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高考英语一轮重点复习 高考英语一轮重点复习 英语 Module 1 Unit5 & Module 2 Unit1
一. 重点单词与短语
  1. active adj.积极的,灵活的,活性的 Over seventy as he is, he is still active. I can’t tell whether it is an active volcano. 拓展: be active in 在……方面活跃,积极参加 take an active part in 积极参加 act n./v.行为,举动,行动 action n.行为,做法 activity n.活动 actor/ actress n.(男女)演员
  2. continue v.继续,持续,延续 continue + n. continue to do /doing sth. The road continues as far as we can see. We can’t continue to work/working with all that noise going on. 拓展: continue 指“原来做的事现在还在做或有中断,然后继续做下去”; go on 后接 to do sth.表继续做另一件事;后接 doing sth.表继续做同一件事;go on with sth. 继续干某事 last 指“持续长久”。 The weatherman says that the fine weather will last a week.
  3. reward (
  1)n.报答,奖赏,报酬 He worked hard in hope of getting a financial reward. (
  2)报答;酬谢 The old lady rewarded the boy with a smile. They will be rewarded for what they have done. 拓展: as a rewarded for …作为对……的报酬 give/offer a reward to sb. for sth.为某事而酬谢某人 reward sb. for sth./doing sth.为某事而酬谢某人
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  4. remain vi.保持,仍是。后常跟形容词、名词、介词短语及 v.-ed 或 v.-ing Mr. Smith remained active/ expressionless/ single/fat. They remained friends/ partners/ competitors. The coal mine(煤矿)reminds closed/ working regularly. 注:remainder n.残余;剩余物 考点例题:remain, stay, keep Her answer ”No” even after we begged her to reconsider. I forgetting to turn the answering machine on. How long is he planning to with you?
  5. wonder (
  1)n.惊奇,奇迹 It’s a wonder (that) you recognized me. (It’s) No wonder he is not hungry; he has been eating sweets all day. (
  2)wonder 作动词常用于以下词组及句型: wonder +从句“自忖……,自问……,不知道……(想知道)” Tom wondered why he was wanted by the police. (
  3)wonder +if 从句“请问您是否……”(用于礼貌地提出请求) (
  4)wonder at 对……感到惊奇 I wonder at his rudeness.
  6. doubt (
  1)n.怀疑;不确定; 不信任 There is no doubt about sth./ that ….毫无疑问…… without doubt 确定地;无疑地 Without doubt, we will defeat them. (
  2)v.对……无把握,怀疑 I don’t doubt that …我肯定……(=I’m sure/certain that…) I doubt if/whether …我不确定……(=I’m not sure/certain if/whether…) 翻译:毫无疑问,他将为他所做的受到处罚。
  7. consider vt.(
  1)考虑(=think about) consider doing sth./sth.考虑做某事 I consider finding a new job. (
  2)认为(=regard …as….) consider sb./sth. as / to be… We consider him as our wise leader.
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consider it +形容词+ to do sth….认为做某事是…… I consider it necessary to remind him of his bad behaviour. (
  3)考虑到;体谅(=take…into account/consideration) considering…考虑到…… 注:considerable adj.相当多的;相当大的 considerate adj.考虑周到的;体贴的 consideration n.考虑 考点例题: Mr. Smith the best English teacher in our school.(consider)
二. 重点短语
  1. in trouble 处于困境中,有麻烦 He is ready to help those who are in trouble. 拓展: get into trouble 遇到麻烦 make trouble 制造麻烦 ask for trouble 自找麻烦 have trouble in doing sth.做某事有困难 save trouble 省事 take great trouble to do sth.不辞劳苦做某事 put sb. to the trouble of doing sth.麻烦某人做某事 考点例题:If you don’t study hard, you will have big trouble (find) a job.
  2. out of work/ a job 失业 He lost his job the year before last, that is to say, he has been out of work for nearly two years. 拓展: at work 在工作 after work 下班后 out of habit 出于习惯 out of breath 气喘吁吁 out of date 过期;过时 = out of fashion out of control 失去控制
  3. think highly of = have a good opinion of 看重;高度评价 They think highly of your work abilities. 拓展: What do you think of sb./ sth.?你认为某人/物怎么样?
