2010 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题 Section I Use of English
Dnecclious: Read thc following text.Choose the bcsl word(s) for each numbcred blank.and mark[A],[B], [C]or[D]on ANSWER SHEET
  1. (10 points) In 1924 American' National Research Council sent to engineer to supervise a series of experiments at a telephone-parts factory called the Hawhtore Plant near Chicago It hoped they would learn how stop-floor Egnting __1__ the studies ended__2__ giving their name to the“Hawhthome effect”the extremely inflentlcel ldea the veey__3__to bemg expenmented upon changed subjects’behavior The idea arose because of the__4__behavior of the women in the plato.Accordmg to __5__of the cxpetmems.their.houriy output rose when hghtmg WaS increased . but also when it was dimmed. It did not __6__what was done in the expenment. __7__sometmg was changed.produchnty rose A(n) __8__ that they were bemg experimented upon seemed to be __9__t0 alterworkers' bchamor __10__ uself After several decades , the salile data were __11__to econometric the analysis Hawthorne experiments has another surprise store j2 一 the descnpuons on record,no systematic __13__was foundthat lcvcls of produchxnty wererelated to changes in lighting It turns out that peculiar way of conducting the c~enments may be have let to __14__interpretation of what happed.__15__,tighring was always changed on a Sunday When work started again on Monday, output __16__ rose compared with the previous Saturday and __17__ to rise for the next couple of days __18__ , , a comparison with data for weeks whenthere was no expenmentation showed that output always went up On Monday, workers __19__to be duigent for the first few days of the week in any case,before __21__a plateau and then slackening off This suggests that the alleged” Hawthorne effect“is hard to ptn down
  1.[A] affected 2[A]at 3[A]Wuth [B]up [B]achieved [C]with [C]act [C]exlracted [D]Off [D]proof [D]restored workors productivity Instead,

  5.[A]reqtttrents 6[A]conclude 7[A]as faras
[B]perplexing [B]cxplanalions
[c]mischieous [C]accounts
[D]ambiguous [D]assements
[B]matter [B]for fearthat
[C]in casethat [D]so long as [C]sentiment [D]illusion

