2010年中考英语语法突破练习题
一、选用“have, has, had, there is, there are, there was, there were”填空。
  1) I
  3) He playground.
  5) They year.
  7)
  9) classroom?
  11) you
  13) My parents the wall.
  15) some tents.
  17) many children on the hill. 二、some,any 的用法 some 用于肯定句;any 用于否定句和一般疑问句。请注意看例句后扩号中说明的用法。 例:There is some water in the glass.(肯定句) There are some flowers in the garden.(肯定 句) There aren’t any lamps in the study.(否定句)Are there any maps on the wall?(一般疑问句) Would you like some orange juice?(希望得到肯定回答) Do you want to take any photos at the party?(一般疑问句) 练一练: 选用 some 或 any 填空。 a map of the world on the wall.
  16) David’s friends ? some nice pictures.
  14) some maps on a story-book on the table a moment ago.
  12) What do a reading-room in the building? any books in the bookcase?
  8) What does Mike
  10) How many students in the ? a nice garden.
  6) My father a story-book last a good father and a good mother. a tape-recorder.
  4)
  2) a telescope on the desk. a basketball in the
1

  1) There isn’t buses.
  3) He has
milk in the fridge.

  2) I can see
cars, but I can’t see
friends in England.

  4) Were there
fruit trees on the farm? cakes, but I’d like

  5) Would you like coffee.
  6) Does Tom want to take
  8) There are
  10) Are there 三、动词不定式
cakes? No, I’d not like
photos?

  7) Is there
  9) Here are
rice in the kitchen? presents for you. pictures.
new buildings in our school.
pictures on the wall? No, there aren’t

  1、to 加动词原形构成一种非谓语形式,在这里不是介词,无词义。 如:I want to make a New Year card. Would you like to have a picnic with us? 我想制作一张新年贺卡。 你愿意和我们一起去野餐吗?

  2、to 保留原来动词的一些特征,它可以带自己的宾语和状语等。 如:To get there faster, you can take bus No.
  5. 想快一点到那儿,你可以坐5路车。

  3、to 前有时带疑问词 what, when, where, which, why, how 等。 如:He’s asking Yang Ling how to get there. 总而言之,一定要记住:to 后面用动词原形。 练一练:
  1、用扩号中所给动词的适当形式填空。
  1) People would like
  2) It’s time friends.
  4) Please shouw me how ( run ).
  6) Would you like Year”.
  8) She was very glad
  10) Please remember ( see ) them.
  9) I’m sorry ( hear ) that. ( join ) us?
  7) Don’t forget ( write )“Happy New ( go ) to the shopping centre.
  5) The thief began ( go ) to farms in the countryside. ( have ) lunch.
  3) I want ( buy ) some presents for my 他正在问杨玲怎样到达那里。
( close ) the windows before you go home.
2

  2、圈出下列句子中的错误,并改正。
  1) Would you like go camping with us?
  4) I want to writes a letter to my penfriend.
  5) Liu Tao wants to showing Peter’s photos to his mum. 四、动名词 其实就是动词的“现在分词”。它既有“名词性质”(可作主语),又具有动词性质(可带 宾语)。 如:Please keep quiet in the reading room.还有我们的一些课题:Asking the way 中是“名词性 质”;My hobby is collecting stamps.中是“动词性质”,带了宾语 stamps.
  1、remember(记住)后面跟动名词,表示“记得做过某事”;跟 to+动词原形,表示“记得 要去做某事”。如: I remember posting the letter today. Please remember to post the letter today. 我记得今天把信寄走了。 请记住今天要把信寄走。
  3) Helen, show ux how drawing a square.
  2) It’s time for us go to school.

  2、forget(忘记)后面跟动名词,表示“忘记做过某事(实际做过)”;跟 to+动词原形, 表示“忘记去做某事(实际没做)”。如: I forget doing homework this morning. I forget to do homework this morning. 我忘记今天早上做过作业了。 我忘记今天早上做作业了。

  3、stop(停止)后面跟动名词,表示“停止做某事”;跟 to+动词原形,表示“停止正在做 的事,而去做别的事”。如: Stop smoking, please. We are tired. Let’s stop to have a rest. 请不要吸烟。 我们累了,让我们停下来休息一下。

  4、like(喜欢)后面跟动名词,表示一个人的爱好和习惯,意思是“喜欢干某事”;跟 to+ 动词原形,常用于 would like to do something,表示“某人想要、愿意干某事”。如: I like taking a walk after supper every day. I would like to have some chips. 练一练:
  1、用扩号内所给动词的适当形式填空。
  1) ( swim ) is not as fast as running.
3
我喜欢每天晚饭后去散步。 我想要吃些薯条。

