请上 www.sypeterwu.com 或上百度,输入"沈阳英语家教吴军"查询! www.sypeterwu.com 或上百度,输入" 沈阳英语家教吴军"查询!
2011 高考英语 高三英语阅读理解答题规律与秘诀
一、 解的十个特征:
  1、 体现中心思想(包括段落中心)的是解
  2、 照抄原文的不是解,同义替换的是解
  3、 含义不肯定的是解,如:can could may usually might most more or less relatively be likely to 含义绝对的不是解: must always never the most all any none entirely 含义相反的是解
  4、 具体的不是解,概括性的、抽象的是解
  5、 带有 some 的是解:someone somebody sometime something certain
  6、 简单的不是解,复杂的是解,字面意思不是解,含义深刻的是解
  7、 带虚词的解: another other more either both also beside additional extra different same particular nearly not enough
  8、 “变化”是解: change delay improve postpone increase
  9、 “重要的、基础的”是解:important necessity essential basis be based on
  10、 二选一:反义项有解;形似项有解;近义项有解 阅读题的四种题型及其命题思路
  1. 主旨题-中心思想 ① Main idea -what is the main idea / point of this passage? ② Main topic -what is the main topic / subject / title? ③ Purpose -what is the author’s main purpose in the passage? 对策:答案多在文章的首句或末句;解:多为概括性的选项
  2. 细节性问题 ① Accroding-考查对文章内容的掌握,如:时间、地点、事件等细节问题。 对策:利用题目中的关键词找文章中的对应词,在对应词的周围寻找答案。 ② Number-考查对文章中数字的掌握,
  1) 运算型:通过简单的四则运算求解。 对策:原始数据不是解。
  2) 多选一型:文中出现多个时间或数字,对应不同的事物,考其中的一个。 对策:对号入座。
  3) 范围型,
  4) 世纪型 ③ Except 题型-即三缺一型,要求选出一个不符合文章内容的选项。 ④ Which 题型 对策:这两种主要考并列句、列举句 请上 www.sypeterwu.com 或上百度,输入"沈阳英语家教吴军"查询! 或上百度,输入" 沈阳英语家教吴军"查询!
请上 www.sypeterwu.com 或上百度,输入"沈阳英语家教吴军"查询! www.sypeterwu.com 或上百度,输入" 沈阳英语家教吴军"查询!
  3. 推断型问题 命题包括以下动词:infer, imply, suggest, conclude, assume. 对策:
  1) 根据文中的关键词、短语、结构进行推断;
  2) 通过阅读某段或几段内容
  3) 注意:要根据文中内容进行推断,不能凭空猜测。
  4. 词汇型问题 ① 考查熟词偏义或在特定场合具体的词义 对策:常见含义不是解 ② 生词的含义推断 对策:根据上下文判断其合理的词义才是唯一的出路。 总结:常见的命题思路: 总结 文章的中心、段落的中心 指代关系 make gains make a profit 因果关系 ① 正因果关系 文中 A 导致 B,问题:有了 B 这一结果,为什么,答案是 A ② 反因果关系 文中 A 具有 X 特性,B 与 A 不同,问,B 有何特点,答案是非 X 特性。 或A B, 考非 A 非B 二、 文章的十大考点 细节题,特别是 Which 型和 Except 型;
  1、 列举处常考
  2、 转折处和对比处常考 However, but, yet, in fact, although, 转折:unlike, until, however, but 等。
  3、 例子常考 推断题和细节题 as, such as, for example, for instance, i.e. etc.
  4、 数字和年代常考 文中的数字、年代和日期常常是命题的重点。
  5、 最高级和绝对性词汇常考 答案具有唯一性 must, all, only, anyone, always, never,或 most, first.
  6、 专有名词常考 人名、地名等专有名词
  7、 细节处常考 细节题 同位语,插入语,定语,长句的后半句,从句,副词,介词,不定式。
  8、 因果句常考 推断题 因果连词:because, since, for, as, therefore, so, consequently etc 因果动词:cause, result in,originate from, etc 因果名词:base, basis, result, consequence. etc 请上 www.sypeterwu.com 或上百度,输入"沈阳英语家教吴军"查询! 或上百度,输入" 沈阳英语家教吴军"查询!
请上 www.sypeterwu.com 或上百度,输入"沈阳英语家教吴军"查询! www.sypeterwu.com 或上百度,输入" 沈阳英语家教吴军"查询!
  9、 段落中心句常考 主题题和细节题 段首句和文尾句往往是作者表达中心思想和进行总结综述之处,
  10、 特殊标点常考 细节题 破折号、括号、冒号表示解释,引号表示引用
列举处, 因果关系
转折处
最高级
长句后半句
示例
  1、 Space is a dangerous place, not only because of meteors(流星)but also because of rays from sun and other stars. The atmosphere again acts as our protective blanket on earth. Light gets through, and this is essential for plants to make the food which we eat. Heat, too, makes our environments tolerable and some ultraviolet rays penetrate the atmosphere. Cosmic rays of various kinds come through the air from outer space, but enormous quantities of radiation from the sun are screened off. As soon as men leave the atmosphere they are exposed to this radiation but their spacesuits or the walls of their spacecraft, if they are inside, do prevent a lot of radiation damage. Radiation is the greatest known danger to explorers in space. The trouble is that it is extremely difficult to be sure about radiation damage a person may feel perfectly well, but not cells of his sex organs may be damaged, and this will not be discovered until the birth of (deformed) children or even grandchildren. Drugs might help to decrease the damage done by radiation, but not really effective ones have been found so far. At present, radiation seems to be the greatest physical hazard to space travelers but it is impossible to say just how serious the hazard will turn out to be in the future.
转折,长句 后半句