  10.[A]about 11[A]compared
  12.[A]contrary to
  15.[A]In contast
[B]expectation [B]excessive [B]for [C]on
[C]enough [D]by
[D]conveyed [D]pealliar to [D]source [D]wasleadmg
[B]consistent with [C]parallel with [B]guidance [B]enlightening [B]For example [B]accidentally [B]ceased [B]chrnbing [C]implication [C]retiable
[C]In consequence [D]As usual [D]suddenly
[C]unpredictably [C]started
[D]continued [D]hiting
Section Ⅱ Reading Comprehension Part A Directions: Read the following four texts . Answer the questions below each text by choosing[A] , [B] , [C]or[D].Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET
  1.(40 points) Text 2 Over the past decade,thousands of patents have seen granled for what are called business methods.Amazon com received one for its“one-click”online payment systern Merrill Lynch got legal protection for an asset allocation strategy.One invenlor patented a tochnique for lying a box Now the nation’s top patent court appears completely ready to scale hack on business-method patents, which have been controversial e,ver since they were first authorized 10 years ago In a movethat has intellectual-property lawyers abuzz the U.S court of Appeals for the federal ctrcuit sald it would usea particular case tO conduct a broad review of business-method patents. Inre Bijskl, as the case is known, is“a very big
deal”, says Dermis'D
Crouch of the University of Missoun
School of law.It “has the potential to elinate an entire class of patmts” Curbs on business-method claims would be a dramatic about-face because it was the federal circuit itself that introduced such patents with is 1998 decision in the so-called state Street Bank case, approving a patent on a way of pooling mutual-fund assets. That ruling produced an explosion in business-method patent filings, initially by emerging internet companies trying to stake out exclusive pinhts to specific types of online transactions. Later, move established companies raced to add such patents to their files, if only as a defensive move against rivals that might bent them to the punch. In 2005, IBM noted in a court filing that it had been issued more than 300 business-method patents despite tha fact that it questioned the legal basis for granting them. Similarly, some Wall Street investment films armed themselves with patents for financial products, even as they took positions in court cases opposing the practice. The Bilski case involves a claimed patent on a method for hedging risk in the energy market. The Federal circuit issued an unusual order stating that the case would be heard by all 12 of the court’s judges, rather than a typical panel of three, and that one issue it wants to evaluste is wether it should “reconsider” its state street Bank ruling. The Federal Circuit’s action comes in the wake of a series of recent decisions by the supreme. Count that has nurrowed the scope of protections for patent holders. Last April, for example the justices signaled that too many patents were being upheld for “inventions” that are obvious. The judges on the Federal circuit are “reaction to the anti_patent trend at the supreme court” says Harole C wegner, a partend attorney and professor at aeorge Washington University Law School.
  26. Business-method patents have recently aroused concern because of [A] their limited value to business [B] their connection with asset allocation [C] the possible restriction on their granting [D] the controversy over authorization
  27. Which of the following is true of the Bilski case? [A] Its rulling complies with the court decisions [B] It involves a very big business transaction [C] It has been dismissed by the Federal Circuit
[D] It may change the legal practices in the U.S.
  28. The word “about-face”(Line 1, Paro
  3)most probably means [A] loss of good will [B]increase of hostility [C]change of attitude [D] change of auiuled
  29.We learn from the last two pamgraphs that business-meihod Pateats [A] are immune to legal challenges [B] are of ten unnecessarily issued [C] lower the esteem for pateat holders [D] increase the incidence of risks
  30.Which of the following would bethe subject ofthe text? [A]A looming threat to bvamess-melhcd patents [B]Protection for business-method patent holders [C]A legal case regarding business-methodpatents [D] A prevailing tread against business-method patents Text 3 In his book The Tipping Poinl Malcohn aladuell aloues that social epidemics are dliven in largepart by the acting of a tiny minority of special individuals,often calledin flu entials who are unusuall informed, persuasive, or we connect The idea is intuit ively compelling but it doesn't explain howideas actually spread. The supposed importance of inftuentials derives from a plansible sounding but largely untested theory untested thelry called the "tow-step flow of communication" Information
llows from the mediato the inftuentials and from then to ereryone else. Marke ters have embraced the two-step flow became it suggests that if they can just find and influence the in fluent ials, those select people will do most of the work for them Thetheory also seems to explain the sudden and unexpected popularity of people was
wearing promoting or developing whaterver it is before anyone else paid attention Anecdotal
evidence of this kind fits nicely with the idea that only certain special people call drivetrends In their recent work howeyer some researchers have come up with the finding that in fluentials
have far less impact on social epidemics than is genetally supposed In fact they don’t seem to be required of all The researchers' argument stems from a simple obserrating about social influence with the exception of a few celebrities like Oprah Winfrey-whose outsize presence is primanrilly a function of media not interpersonal influence-enen the most influential members of a population simply don't interact with that many others Yet it is precisely these non-celebring influentials who according to the two-step-flow theoryare supposed to drive social enidemics by influcenciny their friends and colleagues directly .For a social epidemic to occur however each person so sffected must then influcence his or her own acquaintances,who must in turn influence theirs and so on and just how many others pay attention to each of these people has little to do with the initial influential.If people in the network just two degrees removed from the initial influential prove resistant for example from the initial influential prove resistant, for example the casecade of change won't propagate very far or affect many people.
Building on the basic truth about interpersonal influence the researchers studied the dynamics of populations manipulating a number of variables relating of populations manipulating a number of variables relating to people’s abilify to influence others and their tendence to be

  31. By citing the book The Tipping Point the author intends to [A] analyze the consequences of social epid emics [B] discuss influentials’ funcition in spreading ideas [C] exemplify people’s intuitive response to social epidemics [D] describe the essential characteristics of influentials

  32. The author suggests that the “two-step-flow theory” [A] serves as a solution to marketing problems
[B] has helped explain certain prevalent trends [C] has won support from influentials [D] requires solid evidence for its validity

  33. what the researchers have observed recenty shows that [A] the power of influence goes with social interactions [B] interpersonal links can be enhanced through the media [C] influentials have more channels to reach the public {D}most celebritiea enjoy wide media attention

“these people”in
4 refers to the
ones who
{A}stay outside the network of social influence {B}have little contact with the source of influence {C}are {D} are influenced and then influence others influenced by the initial influential

