根据短文内容, 个最佳选项。 下面有 3 篇短文,每篇短文后有 5 道题。请根据短文内容,为每题确定 1 个最佳选项。 第一篇 Walking to Exercise the Brain Do you think sitting and studying all the time will improve your grades?Think again.Getting some exercise may help,too. New research with older people suggests that taking regular walks helps them pay attention better than if they didn't exercise. Previous research had shown that mice learn,remember,and pay attention better after a few weeks of working out on a running wheel.Mice that exercise have greater blood flow to the brain than those who don't . Their brain cells also make more connections. Neuroscientists from the University at Urbana-Champaign wanted to find out if the same thing is true for people. First, they measured the physical fitness of 41 adults, ages 58 to
  77,after each per-son walked 1 mile.Then,participants looked at arrows on a computer sczeen and had to use com-puter keys to show which way one particular arrow was pointing. Adults who were physically fit were faster at the arrow task,and their answers were just as ac- curate as their less-fit peers,the researchers found.The fitter participants also had more blood flow to a part of their brain responsible for paying attention and making decisions.
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In a second study,15 elderly people who completed a 6-month aerobic-training course were fas-ter at attention tasks compared with 14 seniors who just did stretching and toning exercises for the same amount of time. So,even going for a walk every 2 or 3 days forjust 10 to 45 minutes can help.That should be good news for your grandparents. The effects of exercising on the brains of younger people haven't been studied yet.Still,it can't hurt to take occasional study breaks and go for a walk or run around with your friends.You might even do better in school. Whatever you do, though, don't try to read and walk at the same time. You could end up hurting yourseff!
  31.Walking regularly helps elderly people__ A.lose weight B.become happier C.concentrate better D.look younger
  32.After taking exercise for a few weeks,the mice were found to have_ D . A.higher blood pressure B
 

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