书面表达思维拓展:一句多译练习 书面表达思维拓展:一句多译练习 例一 . 写请假条.情景:我生病了,明天不能上学.
  1. I'm ill. I can't go to school tomorrow. (太简单!句子松散)
  2. Why can't I go to school tomorrow? Because I'm ill!(疑问句)
  3. I'm ill and I can't go to school tomorrow.(并列句)
  4. I'll be absent from school tomorrow just because I'm ill.
  5. I'm so seriously ill that I can't go to school tomorrow.(so….that 句型)
  6. I can't go to school tomorrow because I'm ill.(表原因的复合句)
  7. I can't go to school tomorrow because of illness.(用 Owing to 或者 due to)
  8. Owing to illness, I can't go to school tomorrow.
  9. I can't go to school tomorrow due to illness,
  10. My absence from school tomorrow is due to my illness.
  11. I can't go to school tomorrow on account of illness.(用介词短语)
  12. I'm ill so I can't go to school tomorrow.(用 so,thus 或者 therefore 等)
  13. I'm ill, as a result, I can't go to school tomorrow.
  14. I can't go to school tomorrow as a result of my illness.
  15. Being ill, I can't go to school tomorrow.(用分词作原因状语)
  16. I can't go to school tomorrow. That's because I'm ill.(用表语从句)
  17. I'm ill. That's why I can't go to school tomorrow. (用表语从句)
  18. I can't go to school tomorrow. The reason is that I'm ill. (用表语从句)
  19. I'm seriously ill, which makes me unable to go to school. (用定语从句)
  20. I'm seriously ill, which makes it impossible for me to go to school.
  21. I'm seriously ill, thus making it for me go to school.(用分词作结果状语)
  22. How I wish I could go to school tomorrow! But I can't because I'm seriously ill.(用虚拟语 气)
  23. I'm ill. That's the reason why I can't go to school tomorrow. (用定语从句)
  24. It is because I'm ill that I can't go to school tomorrow.(强调句型)
  25. The reason for my absence from school tomorrow is that I'm ill. (用表语从句)
  26. What I want to tell you is that I'm ill and I can't go school tomorrow .(用主语从句,表语 从句,并列句)
  27. My illness prevents me from going to school tomorrow.
  28. I have disease, which prevents me from going to school tomorrow. 例二.他说英语太快了!让我大吃一惊!
  1. He speaks English so fast, and I am surprised.
  2. He speaks English so fast and it is surprising to me.
  3. He speaks English so fast and it is a surprise to me.
  4. He speaks English so fast, at which I am surprised.
  5. He speaks English so fast, which is a surprise to me.
  6. He speaks English so fast, which is surprising to me.
  7. He speaks English so fast, which makes me surprised.
  8. He speaks English so fast that I am surprised.
1

