wish引导的虚拟句 wish引导的虚拟句
wish后面的宾语从句要用虚拟语气 后面的宾语从句要用虚拟语气
did/were wish + that clause had done would / might /would do
我要是记得地址就好了。(真可惜我忘了) 我要是记得地址就好了。(真可惜我忘了) 。(真可惜我忘了
I wish I remembered the address. 要是他没有离开这里就好了。(他已离开) 。(他已离开 要是他没有离开这里就好了。(他已离开) left. I wish he had not left.
要是明天下雨就好了。(说话人以预料明天不会下雨) 要是明天下雨就好了。(说话人以预料明天不会下雨) 。(说话人以预料明天不会下雨
I wish it would rain tomorrow.
Exercises:
“ Have you visited the Science Museum?” A “ No, but I really wish I .” A. had B. did C. have D. will
C I didn’t go to the party, but I do wish I there. A. was B. were C. had been D. went C I wish I you yesterday.
A. see B. did see C. had seen D. were to see
The picture exhibition bored me to death. I wish I to it. A A. hadn’t gone C. didn’t go B. haven’t gone D. could not have gone
B How I wish I that! Everybody present was angry with me.
A. didn’t go C. wouldn’t do B. hadn’t done D. wasn’t doing
He is a brave man. Yes, I wish I his courage. B A. Have B. had C. will have D. would have Tom can take his car apart and put it back D together again. I certainly wish he me how. A. teaches C. has taught B. will teach D. would teach
When a pencil is partly in a glass of water, it C looks as if it . A. breaks B. has broken C. were broken D. had been broken The actor is 58 years old. But he acts as if he D a young man. A. is B. will be C. am D. were The clouds are getting darker and darker. It looks as if it rain. A A. is going to C. was going to B. will D. would
B How I wish I such a good chance before.
A. didn’t see C. met B. hadn’t missed D. have got
I wish the rain stop. B A. will B. would C. may D. can
C She sings as if she a boy. A. is B. was C. were
D. are
C We felt as if we each other for years. A. knew B. were knowing C. had known D. have knowing
if引导的虚拟条件句 if引导的虚拟条件句
与现在事实相反的虚拟条件句
If + 主 + did(were), 主+would/should/could/might +动词原形 动词原形

  1. 如果我是你,我会再试一次。 如果我是你,我会再试一次。
If I were you, I would try it again.

  2.如果他有空,
  2.如果他有空,他会与你一起去的。 如果他有空
If he were free, he would go with you.

  3.如果我有一百万美元,我会买下这架飞机。
  3.如果我有一百万美元,我会买下这架飞机。 如果我有一百万美元
If I had one million dollars, I would buy the plane.
与过去事实相反的虚拟条件句
If +主 +had done sth, 主+would/should/could/might 主 +动词完成式(have done) 动词完成式( ) 动词完成式

  1.如果他努力学的话,他就通过这次考试。
  1.如果他努力学的话,他就通过这次考试。 如果他努力学的话
If he had worked hard, he would have passed the examination.

  2.如果他那时在那儿的话,他就能看到那部电影了。
  2.如果他那时在那儿的话,他就能看到那部电影了。 如果他那时在那儿的话
If he had been there, he could have seen the film

  3.要是当时我和她结了婚的话,那我是很不幸的。
  3.要是当时我和她结了婚的话,那我是很不幸的。 要是当时我和她结了婚的话
If I had married her, I would have been unhappy.
与将来事实相反的虚拟条件句(通常有时间状语) 与将来事实相反的虚拟条件句(通常有时间状语) If + 主 + did(were to /should do), 主+would/should/ could/might +动词原形 动词原形

  1.如果他明天来的话,我会告诉他这件事
  1.如果他明天来的话,我会告诉他这件事. 如果他明天来的话
If he came here tomorrow, I would tell him about it.

