2010 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试
英语试卷
(上海卷)
本试卷分第一卷(选择题)和第二卷(非选择题)两部分,共 150 分,考试用时 120 分钟。考试结束,将答题卡和答题卷一并交回。 考生注意:
  1.本试卷分为第Ⅰ卷和第Ⅱ卷两部分。满分 150 分。考试时间 120 分钟。
  2.答第Ⅰ卷前,考生务必在答题卡和答题纸上用钢笔或圆珠笔清楚填写姓名、准考证 号、校验码,并用铅笔在答题卡上正确涂写准考证号和效验码。
  3.第Ⅰ卷(1?16 小题,25?80 小题)由机器阅卷,答案必须全部涂写在答题卡上。 考试应将代表正确答案的小方格用铅笔涂黑。注意试题题号和答题卡编号一一对 应,不能错位。答案需要更改时,必须将原选项用橡皮擦去,重新选择。答案不能 涂写在试卷上,涂写在试卷上一律不给分。第Ⅰ卷中的第 17?24 小题,第 81?84 小题和第Ⅱ卷的试题,其答案用钢笔或水笔写在答题纸上,如用铅笔答题,或写在 试卷上一律不给分。
第Ⅰ卷
(共 105 分)
L listening comprehension Section A Directions In section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard.
  1.A.A shop assistant. B.A dentist C.An cloarician D.A bank clerk.
  2.A.The exam score. B.The world news. C.A soccer match. D.A basketball team.
  3.A.At a post office B.At a flower shop C.At a department store. D.At a bus station
  4.A.5 hours B.7 hours C.9 hours D.10 hours
  5.A.Tim’s not seriously injured B.Tim will get to the hospital quickly. C.The woman’s heard all about Tim’s illness. D.The woman doesn’t know how Tim is now.
  6.A.She isn’t the mood to travel. B.France is too far for family holiday. C.Family holiday no longer interests her D.She has had too many holidays this year.
  7.A.The cost was reasonable. B.The cost was unbelievably high C.She likes the hotel. D.She will stay overnight.
  8.A.Disappointment B.Disapproval. C.Sympathy. D.Passion.

  9.A.The man is too forgetful B.The man shouldn’t get annoyed. C.The man has too many keys. D.The man should attend more lessons.
  10.A.He wants to live in apartments. B.He thinks his signature is unnecessary. C.He has already signed a contract D.He doesn’t always say what he means. Section B Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following introduction.
  11.A.White masters. B.African slaves. C.Native dancers. D.Sport trainers.
  12.A.Having kung fu experience. B.Being able to sing and play music. C.Wearing a green belt. D.Being strong and able to balance well.
  13.A.He uses his hands to keep the balance. B.He doses contact with his opponent. C.He is kicked by his opponent. D.He is pushed out of the circle. Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage
  14.A.Great guests and talk to hotel staff. B.Have breakfast and examine room service. C.Prepare for the meeting and write new reports. D.Review the previous night’s reports and check emails.
  15.A.Saying hello to every guest. B.Considering different bath requirements. C.Dining with a different staff member. D.Holding various operational meetings.
  16.A.A day’s life of a hotel manager. B.The daily routine at a hotel. C.Hotel service and improvement. D.Meetings attended by a hotel massager. Section C Directions: In Section C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet. Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation. Complete the form. Write ONE WORD for each answer. Doctor’s Notes Dr.B.Hall Patient’s name: Mr. 17 Symptoms: Awful 18 and a terrible cough Temperature: 19 Doctor’s suggestion: One spoonful of cough 20 days. Complete the form.
every 4 hours for the next five
Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer. To 22 Because the hope to start 23 . 21
What does the man ask the woman to do? What does Iaml Wyndham write? Why do the main characters in the story join a group of people?
Between whom will there be some conflict in the story?
Between people and
24
.
П.Grammar and vocabulary. Section A Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences there are four choices marked A, B, C and Choose the one answer that best completes the sentence.
  25.Sean has formed the habit of jogging the tree-lined avenue for two hours every day. A.between B.along C.below D.with
  26.It took us quite a long time to get to the amusement park.It was journey. A.three hour B.a three-hours C.a three-hour D.three hours
  27.If our parents do everything for us children, we won't learn to depend on A.themselves B.them C.us D.ourselves
  28.Every few years, the coal workers. their lungs X-rayed to ensure their health. A.are having B.have C.have had D.had had
  29.- Sorry, Professor Smith.I didn't finish the assignment yesterday. - Oh, you have done it as yesterday was the deadline. A.must B.mustn't C.should D.shouldn't
  30.In ancient times, people rarely travelled long distances and most farmers only travelled the local market. A.longer than B.more than C.as much as D.as far as
  31.The church tower which will be open to tourists soon.The work is almost finished. A.has restored B.has been restored C.is restoring D.is being restored
  32.I had great difficulty the suitable food on the menu in that restaurant. A.find B.found C.to find D.finding
  33.Lucy has a great sense of humour and always keeps her colleagues with her stories. A.amused B.amusing C.to amuse D.to be amused
  34. you may have, you should gather your courage to face the challenge. A.However a serious problem B.What a serious problem C.However serious a problem D.What serious a problem
  35. the city centre, we saw a stone statue of about 10 metres in height. A.Approaching B.Approached C.To approach D.To be approached
  36.One reason for her preference for city life is she can have easy access to places like shops and restaurants. A.that B.how C.what D.why
  37.When changing lanes, a driver should use his turning signal to let other drivers know A.he is entering which lane B.which lane he is entering
C.is he entering which lane D.which lane is he entering we may return in the near future.
