兰州市 2010 年初中毕业生学业考试试卷

注意事项: 注意事项:
  1.全卷共 150 分,考试时间 120 分钟。
语(A)

  2.考生必须将报考学校、姓名、准考证号、考场、座位号等个人信息填(涂)写在答题卡 的相应位置上。
  3.考生务必将答案直接填(涂)写在答题卡的相应位置上。
选择题 第Ⅰ卷 (选择题 共 80 分)
一、听力理解(分四小节,共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 第一节:听句子,从 A、B、C 三个选项中选择与你所听到的内容相同或相近的 选项。 (每个句子读一遍)

  1.
  2.
  3.
  4. A. parent B. present A. 83662817 B. 83662617 A. thought B. caught A. Anyway, I’ll tell you the secret. B. If you don’t tell the secret to others, I’ll tell you. C. If you tell the secret to others, I’ll tell you. A. John doesn’t like football. B. John prefers volleyball to football. C. John prefers football to volleyball. C. pleasant C. 83262817 C. bought

  5.
第二节:情景反应。听句子,根据你所听到的句子,从 A、B、C 三个选项中选 择最恰当的应答语。 (每个句子读一遍)

  6. A. I’m afraid you can’t
  7. A. Good idea
  8. A. No, please do it.
  9. A. She is better now.
  10. A. Since last month. B. That’s great B. At 7 o’clock B. Yes, you can do it. B. She likes dancing. B. September. C. It doesn’t matter C. Not at all C. It’s very kind of you. C. She is tall and pretty. C. Six o’clock
第三节:听下面四小段对话,每小段对话后有一个问题,根据对话内容及问题, 选择正确的答案。 (每段对话读两遍)

