2010 全国硕士研究生考试英语二真题及答案 更多考研英语二辅导班咨询育明教育,历年考研阅卷老师亲临授课
Section I Use of English
Read the following passage. For each numbered blank there are four choices mar ked A, B, C and D. Choose the best one and mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET l. (10 points)
The outbreak of swine flu that was first detected in Mexico was declared a glo bal pandemic on June 11, 2009, in the first designation by the World Health Organiz ation of a worldwide pandemic in 41 years.
The heightened alert came after an emergency meeting with flu experts in Genev a that convened after a sharp rise in cases in Australia, and rising numbers in Bri tain, Japan, Chile and elsewhere. But the pandemic is "moderate" in severity, according to Margaret Chan, the or ganization's director general, with the overwhelming majority of patients experienc ing only mild symptoms and a full recovery, often in the absence of any medical tre atment. The outbreak came to global notice in late April 2009, when Mexican authoritie s noticed an unusually large number of hospitalizations and deaths among healthy ad ults. As much of Mexico City shut down at the height of a panic, cases began to cro p up in New York City, the southwestern United States and around the world.
In the United States, new cases seemed to fade as warmer weather arrived. But in late September 2009, officials reported there was significant flu activity in al most every state and that virtually all the samples tested are the new swine flu, a lso known as (A) H1N1, not seasonal flu. @Zov&0
1 In the U.S., it has infected more than one million people, and caused more than 600 deaths and more than 6,000 hospitalizations.
Federal health officials released Tamiflu for children from the national stock pile and began taking orders from the states for the new swine flu vaccine. The new vaccine, which is different from the annual flu vaccine, is available ahead of exp ectations. More than three million doses were to be made available in early October 2009, though most of those initial doses were of the FluMist nasal spray type, whi ch is not recommended for pregnant women, people over 50 or those with breathing di fficulties, heart disease or several other problems. But it was still possible to v accinate people in other high-risk group: health care workers, people caring for in fants and healthy young people.
Section Ⅱ Reading comprehension
Part A
Read the following four passages. Answer the questions below each passage by c hoosing A, B, C and D. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET
  1.(40 points)
The longest bull run in a century of art-market history ended on a dramatic no te with a sale of 56 works by Damien Hirst, “Beautiful Inside My Head Forever”, a t Sotheby’s in London on September 15th 2008 (see picture). All but two pieces sol d, fetching more than ā70m, a record for a sale by a single artist. It was a last h urrah. As the auctioneer called out bids, in New York one of the oldest banks on Wa ll Street, Lehman Brothers, filed for bankruptcy. The world art market had already been losing momentum for a while after rising vertiginously since 20
  03. At its peak in 2007 it was worth some $65 billion, recko ns Clare McAndrew, founder of Arts Economics, a research firm?double the figure fi ve years earlier. Since then it may have come down to $50 billion. But the market g enerates interest far beyond its size because it brings together great wealth, enor mous egos, greed, passion and controversy in a way matched by few other industries.
In the weeks and months that followed Mr Hirst’s sale, spending of any sort b ecame deeply unfashionable, especially in New York, where the bail-out of the banks coincided with the loss of thousands of jobs and the financial demise of many artbuying investors. In the art world that meant collectors stayed away from galleries and salerooms. Sales of contemporary art fell by two-thirds, and in the most overh eated sector?for Chinese contemporary art?they were down by nearly 90% in the yea r to November 20
  08. Within weeks the world’ two biggest auction houses, Sotheby’ s s and Christie’s, had to pay out nearly $200m in guarantees to clients who had plac ed works for sale with them.
The current downturn in the art market is the worst since the Japanese stopped buying Impressionists at the end of 1989, a move that started the most serious con traction in the market since the second world war. This time experts reckon that pr
ices are about 40% down on their peak on average, though some have been far more vo latile. But Edward Dolman, Christie’s chief executive, says: “I’m pretty confide nt we’re at the bottom.”
What makes this slump different from the last, he says, is that there are stil l buyers in the market, whereas in the early 1990s, when interest rates were high, there was no demand even though many collectors wanted to sell. Christie’s revenue s in the first half of 2009 were still higher than in the first half of 20
  06. Almos t everyone who was interviewed for this special report said that the biggest proble m at the moment is not a lack of demand but a lack of good work to sell. The three Ds?death, debt and divorce?still deliver works of art to the market. But anyone w ho does not have to sell is keeping away, waiting for confidence to return.
  21.In the first paragraph,Damien Hirst's sale was referred to as “a last vict ory”because -.
A.the art market hadwitnessed a succession of victoryies B.the auctioneer finally got the two pieces at the highest bids
C.Beautiful Inside My Head Forever won over all masterpieces
D.it was successfully made just before the world financial crisis
  22.By saying “spending of any sort became deeply unfashionable”(Line 1-2,Par a.
  3),the author suggests that .
A . collectors were no longer actively involved in art-market auctions B .people stopped every kind of spending and stayed away from galleries
C.art collection as a fashion had lost its appeal to a great extent
D .works of art in general had gone out of fashion so they were not worth buyi ng
  23.Which of the following statements is NOT ture?
A .Sales of contemporary art fell dramatically from 2007to 20
  08. B.The art market surpassed many other industries in momentum.
C.The market generally went downward in various ways.
D.Some art dealers were awaiting better chances to come.
  24.The three Ds mentioned in the last paragraph are
A.auction houses ' favorites
B.contemporary trends C.factors promoting artwork circulation
D.styles representing impressionists

