2010 年北京市高级中等学校招生考试
英 语 试 卷
学校 姓名 考 生 须 知 准考证号
  1、本试卷共 12 页,满分 120 分,考试时间 120 分钟。
  2、 在试卷和答题卡上准确填写学校名称、姓名和准考证号。
  3、 试题答案一律填涂或书写在答题卡上,在试卷上作答无效
  4、 在答题卡上,选择题用 2B 铅笔作答,其他试题用黑色字迹签字笔作答。
  5、 考试结束,请将本试卷和答题卡一并将交回。
听力理解(共 24 分)
一、听对话,从下面各题所给的 A、B、C 三幅图片中选出与对话内容相符的图片。每段 对话读两遍。(共 4 分,每小题 1 分)
二、听对话或独白,根据对话或独白的内容,从下面各题所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选 择最佳选项。每段对话或独白读两遍。(共 12 分,每小题 1 分) 请听一段独白,完成第 5 至第 6 小题。
  5. How’s Kate feeling now?
A. Much better. B. Still sick.
  6. Which [age will Kate read? A. Page
  15. B. Page
  20. 请听一段独白,完成第 7 至第 8 小题。
C. Even worse. C. Page
  25.

  7. Where’re the speakers? A. In a school. B. In a hospital. C. In a shop.
  8. What does the woman’s son like? A. Books. B. Music. C. Clothes. 请听一段独白,完成第 9 至第 10 小题。
  9. Who wants to be a doctor? A. Tom. B. Lisa. C. Sam.
  10. What’re the speakers mainly talking about? A. Their jobs. B. Their families. C. Their friends. 请听一段独白,完成第 11 至第 13 小题。
  11. What did the teacher do after Tim made trouble? A. They always punished him. B. They talked to his parents. C. They often laughed at him.
  12. Why did Tim lie down with his bike on top of him? A. To get a new bike. B. To make his mother angry. C. To play a joke on his mother.
  13. What’s the conversation mainly about? A. Tim’s behavior as a little boy. B. Tim’s feeling for his school life. C. Tim’s attitude toward his mother. 请听一段独白,完成第 14 至第 16 小题。
  14. What can you learn from the speaker’s talk? A. Indian movies are the same as Western movies. B. Indian students like learning computer science. C. India has twenty-two different national languages.
  15. What are mentioned about India? A. Movies, inventions and sports. B. Languages, food and invention. C. Weather, languages and movies.
  16. What’s Mark doing? A. Giving some advice. B. Offering an invitation. C. Making an introduction. 三、听对话,根据所听到的对话内容和提示词语,记录关键信息。对话读两遍。(共 8 分, 每小题 2 分)
知识运用(共 27 分) 知识运用
四、单项填空(共 15 分,每小题 1 分) 从下列各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选择可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
  21. Tom and Mike are good friends. often help each others. A. They B. Them C. Their D. Theirs
  22. Some volunteers from Beijing arrived in Shanghai April 29 to work for the World Expo. A. on B. at C. of D. to
  23. The reading room very quiet. I enjoy reading books there. A. am B. is C. are D. be
  24. ? schoolbag is this? ?I guess it’s Lily’s. A. What B. Who C. Whose
  25. ?Which color do you like , blue or green? ?Blue. D. Which
A. good B. better C. best D. the best
  26. There is wrong with this computer. It doesn’t work well. A. something B. anything C. everything D. nothing
  27. ? you turn down your radio, please? ?Yes, I can. A. May B. Need C. Must
  28. ?Would you like to go to the concert with me? ?I’d love to, I’m afraid I have no time. A. so B. or
  29. ?What’s your father doing now? ?He the room C. and D. Can
D. but
A. cleaned B. cleans C. has cleaned
  30. Tom will call me as soon as he home. A. gets B. has got C. got
D. is cleaning D. will get

  31. Granny often tells us water in our daily life. A. save B. saving C. to save
  32. Rose came to Beijing in 20
  02. She here for eight years. A. was living B. live C. will live
  33. It heavily when I left the cinema. A. rains B. will rain C. is raining
  34. The road last year. A. builds B. built C. was built
  35. ?Do you know the Capital Museum? ?Next Friday.
D. saves D. has lived D. was raining D. is built
A. when will they visit B. when they will visit C. when did they visit D. when they visited 五、完形填空(共 12 分,每小题 1 分) 阅读下面的短文,掌握其大意,然后从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中, 选择最佳选项。 It was yearbook day and we were given an hour to sign each other’s yearbooks in the cafeteria. I was president of the class and I played sports. When I sat down at a table, people started to come over to get their yearbooks signed and to sign __36__. Among them, a weak boy with ugly teeth and thick glasses kept shaking. I had seen him around, and I knew he was always laughed at. He seemed __37__ of himself, and was so pale that it __38__ us to look at him. He came up and asked me nervously, “Can you sign this?” I took his yearbook but I didn’t know __39__ to write. I saw that there was the name “Ricky Sanders” written on the front of it. So I wrote:
I put down the yearbook and turned around to get some signatures from some of my friends when I __40__ my yearbook was gone. I saw that Ricky had sat down with my yearbook. “What are you doing?” I asked him. He looked up calmly(平静地) and __41__said “Sign!” My friends broke into a loud laugh, and I saw that he was carefully frying to put a signature in my yearbook. He hadn’t even finished the “R” yet. I thought for a while and __42__ to let him sign. It took him nearly five minutes to sign and when I got my yearbook back, there was a very shaky “RICKY”. He hugged(紧抱) his yearbook and __43__. I couldn’t help but smile back at him. In that moment, my __44__ changed completely. I gave him a high five and suddenly everyone at my table wanted his signature. He was asked politely to write in their yearbooks and the signature __45__ of his yearbook were filled up. He was smiling so big that it lit up the whole room. I changed school the next year, and I never saw Ricky again. However, I will never forget the
day that he became the most __46__ guy in school. Whenever I’m __47__, I still look back at that yearbook.
  36. A. mine B. his C. ours D. theirs
  37. A. unafraid B. unsure C. proud D. tired
  38. A. worried B. surprised C. taught D. hurt
  39. A. how B. which C. where D. what
  40. A. saw B. noticed C. thought D. believed
  41. A. still B. ever C. even D. just
  42. decided B. meant C. began D. prepared
  43. A. smiled B. waited C. left D. rose
  44. A. sense B. value C. attitude D. idea
  45. A. lists B. pages C. boxes D. tables
  46. A. different B. patient C. popular D. important
  47. A. away B. out C. behind D. down
阅读理解(共 44 分) 阅读理解
六、阅读下列短文,根据短文内容,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选择 最佳选项。(共 26 分,每小题 2 分)
A
Here are two letters to George and his replies.