  1、According to the passage, without atmosphere A) spaceships can never be shot into space B) sunlight can’t reach the earth (具体不是解) C) plants can produce varied food D) our environment would be intolerable(概括是解,含义相反的是解) (概括是解,含义相反的是解)
  2、When men spend long period in space they will protect themselves by A) taking special drugs B) wearing special suits(替换 spacesuits 是解) 是解) ( C) using a protective blanket D) no solution has been found yet
  3、The greatest danger to men in space is A) meteors B) weightlessness C) radiation D) magnetic force
请上 www.sypeterwu.com 或上百度,输入"沈阳英语家教吴军"查询! 或上百度,输入" 沈阳英语家教吴军"查询!
请上 www.sypeterwu.com 或上百度,输入"沈阳英语家教吴军"查询! www.sypeterwu.com 或上百度,输入" 沈阳英语家教吴军"查询!

  4、Which of the following statement is true according to the passage? A) the grandchildren of astronauts are deformed B) the children of astronauts have damaged sex organs C) radiation damage may show only in later generations(may 是解) 是解) ( D) radiation does not seem to be very harmful
  5、Radiation is dangerous to men, A) but we don’t know exactly how dangerous it is B) but only in space 替换是解) (替换是解) C) so we should build up our health D) and we can do nothing about it at the present time 转折, 长句 转折, 后半句 示例
  2、 Every we are all influenced by the mass media. Although some critics of the media claim that these means of communication are used mainly to control our thinking and get us to buy products that we don’t need, the media also contribute to keeping people informed. In other words, while dangers do exist, the benefits of the media far outweigh the disadvantages. Most of the messages brought to viewers, listeners, and readers are designed either to inform or to entertain, and neither of these goals can be considered dangerous or harmful. If consumers of the media could be taught at an early age to examine messages critically, i.e. to think carefully about what is being communicated, they would be able to take advantage of the information and enjoy the entertainment without being hurt by it. The key to critical thinking is recognizing the purposes of the news or scriptwriters, the advertisers, and so on. Are both sides of an issue being presented? Is the amount of violence and killing shown necessary to the point of a story? Have enough facts about a product being advertised been presented? Besides, in a country with a democratic form of government, the people can be kept informed by the mass media. To be able to express their views and vote intelligently, citizens need the opportunity to hear news, opinions, and public affairs programming. Information about current events is presented in -depth on publicly funded TV channels and radio stations as well as in newspapers. In addition, the public broadcasting media can help viewers and listeners to complete or further their education. The media also give people the information they need in their daily lives and the media can be a valuable means of educating the public. Even though the media can be misused, most of their effects are positive.
