中考英语重点短语归纳

  1. ~ down: put down 放下 shut down 把…关上 cut down 砍掉 come down 下来、落下 slow down 减缓、放慢 sit down 坐下 write down 写下 get down 下来,降落
  2. after ~: after all 毕竟.终究 after that 于是.然后 day after day 日复一日地 one after another 相继.挨次 soon after 不久以后 the day after tomorrow 后天
  3. ~ up (with): come up with 找到、提出 catch up with 赶上 wake up 弄醒、醒来 send up 发射 open up 开设、开办 grow up 长大 pick up 拾起、捡起 hands up 举手 eat up 吃光 clean up 打扫干净 give up doing sth.=stop doing sth.放弃做某事
  4.到达: arrive at/in + n. (地方) =get to +n. (地方) =reach + n. (地方) =arrive / get +adv. (地方)
  5. ~ back: get…back 退还,送回去.取回 give back 归还 come back 回来 at the back of 在…的后面 on the way (back)home 在回家路上
  6. at~ : at least 至少 at breakfast 早餐时 at desk 在桌前 at once 立刻,马上 at school 在上学 at the doctor’s 在医务室 at work 在工作 at night 在晚上 at noon 中午 be good at=do well in 善长 be bad at 不善长 laugh at 嘲笑 not…at all 一点也不 at the age of 在…岁时 at first 起初 at last=in the end=finally 最后、终于 at the beginning of (the 21st century)在 21 世纪初 at the end of 在…终点、结尾 at Christmas 在圣诞节 at the foot of 在…脚下 at the moment= now 现在 at any moment 任何时候 at times(sometimes)有时,偶尔 at the same time 同时
  7. for~ : for example 例如 for ever 永远 be good for 对…有益 be bad for 对…有害 for long=for a long time 长期 for short 简称 be short for 是…的简称
  8. come ~ : come true 实现 come down 下来 come from=be from 来自,出生于 come in/into 进入,进来 come on 赶快,加油 come over 过来 come along 走吧,过来,快点 come and go 来来去去 come up 上来 come out 出来,(花)开,(照片)冲洗出来
  9. even ~ : even though=even if 即使、虽然、尽管
  10. be ~ with/ ~ of : be pleased with 对…感到满意 be covered with 被…覆盖 be expected to do sth.被期望做某事 be afraid of 害怕 be proud of 以…自豪 speak highly of 称赞 hear of 听说 / (hear from sb.收到某人的来信) of cause=certainly 当然可以 plenty of= a lot of 许多
  11.by ~ : by the way 顺便说 by oneself 单独,独自 by the end of 到…为至 one by one 依次 by the time(引起时间状语从句)到…的时候 by air/plane 乘飞机 by bus/train/car 乘公共汽车/火车/轿车 相关:catch a bus 赶公交车 get on/off the bus 上/下车 take a bus to…=go to …by bus 乘车去…
  12.do ~ : do/try one’s best 尽力 do one’s homework 做家庭作业 do (the/some) shopping 购物 do the cooking 烹饪 do some cleaning 打扫 do the/some washing 洗衣服 do sport 做运动 do with sb / sth.处理 well done 干得好
  13.early ~ : in the early morning 一大早 in the early spring 初春 early bus 早班车 in my early days 我幼年时期
  14. ~ to: make a contribution to 贡献给、捐献
make a telephone call to sb.=ring sb. up =give sb. a call=phone sb.给某人打电话 connect A to B 把 A 与 B 连接起来 be close to 靠近(某地) give birth to 生(孩子) lose to sb 输给 sb .
