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第三部分.高考英语复习专练 动词时态 动词时态、 第三部分.高考英语复习专练-动词时态、语态
从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
  1.I can guess you were in a hurry.You__your sweater inside out. A.had worn B.wore C.were wearing D.are wearing

  2.? We__ that you would fix the TV set this week. ? I’m sorry.I__ to fix it this week, but I’ve been too busy. A.had expected; had intended C.expect; intend B.are expecting; had intended D.expected; intend

  3.He will stop showing off, if no notice__of him. A.is taken B.will be taken C.takes D.has taken

  4.?It is said that another new car factory__now. ? Yeah.It__one and a half years. A.is building; takes C.is built; will take B.is being built; will take D.is being built; takes

  5.? I’m sorry, but I shouldn’t have been so rude to you. ? You__ your temper but that’s OK. A.have lost B.had lost C.did lose D.were losing

  6.? Why? Tom, your shirt is so dirty! ? Mum, I__ my storeroom downstairs。 A.cleaned C.was cleaning B.have worked D.have been cleaning

  7.They won’t buy new clothes because they__money to buy a color TV set. A.save B.are saving C.has saved D.were saving

  8. Good heavens! There you are! We__anxious about you, and we__you back throughout the night. A.are; expect B.were; had expected
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C.have been; were expecting
D.are; were expecting

  9.I’ve finally finished my paper and it__ me an entire month. A.takes B.took C.was taken D.had taken

  10.The traffic in our city is already good and it __even better. A.gets B.got C.has got D.is getting

  11.? Has Jack finished his homework yet? ? I have no idea; he __it this morning. A.was doing B.had been doing C.has done D.did

  12.? I will come to attend your lecture at
  10:00 tomorrow. ? I’m sorry, by then my lecture will have ended and I__my guests in my office. A.is being met B.will meet C.will be meeting D.will have met

  13.? Alice came back home the day before yesterday. ? Really ? Where__ ? A.has she been B.had she been C.has she gone D.had she gone

  14.John and I__friends for eight years.We first got to know each other at a Christmas party.But we__ each other a couple of times before that. A.had been; have met B.have been; have met C.had been; had met D.have been; had met

  15.I__ ping-pong quite well, but I haven’t had time to play since the new year. A.will play B.have played C.played D.play

  16. I’ve won a holiday for two to Florida.I__ my mum. A.take B.am taking C.have taken D.will have taken

  17.? You haven’t said a word about my new coat,Brenda.Do you like it? ? I’ m sorry I__ anything about it sooner.I certainly think it’ s pretty on you. A.wasn’t saying
  18.? Where__? ? I got stuck in the heavy traffic.I __ here earlier.
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B.don’t say C.won’t say
D.didn’t say
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A.did you go; had arrived C.were you; would come
B.have you been; would have been D.are you; was

  19.I know Mr Brown; we__ to each other at an international conference. A.are introduced C.were introduced B.have been introduced D.had been introduced

  20.?Where do you think__he__the computer? ? Sorry.I have no idea. A.has ; bought B./ ; bought C.did ; buy D.had ; bought

  21.? I__to a party, but I’ ve got nothing to wear. ? Why don’t you have a dress made for the party? A.was asked B.will ask C.have asked D.have been asked

  22.I didn’t like Aunt Lucy, who__without warning and bringing us presents. A.always turned up C.was always turning up B.has always turned up D.was always turned up

  23.? What do you think of this kind of TV set,which__ in Shanghai? ? Well, I don’ t care such things. A.was made B.is made C.has been made D.had been made

  24.? Tom, did Mr.Li join you in your dicussion? ? No, he__, but he happened to have fallen ill. A.would like to B.will C.was to have D.was going to join

  25.? Did he notice you enter the room? ? I don’ t think so.He __to the radio with his eyes shut. A.listened B.was listening C.has listened D.had listened

  26.The plane__ at
  7:00 p.m., so I have to be at the airport by
  6:40 at the latest. A.has left B.is to leave C.will have left D.leaves