  1. The main point the writer tries to make in this text is that A. Advertising is harmful when it presents incorrect information. B. The positive effects of the mass media outweigh the negative ones.(概括是解) (概括是解) C. People should learn to take advantage of the media’s benefits. D. TV is more useful as a means of entertainment than as a means of providing information.
  2. What should consumers of the mass media be taught at an early age? A. To bring their imagination into full play when watching programs of low quality. B. To buy products advertised so that the demand increases. C. To turn off the TV set when hurt by bad programs.
举例, 长 举例, 句
因果 , 列举 , 长句后 半句
请上 www.sypeterwu.com 或上百度,输入"沈阳英语家教吴军"查询! 或上百度,输入" 沈阳英语家教吴军"查询!
请上 www.sypeterwu.com 或上百度,输入"沈阳英语家教吴军"查询! www.sypeterwu.com 或上百度,输入" 沈阳英语家教吴军"查询!
D. To think carefully about the messages brought to them.(替换是解) (替换是解)
  3. We can learn from paragraph 3 that citizens will be in a better position to express their views and make their choices if they are A. Highly educated through TV and radio. B. Well protected by the government C. Highly paid by the employers D. Well informed by the media(概括是解) (概括是解)
  4. The underlined phrase “in -depth” in paragraph 3 could be best replaced by A. Thoroughly(句义,词形) (句义,词形) B. Partly C. Relatively D. Simply
基本上不看短文内容仅看选项, 基本上不看短文内容仅看选项,2010 年高考有人竟然过了 100 分!
高考有没有瞬间大幅度提分的可能? 高考有没有瞬间大幅度提分的可能?
谁能让你不用花很多时间和心思学习,英语就能提高至少 20-30 分?要是真的话,简直 是白捡的分数!不仅如此,当你了解了高考真题答案的所有内幕规律,看到了绝密的解题招 式,就会豁然开朗。哇!原来也可以这么做题!你的思路因此将会被彻底打通,提高的分数 将不仅仅是 20-30 分!无论现在的英语成绩是 60 分,还是 110 分,任何人都可以做到!这 些绝密招式是太简单、太震撼了!所以,如果你看到了,切勿告诉他人,否则,他们会在高 考中轻松超过你! 请注意 ! 如果你不相信这世上有考试秘诀,请立即将您的眼睛离开; 如果你习惯于按照传统思路做题,不希望有思维上的突破,请你立即将您的眼睛离开; 如果你现在的成绩已接近满分,甚至已是满分,请你立即将您的眼睛离开; 如果你患有心理疾病或心脏病,请您立即将您的眼睛离开; 如果你选择留下来,那么接下来的事,很可能让你目瞪口呆! 如果我告诉你 N 个秘诀,在做完形填空和阅读理解题时,不用看文章和题干,只是简 单的比较四个选项,就能瞬间选出正确答案,你是否想看? 请先看下面的例子,它是辽宁卷 2010 年真题的第 36 题,是一个完形填空题. 在此我 只列出它的四个选项,试试看,只是比较选项,你是否能够在 3 秒之内选出正确答案?
  36. A. worried B. sad C. surprised D. nervous 正确答案是 C, ABD 都是一个人状态不好的倾向词,而 C 则为中性词,表述态度不一致 都是一个人状态不好的倾向词, 则为中性词, 者是答案。 者是答案。.如果你知道了这个秘诀,可以解决很多类似的完型填空题! 看一下辽宁卷 2010 年完形填空真题的第 52 题:
  52. A. Largely B. Generally C. Gradually D. Probably 正确答案是 C, ABD 都是含义不肯定的副词 排除表述不明确的选项,答案就水落石出 都是含义不肯定的副词,排除表述不明确的选项 排除表述不明确的选项,
请上 www.sypeterwu.com 或上百度,输入"沈阳英语家教吴军"查询! 或上百度,输入" 沈阳英语家教吴军"查询!
请上
 

相关内容

2011高考英语_高三英语阅读理解答题规律与秘诀

   2011 高考英语 高三英语阅读理解答题规律与秘诀 一、 解的十个特征: 1、 体现中心思想(包括段落中心)的是解 2、 照抄原文的不是解,同义替换的是解 3、 含义不肯定的是解, can could may 如: to usually might most more or less relatively be likely 含义绝对的不是解: must always never the most all any none entirely 含义相反的是解 4、 具体的不是解,概括性的、抽象 ...