  15.either ~ : either…or…或者…或者.. on either side of the street 街道任何一边 / (on each side of the street 街道每一边 on both sides of the street 街道两边)
  16. ~ doing sth. : keep doing sth.不停地做某事(不间断的连续) keep on doing sth.坚持做某事(有间断的连续) practise doing sth.练习做某事 enjoy doing sth.喜欢做某事 finish doing sth.做完某事 go on doing sth.继续做某事(同一件事)
  17.go ~ : go on to do sth.接着做某事(另一事) go straight along 沿着…一直往前走 go up/down 上升/下降 go for a walk 散步 go over 复习 go shopping 买东西 go to the cinema 去看电影 go well 进展顺利 go off to=leave for 动身(出发)前往… go to work 去上班 want a go 想试一试
  18. ~ about : talk about 谈论 worry about 担心 How / What about…? …怎么样? think about 考虑 相关:think of 认为、想起、考虑、想到 think over 仔细考虑 think out 想出
  19. ~ from : from door to door 挨家挨户 from time to time 时时 from now on 从今以后 from then on 从那以后 be different from 与…不同 learn…from…向…学习 borrow…from …从…借…. 相关:lend…to…把…借给…
  20.get ~ : get dressed 穿衣 get into 进入 get/be lost 丢失 get off/on 下/上车 get on well with sb.与某人相处得好 get out of 从…出来 get warm 变暧 get ready for +n.为…做准备 get ready to do sth.准备做某事
get well 康复 get a chance 有机会、得到机会 get/go to sleep(fall asleep)入睡 相关:(be asleep 睡着)
  21. look ~ : look for 寻找 wait for 等候 look after=take care of 照看 look like 看起来像 look the same 看起来一样 look over 检查,复习 look through 温习,检查 look out 小心,从里向外看 look up 向上看,查单词 look around 环视 look forward to 期望
  22. ~ off : set off 出发、动身 put off 推迟 turn off 关 take off 脱(衣),(飞机)起飞 jump off 跳离 keep off 避开、不靠近… drop off 放下(某物)
  23. half ~ : half a kilo 半千克 half an hour 半小时 in half 分成两半 half of the day 半天
  24. ~ exercise : do eye/morning exercises 做眼保健/早操 take (more) exercise(多)参加体育锻炼 an exercise book 练习本
  25. ~ in : take part in 参加 hand in 上交 in hospital 住院 in surprise 吃惊地 in the sun 在阳光下 in trouble 处于困境 in a minute/moment 马上
  26. ~ on : feed on 以…为主食 live on 继续活着 base on 以…为根据 carry on 坚持、继续下去 and so on 等等 on the other hand 另一方面 on foot 步行
  28.be ~ 介词: be famous for 以..著名 be born 出生 be excited about +n./V-ing 对…感到兴奋 be interested in 对…感兴趣 be amazed at 对..感到惊讶 be busy with sth.=be busy doing sth.忙于…
  29.move ~ : move away 移开 move to(搬)移到…
  30.上网: search the Internet 上网
  31.make ~ : make sure 确信 make a dialogue 编对话 make a mistake 犯错误(by mistake 由于疏忽) make a noise 吵闹 make faces 做鬼脸 make friends (with)和..交朋友
make room for 给..让地方 make tea 沏茶 make money 赚钱 make a decision 作出决定
  32.use ~ : used to do sth 过去常常做某事 be used to doing sth.习惯于做某事
  33. 丢三落四: leave sth+介词短语(in some place) 把…落在某处
  34. ~ to do sth. : forget to do sth.忘记去做某事 encourage sb. to do sth.鼓励某人做某事 , decide to do sth.决定做某事 allow sb. to do sth.允许某人做某事
  35.hear ~ : hear sb. to do sth.=hear sb. doing sth. 听见某人(正 在)做某事
  36. ~ with sth. : help sb.(to)do sth.=help sb.with sth.帮助某人做某 事 with one’s help 在某人的帮助下 with pleasure 乐意
  37.寒/暑假: the summer holiday(s)暑假 the winter holiday(s)寒假
  38. ~ into : step into 走进 pour into 倒入…
  39. ~ first : in the first 第一 for the first time 第一次 a first language 母语 at first 起初 first of all 首先
  40. ~ message : leave a message for sb.给某人留条 give/take sb. a message 给某人捎口信
  41. take ~ : take photos/pictures 照像 take away 拿走 take out 取出(work out 算出) take care 当心 take medicine 服药 take place 发生 take one’s temperature 量体温 take one’s time 别着急 take a walk 散步
  42. learn ~ : learn by oneself=teach oneself 自学 learn by heart 背熟
  43. 一年半: a year and a half(one and a half years)一年半
  44. have ~ : have a try 尝试,努力 try out 尝试、试验 find out/about 找出,查明 have no idea 不知道 have a good/wonderful/great time 玩得开心
have a (bad)cold(重)感冒 have a meeting/walk/watch 开会/散步/比赛 have sports 进行体育活动 have nothing/sth. to do with 与..无(有)关 have (one’s) medicine 服药
  45. 提供:offer sb sth.给某人提供某物
  46. 获奖:win first prize 获一等奖
  47. 全世界:all over the world = around the world = throughout the world
  48. 各种各样的:all kinds of
  49. 既不…也不…:neither… nor
  50. 表示“并列”: not only … but also …,不但…而且… both… and … …和…都
