书面表达专题讲座
河西教研室 张佩珍
《英语课程标准》对高中毕业生“写” 英语课程标准》对高中毕业生“ 的要求则更高更具体,其中包括: 的要求则更高更具体,其中包括:能 比较详细和生动地用英语描述情景、 比较详细和生动地用英语描述情景、 态度和感情;能阐述自己的观点、 态度和感情;能阐述自己的观点、评 述他人的观点,文体得当、用词准确。 述他人的观点,文体得当、用词准确。
近几年的命题特点 (
  1) 形式多样 (
  2) 文体丰富 (
  3) 内容多元 (
  4) 半开放性和开放性 (
  5) 高级词汇和复杂结构 (
  6) 增加书面表达的长度 (
  7) “能力立意” 、 “内容创新”、 “用英语解决问题的能力”
一、命题特征总述及测试内容回顾 提纲作文、图表作文、 提纲作文、图表作文、 看图作文、 看图作文、开放作文 记叙文、说明文、应用文、议论文 记叙文、说明文、应用文、
二、不同情景形式书面表达命题解读及写作 指导 (一)提纲式
  1.命题解读 提纲式书面表达是以内容要点提示为载 体的书面表达形式。 体的书面表达形式。

  2.写作指导 (
  1)研读提示,把握体裁; (
  1)研读提示,把握体裁; (
  2)紧扣主题,组织要点; (
  2)紧扣主题,组织要点; (
  3)避免直译,准确表达; (
  3)避免直译,准确表达; (
  4)适当发挥,自然连贯; (
  4)适当发挥,自然连贯;
一家宾馆新开业,为吸引外国宾客,希望在互联网 上进行宣传,请你用英语为其写一篇文字介绍。 主要内容应包括:
  1.地点:距白山入口处500米; .地点:距白山入口处500米;
  2.房间及价格:单人间(共20间),100元/天; .房间及价格:单人间(共20间),100元 双人间(共15间),150元 双人间(共15间),150元/天;热水淋浴;
  3.餐饮:餐厅(中、西餐),咖啡厅(茶、咖啡)
  4.游泳池:全天免费开放;
  5.欢迎预定。
Welcome to Baishan Mountain Hotel Baishan Mountain Hotel is now open for business. Our hotel stands 500 meters away from the entrance to Baishan Mountain. It has 20 single rooms and 15 double rooms, all with hot showers. A single room is 100 yuan and a double room 150 yuan for one night. You are advised to book in advance. The hotel serves three meals a day and there are Chinese food and western food for you to choose from. You can also enjoy yourself at the cafe drinking tea or coffee in the evening. We also have a swimming pool, which is open all day and free of charge. All are welcome!
请根据下面的英文短诗,展开适当的想象,写一篇短文。 标题为:My 标题为:My Teacher Mr. Moore There’s a teacher Mr. Moore. Who is lovely and thirty-four. thirtyAlways encouraging us to try. He leads us to a world of “why”. We all admire him more and more. 注意:
1 不得照抄短诗原文。 2 必须结合短诗的内容,发挥想象,适当展开。 3 必须突出短诗的主题,结构完整,语意连贯。 4 短文不能写成诗歌形式。 5 词数:120左右。 词数:120左右。
Of all my teachers, Mr. Moore is the one who impresses me most. Though he is 34,he looks very young for his age. And he’s one of the most popular teachers in our school. Compared with other teachers, Mr. Moore pays more attention to his way of teaching. He tries various ways to make his classes lively and interesting. In his opinion, we should not only know “what”, but also understand “why”. So ,instead of giving us answers immediately ,he encourages us to think by ourselves whenever he puts forward questions. With his help, we’ve learned how to analyze and settle problem. What a wonderful world of “why” he leads us to! He is such a learned person that we all admire him very much.
