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议论话题类作文 一、锦囊妙计 议论文是以议论为主要表达方式的一种体裁,它主要用于剖析事物,论述事理,发表意 见,提出主张,作者可以通过摆事实,讲道理,直接表达作者的观点。一些是关于学校或社 会存在的某些现象及焦点问题,要求学生表明见解,进行论述。在写议论文时, 应注意以下 几点:
  1. 条理要清晰,观点明确。
  2. 注意运用基本的论据来阐明观点,同时切记用 5 句话表达全文。
  3. 上下文要连接自然,适当运用连词、副词、短语等来衔接句子。
  4. 注意时态,议论文形式还是以现在时为主。 通常议论文的考试形式大致分为三个方面; (
  1)对立观点式; (
  2)批驳观点式; (
  3)现象评论式; (话题类) 议论文“经典句型 经典句型”高分 二、议论文 经典句型 高分 tips 原因 比较 批驳 后果 举例 证明 开篇 结尾
  1.
  2.
  1.
  2.
  1. A number of factors might contribute to the phenomenon (problem). The change in ...largely results from the fact that... The advantage far outweighs the disadvantages. The advantages of A are much greater than those of B.
There is really a lot of truth in these statements, but they ignore a more significant fact.
  2. Too much stress placed on ... may lead to ...
  1.
  2.
  1.
  2. … may give rise to a lot of problems. It will have a profound influence upon... I am speaking from my experience Such examples might be given easily.

  1. No one can deny the fact that ...
  2. There is sufficient evidence to show that ...
  1. Many nations have been faced with the problem of ...
  2. Recently the phenomenon has become a heated topic.
  1.
  2. From what has been discussed above, we can draw the conclusion that ... Whether it is good or not /positive or negative, one thing is certain/clear...
三、实战演练及解析 实战演练及解析 高三学习很紧张,很累,家长经常为了增加孩子的体力,考试考出好成绩,为孩子购买 大量的补品。 假如你是王明, 最近你们班的同学就 “高三学生是否需要吃补品来保持健康?” 进行讨论,请你根据下文提示,客观地介绍讨论的情况。 不赞同的同学 (60%)
  1. 增加体重,对健康有害。
  2. 家长买补品过分关注高三学生的健康, 会 带给孩子压力。 赞同的同学(40%)
  1. 高三学生学习紧张,容易感到疲劳。
  2. 吃补品可帮助恢复体力。
[写作内容] 文章必须包括所有提示要点,但不要逐条翻译成英语。 [写作要求] 只能使用 5 个句子表达全部的内容。
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[评分标准] 句子结构准确,信息内容完整和连贯。 参考词汇:tonic 补品 Recently we have had a discussion about whether Senior 3 students need take tonics to keep fit / healthy. 60% of the students think it unnecessary for the Senior 3 students to take tonics, because tonics will make them put on more weight, which does harm to their health. Besides, the parents will bring stress / pressure to the Senior 3 students if they pay too much attention to their children’s health by buying tonics. However, 40% of the students hold the opinion that it is easy for the Senior 3 students to fall tired by working hard, so it is necessary to take tonics. What’s more, taking tonics can help to refresh themselves. 四、即时练习 假如你是一位导游。通过观察游客的行为变化,说明大众环保意识日益增强。请根据下 面表格的中文提示,写一篇短文谈谈此种现象。 几年前某些游客的行为 乱扔废物,如塑料袋,罐头盒,废纸等。 乱刻乱画,攀树摘花。 在林中吸烟,引起火灾。 爱护花木. 林区不吸烟,以防火灾。 现在大多数游客的表现 随身带走垃圾。
[写作内容]
  1)请根据以上提示,谈谈这一现象,文章的开头已经给出。
  2)文章必须包括所有提示要点,但不要逐条翻译成英语。 [写作要求] 只能使用 5 个句子表达全部的内容。 [评分标准] 句子结构准确,信息内容完整和连贯。 With time going on, there is an increasing tendency that more and more tourists have been paying greater attention to environment protection. However, several years ago, as we know, in the places of interest some tourists threw away rubbish here and there, such as plastic bags, tins, waste paper and so on. Moreover, some of them climbed the trees, picked flowers freely and even marked their names on the plants. What’s worse, some of them lacked the sense of safety and smoked in the forest, by which the forest fire was caused. To our delight / joy / happiness, in the recent years, great changes have taken place among the tourists who will take away rubbish with them when leaving / they leave. What’s more, they care the plants a lot and the smokers don’t smoke in the forest in case it may cause fire / in case of fire.