  2.如果他明天来的话,我会告诉他
  2.如果他明天来的话,我会告诉他. 如果他明天来的话
If he were to come here tomorrow, I would tell him.
条件状语的倒装: 条件状语的倒装:
如果条件状语中有were, had, should时, 可以倒 如果条件状语中有 时 装成: 装成:Were / Should / Had +主+其他 If I were you, I would try it again. Were I you, I would try it again. If he had been there yesterday, he would have seen the film. Had he been there yesterday, he would have seen the film. If it should snow tomorrow, we wouldn’t go out. Should it snow tomorrow, we wouldn’t go out.
A If you tomorrow, you find the new manager working in the office.
A. should come; would C. will come; should B. would come; would D. comes; might
C If the parents at the hospital earlier after the accident, the child would have been saved.
A. arrives C. had arrived B. arrive D. has arrived
I didn’t see your sister at the meeting. If she , she would have met my brother. D A. has come B. did come C. came D. had come
A If my lawyer here last Sunday, he me from going .
A. had been; would have prevented B. had been; would prevent C. were; would prevent D. were; would have prevented
B If he he that food.
Luckily he was sent to the hospital immediately. A. was warned; would not have taken B. had been warned; would not have taken C. would be warned; had not taken D. would have been warned; had not taken
If the doctor had come earlier, the poor child . D A. wouldn’t be lying there for two hours B. wouldn’t have laid there for two hours C. wouldn’t have lied there for two hours D. wouldn’t have lain there for two hours
If you had told me in advance, I him C at the airport. A. would meet B. would had meet C. would have met D. would have meet
D If there were nor subjunctive mood, English much easier.
A. Will be C. could have been B. would have been D. would be
B the exam, he would have attend a college.
A. If he passed C. Were he passed B. Had he passed D. If he should pass
C five minutes earlier, you could have seen them off. A. If you should arrive B. If you arrive C. Had you arrived D. Should you arrive
it rain tomorrow, we should have to put B off the visit to the Science Museum. A. Were B. should C. would D. will

  1. The boy who went swimming in the Noswimming Zone drowned in the river. If the boy hadn’t gone swimming in the No-swimming Zone, he wouldn’t have drowned in the river. Had the boy not gone swimming in the No-swimming Zone, he wouldn’t have drowned in the river.

  2. Billy was badly bitten by mosquitoes because he forgot to use the mosquito net last night.
If Billy had remembered to use the mosquito net last night, he would not have been bitten by… Had Billy remembered to use the mosquito net last night, he would not have been bitten by…

  3. The mother carelessly put the knife within the baby’s reach, and the baby cut herself while playing it. If the mother had carefully put the knife out of the baby’s reach, the baby wouldn’t have cut herself. Had the mother carefully put the knife out of the baby’s reach, the baby wouldn’t have cut herself.

  4.The students got food-poisoning after eating the potatoes in the dining-room. If the students had not eaten the potatoes in the dinning-room, they wouldn’t have got food-poisoning. Had the students not eaten the potatoes in the dinning-room, they wouldn’t have got food-poisoning.

  5. The parents put the thermos on the ground. Their son kicked it and got burnt. If the parents had put the thermos in a safe place, their son wouldn’t have kicked it and got burnt. Had the parents put the thermos in a safe place, their son wouldn’t have kicked it and got burnt.
名词性从句中要求 用虚拟语气的动词
suggest, order, demand, propose, command, request, desire, insist, require etc.引导的宾 引导的宾 语从句要用虚拟语气, 语从句要用虚拟语气,以(should) + v原的形 原 式出现。 式出现。 We all suggest that he ( should ) finish his homework first. The captain commanded that all the sailors ( should ) get down to work at once.
It’s suggested ( ordered, demanded, proposed, commanded, requested, desired, insisted, required ) that … 后面的主语从句中要使用 虚拟语气, 虚拟语气,也以 ( should )+ v原.的形式出 原 的形式出 现。 It’s ordered that only German ( should ) be taught at schools in Alsas and Lorin. It’s requested that all the students ( should ) wear school uniforms at school.
以上这些动词的名词形式后面的表语从句 以上这些动词的名词形式后面的表语从句 名词形式后面的 同位语从句中也要用虚拟语气 中也要用虚拟语气, 和同位语从句中也要用虚拟语气,也应以 v原 的形式出现。 (should) + v原. 的形式出现。 My suggestion is that you ( should ) go home first before coming here. His request that his cost ( should ) be paid by the hour is completely reasonable.
 