(二)图画式
  1.命题解读 图画式书面表达是一种以图画为主要载体、附 带少量文字提示或说明的书面表达形式。

  2.写作指导 (
  1)细心观图,理解图意。 (
  1)细心观图, (
  2)立足整体,找全要点。 (
  2)立足整体, (
  3)详略得当,突出主题。 (
  3)详略得当, (
  4)注重关联,行文连贯。 (
  4)注重关联,
假设你是红星中学高三一班的学生李华,为响 应绿化祖国的号召,你班四月十二日去郊区植树, 请根据以下四幅图的先后顺序,介绍植树活动的全 过程,给某英文杂志的“绿色行动”专栏写一篇以 “Green Action in Our Class”为题的英文稿件。 Class”为题的英文稿件。
图形要点化 图
  1:骑车前往郊区,欢声笑语 图
  2:学生达到郊区,着手活动(挖坑、抬树 苗、种植、浇水) 图
  3:树木种植完毕,立提示语 图
  4:植树活动结束,拍照纪念
要点短语化 图
  1:went to the suburbs by bike to plant trees; talking and laughing all the way 图
  2:began to work; dug holes; carried and planted trees; watered them 图
  3:put up a board reminding people of the protection of the trees 图
  4:took photos to record our green action
短语句子化 图
  1:In the morning, we went to the suburbs to plant trees, talking and laughing all the way. 图
  2:We began to work immediately. Some were digging holes, some were carrying and planting trees, while others were watering them. 图
  3:We put up a board reminding people of the protection of the trees. 图
  4:We took photos to record our green action.
句子短文化 Green Action in Our Class April 12 is memorable because our class had a meaningful experience on that day. In the morning, we bicycled to the suburbs to plant trees, talking and laughing all the way. Upon arrival, we began to work immediately. Some were digging holes. Some were carrying and planting young trees. Others were watering them. After getting the work done, we put up a board reminding people to protect the trees. Before leaving we took some photos to record our green action. Seeing the lines of trees, we all had a sense of achievement. We feel it’s our duty to protect and beautify our environment.
请你根据下面一幅图和一首诗,写一篇说明“书的作用 的”短文。注意: 可根据小诗的提示适当增加必要的细节,使内容和意思 衔接。(字数为100左右) 衔接。(字数为100左右)
层层宝库找开来,黑宝纵横一排排。 能记诸般悠悠事,不分古今和中外。
As everyone knows, it is very useful and interesting for us to read books. By reading books, we can learn what is going on both at home and abroad. We can also know what has happened or will happen in the past years and in the future. Books help us to enrich our knowledge. Some useful and helpful books often open our minds and give us new ideas. We understand how to live a happy life and learn newer and better ways of doing things through books. As someone said, "A good book is just like a good friend." There is a proverb which says, “It is never too old to learn!"
随着A/H1N1流感在世界范围内的迅速传播、如何 随着A/H1N1流感在世界范围内的迅速传播、如何 预防就变得非常重要。请你结合下面图画的内容 为你校英语广播站写一篇广播稿向同学介绍如何 预防A/H1N1流感。 预防A/H1N1流感。
Boys and girls, May I have your attention please? I have something important to announce. With A/H1N1 virus spreading rapidly worldwide, more and more people have been killed. However, if we take some preventive measures, we can avoid being infected. Here are some useful tips for you.
First, we should develop good habits, such as washing our hands before meals and after using the toilet. Second, it is important for us to keep the windows open to let the fresh air in. Third, we’d better take regular exercise to improve our immune system. Fourth, before going to crowded places, we should wear masks to reduce the chance of being infected. Last but not least, we can get vaccinated to prevent A/H1N1 virus from attacking us. If you follow my advice, I’m sure you can keep A/H1N1 virus away and live a healthy life. That’s all. Thank you for listening.
你们班四月二日组织了一次爬香山活动,请根据下 图内容写一篇日记,完整记述当天发生的事情。
Today we went to climb Xiangshan Mountain. Early in the morning we met at the school gate and went there by bus. At nine o’clock we arrived at the foot of the mountain and started climbing. The mountain was very high and some of us got tired soon, but all of us were very excited. We cheered happily when we got to the top. The view was wonderful. We had our lunch there and enjoyed ourselves very much. Unfortunately when we began to walk down the mountain, we were caught in a storm. Faced with unexpected situation, our teacher remained calm, asking us to help each other down the mountain. So we shared our umbrellas and raincoats with each other and walked more cautiously. Finally we all reached the parking lot safely and got on the bus heading back home. Despite the unexpected rain and wind, we still had a good time.
