初三年级( 初三年级(中) 知识梳理】 【知识梳理】 I. 重点短语
  1. give up
  2. try out
  3. most of
  4. not…any more
  5. at the age of
  6. at that time
  7. send message by telegraph
  8. graduate from
  9. turn down
  10. put up
  11. at the top of
  12. get together
  13. from house to house
  14. at the end of
  15. on top of
  16. as well
  17. climb down
  18. in a single night
  19. even though
  20. live on
  21. once upon a time
  22. according to
  23. keep warm
  24. on the other hand
  25. on show
  26. on display
  27. in the future
  28. look up
  29. Tree Planting Day
  30. just right
  31. as often as possible
  32. wash away
  33. in this way
  34. in a few years' time
  35. point to
  36. thanks to

  37. more or less
  38. so far
  39. shut down
  40. send up
  41. put off II. 重要句型
  1.set one's mind to do sth.
  2. put … together
  3. stop…from…
  4. keep…from…
  5. be filled with sth.
  6. give birth to
  7. be covered with
  8. be made of
  9. fill…with…
  10. match…with
  11. be used for
  12. have nothing to do with
  13. come up with
  14. no matter how…
  15. keep sb./sth.warm III. 交际用语
  1. I'm trying to …
  2. I'll …
  3. Which of these would you like most to …?
  4. What do you want to … ?
  5. I want to…
  6. I hope to …
  7. I plan to…
  8. I'm going to…
  9. I'm so happy that …
  10. I'm glad ….
  11. me too.
  12. What's this called in English?
  13. What's it made of?
  14. It's made of …
  15. What's it used for?
  16. It's used for …
  17. English is widely used for business/ …

  18. It is one of the world's most important languages as it is so widely used.
  19. Where is / are … grown / produced / made ?
  20. The (ground ) must be just right…
  21. It's best to …
  22. The hole should not be too deep.
  23. The Great Green Wall is 7000 kilometres long, and between 400 and 1700 kilometres wide.
  24. The more, the better.
  25. More or less!
  26. The (ground ) must be just right…
  27. The hole should not be too deep.
  1. 动词被动语态的结构和用法;
  2. 动词不定式的功能和用法。 名师讲解】 【名师讲解】
  1. be able to/ can (
  1) 都能表示“能够,具备干某件事的能力”这个含 义,此时可以互换。 Mr. Green is able to finish the work on time. = Mr. Green can finish the work on time. 格林先生能够按时完成这项工作。 (
  2) be able to 可以用于各种时态,而 can 为情态 动词,多用于现在时,其过去式为 could。 We are sure he will be able to be an artist when he grows up. 我们相信他长大后能够成为一名画家。 Miss Lin has been able to pay the car by herself. 林小姐已经能够自己负担那辆车了。 (
  1) Can 除了表示“能够,有能力做某事”以外,还 有如下用法, be able to 则没有。 而 表示请求, 但语 气没有 could 委婉 Can I have a look at this picture? 我能看看这张 图片吗? Can we leave school after 6:00 p.m. ?我们可以在 下午 6 点之后再离开学校吗? 表示可能性。 That man can’t be our new teacher. 那人不可能 是我们的新老师。 The exam can’t be too difficult.考试不会太难。
  2. bring/ take/carry/fetch (
  1) bring 一般是指拿来,即从别处往说话人这里 拿,翻译成“带来”。 He brought us some good news.他给我们带来 了一些好消息。 Please don’t forget to bring your homework tomorrow. 明天请别忘了把家庭作业带来。 (