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off work 在休班 go to work 去上班
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think much/well of 对……评价良好 think nothing of 对……无所谓;不把……当回事 think badly/poorly of 对……评价不高 think of sb./ sth. as…把……某人/物当作……
  4. rather than 不是别的,而是…… Rather than idle away his youth doing nothing in the large company, he started his own small business. He ran rather than walked. 拓展: would rather do sth…than do sth…宁愿做……;而不愿做……=prefer doing…to doing…) other than = except for 除了……; 而非 There is nobody here other than me. 考点例题:This crop doesn’t do well in soils the one for which it has been specially developed. A) beyond B) rather than C) outside D) other than 解:other than 意思是:不同于,除……之外;rather than 意思是:而不是。根据句意:除 了这块专门为它培育的土壤,这种作物在其它土壤上都生长不好应选择 D。
三. 重点句型
  1. we were put in a position in which we had either to accept we were less important, or fight the Government. 我们被置于这样一种境地,或者是被迫承认我们低人一等,或者是与政府作斗争。 这是一个主从复合句,in which 引导定语从句,修饰先行词 position。 类似的名词还有 situation, stage, case 等,作先行词时,可用 where 引导定语从句 Can you think of a situation where you once felt embarrassed? 拓展: 介词+关系代词 which 在定语从句中充当时间、地点、原因状语,相当于关系副词 when, where 和 why。 He is the boss of the restaurant where (= in which) we often have lunch. Today when (= on which) the product will be put into use will come soon. The reason why(= for which) he was late for school was unbelievable. 考点例题: The place the bridge is supposed to be built should be the cross-river traffic is the heaviest. A. which ; where C. at which; where
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  2. Only then did we decide to answer violence with violence. 只有在这时,我们才决定用暴力反抗暴力。 此句为倒装句。only 修饰状语(副词、介词短语、状语从句)置于句首时,句子需要倒 装 Only when it rains do I take a bus to school. Only there did we once see him.
  3. Later, Catherine II had the Amber Room moved to the Palace outside St Petersburg where she spent her summers. 后来,叶卡捷林那二世派人搬到了圣彼得堡郊外她避暑的宫殿中 have sth. done 有两种含义 (
  1)让某事被别人做 (
  2)承受,蒙受……之后果,如: I’ll go to the hospital to have my eyes examined (by the doctor). 拓展: have sb. do sth.叫某人做某事(=ask sb. to do sth.) Who did you have put up the poster? have sth./sb. doing 让……一直做某事 Don’t have the machine working too long. 句型 have sth./sb. doing sth.侧重描绘或展现情景, 因此, v.-ing 后一般跟有时间或方式状语 There nothing too serious with your leg. I’ll have you walking around in a week.
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【模拟试题】 模拟试题】 一. 用框内所给词组的适当形式完成下列句子(其中两个是多余的) be willing to; be active in ; blow up; at war; belong to; in return for ; in search of; look into; be considered as; think highly of; in trouble; as a matter of fact
  1. The hungry boy rushed into the house something to eat.
  2. I knew him when we were in college we were on the same course.
  3. A working party has been set up and will the problem soon.
  4.The boy’s father the man who saved his son from the lake.
  5. Mr. Smith the best English teacher in our school.
  6. Those countries have been for a long time. People there suffer a lot.
  7. I work hard those who care for me, help me and love me.
  8. The students help the old woman clean the house.
  9. Generally speaking, boys sports, because they love to go out and run.
  10. The soldiers the bridge in order to cut off the enemy’s escape into the mountains. 二. 用括号内所给动词的适当形式完成下列句子。
  1. The official ordered the murderer be (sentence) to death right away.
  2. In the past, women had no right to (vote) in many counties.
  3. We (reward) the boy with a lovely present for bringing back our lost dog.
  4. Many people devoted themselves to (design) a torch for the game.
  5. He (remove) his trousers and I found the wound.
  6. My parents have always (accept) me just as I am.
  7. All US citizens in the area have been (advise) to return home.
  8. Who can (prove) that China has more people than any other country in the world?
  9. Only women and children (remain) in the village when the men went out to work.
  10. He (pretend) to be doing his homework when he saw his mother come in. 三. 根据括号内所给提示翻译下列句子。
  1. 毫无疑问,他将为他所做的受到处罚。(doubt)
  2. 他不可能把书带回家,因为他所有的书都在桌子上放着呢。(情态动词+have done)
  3. 我拿不准这礼物是谁的。(belong to)
  4. 她给了我们食物和衣服,没要求任何回报。 (in return)
  5. 一旦被加热,琥珀可以被制成各种形状。(连词+分词结构)
  6. 她假装病了,请了一天假。 (pretend)
  7. 专家建议我们立刻采取行动与空气污染作斗争。 (advise, fight)
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  8. 我承认那架飞机除了坠海之外,别无他法。 (accept; choice)
【试题答案】 试题答案】 一.
  1. in search of
  3. look into
  5. is/were considered as
  7. in return for
  9. are active in 二.
  1. sentenced
  4. designing
  7. advised
  10. pretended 三.
  1. There’s no doubt that he will be punished for what he has done.
  2. He can’t have taken his books home for all of them are lying on the table.
  3. I am not quite sure who /whom the gift belongs to.
  4. She gave us food and clothes and asked for nothing in return.
  5. Once heated , the amber can be made into any shape.
  6. She pretended to be ill and took a day off work.
  7. The expert advised us to take immediate action to fight against air pollution.
  8. I accept that the plane has no choice but to crash into the sea.
  2. as a matter of fact
  4. thinks/thought highly of
  6. at war
  8. are willing to
  10. blew up

  2. vote
  5. removed
  8. prove

  3. rewarded
  6. accepted
  9. remained
w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m
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