高考英语卷阅读理解答题技巧归纳试题1

   高考英语阅读理解答题技巧归纳总结 高考英语阅读理解答题技巧归纳总结 答题技巧 高三英语组组长: 高三英语组组长:李家岑 策略一、 策略一、紧扣主旨大意 高考英语阅读理解的主旨大意题主要是考查考生在理解全文的基础上运 用概括、判断、归纳、推理等逻辑思维的方法对文章进行高度的概括或总结 的能力。常见的设问方式有: ●标题类:What's the best title/headline for the passage? ●大意类:The text is mainly about__.The top ...

考研英语阅读理解各类题型的命题规律小结

   考研英语阅读理解各类题型的命题规律小结 其实,英语复习中,大家很容易忽略的一个捷径就是通过分析历年真题来提高阅读质量。在 做英语阅读部分时, 不仅需要阅读技巧, 同时也需要了解各类题型的命题规律以及掌握一些 有效的答题技巧。请大家注意到考纲里关于阅读的要求: 考生应能读懂不同类型的文字材料(生词量不超过所读材料总词汇量的 3%) ,包括信 函、书刊和杂志上的文章,还应能读懂与本人学习或工作有关的文献、技术说明和产品介绍 等。根据所读材料,考生应能: ①理解主旨要义; ②理解文中的具体信息; ...

高考英语阅读理解各类题型的命题规律及高效解题技巧点1

   高考英语阅读理解各类题型的命题规律及高效解题技巧点拨 高考英语阅读理解各类题型的命题规律及高效解题技巧点拨 济南中学 孔祥霞 2009-3-17 高考英语试题中,要求利用阅读文章来解决问题的内容逐年呈加大趋势。纵 观目前山东高考英语总分 150 分值中,阅读理解和阅读表达题目占据了 55 分之 多,此外完型填空和书面表达两大题型同样涉及篇章理解。“得阅读者得高考”, 足见高考英语中阅读理解的重要性和复杂性。要想真正在高考中取得成功,学生 除了要在平时的学习中不遗余力的扩大词汇量多读多看, 尽 ...

高三英语阅读理解解题技巧

   高三英语专题复习 英语阅读理解技巧 教学内容 体裁分析能力训练 分析题干能力训练 猜词能力训练 猜答案能力训练 猜答案能力训练 摒弃不良的阅读习惯。 摒弃不良的阅读习惯。 1.“指读” . 指读” 2.“声读” . 声读” 3.“译读” . 译读” 4.“回读” . 回读” 5.“析读” . 析读” 6.“参照读” . 参照读” 7.“视幅过窄” . 视幅过窄” 8.“毛病”(bad habits): 教学过程中,发现学生在 . 毛病” ) 教学过程中, 阅读时常做些不利于阅读的坏动作。有的 ...

高三英语阅读理解题型及技巧

   阅读理解 题型及技巧 细节理解题: 一、细节理解题: 1、直接事实题: 、直接事实题: 先阅读题干,确定读材料的时候要查找的 先阅读题干, 细节及事实的范围,然后利用略读 略读的手法 细节及事实的范围,然后利用略读的手法 找出出处。 找出出处。 更多资源xiti123.taobao.com 2、间接事实题:更多资源 、间接事实题: 需结合上下文提供的语境和信息进行 简单的概括和判断。 简单的概括和判断。 1 Many American presidents in the 19th centu ...