  2) It’s sunny today. Let’s go
( fish ).
  3) Do you like ( dance )?
  5) Where is the
  7) My hobby is Sundays.
  2、选择扩号内动词的适当形式填空。
  1) I’m sorry swim ).
  3) Shall we go
  4) Today, my work is
  5) I’m going
  6) I like
  7) Would you like
  8) Jim is asking Liu Tao how 五、时间和日期的表达
  1、有两种时间表达法: A)直接读写数词。如:9:15 nine fifteen 10:30 ten thirty 11:45 eleven forty-five 7:05 seven o five 2:25 two twenty-five 5:55 five fifty-five B)借助 past 和 to 来表达。past 一般用于30分钟以内(含30分钟)的时间表达;to 一般 用于超过30分钟的时间表达。一刻钟可以用 a quarter 表示,半小时可以用 half 表示。 如:9:15 a quarter past nine 10:30 half past ten 11:45 a quarter to twelve 7:05 five past seven 2:25 twenty-five past two 5:55 five to six 注意:询问时间可用句型“What’s the time?”或者“What time is it?”。
  2、日期的表达:the+序数词+of+月份。如:the third of June 六月三日 注意:询问日期可用句型“What date is it today?”或者“What’s the date today?”。 练一练:
  1、用两种方法表达下列时间。
4
( read ) English in the morning?

  4) Are you good at
( shop ) centre? ( play ) football.

  6) Would you like to go
  8) Su Hai likes
( jog ) with me? ( watch ) cartoons on
( hearing, to hear ) that.

  2) Jim is good at
( swimming, to
( skating, to skate )? ( looking, to look ) after the baby. ( flying, to fly ) a kite in the playground. ( playing, to play ) basketball after school. ( going, to go ) to the Great Wall? ( getting, to get ) to the HistoryMuseum.
6:45 9:05 5:50
  2、用英语表达下列日期。 五月一日 四月五日 一月十五日
  3、同义句转换,每空一词。
  1) What’s the time? It’s eleven forty-five. --is it? It’s 九月十日 七月九日 六月二日
1:58 3:22 8:30
三月八日 八月三日 十二月二十五日
.

  2) It’s seven o five. It’s time for breakfast. It’s . It’s time .

  3) What’s the date today? It’s 1st October. --六、名词所有格
  1、有生命的名词所有格: A)单数后加“’s”,如:Su Hai’s twin sister 苏海的双胞胎妹妹 Jim’s family 吉姆的一家 the twins’parents is it today? It’s .
B)以“s”结尾的复数名词,只需加“’”,如:Teachers’Day 教师节
C)不以“s”结尾的复数名词,则仍需加“’s”,如:Children’s Day 儿童节 注意: 表示两人或几人共有的物品, 只需在最后一人名后加“’s”, Ben and Jim’s book 如:
  2、无生命的名词所有格,一般与“of”构成短语。如: a photo of his family 练一练: 翻译下列词组: 大卫的叔叔 老师们的办公室 双胞胎的书房 七、句子的种类
5
他家的一张照片
the colour of her skirt
她的短裙的颜色
我妹妹的邮票 他笔友的信 孩子们的爱好
妇女节 这本书的名字 邮局的大门
标 类别 例句 用法 点 This is a bag. 陈述句 肯定 spring. 说明说话人的看法 标 类别 例句 用法 点 陈 I can’t see a bag over there. 述 句 Are 一般 you a student? 否定 I don't know. 说明说话人的看法 描述一件事情或者 . I like 描述一件事情或者 .
Do you like puppets? Can you speak English? when 什么时间;who 谁; whose 谁的;where 在哪 里;which 哪一个;why 为什么;what 什么;what time 什么时间; what colour
疑 什么颜色; what about…… 问 特殊 句 what date 什么日期;what for 为何目的;how 怎样; how old 多大岁数;how many 数量多少; much how 多少钱;how about……怎 么样;how far 多远 Is your friend a boy or a 选择 girl? 怎么样; what day 星期几; 用于提出问题 ?
6
反意 祁 使 否定 句 肯定
It’s a fine day, isn’t it? Put it here. 表示命令、建议或 Don’t look at the 请求 noticeboard. 表示惊 How smart the scarf is! What a smart scarf! 讶、喜 悦、赞 美、 厌恶 或愤怒 等强烈 感情 ? ! 或 .
感叹句
How smart the scarves are! scarves! What smart
练一练:
  1、填入适当的疑问词。
  1) December.
  3)
  5)
  7)
  9) away.
  11) A: Can I have some paper and some crayons? B:
  12) o’clock.
  14) one is fatter, the blue one or the red one? The blue one.
  2、对划线部分提问。
  1) I can see eight rubbers in the box. box?
7
wallet is it? It’s mine.