  11. What is Tom making?
A B
  12. When did the concert begin? A. At 8:00 B. At 7:45
  13. Where does this conversation probably take place? A. In a hospital. B. In the street.
  14. How did Stephen improve his English? A. By speaking B. By reading
C C. At 8:15 C. On a bus. C. By writing
第四节:听下面三段短文,根据短文内容及所给问题选择正确答案。(每段短文 读两遍)
听下面的短文,回答 15 至 16 小题。
  15. How are more people reading now? A. Reading from books. B. Reading from newspapers. C. Reading online.
  16. What does the speaker think of the Internet? A. Interesting. B. Convenient. C. Boring. 听下面的短文,回答 17 至 18 小题。
  17. What did the speaker’s class talk about? A. How to deal with the waste. B. How to protect the environment. C. How to save money.
  18. If we don’t know how reuse the waste things, what should we do? A. We can throw them away. B. We can sell them to the recycling. C. We can ask others for help. 听下面的短文,回答 19 至 20 小题。
  19. How long did the first balloon trip last in 1783? A. Eight minutes. B. Eight hours. C. Eight Days.
  20. Finally how did the American and the Frenchman save themselves? A. They jumped out of the balloon. B. They threw away most of their things. C. They stopped the balloon.
二、单项选择题 (共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分)
阅读下列各题,从题后所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选择一个最佳答案。
  21. Dear students, please read every sentence carefully. you are, mistakes you’ll make. A. The more carefully, the fewer B. The more careful, the less C. The more carefully, the less D. The more careful, the fewer
  22. - hard work you have done! -It’s very kind of you to say so. A. What B. How C. What a D. How a
  23. -When shall we go to the museum, this afternoon or tomorrow morning? - is OK. I’m free these days. A. Both B. All C. Either D. Neither
  24. Danny did all kinds of things to make the baby . A. to stop crying B. stop crying C. to stop to cry D. stop to cry
  25. -What are on show in the museum? -Some photos by the children of Yushu, Qinghai. A. have been taken B.were taken C. are taken D. taken
  26. You shouldn’t your hope. Everything will be better. A. give up B. fix up C. cheer up D. put up
  27. How much does the ticket from Shanghai to Beijing? A. cost B. took C. spend D. pay
  28.They were all so tired that they could . A. do nothing but sleep B. do anything but sleep C. do nothing but to sleep D. do anything but to sleep
  29. -Where would you like to go on your summer holiday, Mike?
-I’d like to go . A. nowhere interesting B. interesting anywhere C. somewhere interesting D. interesting somewhere
  30. -He didn’t go to the lecture this morning, did he? -. Though he was not feeling very well. A. No, he didn’t. B. Yes, he did. C. No, he did. D. Yes, he didn’t.
  31. In the past few years there great changes in my hometown. A. have been B. were C. had been D. are
  32. We have two rooms , but I can’t decide . A. to live, to choose which one B. lived, choose which one C. to live in, which one to choose D. live, which one
  33. Many Chinese students think science subjects are foreign languages. A. more difficult as B. less difficult than C. much difficult than D. so difficult as
  34. -Have you found the information about the famous people you can use for the report? -Not yet. I’ll search some on the Internet. A. who B. what C. whom D. which
  35. -Tommy, do you know if Frank to the theatre with us this Sunday if it ? -Sorry, I have no idea. A. will go, is fine B. goes, is fine C. will go, is going to be fine D. goes, will be fine
  36. We have up early in order to catch the early bus. A. used to get B. been used to get C. used for getting D. been used to getting
  37. I think of the materials I listened to at the beginning of the exam easy. A. three fourths, is B. third four, are C. three fourths, are D. three fourth, are
  38. -May we leave the classroom now? -No, you . You to leave until the bell rings. A. mustn’t, are allowed B. don’t have to, are supposed C. needn’t, aren’t allowed D. can’t, aren’t supposed
  39. The plane when we got to the airport. A. had taken off B. was taken off C. will take off D. is taking off
  40. -I hear Huang Gang made an English speech at the graduation ceremony yesterday. - , and . A. So he did, so did I B. So did he, so I did C. So he was, so was I D. So was he, so I was
三、完形填空 (共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)
阅读下面的短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出能填入空白处的 最佳答案。 The 2010 Winter Olympic Games will take place in Vancouver and Whistler(惠斯勒) from February 12 to
  28. As the world’s 41 athletes will compete there, Canada is preparing for it well. It will be broadcasted(播出) in Canada’s two 42languages??English and French. Billions of television viewers worldwide will 43 the opening ceremony of the 2010 Winter Olympic Games. Athletes from more than 80 44 will compete in 86 medal events over 17 days. Then the Paralympics(残奥会) will 45 from March 12 to
  21. Canada has 46 millions of dollars preparing. Thousands of spectators will visit the country. Canada will be
47 it all. The building of Olympic gyms began in 20
  05. Opening and closing ceremonies will be held indoors, at BC Place Stadium. It’ll 4855,000 seats. Some competitions, 49 ski, and bobsled, will take place in Whistler. It’s a ski village. During the Games, roads will be closed. More than 15,000 policemen will work to 50 the peace throughout the Games. The United States is the only country to host the Winter Games four times. Team USA hopes 2010 will be a golden year.
  41. A. worst B. best C. cleverest D. tallest
  42. A. special B. unusual C. official D. ordinary
