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甘肃省 2011 年高三第二次高考诊断
英 语 试 题
考生注意: 本试卷分第一卷(选择题)和第二卷(非选择题)两部分,共 150 分,考试时间 120 分钟。所有试题均在答题卡上作答。其中,选择题用 2B 铅笔填涂,其余题用
  0.5 毫米黑色 墨水签字笔作答。
第Ⅰ卷(两部分,共 95 分)
第一部分:英语知识运用(共三节,满分 50 分) 第一节:语音知识(共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,找出其划线部分与所给单词的划线部分读音相同的选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 例:have B.save C.hat D.made A.gave 答案是 C。
  1.hear B.learn C.beard D.bear A.heart
  2.serious B.period C.complete D.generation A.careless
  3.language A.original B.grandmother C.anxiety D.environment
  4.magazine A.flight B.whisper C.impossible D.technique
  5.strengthen A.through B.smoothly C.breathe D.worthy 第二节:语法和词汇知识(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项 涂黑。 例: We last night, but we went to the concert instead. A.must have studied B.might study C.should have studied D.would study
  6.In the eyes of local people, the young soldier is second to none, for he managed to save old lady at the risk of his life. A./; /; the B.the; the; the C.the; /; an D./; a; an
  7.The bus was held up by the snowstorm, causing the delay.
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A.as B.however C.thus D.and
  8.?Would you please give me some useful advice on how to improve my English? ?You be diligent in your English study, I think. A.cannot, over B.can, for C.cannot, too D. cannot, enough
  9.No wonder he speaks Spanish as fluently as a native speaker.He to Spanish for some ten years. A.exposed himself B.has been exposed C.exposes D.was exposed
  10.Researchers have come to the conclusion over the last 5 years teens need to sleep until about 8:00 the next morning. A.when B.what C.whether D.that
  11., I think, and the problem could be settled. A.To keep up your spirits B.A bit more effort C.If you double your effort D.Making great efforts
  12. doesn’t seem to be any doubt that Tom has ridden your bike without a word. A.There B.It C.This D.He
  13.Are you looking forward to visiting the Palace Museum yourself or there? A.taking B.to take C.being taken D.taken
  14.Bruce is so warm-hearted a man all his neighbors and colleagues would like to turn to him for help.K*s*5u A.that B.who C.whom D.as
  15. ?It' s over twenty years I lost touch with my math teacher of the primary school. really I miss him. ?Why not ring him up now? Here' s his telephone number. A.since B.until C.while D.before
  16.?Volunteering is becoming popular in China. ?Yeah, people are now aware that helping others is helping themselves. A.increasingly B.successfully C.necessarily D.naturally
  17.No matter how low you consider yourself, there is always someone you wishing they were that high. A.getting rid of B.to get along with C.looking up to D.to look down upon
  18. , she is the sort of woman to spread sunshine to people through her smile. A.Shy and cautiously B.Sensitively and thoughtful C.Honestly and confidently D.Lighthearted and optimistic
  19.Jack described his father, who a brave boy many years ago, as a strong-willed man. A.would be B.would have been C.must be D.must have been
  20.So far we have done a lot to build a low-carbon economy, but it is ideal.We have to work still harder. A.next to B.far from C.out of D.due to 第三节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题
  1.5 分, 满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项 A、B、C 和 D 中,选出可以填入空白处 的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Salt, shells or metals are still used as money in out-of-the-way parts of the world today.Salt
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may seem rather a 21 substance to use as money, but in countries 22 the food of the people is mainly vegetable, it is often an absolute 23 Cakes of salt, stamped to show their 24 , were used as money in some countries until recent 25 , and cakes of salt 26 buy goods in Borneo and parts of Africa. Sea shells 27 as money at some time 28 another over the greater part of the Old World. These were 29 mainly from the beaches of the Maldives Islands in the Indian Ocean, right across the continent and were traded to India and China.In Africa, shells were also 30 from East to West. Metal, valued by 31 , preceded (先于……) coins in many parts of the world.Iron, in lumps, bars or rings, is still used in many countries 32 paper money.It can either be exchanged 33 goods, or made into tools, weapons, or ornaments.The early money of China , apart from shells, was of bronze, 34 in flat, round pieces with a hole in the middle, called "cash".The 35 of these are between three thousand and four thousand years old?older than the earliest coins of the eastern Mediterranean.K*s*5u Nowadays, coins and notes have 36 nearly all the more picturesque (画面) 37 in one or two of the more remote countries people still keep it for 39 of money, and 38 use on ceremonial 40 such as weddings and funerals, examples of primitive money will soon be found only in museums.