2011 高考英语作文备考学案
Ⅰ. NMET 书面表达第五项要求
  1. 覆盖所有的语言要点。 内容要点可用不同方式表达。对紧扣主题的适当发挥不予扣分。 覆盖所有的语言要点。
  2. 应用词汇和语法结构的数量和准确性。值得注意的是语法结构或词汇方面虽有些许错误, 应用词汇 语法结构的数量和准确性 词汇和 的数量和准确性。 但为尽力使用较复杂结构或较高级词汇所致; 具备较强的语言运用能力。
  3.有效地使用了语句间的连接成分 使全文结构紧凑。 有效地使用了语句间的连接成分,使全文结构紧凑 有效地使用了语句间的连接成分 使全文结构紧凑。 Ⅱ. 常见的不足 1 汉语式英语 2 无过渡语 3 句式单一 平铺直叙 句式单一,平铺直叙
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Ⅲ. 如何增强书面表达效果 使用较高级的词汇 使用恰当的连接词 使用较丰富的句式 一、怎样使用较高级的词汇
  1. Because the weather was good, our journey was comfortable.
  2. We all think he is a great man.
  3. Suddenly I thought out a good idea.
  4. The students there needn’t pay for their books.
  5. As a result the plan was a failure.
  6. When she heard he had died, she went pale with sorrow.
  7. She went to Austria in order to study music.
  8. When he spoke, he felt more and more excited.
  9.In our school, there are twenty-six classrooms.
  10. You can find my house easily. 二、怎样使用恰当的连接词 连接词使文章语意通顺,前后衔接紧密,可采用以下方法: 连接词 提示
  1:恰当使用关联词,如 when,so,if,because,so that 等。 巧妙使用意思有联系的词或短语, First, Second, Third, Soon, What’s more, As a 如 提示
  2: result 等。 适当使用过渡性语句, The reasons are as follows./Every coin has two sides./On the 如 提示
  3: other hand,/On the contrary, Besides, it would be better for her to have a pet dog as I have kept one at home for some time. ( 2007 全国 I) First, she can make some pocket money to meet pet daily needs and thus develop a sense of independence. Second, she can learn how to deal with various problems in the workplace. Third, she can build up new friendships and improve bet social skills. (2007 陕西) In my opinion, learning English is a step-by-step process. (2007 浙江) 连接词、 连接词、句型的选择
  1、递进关系 、 肯定) (肯定)Besides / What’s more / Also /In addition/Furthermore 否定) (否定)What’s worse / Even worse / Worse still /To make matters worse
  2、时间 、 一…就…:The moment / On doing / as soon as /immediately / directly 不 久:It was not long before … / After a while / Soon
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后:After that / Then / So / Next 时: At the same time / Meanwhile 折:however , / but / on the contrary / On the other hand / yet / although 序:First / Second / Third / Last / Next/Then 件:If / As long as / So long as /on condition that / unless 调:It was …that / who … / So she did . /I do hope … / She did help me. /It really worked./ besides/ furthermore/moreover/what’s more/ certainly/ actually/ in fact
  7、其 、 它: 不得不做某事: 不得不做某事:have to do sth./have no choice but to do sth./have nothing to do but do sth. 有必要做某事: 有必要做某事:There is no need (for sb.) to do sth./It is necessary (for sb.)to do … 最好 做某 事:You’d better do sth. / It’s better to do sth. 做某事没困难:have no difficulty in doing sth. / have no trouble in doing sth. 做某事没困难 感 谢 某 人:thank sb. / be thankful to sb./ express one’s thanks to sb. /be grateful to sb. / Thanks to … 求 助 某 人:turn to sb. for help / ask sb. for help / with the help of / with one’s help 惊 奇:To one’s surprise / In surprise / Surprisingly / only +不定式(表意外结果) 结 果:As a result / Therefore / Thus / So 总 结:In a word / In short / Above all / After all/ generally speaking/ to sum up/ in all/altogether / as is known to all 表 达 观 点:In my opinion / I think / I believe / I’m sure / I guess 原因如下(很多) :he reasons are as follows. /here are many reasons for it. 原因如下(很多) 浪费金钱(时间) :It’s a waste of money / time … 浪费金钱(时间) Task: 请在下列句子中(间)填上恰当的关联词或意思有联系的短语。 请在下列句子中( 填上恰当的关联词或意思有联系的短语。
  1、 Yao Ming was walking in the street he heard someone cry for help.