相关内容

2011年高考英语第一轮复习 虚拟语气

   高考总复习?人教版 英语 高考总复习 人教版?英语 人教版 语法部分 虚拟语气 高考总复习?人教版 英语 高考总复习 人教版?英语 人教版 考点透析 1.虚拟语气在非真实条件句中的用法 虚拟语气在非真实条件句中的用法 if从句动词 与现在事实相反 与过去事实相反 did(be改为were) had+done 主句动词 should/could/ might + do would have done would/could do 与将来事实可能相 did/shoulddo/were to do ...

高三英语虚拟语气语法及相关练习题

   wish引导的虚拟句 wish引导的虚拟句 wish后面的宾语从句要用虚拟语气 后面的宾语从句要用虚拟语气 did/were wish + that clause had done would / might /would do 我要是记得地址就好了.(真可惜我忘了) 我要是记得地址就好了.(真可惜我忘了) .(真可惜我忘了 I wish I remembered the address. 要是他没有离开这里就好了.(他已离开) .(他已离开 要是他没有离开这里就好了.(他已离开) left ...

2011届高三英语一轮复习必备精品专题二:重点词组

   高中英语辅导网 http://www.yingyufudao.com 2011 届高三英语一轮复习必备精品 SB1 A ( unit1??unit 12) 专题二:重点词组 高考解读 【高考导航】 2011 高考命题趋向分析: 1. Break down 和 break up 的辨析在前几年考察的频率特别的高, 最近几年不同的省份也多少有所考察。 车坏了、桥塌了、和谈失败了、人的精神和健康一下子垮了要用 Break down。学校放假、婚姻解体、人 群散开要用 break up 当然,还有其 ...

2011届高考英语第一轮复习检测试题情态动词和虚拟语气

   2011 届高考英语第一轮复习检测试题情态动词和虚拟语气 情态动词和虚拟语气 第一部分 近年高考题荟萃 2010 年高考题 1. (10 安徽 32) Jack described his father, who a brave boy many years ago, as a strong willed man A. would be B. would have been C. must be D. must have been 答案:D. 考点:本题考查情态动词推测用法。 解析:句意为“ ...

2010年高三英语一轮复习核心知识点-情态动词和虚拟语气

   本资料来源于大家网高考论坛 http://club.topsage.com/forum-136-1.html 1 / 15 情态动词和虚拟语气 一、问:本考点的命题思路是什么? 答:情态动词要注意以下 3 个方面: 1、注重在语言环境中根据说话人的语气来使用情态动词。 2、情态动词表示推测或判断的用法考查。 3、设置场景考查学生熟练使用表示责备等的情态动词加完成时的用法等。 虚拟语气是历年高考的选考考点。考点常集中在含蓄条件句以及宾语从句中的虚拟语气上。 所设选项常通过谓语动词的特殊形式来表 ...

2011届高考英语第一轮复习检测试题情态动词和虚拟语气

   2011 届高考英语第一轮复习检测试题情态动词和虚拟语气 情态动词和虚拟语气 第一部分 近年高考题荟萃 2010 年高考题 1. (10 安徽 32) Jack described his father, who a brave boy many years ago, as a strong willed man A. would be B. would have been C. must be D. must have been 答案:D. 考点:本题考查情态动词推测用法。 解析:句意为“ ...

英语学习_虚拟语气_必备

   弃我去者, 弃我去者,昨日之日不可留 乱我心者, 乱我心者,今日之日多烦忧 1. 主语从句中的虚拟语气 主语从句中的虚拟语气主要取决于某些形容词和过去分词,用来表示建议、命令、要求、 惊异和失望等。其形式为: (should)+ 动词原形。 常这样用的形容词有: appropriate 适当的 advisable 适当的,合理的 better 较好的 desirable 理想的 essential 精华的 imperative 迫切的 important 重要的 insistent 坚持的 ...

英语语法学习-虚拟语气

   英语语法学习-虚拟语气 已搜索无重复】 英语语法学习 虚拟语气 【已搜索无重复】 谈谈虚拟语气(Subjunctive Mood)(一) 如果你看到下列的句子,你会认为它们是正确的还是错的呢? 1. I wish I were a bird. 2. We request that you be here tomorrow. 也许你会说:"哈哈,第一句的 I were 错了,应该是 I was;而第二句中的 you be 是什么东东呀?不是 you are, 也不是 you will ...

