2010 年全国职称英语理工类(A 级)考试真题及答案 年全国职称英语理工类(
部分:词汇选项(第 ~ 第 1 部分:词汇选项 第
  1~15 题,每题 1 分,共 15 分) 下面每个句子中均有 1 个词或短语划有底横线,请为每处划线部分确定 1 个意义最为 个词或短语划有底横线, 接近的选项。 接近的选项。
  1.I can't put up with my neighbor's noise any longer,it'S driving me mad. A.tolerate B.generate C.reduce D.mensure
  2.Regular visits from a social worker can be of immense value to old people living alone. A.equal B.immediate C.moderate D.great
  3.He was rather vague about the reasons why he never finished school. A.bright B.unclear C.general D.bad
  4.I want to provide my boys with a decent education. A.special B.private C.general D.good
  5.Sleep stairs can present a particular hazard to older people. A.picture B.danger C.evidence
D.case
  6.Our arrangements were thrown into complete turmoil. A.doubt B.relief C.failure D.confusion
  7.Patricia stared at the other girls with resentment. A.love B.surprise C.anger D.doubt
  8.Your dog needs at least 20 minutes of vigorous exercise every day. A.energetic B.free C.physical D.regular
  9.I enjoyed the play-it had a clever plot and very funny dialogues. A.boring B.original C.humorous D.long
  10.Lower taxes would spur investment and help economic growth. A.attract B.spend C.encourage D.require
  11.He demolished my argument in minutes. A.supported
B.disproved C.disputed D.accepted
  12.The two banks have announced plans to merge next year. A.close B.sell C.break D.combine
  13.Her father was a quiet man with graceful manners. A.polite B.usual C.bad D.similar
  14.The project required ten years of diligent research. A.hardworking B.social C.basic D.scientific
  15.He was kept in appalling conditions in prison. A.necessary B.terrible C.critical D.normal 部分:阅读判断(第 ~ 第 2 部分:阅读判断 第
  16~22 题,每题 1 分,共 7 分) 个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断: 下面的短文后列出了 7 个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断:如果该句提 供的是正确信息, 供的是正确信息,请选择 A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择 B;如果该句的信息文中 ;如果该句提供的是错误信息, ; 没有提及, 没有提及,请选择 C。 。 California Gives Green Light to Space Solar Power
Energy beamed down from space is one step closer to reality,now that California has given the green light to an agreement that would see the Pacific Gas and Electric Company buy 200 megawatt (兆瓦)of power beamed down from solar-power satellites beginning in 20
  16.But some major chal lenges will have to be overcomed if the technology is to be used widely. A start-up company called Solaren is designing the satellites,which it says will use radio waves to beam energy down to a receiving station on Earth. The attraction of collecting solar power in space is the almost uninterrupted sunshine available in eosynchronous(与地球同步的)orbit.Earth-based solar cells,by contrast,can only collect sun. Light during daytime and when skies are clear. But space-based solar power must grapple(努力克服)with the high cost per kilogram of launching things into space,says Richard Schwartz of Purdue University in West Lafayette, Indiana, "If you're talking about it being economically viable or power of the Earth,it's a tough go."he says. Cal Boerman,Solaren's director of energy services,says the company designed its satellites with a view to keeping launch costs down."We knew we had to come up with a different, revolu-tionary design,"he says.A patent the company has won describes ways to reduce the system'Sweight,including using inflatable minors to focus sunlight on solar cells,so a smaller number cancollect the same amount of energy. But using minors introduces other chaHenges,including keeping the solar cells from overhea-ting, says Schwartz. "You have to take care of heat dissipation(散发)because you're now concen-trating a lot of energy in one place, says. "he According to the company's patent, Solaren's solarcells will be connected to radiators to help keep them cool. Though Boerman says the company believes it can make space-based solar power work,it is notexpecting to crowd out other forms of renewable energy.Laws in California and other states requireincreasing use of renewable energy in coming years,he points out."To meet those needs, we're go-ing to need all types of renewable energy sources,"he says.