  38.Wind power is an ancient source of energy A.on which B.by which C.to which D.from which
  39. our manage objects to Tom's joining the club, we shall accept him as a member. A.Until B.Unless C.If D.After the overuse of water in students' bathrooms.
  40.Thai is the only way we can imagine A.reducing B.to reduce C.reduced D.reduce Section B Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word . can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. . A.additional B.producing E atmosphere G.matched C.regular H.reducing D.predicted I.carried E.identified J.increase
Forests in the northern half of the globe could be growing faster now than they were 200 years ago as a result of climate change, according to a study of trees in eastern America.The trees appear to have faster growth rates due to longer growing seasons and higher concentrations (浓 度) of carbon dioxide in the 41 . Geoffrey Parker, a scientist at the Smithsonian Environmental Research Centre in Edgewater.Maryland, said that the increase ha the rate of growth was unexpected and might be 42 to the higher temperatures and longer growing seasons documented in the region.The growth may also be influenced by the significant 43 in atmospheric CO2,he said. "We made a list of reasons these forests could be growing faster and then excluded half of them," Dr Parker said.Their study suggests that northern forests may become increasingly important in 44 the influence of man-made CO2 on the climate. Dr Parker and his colleagues have 45 out a detailed record of the trees on a(n) 46 basis since 19
  87.They calculated that due to the global warming the forest is producing 47 tons of wood each year. The scientists _ 48 _ the land with trees at different stages of growth and found that both young and old trees were showing increased growth rate.More than 90 per cent of the tree groups had grown by between two and four times faster than the scientists had 49 from estimates of the long-term rates of growth. Ⅲ.Reading Comprehension Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A,B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. . The first attempt of even the most talented artists, musicians, and writers is seldom a masterpiece, If you consider your drafts as dress rehearsals (彩排), or tryouts, revising will seem a natural part of the writing 50 . What is the purpose of the dress rehearsals and the out-of-town previews that many Broadway shows go through? The answer is adding, deleting, replacing, reordering, 51 revising.Andrew Lloyd Webber's musical Phantom of the Opera underwent such a process. When Lloyd Webber began writing in 1984, he had in mind a funny, exciting production.However, when Phantom opened in London in 1986, the audience saw a moving psychological love story set to music.The musical had. 52 several revisions due, in part, to
problems with costuming and makeup (戏服和化妆).For instance, Lloyd Webber 53 some of the music because the Phantom's makeup prevented the actor from singing certain sounds. When you revise, you change aspects of your work in 54 to your evolving purpose, or to include 55 ideas or newly discovered information. Revision is not just an afterthought that gets only as much time as you have at the end of an assignment. 56 , it is a major stage of the writing process, and writers revise every step of the topics while prewriting is a type of revising. However. don't way. Even your decision to 57 . make the mistake of skipping the revision stage that follows 58 .Always make time to become your own 59 and view your dress rehearsal, so to speak.Reviewing your work new ideas. in this way can give you 60 Revising involves 61 the effectiveness and appropriateness of all aspects of your writing, making your purpose more clearly, and refocusing or developing the facts and ideas you present.When you revise, ask yourself the following questions, keeping in mind the audience for whom you are writing: Is my main idea or purpose 62 throughout my draft? Do I ever lose sight of my purpose? Have I given my readers all of the 63 that is, facts, opinions, inferences -- that they need in order to understand my main idea? Finally, have I included too many 64 details that may confuse readers?
  50.A.technique B.style C.process D.career
  51.A.in particular B.as a result C.for example D.in other words
  52.A.undergone B.skipped C.rejected D.replaced
  53.A.rewrote B.released C.recorded D.reserved
  54.A.addition B.response C.opposition D.contrast
  55.A.fixed B.ambitious C.familiar D.fresh
  56.A.However B.Moreover C.Instead D.Therefore
  57.A.discuss B.switch C.exhaust D.cover
  58.A.drafting B.rearranging C.performing D.training
  59.A.director B.master C.audience D.visitor
  60.A.personal B.valuable C.basic D.delicate
  61.A.mixing B.weakening C.maintaining D.assessing
  62.A.amazing B.bright C.unique D.clear
  63.A.angles B.evidence C.information D.hints
  64.A.unnecessary B.uninteresting C.concrete D.final Section B Directions: Read the following three passages.Each passage is followed by several . questions or unfinished statements.For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C . and D.Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you . have just read. (A) The elephant was lying heavily on its side, fast asleep.A few dogs started barking at it.The elephant woke up in a terrible anger: it chased the dogs into the village where they ran for safety.That didn't stop the elephant.It destroyed a dozen houses and injured several people.The villagers were scared and angry.Then someone suggested calling Parbati, the elephant princess. Parbati Barua's father was a hunter of tigers and an elephant tamer.He taught Parbati to ride an elephant before she could even walk.He also taught her the dangerous art of th
 

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