高三英语专题复习-虚拟语气

   一、虚拟语气定义 1.英语动词有三种语气, 陈述语气, 英语动词有三种语气, 陈述语气, 英语动词有三种语气 祈使语气和虚拟语气 虚拟语气. 祈使语气和虚拟语气 2. 定义:用来表示说的话不是事实 定义:用来表示说的话不是事实 不是事实, 或者是不可能发生 可能性比较小的 不可能发生或 或者是不可能发生或可能性比较小的 情况,而是一种愿望,建议, 情况,而是一种愿望,建议,假设的 语气叫虚拟语气。 语气叫虚拟语气。 二、虚拟语气的考点 1、一般条件句中虚拟语气的用法; 一般条件句中虚拟语气的 ...

备战2010届高考英语复习?虚拟语气(测试卷)教师版

   专题十一 专题十一 虚拟语气 【测试卷】 测试卷】 基础过关】 【A 组:基础过关】 1. “I still haven’t thanked Aunt Lucy for her present.” “It’s time you .” A. do C. had B. did D. would 【解析】选 B.It’s time you did 为 It’s time you thanked Aunt Lucy for her present 之略。按照英语语 解析】 法,it’s time 后 ...

热门内容

2010--2011学年青州一中高一英语下学期第一次段考试题

   2010--2011 2010--2011 学年青州一中高一英语下学期 -精品) 第一次段考试题 (精品) 第一部分 共两节. 听力(共两节.满分 30 分) 共两节 第一节(共 小题: 第一节 共 5 小题:每小题 1.5 分,共 7.5 分) . 1.Who is the man possibly talking to? A.A doctor. 2. What do we know about Sam? for Los Angeles. B.A teacher. C.His mother ...

英语学习策略与建议

   听力 常见学习问题 我的发音不好, 听不懂听力材料 中的发音。 两个单词如果连 读或失去爆破 时,本来认识的 单词也听不懂 了。 在听的时候,有 些单词很快就过 去了,听不清楚。 翻译:笔译-英译汉 翻译:笔译-汉译英 听力 / 口语 / 阅读 / 写作 / 翻译:笔译 英译汉 / 翻译:笔译 汉译英 建议学习策略 模仿语音策略: 听音困难主要是因为头脑中单词的形与音不匹配造成的。如果 你的发音与录音材料中的发音不一致,即便你认识该单词,也很难 听出来。在正常语速中,很多单词的发音发生异化。 ...

09年高考英语时态与语态复习资料

   一、 时态与语态复习 1、 现 时 1) 现 经 习惯 动 I leave home for school at 7 every morning. He cycles to work every day. 2) 客观真 ,客观 ,科学 实。 The earth moves around the sun. Shanghai lies in the east of China. Water boils at 100 centigrade degrees. 3) 在格 警句 。 Pride goe ...

地道英语口语500句

   地道英语口语500句 1. Hold on 等一下 (口语中,人们不太用wait a minute)如果两人辩论,吵架,抬杠,你要别人“打住”,可以说,hold it right there.   2. I hate his guts. 我最讨厌他。也有说I hate him guts. Guts 是肠子,相当于“恨之入骨”的意思。He doesn’t have much guts. 他是个胆小鬼。 ut feeling 直觉   3. Nuts, 果仁,核,为复数时,意为“疯子”,He ...

冲刺阶段英语(任务二)

   2010 届学员学习计划冲刺阶段 2010 届钻石卡学员考研冲刺阶段英语学习(任务二) 届钻石卡学员考研冲刺阶段英语学习 任务二 考研冲刺阶段英语学习( 进入12月份,就进入到紧张的考研冲刺阶段,这个月复习的有效程度对于最后的考试成绩起着至关重要的作用。适当的冲刺阶段 学习和训练方法,会保持成绩稳定甚至会有意想不到的飞跃,从而提高英语过线和得高分的可能性。各位学员一定要对最后阶段的复 习予以充分重视。此阶段的复习重点是真题、模拟题和作文训练。对于很多同学来讲,此阶段阅读理解成绩和作文成绩还有 ...