2011高考英语写作模范短文背诵(1)

   2011高考英语写作模范短文背诵(1) 高考英语写作模范短文背诵( ) 高考英语写作模范短文背诵 (1)BOOKS 书籍 ) As is well known (to us), books teach us to learn life, truth, science and many other useful things. They increase our knowledge, broaden our minds and strengthen our character. In othe ...

中考英语阅读理解命题特点及备考策略

   中考英语阅读理解命题特点及备考策略 作者: 边侃 (初中英语 甘肃平凉灵台二期初中英语一班 ) 评论数/浏览数: 5 / 112 发表日期: 2010-03-22 21:42:06 阅读理解是考查学生综合运用语言能力的重点题型.随着新课标的提出与实施,中考在英语阅读方面 的题型不断有所调整,无论从题量,题目难度及所占分值比例均有增加,考试难度逐渐增加,教师要采取 灵活应对策略. 阅读理解是中考试题中的重头戏,是考查学生综合运用语言能力 的重点题型.它在中考英语中所占的比重越来越大,其选材特 ...

广东省普宁一中高三英语阅读理解专题训练(10)

   高考资源网(ks5u.com) 您身边的高考专家 高中英语阅读理解专题训练 (广东专版 每篇 5 小题) (第 10 套) 第一节:阅读理解(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项 涂黑。 A (words:291&182) Ruben lived in a small village. There was no school there and he had to study in a ...

2010考年上海高三英语高考阅读理解新题型13新人教版试

   2010 年上海高三英语高考阅读理解新题型 13 新人教版 Section D Directions: Read the following passage and complete the sentences or answer the questions according to the information given in the passage you have just read. Writing being largely a self-taught occupation, ...

热门内容

英语演讲

   Hour in the Sun 阳光下的时光 “…I was rich,if not in money, in sunny hours and summer days.” Henry David Thoreau 梭罗) (梭罗 When Thoreau wrote that line, he was thinking of the Walden. Pond he knew as a boy. the Walden 瓦尔登湖 " Woodchoppers and the Iron Horse ...

英语

   2009-01-01 | 新时代交互英语读写译答案 level3(unit1-4) 2009-01-01 | 新时代交互英语读写译答案 level3(unit5-8) 2009-01-01|新时代交互英语读写译答案 新时代交互英语读写译答案 level3(unit1-4) UNIT 1 Reading 1(注:以下是书上的标号) ( 以下是书上的标号) Ⅲ ⒈ ⑴feel comfortable about ⑵improve one's reading abilities ⑶prefer t ...

2011年高考英语一轮复习学案:Unit5-6(高二部分)

   Units 5~6 The British Isles Life in the future Ⅰ.单项填空 1. you’ll have a greater chance of finding a suitable job if you have done some parttime jobs. A.Generally B.Especially C.Mainly D.Surprisingly 解析:Generally 常置于句首,相当于 In general 或 Generally spea ...

商务英语听力大纲

   《商务英语听力 2》课程教学大纲 》 总教学周:17 周 每周课时数:4 节 总学时:68 适应专业:报关专业 一、课程的性质和任务 大纲执笔人:李辉 课程性质:本课程属于英语专业的专业课,是一门语言课程。通过本课程的学习,应使学生 课程性质 在听、说两方面得到训练。本大纲适用于英语专业三年制英语教学。 《商务英语听力》为该 专业的专业实践课程。 主要任务: 旨在通过专业的 主要任务 本课程是在学生已具备高中英语基本听力能力的基础上开设的, 听力训练,大幅度地提高学生的日常英语,尤其是商贸英 ...

红宝书??英语小知识

   【红宝书】考研英语词汇(必考词+基础词+超纲词)??考研精品 【红宝书】 网站:www.hongbaoshu.com 考研英语精品资料 最易读错单词排行 曾卡在一个单词上吗?曾和一个英语母语人士交谈, 别人却听不懂你所说的 话吗?当终于搞懂了你说的意思,他们重复出那个词,你一定想,"那不就是我 刚才所说的吗?" 要知道英语中微弱的发音差别会完全改变单词的意思. 使用这份最容易发错 音的单词列表来避免各种可能的误解! Limb / Limp: 注意这些单词的最后的字母!li ...