  16.Solar-power satellites will use radio waves to beam energy down from space. A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned
  17.Solaren is going to design 200 solar-power satellites. A.Right B.Wrong
C.Not mentioned
  18.Space-based solar cells could collect solar power only when skies are clear. A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned
  19.One advantage of space-based solar power system is that it is economical. A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned
  20.Inflatable minors are used to reduce the space-based solar power system. A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned
  21.Space-based solar power will rule out other forms of renewable energy sources. A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned
  22.Many countries will grant permission for the use of spaced-based solar power soon. A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned 部分:概括大意与完成句子(第 ~ 第 3 部分:概括大意与完成句子 第
  23~30 题,每题 1 分,共 8 分) 项测试任务: 下面的短文后有 2 项测试任务: (
  1)第
  23~26 题要求从所给的 6 个选项中为第 2-5 段每段选择 1 个最佳标题; 第 ~ 个最佳标题; (
  2)第
  27~30 题要求从所给的 6 个选项中为每个句子确定 1 个最佳选项。 第 ~ 个最佳选项。 Natural Gas 1 Natural gas is produced from reservoirs deep beneath the earth's surface.It is a fossil fuel
(矿物质燃料), meaning that it is derived from organic material buried in the earth millions of yearsago.The main component of natural gas is methane(甲烷). 2 The popularity and use of clean natural gas has increased dramatically over the past 50 years as pipeline infrastructure(基础设施)has been installed to deliver it conveniently and economically to millions of residential,commercial and industrial customers worldwide.Today, natural gas serviceis available in all 50 states in the U.S.,and is the leading energy choice for fueling Americanhomes and idustries。More than 65 million American homes use natural gas.In fact,natural gas isthe most economical source for home energy needs,costing one-third as much as electricity. addi-tion to heating homes, In much of the gas used in the United States is used as a raw material to manu-facture a wide variety of products,from paint,to fibers for clothing,to plastics for heahhcare, con-puting and furnishings. Natural gas is also used in a significant number of new electricity-generating power plants. 3 Natural gas is one of the safest and cleanest fuels available.It emits less pollution than oth-er fossil fuel sources.When natural gas is burned,it produces mostly carbon dioxide(二氧化 碳) and water vapor-the same substances emitted when humans exhale.Compared with some other fos-sil fuels,natural gas emits the least amount of carbon dioxide into the air when combusted(燃烧), making natural gas the cleanest burning fossil fuel of a
  11. 4 The United States consumes about one-third of the world'S natural gas output,making it the largest gas-consuming region in the world.The U.S.Department of Energy'S Energy Information Ad-ministration forecasts that natural gas demand will grow by more than 50 percent by 20
  25. 5 There are huge reserves of natural gas beneath the earth's surface.The largest reserves of natural gas can be found in Russia,West and North Africa and the Middle East.LNG(液化天然 气)has been produced domestically and imported in the United States for more than four decades. Today,the leading importes of LNG are Japan,Korea,France and Spain.
  23.Paragraph
  2.
  24.Paragraph
  3.
  25.Paragraph
  4.
  26.Paragraph
  5. A.Popularity and use of natural gas B.Natural gas reserves and supply C.Natural gas prices D.Clean fuel of choice E.Disadvantages of natural gas
F.Natural gas consumption
  27.Natural gas is stored deep.
  28.Natural gas is recognized as the most economical energy source.
  29.When manufacturing many products,people commonly use natural gas.
  30.It is estimated that by 2025 that natural gas demand in the United States will increase. A.over the past 50 years B.beneath the earth surface C.by more than 50 percent D.for more than four decades E.as a raw material F.for home energy needs 部分:阅读理解(第 ~ 第 4 部分:阅读理解 第 3l~45 题,每题 3 分,共 45 分) 篇短文, 道题。请根据短文内容,为每题确定 个最佳选项。 下面有 3 篇短文,每篇短文后有 5 道题。请根据短文内容 为每题确定 1 个最佳选项。 第一篇 How the First Stars in the Universe Came into Existence How the first stars formed from this dust and gas has been a burning question for years,but a state-of-the-art computer simulation now offers the most detailed picture yet of how these first stars in the universe came into existence,researchers say. The composition of the early universe was quite different from that of today,and the physics that governed the early universe were also somewhat simpler.Dr.Naoki Yoshida and colleagues in Japan and the U.S.incorporated these conditions of the early universe,sometimes referred to as the "cosmic dark ages,"to simulate the formation of an astronomical object that would eventually shine its light into this darkness. The result is a detailed description of the formation of a protostar-the early stage of a massive primordial star of our universe,and the researchers'computer simulation,which has been called a "cosmic Rosetta Stone."sets the bar for further investigation into the star formation process.The question of how the first stars evolved is so important because their formations and eventual explo-sions provided the seeds for subsequent stars to come into being. According to their simulation,gravity acted on minute density variations in matter,gases, and the mysterious"dark matter''of the universe after the Big Bang in order to form this early stage of a star-a protostar with a mass of just one percent of our sun.The simulation reveals how
pre-stellar gases would have actually evolved under the simpler physics of the early universe to form this protostar. Dr. Yoshida's simulation also shows that the protostar would likely evolve into a massive star capableof synthesizing heavy elements, just in later generations of stars, soon after the Big not but Bang. "This geneal picture of star formation,and the ability to compare how stellar objects form in different time periods and regions of the universe,will eventually allow investigation into the originsof life and planets,"said Lars Hernquist,a Professor of Astronomy at Harvard University and a coauthor of this latest report."The abundance of elements in the universe has increased as stars haveaccumulated,"he says,"and the formation and destruction of stars continues to spread these ele. ments further across the universe.So when you think about it.a11 of the elements in our bodies originally formed from nuclear reactions in the centers of stars,long ago." Their simulation of the birth of a protostar in the early universe signifies a key step toward theambitious goal of piecing together the formation of an entire primordial star and of predicting the massand properties of these first stars of the universe.More powerful computers,more physical data, andan even larger range will be needed for further calculations and simulations, but these researchers hope to eventually extend this simulation to the point of nuclear reaction in.itiation-when a stellar ob. ject becomes a true star. "Dr.Yoshida has taken the study of primordial star formation to a new level with this simulation,but it still gets us only to the halfway point towards our final goal.It is like laying the foundation of a skyscraper,"said Volker Bromm,Assistant Professor of Astronomy at the University of Tex. as,Austin and the author of a companion article."We must continue our studies in this area to un-derstand how the initially tiny protostar grows,layer by layer,to eventually form a massive star.Buthere,the physics become much more complicated and even more computational resources are needed."
  31.According to the first two paragraphs,the early universe. A.was governed by simpler physics B.got fewer stars shinning in it C.started over 13 billion years ago D.was composed in a way similar to that of today
  32.What can the state-of-the
 

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