  2) take 一般是指从说话人这里往别处拿,翻译成 “带走”。 Please take the umbrella with you. It’s going to rain.要下雨了,请把伞带上。 She took the dictionary away.她把字典拿走了。 (
  3) carry 不强调方向,表示“携带、背着、运送、 搬扛”等意思。 They carried the boxes into the factory. 他们把 箱子搬进了工厂。 A taxi carried them to the station. 出租车送他 们到了车站 (
  4) fetch 表示的是“去取来、去拿来、去叫来”等意 思,包含去和来两趟。 。 The waiter fetched them some apples.侍者为他 们取来了一些苹果。 Mother fetched the doctor for her ill son.妈妈为 生病的儿子请来了医生。
  3. whole/ all (
  1) whole 强调一个完整如一,互不分割的整体。 The whole country is suffering the war. 整个国家 正遭遇战争。
I just want to know the whole story.我仅仅只想知 道完整的故事。 whole 在句中的位置是放在所有格,冠词和指 示代词的之后。 They will spend their whole holiday in Canada. 他们将到加拿大渡过整个假期。(所有格后) She has finished writing the whole book. 她已 经写完了整本书。(冠词后 whole 用来修饰可数名词(名词用单数)。 He ate the whole cake. 他把整个蛋糕都吃了。 (强调整整一个蛋糕) (
  2) all 强调由一个个部分组成的“全部”。 Miss Green knew all the students in the class. 格林小姐认识这个班上的所有人。(一个一个 全认识) all 在句中的位置是放在所有格,定冠词和指示 代词的之前。 Jim finished all his homework in twenty minutes. 吉姆在 20 分钟之内完成了所有的作业。 (所有 格前) Of all the boys here, he sings best.在这里所有的 男孩之中,他唱的最好。(定冠词前) The boy can answer all these questions.那个男孩 能够回答所有的这些问题。(指示代词前) all 既能修饰可数名词(名词须用复数),又能 修饰不可数名词。 All these five books are mine.这五本书都是我 的。(修饰可数名词) She was worried about her son all the time.她总 在为她的儿子担心。(修饰不可数名词)
  4. fill/ full (
  1) fill 常作动词,与 with 连用,意思是“注满、装 满”,也能表示“填空;补缺”的意思。 He filled the box with chalk.他把粉笔装满了盒 子。 The bucket is filled with water.水桶里装满了水。 (
  2) full 是形容词,翻译成“满的,装满的”,常与 of 连用。此外还能表示“完全的”和“吃饱的,过
饱的”。 All the rooms are full of people.所有的房间都满 人了。 The bus was full. He had to wait for the next one. 这辆车人满了,他只有等下一辆。
  5. be made of/ be made from/ be made in/ be made into (
  1) be made of 表示"由…制成", 一般指能够看出 原材料,或发生的是物理变化。 This table cloth is made of paper.这张桌布是由 纸做的。 This salad is made of apples and strawberries.这 种沙拉是由苹果和草莓做的。 (
  2) be made from 也表示"由…制成",但一般指看 不出原材料,或发生的是化学变化。 Bread is made from corn.面包是小麦做的。 The lifeboat is made from some special material. 这个救生艇是由某种特殊材料制成的。 (
  3) be made in 指的是产地,意思为"于…制造"。 The caps are made in Russia.这些帽子产于俄罗 斯。 My mother likes to buy things which are made in China. 我妈妈喜欢买中国产的东西。 (
  4) be made into 的意思为"被制成为…"。 This piece of wood will be made into a small bench. 这块木头将要被制成一个小凳。 The paper has been made into clothes for the doll. 纸被做成了洋娃娃的衣服。
  6. none/ no one/ neither (
  1) none 既能指人,又能指物,意思是"没有一个, 无一",常用作代词,与 of 连用。 None of us has heard of him before.我们没有一 个人以前听说过他。 I like none of the coats. 那些外套我一件都不喜 欢。 none 用作主语时,谓语动词用单复数皆可。 None of the answers is true.没有一个答案是正确
的。 None of the rooms are mine.没有一间房子是我 的。 (
  2) no one 只能用来指人,且不能与 of 连用。 No one is absent.没有人缺席。 I knew no one there.那里我一个人也不认识。 no one 用作主语时,谓语动词只能用单数。 No one agrees with you. 没有人同意你的说法。 (
  3) neither 作代词是对两者都进行否定,意思为" 两者都不",作主语时谓语动词用单数。 Neither of the boys is from England. 这两个男孩 都不是来自英国。 I know neither of them.他们两个我都不认识。
  7. found/ find (
  1) find 的意思是"找到、发现",其过去式和过去分 词都是 found. I can't find my glasses.我找不着我的眼镜了。 He found it boring to sit here alone.他发现独自坐 在这里很没劲。 (