  34.what is the essential slement in the dynamics of social influence? {A}The eageiness to be accepted {B}The impulse to influence others {C}The resdiness to be influenced {D}The inclination to rely on others
Text 4 Bankers have been blaming themselves for their troubles in public .Behind eht scenes,they
have been taking aim at someone else the accounting standard-setters.Their rules,moan the banks,have forced them to report enormous losses,and it’s just not fair.These rules say they must value some assets at the price atheird party would pay,not the price managers and regulators would like them to fetch. Unfortunately,banks’lobbying now seems to be working.The details may be unknowable,but the independence of standard-setters,essential to the proper functioning of capital marksts,is being
compromised.And,unless banks carry toxic assets at prices that attract buyers,reviving the banking system will be difficult.After a bruising encounter with Xongress.America;s Financial Accounting Standards Board(FASB)rushed through rule changse.These gave banks more freedom to use models to value illiquid assets and more flexibility in recognizing losses on long0term assets in their income statement.Bob Herz,the FASB’s chairman,cried out against ehose who ”question our motives.”Yet bank shares rose and the changes enhance what one lobby group politely calls”the
use of judgment by management.” European ministers instantly demanded that the International Accounting Standards
Board(IASB)do likewise.The IASB says it does not want to act without overall planning,but the pressure to fold when it comletes it reconstruction of rules later this year is strong Charlie McCreevy,a European commissioner,warned the IASB that is did”not live in a political vacuum”but”in the real word” and the Europe could yet develop different rules. It was banks that were on the wrong planet,with accouts htat wastly overvalued assets.today they argue htat market prices overstate loeees,because htey Largerly reflect the temporary illiquldity of markets,not the likely entent of bad debts.The truth will not be known for years.But bank’s shares trade below their book value,suggeting that investors are akeptical.And dead markets partly reflect the paralysis of banks which will not sell assets for fear of booking losses,yet are relucaant to buy all those supposed bargains. To get the sysytem working again, losses must be recognized and dealt with.America’s new plan to buy up toxic assets will not work unless banks mark assets to levels which buyers find attractive. Successful markets require independent and even combative standard-setters. The FASB and IASB have been exactly that,cleaning up rules on stock options ang pensions,for example,against hostility interests. But by giving in to critics now they are inviting pressure to make more concessions.

  36. Bankers complained that they were forced to [A]follow anfavorable asset evaluation rules [B]collect payments from third parties [C]cooperate with t



   本资料由学生范文网(http://www.xsfanwen.com)为您收集整理。 为您收集整理。 本资料由学生范文网 为您收集整理 2010 年 6 月英语四级考试真题 Part I Writing (30 minutes) 注意:此部分试题在答题卡 1 上。 Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic of Due Attention Should Be ...


   外语下载中心 http://down.tingroom.com 2010 年 6 月英语四级真题 月英语四级真题?A 卷完整答案(题目在后) 卷完整答案(题目在后) 答案: 答案: 四级作文: 四级作文: 1、如今不少学生在英语学习中不重视拼写 2、出现这个现象的原因是 3、为了改变这种状况,我认为 Due Attention Should Be Given to Spelling(上海昂立教育 阿古琳娜) 阿古琳娜) ( Nowadays fewer and fewer students ...


   2010 年 6 月 19 日大学英语四级真题 2010 年 6 月 19 日大学英语四级(CET-4)考试 全真试题(2010 年 6 月 19 日) Part I 注意:此部分试题在答题卡 1 上。 Directions: Writing (30 minutes) For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic of Due Attention Should Be Given To ...


   灿烂的语言,只能点缀感情,如果我沉默,代表我真的喜欢你 26、自由代表的是内心永久的孤独。 、自由代表的是内心永久的孤独。 27、现实太假,还是自己太傻? 、现实太假,还是自己太傻? 28、一切因为寂寞,才开始了暧昧。 、一切因为寂寞,才开始了暧昧。 29、生活的真正意义是:生下来,活下去。 、生活的真正意义是:生下来,活下去。 30、年龄不是差距,身高不是距离。 、年龄不是差距,身高不是距离。 31、人生是一张单程车票,没有后退,没有返回! 、人生是一张单程车票,没有后退,没有返回! 32 ...


   http://www.24en.com/tem/dynamic/2010-04-17/116937.html 2010 年英语专四真题及参考答案(完整版)2010-04-17 年英语专四真题及参考答案(完整版) 2010 年 12 月大学英语四级真题及答案(听写) 11.C)She enjoys staying in Washington。 12.C)The director’s opinion of her work。 13.D)Avoid excessive physical train ...