  25.The most appropriate title for this text could be A.Fluctuation of Art Prices
B.Up-to-date Art Auctions C.Art Market in Decline
D.Shifted Interest in Arts
Text2 I was addressing a small gathering in a suburban Virginia living room -- a wom en's group that had invited men to join them. Throughout the evening one man had be
en particularly talkative frequently offering ideas and anecdotes while his wife sa t silently beside him on the couch. Toward the end of the evening I commented that women frequently complain that their husbands don't talk to them. This man quickly concurred. He gestured toward his wife and said "She's the talker in our family." T he room burst into laughter; the man looked puzzled and hurt. "It's true" he explai ned. "When I come home from work I have nothing to say. If she didn't keep the conv ersation going we'd spend the whole evening in silence." This episode crystallizes the irony that although American men tend to talk mo re than women in public situations they often talk less at home. And this pattern i s wreaking havoc with marriage. The pattern was observed by political scientist Andrew Hacker in the late '70s. Sociologist Catherine Kohler Riessman reports in her new book "Divorce Talk" that most of the women she interviewed -- but only a few of the men -- gave lack of comm unication as the reason for their divorces. Given the current divorce rate of nearl y 50 percent that amounts to millions of cases in the United States every year -- a virtual epidemic of failed conversation.
In my own research complaints from women about their husbands most often focus ed not on tangible inequities such as having given up the chance for a career to ac company a husband to his or doing far more than their share of daily life-support w ork like cleaning cooking social arrangements and errands. Instead they focused on communication: "He doesn't listen to me" "He doesn't talk to me." I found as Hacker observed years before that most wives want their husbands to be first and foremost conversational partners but few husbands share this expectation of their wives.
In short the image that best represents the current crisis is the stereotypica l cartoon scene of a man sitting at the breakfast table with a newspaper held up in front of his face while a woman glares at the back of it wanting to talk.

  26.What is most wives' main expectation of their husbands?
A.Talking to them. B.Trusting them.
C.Supporting their careers.
D. Shsring housework.
  27.Judging from the context ,the phrase “wreaking havoc”(Line 3,Para.
  2)most probably means .
A generating motivation. B.exerting influence
C.causing damage
Dcreating pressure
  28.All of the following are true EXCEPT
A.men tend to talk more in public tan women B.nearly 50percent of recent divorces are caused by failed conversation
C.women attach much importance to communication between couples
Da female tends to be more talkative at home than her spouse
  29.Which of the following can best summarize the mian idea of this text ?
A.The moral decaying deserves more research by sociologists . B.Marriage break_up stems from sex inequalities.
C.Husband and wofe have different expectations from their marriage.
D.Conversational patterns between man and wife are different.
  30.In the following part immediately after this text,the author will most prob ably focus
on A.a vivid account of the new book Divorce Talk
B.a detailed description of the stereotypical cartoon
C.other possible reasons for a high divorce rate in the U.S. D a brief introduction to the political scientist Andrew Hacker
over the past decade, many companies had perfected the art of creating automat ic behaviors ? habits ? among consumers. These habits have helped companies earn billions of dollars when customers eat snacks, apply lotions and wipe counters almo st without thinking, often in response to a carefully designed set of daily cues.
“There are fundamental public health problems, like hand washing with soap, t hat remain killers only because we can’ figure out how to change people’ habits,” t s Dr. Curtis said. “We wanted to learn from private industry how to create new beha viors that happen automatically.”
The companies that Dr. Curtis turned to ? Procter & Gamble, Colgate-Palmolive and Unilever ? had invested hundreds of millions of dollars finding the subtle cu es in consumers’ lives that corporations could use to introduce new routines.
If you look hard enough, you’ll find that many of the products we use every d ay ? chewing gums, skin moisturizers, disinfecting wipes, air fresheners, water pu rifiers, health snacks, antiperspirants, colognes, teeth whiteners, fabric softener s, vitamins ? are results of manufactured habits. A century ago, few people regula rly brushed their teeth multiple times a day. Today, because of canny advertising a nd public health campaigns, many Americans habitually give their pearly whites a ca vity-preventing scrub twice a day, often with Colgate, Crest or one of the other br ands. A few decades ago, many people didn’t drink water outside of a meal. Then bev erage companies started bottling the production of far-off springs,and now office w orkers unthinkingly sip bottled water all day long. Chewing gum, once bought primar ily by adolescent boys, is now featured in commercials as a breath freshener and te eth cleanser for use after a meal. Skin moisturizers are advertised as part of morn ing beauty rituals,slipped in between hair brushing and putting on makeup.
“Our products succeed when they become part of daily or weekly patterns,” sa id Carol Berning, a consumer psychologist who recently retired from Procter & Gambl e, the company that sold $76 billion of Tide, Crest and other products last year. “Creating positive habits is a huge part of improving our consumers’ lives, and i t’s essential to making new products commercially viable.”
Through experiments and observation, social scientists like Dr. Berning have l earned that there is power in tying certain behaviors to habitual cues through rele ntless advertising. As this new science of habit has emerged, controversies have er upted when the tactics have been used to sell questionable beauty creams or unhealt hy foods.

  31.According to Dr.Curtis,habits like hand washing with soap. [A] should be further cultivated
[B] should



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