(三)表格式
  1.命题解读 以表格的形式呈现所给情景的书面 表达形式。

  2.写作指导 (
  1)仔细审题,确定主题。 (
  1)仔细审题,确定主题。 (
  2)研读表格,提炼要点。 (
  2)研读表格,提炼要点。 (
  3)谋划篇章,分段表达。 (
  3)谋划篇章,分段表达。 (
  4)详略得当,突出重点。 (
  4)详略得当,突出重点。 (
  5)表明观点,精彩收尾。 (
  5)表明观点,精彩收尾。
你校开展了“敬重父母”的活动,请你根据以下表格 内容为你校的英语报刊写一则报道。 宗旨 现状 决定 措施 尊敬父母是中华民族的传统美德之一 大多数同学都是独生子女,只看重自己,不 顾及父母 开展“敬重父母”的活动 制定了十条规定,提出要求。如:要记住父 母的生日;父母进门要和他们打招呼等
Respecting Parents Program Showing respect to parents is one of the Chinese traditional moral values. As most of the students today are “the only child” in their family, they often regard themselves as the “centre” of the family, without caring much about their parents. Our school started a program, which is called “Respecting Parents Program”. Ten “do’s” have been worked out for the students to follow clearly and easily, including:
“Remember your parents’ birthdays and express your good wishes to them; say hello to your parents when you see them returning home and so on.” The program has been successfully winning praises from parents and society. People say that is what we should have done earlier.
假如你是新华中学的学生李华。某学生英文报正 在招聘兼职的学生记者, 在招聘兼职的学生记者, 你想应聘。请根据下面 表格中提供的信息给该报社写一封自荐信。 写信目的 对兼职记者感兴趣,决定应聘。 自身优势 知识面广, 英语水平高,写作能力强; 知识面广, 有过类似的经历(学校广播站记者); 性格外向,善于交际,乐意与他人合作。 个人要求 希望能收到回复,并被聘用。
Dear Sir, I am a student from Xinhua Middle School and I am glad to learn that you need a few more part-time partEnglish reporters. Interested in the job, I am writing to apply for it because I think I am quite fit for it. As a student, I have not only a wide range of knowledge but also a good command of English. Besides, I am so good at writing that I have ever had such a similar experience as working as a reporter for my school broadcasting station. Also I am easy-going, skilled at communicating easyand always willing to work with others cooperatively. I am looking forward to your timely reply and hope that I will be lucky enough to take the job. Yours sincerely, Li Hua
2013年中国将在天津举办第六届东亚运动会,其主题是 2013年中国将在天津举办第六届东亚运动会,其主题是 “和平、友谊、和谐、发展”。假如你是天津市某中学 高三年级三班学生李华,你班就东亚会将给天津带来的 影响展开了激烈的讨论。请根据下表内容给《21世纪报》 影响展开了激烈的讨论。请根据下表内容给《21世纪报》 的编辑写一封信,说说你们讨论的结果以及你个人的看 法。 积极影响 消极影响
传递“和平、友谊、和谐、发展”的运动会主题 交通拥挤
增加就业机会,促进旅游业的发展 使市民响应低碳生活,增强环保意识 让世界更了解中国,使天津更美丽
造成污染、 破坏环境 资源浪费 ……
Dear editor, The 6th East Asian Games will be held in Tianjin in 20
  13. Recently our class have had a discussion about its effects on Tianjin. Some students believe there are many good effects. They think East Asian Games will not only help more people find jobs but also prosper tourism and make our city more beautiful. They also hold the view that the Games will ensure people in Tianjin to respond to the idea of having a green low carbon life and call on all the citizens of Tianjin experience the benefits from the event. Besides, people in Tianjin will catch the golden chance of communicating with foreign friends from other Asian countries, creating a more
 

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