  43. A. watch B. notice C. look D. hear
  44. A. cities B. towns C. villages D. countries
  45. A. run B. begin C. stop D. end
  46. A. paid B. took C. cost D. spent
  47. A. full of B. ready for C. worried about D. afraid of
  48. A. give B. serve C. hold D. host
  49. A. with B. including C. as D. so
  50. A. keep B. make C. let D. protect
四、阅读理解 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分)
阅读下面 A、B、C 三篇短文,根据短文内容和问题,从题后 A、B、C、D 四个选项中 选出一个最佳答案。
A.
Whenever the sun dropped and the blue sky came up, my father and I used to climb the mountain near my house. Walking together, my father and I used to have a lot of conversations through which I learned lessons from his experiences. He always told me, “You should have goals like climbing the mountain.” Without the mountain-climbing that we both enjoyed, we couldn’t have enough time to spend together because my father was very busy. I really got a lot from the mountain-climbing. It gave me time to talk with my father and to be in deep thought as well as develop my patience. Once we climbed a very high mountain. It was so challenging for me because I was only ten years old. During the first few hours of climbing, I enjoyed the flowers and trees, and the birds’ singing. But as time passed, I got a pain in both of my legs. I wanted to quit climbing, but my father said to me, “You can always see a beautiful sky at the top of the mountain, but you can’t see it before you reach the top. Only there can you see all of the nice things, which is just like your life.” At that time, I was too young to understand his words. But later after that, I got to know the meaning of hope in life. I found myself standing at the top of the mountain, and the sky was as clear as crystal.
  51. The passage tells us that mountain-climbing was for the father and the son. A. hard B. enjoyable C. painful D. comfortable
  52. The underlined word “crystal” in the passage means . A. 岩石 B. 火焰 C. 水晶 D.寒冰
  53. Which of the following is the closest in meaning to the father’s words in the second paragraph? A. You will get all you need at the top of the mountain.
B. The sky is always as clear as crystal. C. You can find life is full of nice things. D. Never give up half-way.
  54. We can infer(推断) from the last paragraph that . A. the writer was very successful in his life B. the writer reached the top of the mountain C. though the writer was young, he could understand his father D. the writer used to stop half-way when he climbed the mountain
  55. The best title for the passage is . A. Reaching the Top of the Mountain B. Standing at the Top of the Mountain C. Conversations between Father and Son D. How to Get to the Top of the Mountain
B.
Because earthquakes happen without warning, it’s important to take steps now to prepare. Because you don’t know where you will be when an earthquake happens, prepare some supplies for your home, workplace, and car.
  1. Water. A person needs at least 1/2 gallon of water daily just for drinking. Store at least 1 gallon of water per person per day and be prepared for a 72-hour period. It is suggested that you buy bottled water. Keep bottled water in its original container and do not open it until you need to use it. Also, do check the “use by” date.
  2. Food. It’s always a practical idea to keep a supply of non-perishable(不易腐烂的) food on hand. Have an enough supply of canned food, powdered milk, dried fruits, non-salted nuts and canned juices for at least 72 hours.
  3. Flashlights(手电筒) and spare batteries. Keep a flashlight beside your bed, at your place of work, and in your car. Do not use matches or candles after an earthquake until you are sure that no gas leaks. Prepare a battery-powered radio and spare batteries. Most telephones will be out of order, so radios will be your best source of information.
  4. Clothes. If you live in a cold place, you must think about warmth. You might not have heat after an earthquake. Think about your clothing and bedding supplies.
  56. Why should people prepare themselves for an earthquake? A. Because earthquakes can be known before they happen. B. Because earthquakes take place without warning. C. Because earthquakes usually take place in the neighborhood. D. Because it’s people’s daily work to prepare the earthquakes.
  57. About the prepared water, which description is RIGHT? A. A person should prepare
  0.5 gallon of water for one day. B. You’d better use your own containers to keep water. C. You’d better open the bottled water when you buy it. D. You shouldn’t open the bottled water until you need it.
  58. You should prepare all of the following except . A. powdered milk B. fresh vegetables
C. dried fruits D. canned juices
  59. According to the article we know that . A. we need to prepare some supplies only at home B. a telephone is the most important prepared thing C. flashlights but not matches are first used after earthquakes D. clothes are used to protect your head
  60. If you live in a cold place, you should prepare . A. some warm clothes and bedding supplies B. some hot water C. some batteries D. some flashlights
C.
There have been many great inventions or things that changed the way we live. The first great invention was the one that is still very important today??the wheel. This made it easier to carry heavy things and to travel long distance. For hundreds of years after that there were few inventions that as much effect as the wheel . Then in the early 1800s the world started to change. There was little unknown land left in the world. People didn’t have to explore m
 

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