  48. Alice is worrying about . A. her friends B. her marks C. her height
  49. Bob should according to George’s letter. A. take more exercise B. talk to his friends C. join a basketball team D. learn some French.
  50. George advises Alice to talk to for help. A. her mother B. her teacher C. Bob’s teacher
D her weight
D. Bob’s friends
B
The population of the Earth is growing faster. It is important that we look after the Earth. We need it! The Earth gives us a lot of things. We also give the Earth a lot, but some of the things are not good. In nature, when something dies, other animals and plants get food from it. Every animal or plant gives food for other animals or plants. However, animals can’t get food from many of the things that we ‘give’ the Earth. Animals and plants can’t eat metal, plastic and glass. These things will stay in the ground for many, many years. Some rubbish is very dangerous for plants and animals. In some places, many animals live together. One animal makes food for many more animals. If we put rubbish and chemicals in the water, the plankton( 浮 游 生 物 ) can die. If there isn’t any plankton, many animals have nothing to eat. So what can we do? Don’t leave any rubbish in the countryside! Don’t make so much rubbish!
  51. The Earth gives us . A. food B. rubbish C. chemicals
  52. When something dies in nature, . A. water and grass are polluted B. plastic and wood become food C. other animals and plants get food D. metal and glass stay in the ground
  53. We must to look after the Earth. A. put metal in the ground B. use more wood C. keep frogs in the water D. make less rubbish D. pollution
C
Many textbooks are not written in the kind of English that we speak every day. In fact, sometimes the reading is so difficult that it almost seems like a foreign language. In a way, it is?the language of science. You should not expect to be able to read a difficult science passage the same way you read an interesting story; you should not expect to read it easily and all at once. Instead, you may have to read it several times through, catching on the meaning of difficult words, going back over difficult sentences, and finally putting the whole thing together. Do not be discourages if the whole passage don’t make sense to you at first. You need to pick it apart patiently until you can understand it. These are the steps to follow when you are reading something difficult: ★
  1. Start to read normally until you run into a sentence that doesn’t make sense to you. ★
  2. When a sentence doesn’t make sense, go back and read it again more slowly. ★
  3. Look for any word you don’t know in the sentence. Try to understand their meanings using word parts and context clues(上下文线索). If necessary, look them up in the dictionary. ★
  4. Look at the next few sentences to see if they explain more about the sentence you are working on. Do not read very much farther ahead until you understand what is being said. ★
  5. Finally, read the sentence again. Try to put it into simpler words. ★
  6. Read through the passage once. Try to understand all the hard parts well. Then read the whole passage once more at a usual speed. This helps you to put all ides together. The stops sound a lot harder than they are. It is really just the normal way good readers understand anything that is difficult to read. After you have done the best you can this way, you should always feel free to ask for help from your teacher, if you have one.
  54. The underlined phrase “run into” means . A. work out B. come across C. look into D. pass by
  55. From the passage, we can know . A. we should look up new words before reading B. it is sometimes difficult to read a science passage C. the six steps are helpful in learning spoken English D. interesting stories help readers to improve their English
  56. The massage is mainly about . A. steps of studying science B. difficulties in reading science C. ways of reading science passages D. researches on science and English
D
In the West, some people believe that personality can be predicted according to the time of the year the person was bor. From China comes the belief that the year of birth influences one’s personality. In the past century, a new belief ahs arisen: the idea that personality is related to one’s ABO blood type. People with blood type A, for example, are considered more likely to be serious, hard-working, and quiet, while people with blood type O are likely to be popular and outgoing, yet often unable to finish what they start. Though this belief continues to be strong, some people question whether it is true.
The blood-type personality theory(理论) started in Japan in 1927 when Furukawa Takehi noticed personality similarities and differences among his workers. This idea soon went out of fashion, but was brought back by a Japanese television host named Toshitaka Nomi in the 1970s. The belief is still strong in Japan and is increasingly popular in neighboring countries. Some young Koreans have taken to the theory. A recent study showed 76 percent of Koreans aged between13 and 64 believing in the blood-type personality connection. Though most Asians might believe in the blood-type theory, for many it seems harmless and not something to be taken too seriously. Is the belief true? The scientists in Asia largely dismiss the belief as a modern-day superstition(迷信). Most studies have failed to find any strong connection between blood and personality. Generally, scientists warn against making predictions or important decisions based on this questionable theory.
  57. The writer uses blood type A and O as an example to explain . A. the difference between to two blood types B. the relationship between the two blood types C. the influence of blood type on one’s behavior D. the connection between personality and blood type
  58. What does the underlined sentence in Paragraph 2 mean? A. It was lightly believed. B. It was brought to them. C. They liked and accepted it. D. They stole the idea from others
  59. Which of the following is true according to the pas
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