历年高考完形填空常用词汇总结
动词类: 1“看” look 看的动作/ see 看的结果; watch 观察 观察/observe 为了研究进行的观察 Notice 为了研究进行的观察; 看见/ 注意 catch sight of 看见 Glance 瞅见/glimpse 瞥见 2“说” stare 好奇地看 glare 瞪着看 好奇地看/ see a film watch TV talk with sb about sth 强调说话者之间的
telll sth to sb.=tell sb sth 告诉的内容 交流
Say sth 诉说的内容 speak in English 说的语言 whisper sth to sb 耳语 reason /talk/persuade sb into doing sth 说服某人做 repeat 重复 explain 解释 warn 警告
Inform sb of sth 通知某人某事 某事 Bargain 讨价还价
chat 聊天
remind 提醒 Discuss 讨论 debate 辩论 figure 指出 declare 宣布 claim 自称 mention 提起 admit 承认 deny 否绝 describe 描述 announce 公布 introduce 介绍 complain 抱怨 3“叫” 吵 4“问” 5“答” ask 询问 interview 采访 express 表达 question 审问 answer 回答 respond 回应 用其他方式回应 reply 回复 回应(用其他方式回应 用其他方式回应) hear 听的结果 pick up 收听 overhear 无意听到 cry 哭叫 call 叫 shout 大喊 scream 尖叫 moan 呻吟 sigh 叹气 quarrel 大
6 “听” listen to 听的动作 7“写”
dictate 听写 write sth 写 describe 描写 drop a line 写信 draw 画 take down/write down 写下,记下
8“拿/放” take 拿走 bring 拿来 hold 举着 carry 扛,挑 (无方向性) fetch 拿来拿 去 lift 举 Put 放 lay 铺/放置 pull 拉/push 推 9“抓” take hold of 抓着 seize 紧抓 grasp 握住 scratch 抠
10“打” hit 一次性的打击 beat 不间断的打击 strike 突然的击打 突然想到 blow 吹刮 突然的击打/突然想到 attack 攻击 11“扔” throw 扔 drop 掉 放弃 错过 fall 倒下无意掉下来 wave 招手 shake 摇
12“送” send 寄送 deliver 递送 give 给 offer 主动给予 see off 给某人送行 13“摸/抱” touch 摸 /fold 折叠 /embrace 拥抱 / hug 抱/hold 握 in one’s arms
14“踢/碰” kick 踢/knock 敲/ tip 轻敲 15“行” walk run climb jump skip 单腿跳 slip 溜 come/go enter 进入 move 搬迁
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1
drive 开车 ride 骑 fly 16“坐” sit down be seated
crawl 匍匐前进 seat oneself take a seat/ stand 站,耸立/ lean 斜靠 stay in bed have a rest rest
17“睡/休息” lie /on one’s back/ on one side/ on one’s stomach
take a nap 打盹 be asleep bend turn over 翻身 18“笑” smile 微笑(不出声) laugh 19 “哭” cry shed tears 留泪
burst into laughter burst out laughing sob 抽泣 burst into tears /burst out crying
weep 呜咽地哭
20“找/查” find 找到 look for 正在找过程 find out 查明 discover/explore 发现/探索 hunt for search for seek / seek for in search of 寻找 Search sb 搜身
search sp. for sth 为某物而搜寻某地 Check 检查,核实 examine 考察发现问题 体检 test 检测,检验 inspect 视察 检查, 考察发现问题/体检 检测, 21“穿” put on 动作 wear 穿戴 have on 试穿 be dressed in 穿的状态 make-up 化装 get changed 换衣服 be in red 22“吃/喝” eat/drink Take off 脱 remove 去除
sip 吮吸 have a meal have supper toast taste help oneself to 随便吃 possess great loss
treat sb to 请某人吃 23“得” get obtain
acquire 获得知识和技能 gain
24“失” lose 丢了 be lost /be missing 人错过失踪,不见 gone 不见(物) 人错过失踪, 不见( die 25“有” have die off 相继死去 有 die away 逐渐消失
own 是自己的 conquer 征服 occupy 占有=possess the remaining thing disappear be missing /gone
26“无” nothing left 27“增/减”
rise / go up /drop
人主动抬价 raise /bring down /reduce increase/decrease 28“买/卖” buy purchase afford pay Bill / cheque / pay off pay for sell on sale bargain notes/ coins discounts live show turn up
cash/ credit card
29“存在/消失”come into being Disappear die 30 “变化” develop
exist appear survive die out
pass away be out of sight go+ bad /wrong/ sour /without( negative ( reform
improve become grow
adj.) turn + colour change /change into )
31“认识的过程”feel sense guess suppose wonder doubt know /learn realize Understand 32“成功/失败”make it remember succeed be familiar with recall recite apply to
make progress come true realize one’s dream win
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Lose
fail to do
failure defeat suffer loss beat turn sth. Into reality
33“努力” try /manage make efforts attempt do ones best do as much as one can to do 34 祝贺 congratulations on sb celebrate observe 庆祝 get together 聚会 blame sb for sth/ sb is to blame have a low opinion of sb Speak ill of
35 赞美 批评 praise think highly of / 赞美/批评 criticize /scold sb. for sth.