  2、 He advised that I hire a car I could travel around in the west .
  3、 It was not long the police came.
  4、 he heard the cry for help, he jumped into the water to save the girl.
  5、 o you agree with my arrangement ? ,do write to me soon.
  6、 We can go downtown and do some shopping. , we can pay a visit to some places of interest.
  7、I shared the cost of the gas with my friends . , I saved $
  80.
  8、Eating sugar is bad for our teeth. , it may make us fat. Task: Writing Practice 请你给《中国日报》写一篇稿件,谈谈农村儿童失学的主要原因及你的看法。 原因: 原因
  1、家庭贫穷,供不起儿童上学,他们不得不在家赚钱养家。
  2、部分家长认为女孩上学无用,不愿让她们上学。
  3、 部分儿童对功课不感兴趣,不愿上学。 看法: 看法
  1、 每个儿童包括女孩都应有受教育的机会。
  2、全社会都应重视儿童教育,他们对国家的未来将起到重要的作用。 要求: 要求
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然 同
  3、转 、
  4、顺 、
  5、条 、
  6、强 、
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  1、不要逐字逐句翻译。
  2、语句要连贯通顺。
  3、字数 100 个左右。 Now in the country areas, there are many children out of school. Most families are poor and can’t afford their education. They have to stay at home and make money. Some parents think daughters needn’t go to school. They don’t let them go to school. Some children are not interested in their studies and wouldn’t like to go to school. All the children including girls should be educated. The whole society should pay attention to it. They’ll play an important part in the future of our country. 诊断:? 诊断 [优点
  1、词能达意; 优点] 优点
  2、语句表达基本正确。 [缺点 语句不够连贯 缺点] 缺点 [药方
  1、使用常见句型; 药方] 药方
  2、每两个句子之间使用关联词或过渡词。 Now in the country areas, there are many children out of school.????????。???, most families are too poor to send their children to school . ????,they have no choice but to stay at home and make money. ???,some parents think there is no need for their daughters to go to school. ????,they don’t let them go to school. ???,some children are not interested in their studies. ??????,some wouldn’t like to go to school. ??????,all the children including girls should be educated . ??????,the whole society should pay attention to it ???they’ll play an important part in the future of our country one day. 三、怎样使用较丰富的句式 方法一. 方法一 使用非谓语动词使句子简洁高档 Rewrite the sentences
  1. They arrived at the school. They felt the happy atmosphere.

  2. I will be given another chance. I will succeed.

  3. He wants to improve his English. He studies hard.
4 When he arrives, please give me an e-mail.(使用 V-ing 形式). Complete the sentences with non-predicate (非谓语动词 非谓语动词) 非谓语动词
  5. 听到这个消息, 他们变的很激动。 the news, they got excited.
  6. 尽管被告知许多遍, 他仍然重复这个错。 many times, he still repeated the mistake.
  7. 除非被邀请发言, 你应该在会议上保持沉默。 Unless to speak, you should keep silent at the meeting. Translate the following sentences by using non-predicate (非谓语动词 非谓语动词) 非谓语动词
  8. 面对
 

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