  2)
is the Christmas Day? It’s on the 25th of
is the diary? It’s under the chair.

  4)
  6)
is the boy in blue? He’s Mike. is the hair dryer? It’s blue.
are the earphones? They are 25 yuan. is it today? It’s Sunday.
  8)
  10)
was it yesterday? It was the 13th of October. is it from here? It’s about 2 kilometres
this red one? It’s beautiful.
? A: I want to make a kite.
  13) do you have dinner? At 6
is your cousin? He’s 15years old.
can
see in th

  2) My father is fine today.
your father today? Liu Tao in the

  3) Liu Tao is playing football in the playground. playground?
  4) The films were on the ground.
  5) The girl with big eyes is my sister’s friend.
  6) My birthday is on the 9th of September.
  7) I’d like a nice cake for breakfast.
  8) That’s Nancy’sskirt.
  3、按要求改写句子。
  1) It’s a book.(改为一般疑问句) it a is ,I ? is that? the films?
sister’s friend? your birthday? like for breakfast?

  2) My father is in the study.(对划线部分提问)
  3) do you watch TV every Sunday?(做肯定回答)
father? . picture! open

  4) This picture is beautiful.(改为以 what 引导的感叹句) What
  5) for Open the ! do you ? 一般疑问句及回答 Is he running now? Yes, he is. / No, he isn’t. They are making a puppet. They puppet.
  7) There are . some orange aren’t makinga Are they making a puppet? door for him. ( 改 为 否 定 句 )

  6) I have a big present.(对划线部分提问) 肯定句 He is running now. 否定句 He isn’t runningnow.
Yes, they are. / No, they aren’t. trees. ( 改 为 单 数 句 子 ) There
orange

  8) we are going to see a Beijing opera. ( 对 划 线 部 分 提 问 ) What do?
  9) He has some questions.(改为一般疑问句) he
you
questions?

  10) They visited their relatives and friends last Spring Festival.(改为一般疑问句) they their relatives and friends
8
?
八、时态 常用有:一般现在时、现在进行时、一般过去时、一般将来时。
  1、一般现在时 A、当谓语是 be 动词时,构成为:主语+be 动词( am, is, are )+其他。如:I am a student. B、当谓语是行为动词时,构成有两种: (
  1)主语(非第三人称单数)+动词原形+其他。如:We often watch TV at the weekends. (
  2)主语(第三人称单数)+动词第三人称单数形式+其他。如:Jim usually goes to the park on Sundays. C、句型变换: 肯定句 They watch TV at six everyday. She watches TV at six everyday. 练一练: A、用括号内动词的适当形式填空。
  1) He often One.
  3) We Sunday.
  5) bottle.
  7) cooking.
  9) You always hobby.
  11) My aunt PE.
9
否定句 They don’t watchTV at six everyday. She doesn’t watchTV at six everyday.
一般疑问句及回答 Do they watch TV at six everyday. Yes, they do. / No, they don’t. Does she watch TV at six everyday. Yes, she does. / No, she doesn’t.
( have ) dinner at home.

  2) Daniel and Tommy
( be ) in Class
( not watch ) TV on Monday.

  4) Nick
( not go ) to the zoo on
they
( like ) the World Cup?

  6) There
( be ) some water in the
your parents
( read ) newspapers every day?

  8) Mike
( like )
( do ) your homework well.

  10) They
( have ) the same
( look ) after her baby carefully.

  12) Liu Tao
( do ) not like

  13) She and I
( take ) a walk together every evening.
B、按要求转换句子,每空一词。
  1) Tom likes playing basketball with his friends.(改成否定句) Tom playing basketball with his friends.

  2) David’s parents often take a walk after supper.(改为一般疑问句并作出否定回答) No, David’s parents often . they usually . a walk after supper?

  3) They usually watch TV. (对划线部分提问)
  4) She is always a good student.(改为一般疑问句并作出肯定回答) --always a student? --,
.

  5) Simon and Daniel like going skating.(改为否定句) Simon and Daniel
  2、现在进行时 A、构成形式:主语+be 动词+动词的 ing 形式+其他。 B、判断依据:句中往往有 now、look、listen 等词。注意:千万不要忘了一定得有 be 动词。 C、句型变换: 练一练: A、用所
 

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