36 喜/恶 like love be fond of be keen on 恶 enjoy 37 判断 in favor of Dislike
be crazy about adore be into prefer ignore turn off
hate be awful/disgusting
think believe consider find reach return to
feel conclude infer doubt get to stay in sp visit leave leave for
38 到达 arrive at
on one’s way to
upon one’s arrival on doing sth get burnt suffer from
39 受伤 hurt injured wound cut kill drown bleed suffer a loss 40 损坏 damage destroy ruin 41 修复 break down
be broken crash
repair rebuild restore fix
recover oneself refuse turn down
42 支持/反对 agree disagree accept receive be against elect 43 做饭 cook wash vote for/ against
cut chop boil fry steam make mix
clean
brush
cover
uncover cooker 44 建议 advise suggest recommend 45 花费 sth/doing sth+cost urge propose demand persuade 说服
sb+spend+ in doing sth
Sb+afford +n/to do sth at one’s expense
It +take some time/ money/energy +to do sth 46 省/存钱 save /save up set aside put away 存钱 47 参加 take part in 48 控告 accuse sb. of 49 救治 help /help out join /join in charge sb. With save /rescue sb from sth.
sb+ pay+$ for sth.
spare no effort/ time
attend compete in/ for/against
Treat 过程 / cure 结果 sb. Of sth
Aid sb in doing sth / to do sth help sb with sth assist sb in doing sth 50 敬佩 admire respect show respect for/to 51 逃避 ran away escape from adore envy /be jealousy in honor of
flee hide forbid doing sth. Ban prohibit solve settle
3
52 阻止 禁止 prevent / keep/ stop sb. From doing sth 阻止/禁止
53 对付 处理 handle / do with / deal with /tackle /overcome sth 对付/处理
第 3 页 共 5 页
54 效仿
copy imitate
learn from learn take place break out
54 爆发/发生 come about happen to burst out go off 55 安装 装备 安装/装备 fasten fix
explosion
set equip
be armed with 用什么武装 be equipped with 装备有 56 追求 pursuit ran after seek after chase catch up with 赶上 keep up with 跟上 57 想/考虑 think of 考虑/+as 把什么看成 think about 想起 consider 虑 考虑 think over 仔细考虑 be concerned 担心 be considerate towards sb. 58 打算 plan / intend / design to do be going to do /be about to do /will do 59 似乎 好象 seem appear look like as if 似乎/好象 60 开办 关闭 open 开办/关闭 名词类“ 1 假期 vacation holiday spring break ask for leave be on holiday have two days off 2 旅游 trip journey tour voyage travel tourist passenger go camping/picnicking/hiking 3 职务人员 clerk secretary passer-by friend minister manager waitress guest host hostess Assistant customer adult neighbor relative patient /vet staff crew nurse teacher Conductor tailor sailor inventor gardener guard bill order tip fork and knife start set up as though close down
close/close up end
4 餐馆/定餐/就餐 inn restaurant kitchen menu reserve /book table
Taste delicious salad dash vegetables fruit tray napkin
5 诊所/看病/服药 clinic hospital take one’s temperature take medicine/pills have a fever/flu/headache doctor physician 6 车站/机场 airport on board surgeon specialist patient meet sb.
miss the train/bus catch a train
7 身体部位 arm head hair brain 8 意志
waist back shoulder pulse wrist effort confidence ambition energy
will courage patience determination faith
9 才能/品质 talent gift ability potential intelligent promising smart stupid careful proud Strict honest cold serious easy-going learned knowledgeable
10 优缺点 advantage disadvantage strength weakness 11 目标 aim goal intention purpose belief faith
12 方式 means method way manner approach 13 身体素质 strong weak pale sick ill be well keep slim/ fit cut weight/put on weight
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14 图表 photo picture graph drawing table line/bar graph pie chart draw a sketch 划草图 15 文章 reading translation essay poem paper novel/fiction journal 日志 diary 日记 Files article magazine newspaper
form make a list of
16 课堂 class course lecture example reason message notes words phrase scholarship degree Subject question trouble difficulty grades read comment marks 17 学校活动 match game activity hold a meeting /debate /speech/ ceremony idea proposal view recommandation
18 建议/观点 advice suggestion
19 气候/天气 climate weather storm windy cloudy rainy snow hot/cold/freezing/heat/warmth 20 交通 by train/bus /boat bike on the train/bus /a bike drive a car ride a bike give sb. a lift/ride 21 习惯 habit custom get used to 22 感觉 23 情感 sight hearing touch feeling emotion regular 有规律的(形容词) practice 惯例 有规律的(形容词) 惯例(名词)
smell sense delight sadness sorrow be rich/well-off
anger
24 财富 money possessions wealth belongings fortunes treasure diamond 25 运动比赛 on the playground sports player on the track and filed judge jogging pitch
event game match
Coach
weightlifting play volleyball/soccer/
26 衣服
clothes, cloth, clothing clothes 统指各种衣服,谓语动词永远是复数, cloth 指布,为不可数名词 clothing 服装的总称,指一件衣服用 a piece of, an article of
27 事件
incident, accident
incident 指小事件, accident 指不幸的事故
28 人的各种感受 乐 happy delighted to one’s joy pleased amused
悲 sad unhappy painful bitter 平静 calm quiet silent/still peaceful 烦 bother bored be fed up with 震惊 surprised astonished 怕 shocked /amazed
in fear be frightened /scared /afraid hopeless be depressed
失望 desperate disappointed
满意 be satisfied with /be content to do 生气 Annoyed angry disgusting burst into rage
第 5 页 共 5 页 5
 

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