  9. So fast does he speak English that I am surprised.
  10. So fast does he speak English that it surprises me.
  11. His fast English speaking is surprising to me.
  12. His fast English speaking is a surprise to me.
  13. His fast English speaking makes me surprised.
  14. His fast English speaking surprises me.
  15. How fast he speaks English, which is surprising to me.
  16. How fast he speaks English, which is a surprise to me.
  17. How fast he speaks English, and it is a surprise to me.
  18. How fast he speaks English, and it is surprising to me.
  19. What a fast English speaker he is! It does surprise me.
  20. It is he who speaks English so fast, which surprises me.
  21. It is his fast English speaking that surprises me.
  22. That he speaks English so fast is surprising to me.
  23. That he speaks English so fast surprises me.
  24. That he speaks English so fast is a surprise to me.
  25. I am surprised that he speaks English so fast.
  26. I am surprised that he speaks such fast English.
  27. I am surprised that he speaks English with fast speed.
  28. I am surprised by his fast English speaking.
  29. I am surprised by his English speaking with fast speed.
  30. It is surprising to me that he (should)speak English so fast.
  31. It is surprising to me that he (should)speak such fast English.
  32. It is surprising to me that he (should)speak English with fastspeed.
  33. It is surprising to me that his spoken English is so fast.
  34. It is a surprise to me that he (should)speak English so fast.
  35. To my surprise, he speaks English so fast.
  36. To my surprise, he speaks such fast English.
  37. To my surprise, he speaks English with fast speed.
  38. To my surprise, his spoken English is so fast.
  39. When he speaks fast English, I am surprised.
  40. When he speaks English fast, I am surprised. 例三. 2002 年普通高等学校招生全国英语统一考试书面表达试题 最近,你校同学正在参加某英文报组织的一场讨论.讨论的主题是:公园要不要收门票?请 你根据下表提供的信息,给报社写一封信,客观地介绍讨论情况. 60%的同学认为 1,不应收门票 2,公园是公众休闲的地方 3,如收票,需建大门,围墙,会影响城市形象 40%的同学认为 1,应收门票,但票价不宜高 2,支付园林工人工资
2
3,购新花木 注意: 1,信的开头已为你写好. 2,词数:100 左右. 3,参考词汇:门票:entrance fee
  1.60%的同学认为公园不应该收费. Sixty percent of the students think that the park should not chargeentrance fees. =Sixty in/out of one hundred students hold the view that entrance feesshould not be charged for parks. =Three fifths of the students believe(suppose,think )that a park should befree of charge. =Three in/out of five students are against the idea of entrance fees. =In the opinion of 60%of the students, people can enter parks for free(nothing) . =60% of the students have the idea that people should be allowed to enter parks without charge.
  2.公园是公众休闲的地方. A park is a place for the public to rest and enjoy themselves. = A park is a place where people rest and relax. =A park is a place where people can have a rest and have fun. = A park is a public place for recreation.
  3.如收门票,需建大门、围墙,会影响城市形象. If entrance fees are charged, it will be necessary to build gates andwalls, which will affect the appearance of the city. =If the park charges entrance fees, gates and walls are needed. This, of course, will influence the look of the city. =With entrance fees charged, it will become necessary to build gates and walls, which will do harm to the appearance of the city.
  4.40%的同学认为应收门票, 但票价不宜高. 40% of the students think that entrance fees are necessary, but the pricesshould not be high. =40% of the students believe that fees should be charged, but fees shouldbe charged low. =In the opinion of 40% of the students, entrance fees should be charged low. =There are 40%of the students who think that entrance fees should becharged, but fees should be low.
  5.门票收入支付园林工人工资、购买新花木. The income from entrance fees is used to pay the gardeners and buy new plants and flowers. =The money from entrance fees is made use of to pay garden workers and buy new plants. =The park needs money to pay gardeners and buy new plants and trees. =With money from entrance fees, the gardeners are paid and new plants as well as young trees are bought. 整合后参考范文: Dear Editor,
3
I'm writing to tell you about the discussion we've had about whether an entrance fee should be charged for parks. Opinions are divided on the question. 60% of the students are against the idea of entrance fees. They believed a public park should be free of charge. People need a place where they can rest and enjoy themselves. Charging entrance fees will no doubt keep some people away. What is more, it will become necessary to build gates and walls, which will do harm to the appearance of a city. On the other hand, 40% think that fees should be charged because you need money to pay gardeners and other workers and to buy plants and young trees. They suggest, however, fees should be charged low. Yours truly, Li Hua
一句多译实战演练 100 例
  1. 他宁愿工作,也不愿在家休息. He would rather work than have a rest at home. He prefers to work than have a rest at home . He prefers working to having a rest at home.
  2. 虽然他累了,但他继续工作. Though / Although he was tired , he went on working. Tired as / though he was , he went on working. He was tired , but he went on working.
  3. 他决不是傻子. He is anything but a fool. He is not a fool at all. He is far from being a fool. He is by no means a fool.
  4. 这个城市是那个城市的三倍那么大. This city is there times as large as that one. This city is three times the size of that one. This city is twice larger than that one.
  5. 那个男孩为祖国献出了自己的生命. The boy devoted his life to his country. The boy died for his country. The boy gave / lost his life for his country.
