2011年广州市高三年级调研测试
英语
本试卷共11 页,四大题,满分135 分。考试用时120 分钟。 注意事项:
  1. 答卷前,考生务必用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔将自己的姓名和考生号、试室号、座位号 填 写在答题卡上,并用 2B 铅笔在答题卡上的相应位置填涂考生号。用 2B 铅笔将试卷类 型 (A)填涂在答题卡相应位置上。
  2. 选择题每小题选出答案后, 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目选项的答案信息点涂黑, 用 如需 改 动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案,答案不能答在试卷上。
  3. 非选择题必须用黑色字迹钢笔或签字笔作答, 答案必须写在答题卡各题目指定区域内相 应 位置上;如需改动,先划掉原来的答案,然后再写上新的答案;不准使用铅笔和涂改 液。 不按以上要求作答的答案无效。
I
语言知识及应用 (共两节,满分45 分)
第一节 完形填空 (共15 小题,每小题2 分,满分30 分)
阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从1?15 各题所给的A、B、C 和D 项中,选出最佳 选 项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 The subject of what separates art and design has been debated for a long time. Artists and designers both create visual works using a/an reasons for doing so are few artists consider themselves 2 3 . 1 knowledge background, but their different. Some designers consider themselves artists, but
So what exactly is the difference between art and design? Perhaps the most fundamental difference that we can all agree on is their art starts with nothing, a blank sheet of paper. A 6 the viewers to relate to it, learn from it or be the artist and their 9 . By contrast, when a designer sets out to have a 11 10 a new piece, they almost always 7 by it. The most renowned and 8 connection between successful art today is something that establishes the strongest 4 . Typically, the process of creating a work of 5 of art is born from a view or value
that the artist holds within himself or herself. They create the art to share that feeling with others, to
starting point, whether a message, an image, an idea or an action. The designer’s job 12 , but to communicate something that already exists, for a
isn’t to invent something use a 13 a task.
purpose. That purpose is almost always to motivate the audience to do something: buy a product,
, visit a location, or learn certain information. The most 15
14
designs are
those that most effectively
their message and motivate their consumers to carry out

  1. A. unique
  2. A. entirely
  3. A. inventors
  4. A. purpose
  5. A. love
  6. A. stop
  7. A. understood
  8. A. political
  9. A. supporters
  10. A. sell
  11. A. fixed
B. separate B. occasionally B. designers B. product B. type B. allow B. fooled B. social B. audiences B. imagine B. good B. special B. service B. creative B. receive
C. shared C. hardly C. writers C. interest C. part C. require C. inspired C. physical C. buyers C. create C. strange C. creative C. language C. successful C. confuse
D. accepted D. unnecessarily D. viewers D. cost D. work D. move D. discouraged D. emotional D. enemies D. draw D. positive D. new D. name D. unusual D. communicate

  12. A. surprising
  13. A. phone
  14. A. important
  15. A. learn
第二节 语法填空 (共10 小题,每小题
  1.5 分,满分15 分)
阅读下面短文, 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求, 在空格处填入一个适当的 词 或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空, 将答案填写在答题卡标号为16?25 的相应位置上。 并 Viennese-born his composer Frederick Loewe, 16 we remember from 17
classical musicals including “My Fair Lady” and “Camelot”, was not always famous. He
studied piano with the great masters of Europe and achieved huge success as a (music) and composer in his early years. But 19 18
he immigrated to the United States,
he failed as a pianist. For a while he tried other types of work including gold mining and boxing. he never gave up his dream and continued to play the piano and write music. 20 those difficult years, he could not always afford 21 (make)
payments on his piano. One day, bent over the keyboard, he could hear nothing but the music that he played with such rare inspiration. When he finished and looked up, he was astonished to find that he had 22 23 (seat) on the floor. audience of three moving men who
They said nothing and made no movement toward the piano. Instead, they dug into their pockets, pooled together enough money for the payment, placed it on the piano and walked out, empty 24 (hand). Moved by the beauty of his music, these men recognized 25 .
excellence and responded to
II 阅读理解 (共两节,满分50 分)
第一节 阅读理解(共20 小题;每小题2 分,满分40 分)
阅读下列短文, 从每题所给的A、 C 和D 项中, B、 选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该 项 涂黑。 A Heading off to college this year? Here are some fashion tips from our experts you should keep in mind: Dress to impress: Stylist and business consultant Daniela Smith says, “Girls should keep in mind that your college professors will often be the bridge that connects you to your future career and your classmates will become your professional network. You don’t need to dress like you’re going to the office, but you should display an ability to properly present yourself with appropriate maturity and confidence, and look put together.” Logo mania (品牌狂热症): younger customers Wearing the logos of brands aimed at
physically identifies you as part of that age group, so consider the targeted age group of the stores you shop at. It’s tempting to load up on logos, especially well-known logos that signify high-end brands. But consider this: college is a time of self-discovery, a chance to develop your own personal style. Instead of wearing logos head to toe, “walking advertisement”-style, why not express who you really are? Wear real pants! The combination of leggings and baggy shirts is all too common on college campuses. Smith points out that leggings, yoga pants, and sweatpants are entirely unacceptable in public unless you’re exercising. Although leggings worn as pants are a common trend among high school and college girls, they are not an appropriate choice for daywear. As a young woman, your style choice should begin to reflect your maturity level. So, get rid of leggings and wear real pants! Keep the cute factor to a minimum: Stay away from sweaters and T-shirts with smiling animals, cartoon characters, or Hello Kitty on them. Sure, kittens might be cute, but they’re not doing you any favors in the style department. Dressing too cutesy can take years off your look, and not necessarily in a good way!
  26. The second paragraph indicates the importance of A. impressing professors B. getting on well with classmates C. creating a professional image D. dressing appropriately
  27. The author believes that college girls should A. choose a logo that suits their age B. try to load up on well-known logos C. use logos to show who they are D. find their identity by trying different logos . .