   医学全在线 www.med126.com 医学全在线 www.med126.com 国内大型医学教育考试站点 注:2010 年大纲内容与 2009 年大纲基本一致,仅词汇部分的要求有所增加. 考 试 说 明 全国硕士研究生入学统一考试是为高等学校和科研机构招收硕士研究生而设置的. 其中, 英 语实行全国统一考试. 它的评价标准是高等学校非英语专业优秀本科毕业生能达到的及格或 及格以上水平, 以保证被录取者具有一定的英语水平, 有利于各高等学校和科研机构在专业 上择优选拔. 一,评价目标 考生 ...

全日制专业学位 硕士研究生 英语课程口语材料

   Unit Two Born to Sell By Maria Bartiromo Kathy Ireland’s metamorphosis from supermodel to supermogul started with a pair of socks. It was1993, and the beauty best known for showing off string bikinis in the Sports Illustrated swimsuit issues had ju ...


   2012 年硕士研究生英语入学考试英语万能作文 2012 年考研的 QQ 群搜集非常全 考研同学根据需要加入,方便大家交流经验,探 讨共同的梦想,踏踏实实的备考。为壮大我们的队伍,欢迎大家转载、宣传。 (广告者勿入,相信群主会必踢!! !) 北京大学 134887205 134887672 134887868 134888046 中国人民大学 134888675 134888943 134889103 134889242 南开大学 134897701 134897907 134898070 ...


   听力部分 11. A) The man should visit the museum B) She can’t stand the hot weather C) The beach resort is a good choice D) She enjoys staying in Washington 12. A) Her new responsibilities in the company B) What her job prospects are C) What the custome ...


   西北大学研究生处 西北大学研究生处 研字[2010]12 号 西北大学关于深化非英语专业硕士研究生 英语课程教学改革的意见 各研究生培养单位: 非英语专业硕士研究生英语课程(以下简称研究生公共英语 课程)作为研究生公共学位课的重要组成部分,我校始终给予高 度重视。学校依托外国语学院,不断推进教学改革,逐步完善课 程体系,认真组织课程教学,努力探索教学方法,扎实开展研究 生外语文化活动,不断提高我校研究生公共英语课程教学质量。 根据陕省学位办[2009]45 号文件精神,从 2010 年起,对 ...



   第一部分: 第一部分:面试英语自我介绍模板 1, 上午好/下午好/晚上好!我的名字叫…….今天有机会进行自我介绍深感荣幸.我乐 意回答你们所提出来的任何问题.我希望我今天能表现的非常出色. 2,I am years old, born in province/Beijing, northeast/southeast/southwest…… of china, and I am currently a freshman(大一新生)/sophomore(大二学生)/junior (大三学生)/s ...


   詹姆斯再次摇了摇他的钱盒。没事!他仔细__36__的硬币就躺在床上了。24.52 美元是他一切 所有的。这辆自行车他想要的是至少 90 美元!地球上的__37__他会得到这些__38__的钱吗? 他知道,他的朋友都有自行车。这是__39__整天与人,当你是唯一一个没有轮子。他想到了他 所能做的一切。没有__40__问他的父母,因为他知道他们没有钱__41__。 只有一个办法让钱,他们的意见是__42__它。他去找一份工作。__43__谁会雇佣他,而他能做 些什么呢?他决定要求先生粘土通常是谁 ...


   小学英语教学论文 如何巧妙设计英语作业 如何巧妙设计英语作业 山东省昌乐县营丘镇永富小学 张瑞亮 在小学生英语的作业设计上应力求丰富多彩,情趣盎然,使他们 在作业中锻炼多种智能,保持对英语持久兴趣和爱好。针对不同的年 级和不同的年龄段英语教师在布置作业时要采取有效的方法和手段, 只有这样才能起到良好的复习巩固效果。 一、低年级作业的布置 1、参与实践性让作业充满情趣 语言具有交际性,需要在实践的过程中才能体现出来。因此教师 设计作业时要注意把教材内容活化于生活,融入于生活之中,使学生 能主动 ...


   194 个英语词汇起源及巧记的方法 1_词汇技巧 帝王电子书(淘宝店) 每本电子书 0.1 元 http://shop58400890.taobao.com/ 1,Chemistry 化学 古代的炼金术士们总想找到一种方法,将低贱的金属变为金子.现在通过原子裂变的原 理表明,他们的这种想法并非一般人们想象的那么愚蠢.古埃及人入侵欧洲后,将他们所研 究的炼金术,连同其命名 al-kimia 一起传入欧洲.后来,这个词变成 alchemy,"炼金的人" 叫做 alchemis ...