  6. 天下雨了,我们出不去. The rain prevented us (from)going out. The rain stopped us (from)going out. The rain kept us from going out.
  7. 他只有服从命令别无选择. He could do nothing but obey the order. He had no choice but to obey the order.
4
There was nothing left for him to do but obey the order. All he had to do was obey the order.
  8. 这个问题值得讨论. This problem is worth discussing. This problem is worthy of discussion. This problem is worthy of being discussed. This problem is worthy to be discussed. It is worthwhile discussing (to discuss this problem.
  9. 卓别林被认为是最滑稽的演员之一. Chaplin is considered to be one of the funniest actors. Chaplin is regarded as one of the funniest actors. Chaplin is known as one of the funniest actors. Chaplin is looked on as one of the funniest actors.
  10. 我打开窗户好吗? Do you mind if I open the window ? Would you mind if I open the window ? Would you mind my / me opening the window ?
  11. 我喜欢古典音乐. I enjoy classical music. I like classical music. I love classical music. I am interested in classical music. I am into classical music.
  12. 一班在篮球比赛中赢了二班. Class One beat Class Two in the basketball match. Class One defeated Class Two in the basketball match. Class One won the basketball match against Class Two.
  13. 在过去,女运动员不允许参加奥运会. Women were not allowed to join in the Olympic Games inthe past. Women were not allowed to take part in the Olympic Gamesin the past.
  14. 他昨晚没有去参加宴会. He didn't attend the party last night. He didn't go to the party last night. He wasn't present at the party last night.
  15. 这个地方值得参观. The place is worth visiting. The place is worthy of being visited. The place is worthy of a visit. The place is worthy to be visited.
  16. 我们班大部分学生都是近视眼. Most students in our class are near-sighted. The majority of the students in our class areshort-sighted.
  17. 你能把这个句子译成英语吗? Can you translate this sentence into English?
5
Can you put this sentence into English? Can you turn this sentence into English?
  18. 当地政府必须采取措施阻止动物灭绝. The local government must take measures to stop animalsdying out. The local government must take steps to stop animalsdying out. The local government must take action to stop animals dying out.
  19. 我们班共有六十位学生. There are 60 students in all in our class. There are 60 students in total in our class. There are 60 students altogether in our class.
  20. 所有的老师都对他的教法做出了高度的评价. All of the teachers speak highly of his teachingmethods. All of the teachers think well of his teaching methods. All the teachers sing high praise for his teachingmethods.
  21. 我们都知道地球是圆的. As we all know, the earth is round. As is known to all, the earth is round. It is known to all that the earth is round.
  22. 据说他出国了. It is said that he has gone abroad. He is said to have gone abroad.
  23. 我说的话使他生气. What I said made him angry. What I said caused him to be angry.
  24. 我住在一个房子里,这个房子的窗户面向南. I live in a house, whose window faces the south. I live in a house, the window of which faces the south. I live in a house; its window faces the south. I live in a house, and its window faces the south.
  25. 我当医生的梦想终于实现了. My dream of becoming a doctor has come true. I have realized my dream of becoming a doctor. My dream of becoming a doctor has come into being.
  26. 他不仅是我们的老师,而且还是我们的朋友. He is more than our teacher. He is also our friend. He is not only our teacher, but also our friend.
  27. 树上长着许多苹果. There are a great many apples on the tree. There are plenty of apples on the tree. There are a lot of apples on the tree. There are a large number of apples on the tree.
  28. 几年前唐山发生了一场可怕的地震. A terrible earthquake hit Tangshan several years ago. A terrible earthquake struck Tangshan several years ago.
6
A terrible earthquake took place in Tangshan severalyears ago. A terrible earthquake happened in Tangshan several yearsago.
  29. 我们将千方百计地帮助他. We'll do all (that)we can to help him. We'll do what we can to help him.
  30. 一所新的学校在一座教堂的遗址上建了起来. A new school has been built where there was a church. A new school has been built in the place where there wasa church.
  31. 他吃得多,睡得好,很容易发胖. He puts on weight easily because of much food and sleep. He gains weight easily becaus
 

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