  21.A.terrible B.strange C.experienced D.rediculous
  22.A.what B.when C.where D.which
  23.A.necessity B.advantage C.importance D.effect
  24.A.price B.pattern C.role D.value
  25.A.situations B.events C.times D.conditions
  26.A.still B.also C.even D.never
  27.A.should been used B.are used C.would be used D.had been used
  28.A.and B.or C.yet D.but
  29.A.grown B.produced C.collected D.raised
  30.A.found B.sold C.bought D.traded
  31.A.length B.weight C.shape D.colour
  32.A.instead of B.in spite of C.in terms of D.in line with
  33.A.against B.as C.in D.for
  34.A.really B.seldom C.often D.much
  35.A.earliest B.latest C.farther D.best
  36.A.reflected B.reproduced C.replaced D.recovered
  37.A.sizes B.shapes C.volumes D.forms
  38.A.although B.since C.because D.if
  39.A.original B.future C.historical D.official
  40.A.chances B.occasions C.gatherings D.assemblies 第二部分:阅读理解(共 25 小题;第一节每小题 2 分,第二节每小题 1 分;满分 45 分) 第一节:阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并 在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A They say there are three ways to experience the Grand Canyon; on foot, on mules (骡子) or
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by air.We chose the first.Up early, my husband and I and our three children couldn't wait to get started.We decided to walk along a lovely path named Bright Angel Trail. As we set out, I was shocked at how narrow the path was.And I couldn't help noticing that the other tourists weren't like us.They had heavy backpacks, water bottles, and hats.But as usual we were dressed. the sun rose higher, Arizona' s famous heat seemed to roast us. As There was no shade and our legs were aching.We decided to go back, with the girl on my back and the boys far behind.By the time we finally got back, our legs were like jelly. The next day, after we' d had a long rest and a good breakfast, we were ready for another view of the Canyon?by air.After our last walk, this would be the easiest thing in the world. We called to each other excitedly as the plane took off and circled around the Canyon.But the smiles on our faces disappeared as the pilot tossed (翻转) the plane around, pretending he was going to hit the ground.I shouted, "STOP, TAKE US BACK!" When we finally arrived back on land, once again our legs were like jelly.We hardly spoke as we drove back. As I said, there are three ways to view the Grand Canyon.We never tried the mules, but personally I' d suggest a fourth: buy yourself a good magazine like National Geographic. That way, you can see the Canyon, without fear or tiredness.
  41.Which of the following is true according to the second paragraph? A.They made a careful preparation before the trip.K*s*5u B.Bright Angel Trail was not as lovely as they expected. C.The children were more joyful than their parents. D.The summer heat prevented them from enjoying the view.
  42.The underlined expression "Our legs were like jelly" probably means . A.we were dissatisfied B.we were unhappy C.we were weak D.we were disappointed
  43.Which of the following best describes their Canyon trip by air? A.It made each of them tired. B.It was more comfortable. C.It turned out to be exciting. D.It proved to be frightening.
  44.We can infer from the passage that . A.the writer was not serious when she made the suggestion. B.one needs to dress les when visiting the Grand Canyon. C.experiencing the Canyon on mules would be the best way. D.the whole family narrowly escaped from the air accident. B The word "conservation"has a thrifty (节俭) meaning. conserve is to save and protect, to To leave what we ourse1ves enjoy in such good condition that others may also share the enjoyment.Our forefathers had no idea that human population would increase faster than the supplies of raw materials; most of them, even until very recently, had this foo1ish idea that the treasures were "1imitless"and "inexbaustible".Most of the citizens or earlier generations knew little or nothing about the complicated and delicate system that runs all through nature, and which means that, as in a 1iving body, an unhealthy condition of one part will sooner or 1ater be harmful to a11 the others. ??Fifty years ago nature study was not part of the schoo1 work; scientific forestry was a new idea:timber was still cheap because it could be brought in any quantity from distant woodlands;
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soil destruction and river f1oods were not national problems; nobody had yet studied long-term climatic cycles in relation to proper 1and use; even the word "conservation" had nothing of the meaning that it has for us today. ??For the sake of ourselves and those who will come after us, we must now set about repairing the mistakes of our forefathers.Conservation should, therefore, be made a part of everyone's daily life.To know about the water table(地下水位) in the ground is just as important to us as a knowledge of the basic arithmetic formulas.We need to know why all watersheds need the protection of plant life and why the running current of streams and river must be made to yield their full benefit to the soil before they finally escape to the sea.We need to be taught the duty of planting trees as well as of cutting them.We need to know the importance of big, mature trees, because living space for most of man's fellow creatures on this planet is figured not only in square measure of surface but also in cubic volume above the earth.In brief, it should be our goal to restore as much of the original beauty of nature as we can.
  45.The author' s attitude towards the present situation in the use of natural resources is . A.positive B.neutral C.critical D.suspicious
  46.According to the author, the greatest mistake of our forefathers was that . A.they had little or no sense of environmental protection B.they had no idea about scientific forestry C.they did not know the importance of nature study D.they had no idea of how to make good use of raw materials
  47.With a view to correcting the mistakes of our forefathers, the author suggests that . A.we plant more trees and make full use of the woodlands B.we be taught environmental science, as well as the science of plants C.we return to nature and not use any natural resources at all D.environmental education be directed toward everyone
  48.What does the author imply by saying "living space..above the earth." (the underlined . sentence in Paragraph
  3) ? A.Our living space on the earth is getting smaller and smaller in volume. B.We must create better living conditions for both birds and animals. C.We need to take some measures to protect space in volume. D.Our living space should be measured in cubic volume. C Educating girls quite possibly brings in a higher rate of return than any other investment available in the developing world.Women education m
 

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