  2) found 是另外一个词,与 find 并没有关系,意思 是"成立、建设",常用作及物动词。 The People's Republic of China was founded in 19
  49.中华人民共和国成立于 1949 年。 The school was founded by the local residents.这所 学校是由当地居民修建的。
  8. hear / hear of/ hear from (
  1)hear 的意思是"听见;听说,得知",后面能接名 词、代词或宾语从句。 We heard the news just a moment ago.我刚听说这 个消息。 Can you hear me? 能听见我说话吗? (
  2) hear of 的意思是"听说",一般指非直接的听见, 而是听别人说的。后不能接宾语从句。 I have never heard of her.我从未听说过她。 They heard of the film long time ago.他们很久以前 就听说过这部电影。 (
  3) hear from 的意思是"收到来信",与"听"无关。 I often hear from him. 我经常收到他的来信。
He hasn't heard from his mother for a long time.他 很久没有收到妈妈的信了
  9. send/ send for (
  1) send 意思是"送往,派遣",还有"发信,寄信" 的意思。 The company sent him to study abroad.公司派他到 国外学习去了。 Mr. Brown sent her children away.布郎夫人送走 了孩子们。 (
  2) send for 意思是"召唤;派人去取;派人去拿", 而非本人亲自去。 They have sent for a repairman.他们已经派人去请 了一名修理工。 She sent for some flowers.她派了人去买花。
  10. get to/ arrive/ reach (
  1) arrive 后不能直接接地点,是一个不及物动词。 若表示到达一个相对大的地点,用 arrive in ; 若表 示相对小的地点,用 arrive at . The delegation will arrive in China at 5:00 p.m.代 表团将于下午 5:00 到达北京。 It was dark when they arrived at the railway station. 当他们到达火车站的时候,天已经黑了。 When did she arrive here last time? 她上次是什么 时候到这儿的?(副词前省略介词) (
  2) reach 能直接接所到达的地点,是一个及物动 词。 They reached London on Friday.他们星期五到达 了伦敦。 The news only reached me yesterday.我于昨天才 接到这个消息。 reach 还有"伸手去取, 伸手触及, 联络"等意思。 Can you reach that apple on the tree? 你能够到树 上的哪个苹果吗? He can always be reached on the phone.可随时打电 话跟他联系。 (
  3) get 在表示"到达"时是不及物动词,应与 to 搭配 使用。 We often get to school on foot.我们经常步行到学
校。 They got to the top of the hill at noon.他们于中午 到达了山顶。 【考点扫描】 考点扫描】 中考考点在本单元主要集中在:
  1. 动词被动语态的结构和用法;
  2. 动词不定式的功能和用法;
  3. 本单元的词汇、短语和句型;
  4. 本单元学过的交际用语。 考试形式可以是单项填空、 完型填空、 短文填空和完 成句子。 中考范例】 【中考范例】
  1. (北京市中考试题) Aunt Li often asks her son too much meat. It’s bad for his health. A. don’t eat B. not to eat C. not eat D. to not eat 【解析 解析】答案:B。该题考查的是动词不定式的 解析 构成和用法。 这个句子的基本句型是 ask sb. not to do sth. 这里,not to eat 是不定式的否定式做宾语补足 语。
  2. (嘉兴市中考试题) China is becoming stronger and stronger, so Chinese in more American schools now. A. was taught B. is taught C. teaches D. taught 【解析 解析】答案:B。该题考查的是动词的语态和 解析 时态。Chinese 是一种语言,只能被人教,因此要用 被动语态。 又因为说的现在的情况, 动词要用一般现 在时。所以选 B。
  3. (河北省中考试题) This painting to a museum in New York in 19
  77. A. sells B. sold C. was sold D. is sold 【解析 解析】答案:C。该题考查的是动词的语态和 解析 时态。This painting 只能被卖,所以用被动语态,又 因为是 1977 年卖的,所以用一般过去时。
  4. (扬州市中考试题) If you a new idea, please call me as soon as possible. Sure, I will. A. keep up with B. catch up with C. feed up with D. come up with 【解析 答案: 该题考查的是短语动词用法。 解析】 D。 解析 本单元学习的短语动词 come up with a new idea 意思 是想出新主意,正符合题意。
【满分演练】 满分演练】 一. 选择填空。
  1. The boy is too hungry, he has already eaten an apple, but he asks for one. A. the other B. other C. another D. others
  2. It’s going to rain. You’d better ther


2009年中考英语全程知识点总结及练习 初三年级(下)

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