  28. The author recommends wearing real pants because A. leggings and baggy shirts are too common B. yoga pants and sweatpants are not as comfortable C. real pants can present you with appropriate maturity D. people like real pants better than the other pants
_.

  29. What’s the writer’s attitude towards sweaters with animals on them? A. They make people look lovely. B. They are very fashionable these days. C. They will show you’re an animal lover. D. They are not suitable for college-aged students.
  30. In which magazine would you most likely find this passage? A. Business Week. B. Parents. C. In style. B A 33-year-old financial analyst in California recently quit his job to devote himself to an unpaid job teaching math on the Internet, and his lessons are reaching almost 100,000 people a month. Salman Khan’s voice is heard every day on the net by tens of thousands of students around the world who are hungry for help learning math. He has posted 1,200 lessons on YouTube ... lessons that appear on an electronic blackboard, which range from basic addition to advanced mathematics for science and finance. And they are free. Khan lives in Silicon Valley, with his wife, a doctor, and their new baby. He got the idea for his “Khan Academy” four years ago, when he taught a young cousin how to convert kilograms to grams. With Khan’s help, the cousin got good at math, and Khan began a new career. Now, Khan records his lessons himself, but he never goes on camera. “It feels like my voice in their head. You’re looking at it and it feels like someone’s over your shoulder talking in your ear, as opposed to someone at the blackboard, which is distant from you,” he said. When Springfield High School in Palo Alto, California invited Khan to speak in person --he immediately connected to the students there. The idea of short lessons that can be played over and over again attracted high school senior Bridget Meaney. She says she had trouble with math in the seventh grade. “I think the teachers are good, but they can’t teach at a speed that’s perfect for everyone,” s he said. “I like the idea of learning something in class but then going back and pressing pause or rewind and actually getting a deeper understanding of it.” Originally, Khan kept his lessons short because of YouTube restrictions. Now, he thinks short is better. “Education researchers now tell me that 10 minutes is how long someone can have a high level of concentration. And anything beyond that and you r brain switches off,” he said. For Khan, teaching math, science, and finance is just the beginning. He sa ys he’s ready to expand his YouTube site to include other subjects as well. D. Travel & Leisure.

  31. What gave Khan the idea of teaching math online? A. His success in helping his cousin learn math. B. His discovery that many students found learning math difficult. C. A suggestion made to him at a local high school. D. His interest in Internet teaching.
  32. Why does Khan never go on camera? A. He’s too shy to show his face on camera. B. It’s restricted by YouTube for education videos. C. He wants to keep distance from the viewers. D. He wants to create a more relaxed learning atmosphere.
  33. From the passage, we know that _ _ .
A. Khan travels to many schools to promote his lessons B. Khan plans to include more subjects in the future C. Khan gives live math lessons every day for free D. Khan set up the Khan Academy with his wife
  34. Why does Bridget Meaney like Khan’s lessons? A. Khan teaches seventh grade math better than her teacher. B. The lessons can be watched repeatedly until fully understood. C. She can perfectly follow the pace of Khan’s teaching. D. She cannot concentrate when learning in class.
  35. What does Khan mean by “short is better” in the 6th paragraph? A. Keeping the lessons short can ensure better concentration. B. YouTube recommends short lessons for its site. C. Short lessons encourage students to return to the website. D. Students enjoy short mathematics lessons more.
C A different sort of generation gap is developing in the workplace. Someone specifically the father-daughter team of Larry and Meagan Johnson has figured out that on some American job sites, five generations are working side by side. In their new book about generations in the workplace the pair argue that while such an age difference adds a lot of texture and a variety of life experiences, it can also bring tensions and conflicts. The is a Johnsons are human-resource trainers and public speakers. Dad Larry
former health-care executive; daughter Meagan is a onetime high-level sales manager.
Here are the oldest and youngest of the five generations they identify: They call the oldest group Traditionals, born before 19
  45. They were heavily influenced by the lessons of the Great Depression and World War Two. They respect authority, set a high
standard of workmanship, and communicate easily and confidently. But they’re also stubbornly independent. They want their opinions heard. At the other extreme are what the Johnsons call Linksters, born after 1995 into today’s more complicated, multi-media world. They live and breathe technology and are often social activists. You won’t find many 15-year olds in the offices of large companies, except as volunteers, of course, but quite old and quite young workers do come together in sales environments like bike shops and ice-cream stores. The Johnsons, Larry and Meagan, represent a generation gap themselves in their work with jobsite issues. The Johnsons’ point is that as the average lifespan continues to rise and retirement dates get delayed because of the tight economy, people of different generations are working side by side, more often bringing with them very different ideas about company loyalty and work values. The five generations are heavily influenced by quite different events, social trends, and the cultural phenomena of their times. Their experiences shape their behavior and make it difficult, sometimes, for managers to achieve a strong and efficient workplace. Larry and Meagan Johnson discuss all this in greater detail in a new book, “Generations, Inc.: From Boomers to Linksters
 

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