  27.The train__ at the present speed until it reaches the foot of the mountain at
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about nine o’clock tonight. A.went B.is going C.goes D.will be going

  28. Look at this ! I__some magazines and__this letter. A.was looking through; found C.looked through; had found B.am looking through; find D.had looked through; finding

  29.?__you__ the editor at the airport? ? No, he__ away before my arrival. A.Have...met; has driven C.Did...meet; had been driven
  30.? Can you give me the right answer? ? Sorry, I__.Would you repeat that question? A.hadn’t listened C.don’t listen B.haven’t listened D.wasn’t listening B.Had...met; was driven D.Have...met; had driven

  31.I used to drink a lot of tea but these days I __coffee. A.prefer B.preferred C.have preferred D.am preferring

  32.? Was the driving pleasant when you went to Mexico last summer? ? No, it__ for four days when we arrived, so the roads were very muddy. A.was raining B.had been raining C.would be raining D.rained

  33.The vegetables didn’t taste very good.They__too long. A.had been cooked B.were cooked C.had cooked D.cooked

  34.? Remember the first time we met, Jim? ? Of course I do.You__ in the library. A.were reading B.had read C.have read D.read

  35.I want to buy that kind of cloth because I__ the cloth__ well. A.have told; washes C.was told; washed B.have been told; washes D.have been told; is washed
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  36.? What were you up to when your parents came in? ? I__for a while and__some reading. A.was playing; was going to do C.had played; was going to do B.played; did D.had played; did

  37.? Sorry, I forget to post the letter for you. ? Never mind,__ it myself tonight. A.I’m going to post B.I’ve decided to post C.I’ll post D.I’d rather post
  38.I should very much like to have gone to that party of theirs, but__. A.I’m not invited C.I have not been invited
  39.? Is Tom still smoking ? ? No.By next Saturday he__ for a whole month without smoking a single cigarette. A.will go B.will have gone C.will have been D.has been going B.I was not invited D.I had not been invited

  40.All but one__take part in the conference__tomorrow. A.is going to; that is to take place B.are going to; that is about to take place
C.are going to; that is to be taken place D.are going to; which is to be held
  41.? Are you a visitor here? ? That’s right.I_round the world and now my dream of coming to China__ true. A.have traveled; has come C.am traveling; has come
  42.?__ Betty this morning? ? Not yet, but she is sure to be here before noon. A.Have you seen B.Will you see C.Do you see D.Did you see B.was traveling; had been come D.have traveled; has been come

  43.Jim talked for about half an hour yesterday.Never__ him talk so much.
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A.I heard
B.did I hear C.I had heard
D.had I heard

  44.The children__ very quiet; I wonder what they __up to. A.were; are being B.are being;are C.are; do D.are being; do

  45.? Look at the black clouds.It__ soon. ? Sure.If only we__out. A.is raining; didn’ t come C.will rain; haven’ t started B.is to rain; won’ t start D.is going to rain; hadn’ t come

  46.He__articles for our wall-newspaper these three years, and he __about forty articles. A.has been writing; has written C.is writing; has been writing B.has been writing; wrote D.has written; has written

  47.She__ to the office than she got down to writing the report. A.has no sooner got B.had hardly got C.no sooner got D.had no sooner got

  48.When he was alive, the old scientist used to say that knowledge__from practice and he gained his experience by doing a lot of practical work. A.was coming B.had come C.comes D.would come

  49.In this experiment, they are woken up several times during the night, and asked to report what they__. A.had just been dreaming C.have just been dreaming
  50.?What’ s the matter? ? The shoes don’ t fit properly.They__my feet. A.are hurting B.will hurt C.have hurt D.are hurt B.are just dreaming D.had just dreamt
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参考答案