  51. 越…越…: the more , the better 越多越好 the taller, the better 越高越好
  52. 一生:all one’s life
  53. as ~ as : as soon as 一…就… as if 好像 as soon as possible 尽可能早地、尽快 as well = too 也 regard …as 把…当作… as much as 至多,和…一样多 as little as 至少 ,
  54. 无论…:no matter
  55. 从那以后,此后一直:ever since
  56. ~ so : so far 到目前为止 or so 大约
  57. 表示“又,再”: another two hours =two more hours 又(再) 2 个小时
  58. 一周三次:three times a week
  59. ~ number : the number of…的数量 a (large/good/great) number of =large numbers of =many 许多,大量的
  60. less ~ : less than 少于 less and less 越来越少
  62. 直到…才…:not…until…
  63. like ~ : be like 像 feel like +n./V-ing 想要 like best 最喜欢 would like to 想要
  64. 24 小时制:the 24 hour clock
  65. ~ away : wash away 冲走 run away 逃跑 take away 带走
  66. ~ long :
before long 不久 long before=long ago 很久以前 for long =for a long time 长期 no longer = not any longer 不再
  67. more ~ : more or less = about 或多或少,大约 more than = over 多于,超过
  68. every ~ : every year 每年 every four years 每隔四年 every other day 每隔一天 everyday English/life 日常英语/生活
  69. next ~ : next to 紧挨着 next door 隔壁,邻居 next year 明年 next time 下次
  70. 收到来信: receive/get/have a letter from sb. = hear from sb. 收到某人的来信
  71. 展览:on show = on display
  72. 充满…:be filled with = be full of
  73. 由于:thank to = because of
  74. ~ day : some day =one day(将来)某一天 all day 终日 day and night 日日夜夜 in a day or two 一两天内 in the old days 从前,旧社会 from day to day (day after day)日复一日 the day before yesterday 前天 the day after tomorrow 后天 Tree Planting Day 植树节 Women’s Day 妇女节
  75. stop ~ : keep/stop/prevent…(from) doing sth.防止(阻止)… 做某事 stop to do sth.停下来去做某事 stop doing sth.停止做某事
  76. 很,非常:nice and +adj. = very +adj.
  77. 名胜古迹:a place (places) of interest
  78. 表示“分数”: three quarters of… …的四分之三 two thirds of… 三分之二的…
  79. 信用卡:credit card
  80. 表示“人口增长”: the increasing population 增长着的人口
  81. 旅行路线:a path of travel 82 . 指向:point at / to
  83. ~ sea : by sea = by ship 乘船 at sea 在海上 by the sea = on the sea 在海边
  84. 专心做某事:set one’s mind to do sth.
85 . 乘以…:multiply…by…
  86. see ~: See you! 再见 You see.你知道,你明白,你瞧 Let me see.让我想想 see sb. off 给某人送行 see a/the doctor 看病
  87.表示“例举”: some…others… 一些(人,物)…其他(人,物)… one…another 一个..另一个(三者或以上 ) one…the other 一个…另一个(总数二个)
  88. ~ out : be worn out 穿旧,磨坏 check out 核实,检查 write out 写出 take sth. out of 从…拿出/取出某物
  89. in ~ : in this way 用这种方法 in space 在太空 in a few year’s time 几年以后 in and out of class 在课内课外 in the last fifteen minutes 在最后十五分钟里 , in the second half 在下半场 later in one’s life 在某人的后半生 in the air 在空中 in the open air 在户外
  90. 打针: give sb. an injection 给某人打针 get an injection 打针
  91.去/到某地: have been to 去过某地 have gone to 到某地去了
  95. (随身)携带:take sth. with sb. You’d better take an umbrella with you. 你最好带上雨伞
  96. prefer ~ : prefer to= like…better than 宁愿 更喜欢 宁愿,更喜欢 prefer +doing/to do sth.喜欢做 喜欢做… 喜欢做 Would/should prefer to do 宁愿做。。。 prefer A to B 喜欢 愿意 A 而不喜欢 愿意 B 喜欢/愿意 而不喜欢/愿意 prefer to do… rather than do…喜欢做…而不喜欢… 如:(I prefer to walk there rather than go by bus.我 喜欢走着去那里,而不愿乘车) prefer + 名词(代词) to do sth. 宁愿…做… 如:(We prefer her not to come.我们宁愿她不来)
  97. spend 金钱/时间 : 人+ spend +time/money+(in) doing sth. 花费时 间/金钱用来做…(in 可省略) 人 + spend + time/money+ on +sth.在…上花费时 间/金钱 人 + pay + money +for +sth. = 物+ cost + (sb.) + money 买…花费了…(钱)
It takes(will take/took) sb. time/money+ to do sth. 做…花费了某人…金钱/时间
  98. 处理:do with + sb. / sth.
  99. 介意/反对做…: mind + if 从句:(Do you mind if I open the window? 我开窗你不反对吧?) mind + doing sth.:(Would you mind turning on the TV?打开电视你不反对吧?) 1
  00. 表示“为什么”: what…for? = why…? (What do you learn English for? = Why do you learn English?) 1
  01. 需要: need + 名词 doing: 名词/ The students need some help.学生们需要帮助. This pair of shoes needs mending.这双鞋需要修理. 1
  02. 用来做…: be used for+ sth./ doing sth. 被用来做..
 

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