  1.D。can guess 这一现在猜测是建立在眼前所见情景的基础上的,故用现在进行时。
  2.A。 expect, intend, want, wish, hope, plan 等动词的过去完成式可表示过去未曾实现的想法、 愿望、打算等。
  3.A。 如主句用将来时, 在时间、 条件和让步状语从句中要用一般现在时表示将来。 又因 if 从 句是 take notice of...的被动语态结构,故选 A。
  4.B。根据主语与 build 之间的被动关系和 now, 可知要选现在进行时的被动语态;因工厂 正在修建,花费一年半应指将来。
  5.C。shouldn’ t have done 表示“过去本不应……”。You did lose your temper 是 You lost your temper 的强调形式。
  6.D。现在完成进行时表示从过去某时到现在一直在进行的动作。
  7.B。句意为:他们(现在)不愿买新衣服,因为他们在攒钱买电视。由此可见,攒钱是现 阶段正在进行的动作。
  8.C。担心是从过去某时到说话时为止一直在进行的动作,用现在完成时;expect 是在过去 某一段时间里(整个晚上)正在进行的动作,故用过去进行时。
  9.B。 论文已完成, 花费一个月时间应指过去; 某事花费某人多少时间用 sth.takes sb.some time 结构。
  10.D。交通现在已经好了,在此基础上正在变得更好。
  11.A。 题干没有构成“过去的过去”, 不可选 B。 如选 C、 则表示动作已完成, have no idea D 与 相矛盾。过去进行时表示过去某段时间或某一时刻正在进行的动作,不涉及结果,正好附 合题干语境。
  12.C。by then 是指将来的时间状语,排除 A。再由句意可知,meet 指的是到了十点钟时将 正在进行的动作。
  13.B。问句问的是前天回来之前去了哪儿,故用过去完成时。注意 had gone 表示人未回来, 与第一句相矛盾。
  14.D。for+时间段表示从过去某时延续至今的动作或状态,用现在完成时;meet 发生在 got to know 这一过去动作之前,用过去完成时。
  15.D。用一般现在时表示现在的特征或状态。
  16.B。come, go, leave, arrive, take 等动词常用进行时表砂将来。
  17.D。表示过去没有做某事应用去时。又因句子没有"过去正在进行 "之意,帮排除 A。
  18.B。问对方"去了哪里",指的是从过去某时到现在为止的动作,用现在完成时;第二个空
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格是与过去事实相反的虚拟语气和主句,条件状语从句 If I hadn’ t got stuck in the heavy traffic 被省略。
  19.C。在一个国际会议上被介绍显然发生在过去。
  20.B。 此句为复杂特殊疑问句结构, 即“疑问词+do you think (believe, suppose, expect, imagine, say, consider, guess 等)+其它(陈述语序)?”。
  21.D。 but 分句中的现在时和答语所提建议内容, 由 可知应选现在完成时的被动语态。
  22.C。 always, often, constantly, forever, all the time 等副词与现在(过去)进行时连用,表示某 种反复发生的动作,往往带有厌恶、不满、责备或赞扬等意味。
  23.B。这种电视产于上海是客观事实,故用一般现在时。
  24.C。 项是 was to have joined us in our discussion 的省略形式。 C was/were + to have done 表示原来计划、安排要做的事,而实际上并没有做。
  25.B。当时他在听收音机。
  26.D。表示按时刻表或日程安排要发生的事,应用一般现在时。
  27.D。从句用的是一般现在时,故主句要用将来时。将来进行时表示在将来某一时刻或某段 时间内正在进行的动作。
  28.A。Look at this!说明东西已找到。紧接着说是怎样找到的。
  29.C。根据答语,问句中的 meet 是过去发生的动作,可排除 A、D。但不能选 B,因为没有 构成“过去的过去”。答语中用过去完成时的被动语态表示在我到达(过去动作)之前他已 被人用车接走。
  30.D。“没听”发生在对方(过去)问问题时,故用过去进行时。
  31.A。此题选 A 表示现在的特征或状态。prefer 属表示心理状态的动
 

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